2009年6月成人高等教育学士学位英语水平考试试题-中大网校_图文

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2009 年 6 月成人高等教育学士学位英语水平考试试题
总分:100 分 及格:60 分 考试时间:120 分

Paper one(90 minutes)<br>Part Ⅰ Dialogue Completion(15 points) (1)Speaker A: We've got to plan the menu for the dinner party.Speaker B: Oh, that's right.( Speaker C: I think we could make chicken salad. A. My God! B. It just slipped my min C. How much should we spend? D. Do you have anything in mind? )

(2)Speaker A: Let's get back to our talk. ( Africa.Speaker A: Oh, yeah. A. What did I do? B. I forgot the plac C. Where was I? D. Remind m

) Speaker B: You were talking about your trip to South

(3)Speaker A: This is Peter Jackson calling. Is Bob in, please?Speaker B: I'm afraid he's out at the moment.( )?Speaker A: Yeah, could you ask him to call Peter at 8964523? A. Can you call later B. What's up C. What's happening D. Can I take a message

(4)Speaker A: I've just been reading through you project report.Speaker B: I hope you didn't find too much wrong with it.Speaker A: , you've done a good job. A. Otherwise B. On the contrary C. However D. In other words

(5)Speaker A: I just lost another 50 cents in this stupid pay phone.Speaker B: . It's always out of order. A. You're right B. I'm not surprised C. Sure it happens D. It's expected
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(6)Speaker A: The two parties are fighting for every vote.Speaker B: I think you're right. This election( )! A. will come to an end B. will be funny C. is going to be close D. is going to be terrific

(7)Speaker A: My girlfriend had an accident and was taken to hospital.Speaker B: Oh, that's terrible.Is she OK?Speaker A: She wasn't hurt badly, but . A. she was scared B. she was worried C. she couldn't care less D. she would soon recover

(8)Speaker A: My new roommate always makes loud noises at midnight and when I remind her, she always makes rude remarks.Speaker B: Why don't you have a heart-to-heart chat with her?Speaker A: I tried, but . A. no way B. no problem C. it didn't work D. she didn't know

(9)Speaker A.. Did you know that James went out of business?Speaker B: That's too bad. his family now. A. Life must be poor for B. Life must be pretty hard for C. Bad luck has fallen on D. Luck isn't on the side of

(10)Speaker A: I was locked in last night.Speaker B: What do you mean by "locked in"?Speaker A: Well, my roommate thought I was out, so when he left he locked the door from outside.Speaker B: That's a funny story. . A. But things do happen B. But you never know C. But I understand D. But it troubles me

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(11)Speaker A: Did you check your e-mail today?Speaker B: No.( )? A. Who cares B. Why do you ask C. Which one D. Why is it so

(12)Speaker A: When do you leave for Florida?Speaker B: My plane leaves tomorrow at 4:30 p. m.Speaker A:( )! I don't have money to go on vacation. A. You're out of luck B. You deserve it C. You're so lucky D. You can say that again

(13)Speaker A: This ice cream is delicious! Thanks for bringing me here.Speaker B:( time I try a new flavor, it becomes my favorite. A. You're welcome B. Forget it C. You're all set D. Be yourself

)Each

(14)Speaker A.. I love swimming in a lake. It's so much better than the ocean.Speaker B:( ). I like swimming in a pool. A. I don't B. Good for you C. Me too D. Let me explain

(15)Wife: I'm wide-awake.Husband:( )?Wife: This new bed is too hard. A. So what B. What's the matter C. Why bother D. What's so funny

Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension(40 points) (1)请根据以下内容回答{TSE}题

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(2)Which of the following statements does NOT describe the features of a mini vacation? A. It often falls around a weeken B. Vacationers usually choose a closer spo C. Vacationers often spend less mone D. It does not suit rich familie

(3)The word “destinations” in the first paragraph means ( ) A. places to go B. travel agencies C. restaurants D. hotels

(4)Which of the following is mertioned as a way of saving expenses? A. Stay overnight in nearby cheap hotel B. Choose the attractions with lower ticket pric C. Buy inexpensive meals at fast food restaurant D. Try not to buy a lot of souvenirs of foo
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(5)Which of the following statements is true about a mini vacation? A. It can be as exhausting as a standard vacatio B. It can be as satisfying as a standard vacatio C. It can save money but not tim D. It can save time but not mone

