高中英语语法精讲精练---倒装句

倒装 倒装的两种考法: 1. 放在单项选择题中,考查考生的倒装语法知识是否熟练掌握; 2. 放在完形填空和阅读理解中,设置理解障碍。 倒装的两种形式: 1. 完全倒装: 将整个谓语动词提到主语前。 2. 部分倒装:即半倒装,将谓语的一部分即助动词提到主语前。 一、完全倒装 1. 表方位的副词 here, there 或 out, in, up, down, away, off 等标志词放在句首,句子用 完全倒装。 Here comes the bus. There goes the bell. 【辨析】当主语是人称代词时,主谓语序不变。 Here it is. In she came. 2. 地点状语放在句首且谓语动词为 come, live, lie, go 等时用完全倒装。 In south of the river lies a small factory. From the valley came a cry. 3. such, the following 等放句首时, 句子要完全倒装。 Such is life. The following is the answer to the question. 4. There lie / exist / stand / live +主语+…是 there be 句型的变式。 There is a tall building on the top of the mountain. There stands an ancient tower on the top of the mountain. 5. “表语+系动词+主语” 的结构。 Present at the party were Mr. Green and many other guests. Seated on the ground are a group of young men. 二、部分倒装 1. 含有否定意义的副词或短语如:few, little, never, not, not until, nowhere, rarely, seldom , hardly / scarcely…when…, sooner…(than)…, only…(but also), at no time, by no not

no means 等放在句首时,需用部分倒装。 Little does he know about the news. By no means can he catch up in such a short time. 【注意】Not only children but also adults are interested in the film Harry Potter. Not only…but also 连接两个并列主语时不可倒装。只有在连接两个句子且将 not only 所连接 的句子提到句首时,才可用倒装,but also 后面的句子不倒装。 2. neither / nor / so / as 为标志词放在句首时,句子用倒装。 ①表示前面所说的肯定情况,也适合于另一人或物时,句式如下: so / as + be (助动词或情态动词)+ 主语。 ②表示前面所说的否定情况也适合于另一人或物时,句式如下: neither (nor)+ be (助动词或情态动词)+ 主语。 — I've got an enormous amount of work to do. —So have I. He believed, as did all his family, that you were innocent. If she doesn‘t agree to the plan, neither will Tom. 3. ①“only + 状语(或状语从句)”放在句首时,句子用部分倒装。 ②only 之后跟的不是状语时不可倒装。 Only in this way can you learn English well. Only that boy can work out the problem. 4. 在虚拟语气条件句中,从句谓语有助动词 were, had, should 时,可将 if 省略,而 把 were, had, should 移到句首。 Were I you, I wouldn't do that. 5. 在 “so…that” 和 “ such…that”结构中,将“so+adj. ”和“such+n. ”提到句首时, 句子用部分倒装。 So terrible was the storm that the whole roof was blown off. Such a clever boy was Jack that he was able to work out all these difficult problems.

【高考链接】 1. So much of interest _______ that most visitors simply run out of time before seeing it all. 08 上海

A.offers Beijing

B.Beijing offers

C.does Beijing offer D.Beijing does offer 2. Bill wasn’t happy about the delay of the report by Jason, and _______. 08 辽宁 A.I was neither C.I was either B.neither was I D.either was I

3. ______ you eat the correct foods ______ be able to keep fit and stay healthy. 08 江苏 A. only if; will you C. Unless; will you B. Only if; you will D. Unless; you will

4. Seldom____________ video games ever since they entered college.08 湖北 A. they have played C. have they played B. they played D. they have played

5. It was announced that only when the fire was under control ___ to return to their homes. 08 江 西 A. the residents would be permitted C. would the residents be permitted B. had the residents been permitted D. the residents had been permitted

6. Only when I left my parents for Italy ____________how much I loved them. 08 重庆 A.I realized B.I had realized C.had I realized D.did I realize

7. Not until the motorbike looked almost new A. he stopped B. did he stop

repairing and cleaning it.08 陕西 C. stopped he D. he did stop

8. If Joe’s wife won’t go to the party_________. 07 全国 2 A. he will either C. he neither will B. neither will he D. either he will

9. --- How was the televised debate last night? --- Super! Rarely ______ so much media attention. 07 上海 A. a debate attracted C. a debate did attract B. did a debate attract D. attracted a debate

10. I have been living in the United States for twenty years, but seldom _____ so lonely as now. 07 辽宁 A. have I felt B. I had felt C. I have felt -_________. 07 江苏 D. had I felt

11. -My room gets very cold at night.

A. So is mine

B. So mine is

C. So does mine

D. So mine does

12. Little __________ that we were watching his every move, so he seemed to be going his own way in this business. 07 安徽 A. he realized B. be didn’t realize C. didn’t he realize D. did he realize

13. ______that Marie was able to set up new branches elsewhere. 07 陕西 A. So successful her business was C. So her business was successful 14. —Did Linda see the traffic accident? —No, no sooner ______ than it happened. 06 天津 A. had she gone C. has she gone B. she had gone D. she has gone B. So successful was her business D. So was her successful business

15. Just in front of our house ___ with a history of 1,000 years. 06 上海 A. does a tall tree stand C. a tall tree is standing B. stands a tall tree D. a tall tree stands

16. ---It’s burning hot today, isn’t it? ----Yes. ________yesterday. 06 福建 A. So was it 17. So difficult A. I did find B. So it was C. So it is D. So is it

it to work out the problem that I decided to ask Tom for advice. 06 广东 B. did I find C. I have found D. have I found

18. ——I reminded you not to forget the appointment. A. So you did B. So I do not

—— . 06 江西 D. So do I

C. So did you

19. Never in my wildest dreams A.I could imagine C.I couldn’t imagine

these people are living in such poor conditions. 06 安徽

B.could I imagine D.couldn’t I imagine

20. At the foot of the mountain _______. 06 四川 A. a village lie 倒装参考答案: 1-5:CBACC . 6-10:DBBBA 11-15: CDBAB 16-20:ABABB B. lies a village C. does a village lie D. lying a village


相关文档

高中英语语法倒装句精讲精练
高中英语语法 倒装句讲练2
高中英语语法讲练:倒装句
高中英语语法倒装句
高中英语语法:倒装句详解与范例.
高中英语语法讲练结合-倒装句
高中英语语法 倒装句
高中英语语法 倒装句练习三
高中英语语法-倒装句 练习题
高中英语语法十三[1].强调句、倒装句
电脑版