(6)请根据以下内容回答{TSE}题

(7)How did the sky show that it was angry? A. It destroyed the palac B. It turned dar C. It started storm
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D. It killed peopl

(8)What did Adami do with the pieces he couldn't finish? A. He kept them for the next mea B. He asked King Oba to help hi C. He hid them under some garbag D. He threw them awa

(9)After the sky went away,( ). A. people had to do farming and hunting B. people went hungry C. people learnt to make their own gifts D. people became angry

(10)What lesson does the folktale want us to learn? A. Nature can conquer ma B. Lazy people will be punishe C. Do not waste any gift of natur D. Do not ignore good advic

(11)请根据以下内容回答{TSE}题

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(12)Why did the author and her husband move essentials from the van into their car? A. The heavily loaded van broke dow B. The van was probably badly damage C. The van had taken too heavy a loa D. Her mother got seriously injure

(13)The author was most concerned that( ). A. the deer was not killed right on the spot B. her mother was not feeling good after the accident C. no one tried to relieve the deer's pain and save its life D. their well-planned journey was ruined

(14)Why did the author ask the police officer to shoot the deer? A. She couldn't bear to see it suffer the pai B. She blamed it for causing the road acciden C. She knew it was going to die anywa D. She believed it could no longer stand up and ru

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(15)What does the author most probably agree with? A. Human life is a lot more important than animal lif B. Animals should be prevented from crossing highway C. Injured animals should all be killed to stop their suffering D. Injured animals should all be given quick and proper treatment

(16)请根据以下内容回答{TSE}题

(17)In Melina Kunar's experiments, the group who were talking while performing tasks ( ). A. reacted more quickly and made fewer mistakes B. reacted more quickly, but made more mistakes C. reacted more slowly, but made fewer mistakes D. reacted more slowly and more mistakes

(18)The law forbidding the use of hand-held phones when driving( A. has frequently been broken B. is necessary and practical C. will soon arouse heated debate D. has been widely observed

).

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(19)It is most difficult to ask people not to use hands-free while driving because( ). A. people using them cannot be debated B. many cars are equipped with such devices C. drives rely on them for communication D. it will be inconvenient without them

(20)The purpose of the passage is to( ). A. inform people of the danger of using phones while driving B. call on lawmakers to make new road laws on the use of mobile phones C. offer suggestions for drivers who use mobile phones while driving D. encourage people to reconusider the need to use phones when driving

Part Ⅲ Vocabulary(20 points) (1)Little( )how much trouble those junk mails would have brought to the receivers. A. will the senders know B. the senders will know C. did the senders know D. the senders knew

(2)Human beings are superior to animals ( A. for which B. in which C. in that D. for that

) they can use language as a tool to communicate.

(3)In some countries,( A. which B. what C. that D. one

) is called "equality" does not really mean equal rights for all people.

(4)It is not always possible( A. make B. making C. to be made D. to make

)oneself understood in a foreign country.

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(5)Lakers' player Johnson doesn't want to feel the( A. anger B. emotion C. passion D. pain

)of defeat again in NBA's new season,

(6)The reporter managed to get into the fake cigarettes mill by ( A. altering B. disguising C. changing D. pretending

)himself as a worker.

(7)The news report explores the problems of the present social( A. welfare B. benefit C. finance D. profit

)system.

(8)This company is the major manufacturer of ( A. homework B. household C. housing D. housework

)air-conditioners in Europe.

(9)Guards( A. on time B. on duty C. on hand D. on purpose

)shall pay attention to the situational in all aspects.

(10)( A. Each B. Any C. Either D. All

)student with a little common sense should be able to answer the question.

(11)Ivy felt herself(
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) pink with pleasure just as his hands on either side of her head and
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kissed her. A. to turn B. turned C. turning D. being turned

(12)Since October 2008, there( A. is B. was C. should be D. has been

)a rapid tall in the volume of exports in this country.

(13)To my surprise, Lisa said that she enjoyed classical music( A. further more B. far more C. any more D. not more

)than pop music.

(14)Advanced medical technology can extend the fife of the sick and aged to well ( of 70. A. above B. about C. past D. beyond

) the age

(15)They thought we were late, but my husband and I( A. were already B. had already been C. would already be D. would already have been

) at the railway station.

(16)At the Mayan ruins, we imagined what it( lived here. A. must have been B. must be C. should have been D. should be

) like 1,300 years ago when 30,000 people

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(17)If David hadn't wasted his money gambling in Las Vegas, he( week. A. would go B. should go C. would have gone D. should have gone

) to Canada with us next

(18)By this time next year, I( A. will graduate B. am graduating C. have graduated D. will have graduated

) . and I will already be looking for a job.

(19) ( ) always did well on her math tests, her parents were not surprised that she got an A. she A. When B. Since C. While D. After

(20)The robber passed the bank clerk a bag and told her to fill it with money, ( A. what B. that C. which D. of which

)she did.

(21)After( )on eBay, a person can search for an item that he or she is looking for and view pictures of the item. A. register B. registered C. being registered D. registering

(22)In Australia, like in other countries, the Asians make their influence( large and small. A. feel B. feeling C. felt D. to be felt

) in businesses

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(23)According to IQ scores, you are smartest from 18 to 25, but you're wiser and more experienced( )increasing age. A. for B. with C. at D. of

(24)The animals, highly sensitive to pollution, can ( A. serve as B. work for C. make up D. take on

) monitors of water quality.

(25)The complaint would be more( product. A. genuine B. honest C. credible D. true

) if the customer could show us the receipt of the

(26)The cash reward itself wasn't the point:It was the ( A. realization B. admission C. adoption D. recognition

)of the contribution.

(27)In the early 1990s, with users no longer( quickly expanded. A. referred B. responded C. related D. restricted

)to the military communities, the Inter'net

(28)It is usual for close friends to have attitudes and interests A. in return B. in practice C. in general D. in common
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(29)I cannot( A. approve of B. argue with C. insist on D. turn down

) your decision, for I see no money return for the effort.

(30)You should develop several relaxation tools and use them regularly( become stressed. A. rather than B. except for C. so as to D. instead of

)wait until you

(31)He is not ambitious, and is happy( A. as soon as B. as far as C. as well as D. as long as

)he, has a job which can earn him a living.

(32)The judge said he was greatly( A. excited B. interested C. impressed D. appreciated

)by the high standards of the children's performance.

(33)In Britain, employees who are unable to work because of sickness can( sickness benefit of about 40 pounds. A. apply B. claim C. entitle D. charge

)a weekly state

(34)The traffic was moving very slowly, so the driver stopped to ( the way. A. take up B. catch up C. pick up
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)another passenger along

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D. put up

(35)The ( A. sensible B. sensitive C. sensing D. sensed

)meter can detect even a very small amount of gas in the room.

(36)It's not always right for teachers to ( A. value B. estimate C. evaluate D. calculate

) student's performance and potential by his marks. a

(37)it was a lovely room furnished with large ehai and sofas, a kind of sofas ( his feet up. A. what B. that C. where D. which

)one might put

(38)New research has discovered that the very small brains of bees are( different human faces. A. good enough B. so good C. too good D. good only

)to recognize

(39)( )intelligence is largely inherited; it's hard to find out the sources of IQ differences between two individuals. A. If only B. Because C. Even if D. When

(40)The truth is not easy to find, ( A. for B. so
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)is so often the case with a study of history.

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C. such D. as

Part Ⅳ Cloze Test(10 points) (1)请根据以下内容回答{TSE}题 Internet use appears to cause a decline in psychology well-being, according to research at Carnegie Mellon University.Even people who spent a few hours a week on the Internet experienced<U> 76 </U>depression and loneliness than<U> 77 </U>who logged on less frequently, the two-year study showed. And it wasn't that people who were already feeling bad spent more time on the Internet,<U> 78 </U>using the Net actually appeared to cause the bad feelings.Researches are puzzled over the result, which were completely<U> 79 </U>to their expectations. They expected that the Net would prove socially healthier than television, since the Net<U> 80 </U>users to choose their information and to communicate with others.The fact that Internet use reduces time available for family and friends may<U> 81 </U>the drop in well-being, researchers claimed. Faceless, bodiless “virtual”communication may be less psychologically<U> 82 </U>than actual conversation, and the relationships formed through it may be shallower. Another possibility is that exposure<U> 83 </U>the wider world via the Net makes users less satisfied with their lives.“But it's impossible to remember this is not about the technology; it's about<U> 84 </U>it is used,” says psychologist Christine Riley of Intel, one of the study'ssponsors. “It really points to the need for considering social factors in terms of how you<U> 85 </U>applications and services for technology.” A. less B. little C. more D. much

(2)A. that B. those C. which D. they

(3)A. with that B. in that C. and that D. but that

(4)A. contrary B. similar

C. common D. indifferent

(5)A. makes B. forbids C. prevents D. allows

(6)A. attribute to B. stick to C. account for D. substitute for
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(7)A. satisfied B. dissatisfied C. dissatisfying D. satisfying

(8)A. to B. at C. of D. by

(9)A. why B. how C. what D. when

(10)A. decide B. demand C. depend D. design

Paper two(30 minutes)<br>Part Ⅴ Writing(10 points) (1)<A href="javascript:;">

</A>

答案和解析 Paper one(90 minutes)<br>Part Ⅰ Dialogue Completion(15 points) (1) :D D 根据上下文语境,说话人 A 提出“我们得为聚餐拟定食谱。 ”说话人 C 给出做鸡丁沙拉 的建议,所以选项 D(你有什么想法)符合逻辑。 (2) :C C 一语境题。说话人 A 首先说: “让我们回到正题。 ”说话人 B 回答: “你刚谈到的是去南 非旅行的事” 。由此可以推测 A 的后半句话应当是询问“我刚说到哪了” ,选项 C 符合题意。
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(3) :D D 本题考查日常交际用语的用法。说话人 A 想让 Bob 听电话,而 Bob 不在,随后说话人 A 留下 Tik Bob 打电话给他的口信,由此可得知选项 D(要捎个口信吗?)为正确答案。 (4) :B B 说话人 A 说: “我刚看完了你的项目报告。 ”说话人 B 回答: “我希望其中没有太多错误。 ” 由 A 的后半句话“你做得相当出色” ,可推出选项 B“完全相反”为正确答案。 (5) :B B 说话人抱怨: “我又在这该死的付费电话上浪费了 50 美分。 ”说话人 B 后半句为“它总是 出故障” 。选项 A(你是对的),选项 B(我不觉得意外),选项 C 元此表达,选项 D(这是期待 中的)。根据上下文,选项 B 最符合题意。 (6) :D D 说话人 A 说: “两个党派在为每一张选票进行激烈的竞争。 ”说话人 B 的前半句为“我认 为你是对的” 。由于后半句以叹号结尾,陈述语气的选项 A 及选项 c 首先可以排除,选项 B(这次选举将会很有趣)不符合题意,选项 D(这次选举会竞争得很厉害)为正确答案。 (7) :A A 说话人 A 说: “我女朋友出了事故被送往医院” ,说话人 B 说: “那太糟糕了,她还好吗?” 说话人 A 回答: “她伤得不重。 ”后面的“but”关键词表明接下来陈述的事实与前面所述是 转折关系,因此,选项 A(她受了惊吓)符合题意。 (8) :C C 说话人 A 说: “我的新室友总在半夜制造噪音,当我提醒她时,她态度十分粗鲁。 ”说话 人 B 建议说话人 A 与其室友进行诚恳的交流,说话人 A 回答: “我尝试了,但是??” ,只 有选项 C(不起作用)符合交际语境。 (9) :B B 说话人 A 问: “你知道 James 失业了吗?”选项 B(他家的生活现在一定很艰难)为正确答 案,选项 A、C、D 都不符合英语表达习惯。 (10) :A A 说话人 A 说头天晚上由于室友以为自己已经出门将门反锁,自己被锁在屋内了。说话人 B 回答: “是个有趣的事情。 ”选项 A(有时候这样的事不可避免)符合题意,选项 B、C、D 都不合逻辑。 (11) :B B 说话人 A 问说话人 B 查了今天的电子邮件没有, 说话人 B 说没有, 选项 B(你为什么要问?) 言外之意是你有何事,符合题意,因此为正确答案。 (12) :C C 说话人 A 问: “你何时前往佛罗里达。 ”说话人 B 回答: “我的飞机明天下午 4 点起飞。 ” 随后说话人 A 的后半句为“我都没有钱去旅行” ,由此可看出前半句表达的是对说话人 B 的 羡慕之意,选项 C 是正确答案。 (13) :A A 本题考查日常交际表达习惯。说话人 A 说: “冰淇淋真美味,谢谢你带我来这里。 ”英语 交际中回答他人的道谢通常用“You are welcome;Not at all;Don’t mention it”等表达,因 此选 A。 (14) :A A 说话人 A 说: “我喜欢在湖里游泳,那比起在海里感觉好多了。 ”说话人 B 回答的后半句 为 “我喜欢在池塘游泳”由此可得知说话人 B 与说话人 A 意见不一致, , 为避免重复, I don’ 用 t 表达即可,因此选 A。
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(15) :B B 妻子说: “我完全醒着。 ”接下来又说: “新床太硬了。 ”由此可推测丈夫说的话是在询问 妻子睡不着的原因,选项 B(怎么了)是正确答案。选项 A(那又怎么样)、选项 C(不必麻烦) 及选项 D(有什么有趣的)均不合题意。Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension(40 points) (1) :A A 文章主旨题。文章主要介绍了迷你假期与传统假期相比的优点及其主要特色,因此可知 选项 A(推荐迷你假期)是正确答案。 (2) :D D 细节推断题。以下哪一项不是迷你假期的特点?由第一段第四句“A typical mini vacation.. .”可知选项 A 为正确阐述;第一段最后一句提到“迷你假期的目的地通常是距 离住处仅几小时路程的地方” ,因此选项 B 为正确阐述;而第二段整段讨论的都是迷你假期 是如何节省开销的,因此选项 C 也为正确阐述;至于选项 D(迷你假期不适合富有的家庭), 文中没有提及,因此为正确答案。 (3) :A A 词汇语义题。A 项意为“要去的地方” 项意为“旅行社” 项意为“餐馆” ,B ,C ,D 项意 为“旅馆” 。第一段最后一句讨论的是旅行选择的地点,只有选项 A 符合题意。 (4) :C C 细节推断题。题目为“文中提到的节省开支的方法为以下哪一项” ,第二段最后一句提到 “a mini vacationer can also economize by purchasing inexpem ive meals at local grocery stores or fast food restaurants”(选择迷你旅行的人还能通过在当地杂货店或者快餐店购买便宜的食 物来省钱),由此即可判断答案为 C。 (5) :B B 细节推断题。最后一段中提到“Some find a shor trip to an interesting attraction even more satisfying than a standard vocation.. .”(在一些人看来前往有趣的景点的短途旅行甚至比正式 旅行还要让人满足??),由此可知答案为 B。 参考译文: 由于工作、学业和家庭的责任,许多人无法享受长时间的假期.而有时间的人又不一定有足 够的钱来进行一周以上的旅行。因而迷你假期成为了一种广受欢迎的取代正式假期的方法。 迷你假期通常被安排在公休日或者学校假期, 以避免请假数日或耽误孩子的学习。 典型的迷 你假期从周五下班或下课就开始,一直持续到返工或者返校的头天晚上。由于时间有限,许 多人选择距离他们住处仅几小时路程的地方作为迷你假期的目的地。 一次迷你假期通常只需要准备最简单的行李和几箱气油, 其他的支出包括景点门票、 食宿及 纪念品购买。 一些资金有限的旅游者可以去亲戚或朋友家住上一晚, 这比请求免费呆上一星 期要来得容易得多。 与前往远处旅行的人不同的是. 选择迷你旅行的人还能通过在当地杂货 店或者快餐店购买便宜的食物来省钱。 随着油价的不稳定和经济的不景气,许多人发现选择迷你旅行或称之为“一箱油程”的短途 旅行作为离家数日进行休闲和放松的方法更容易节省预算。 在一些人看来前往有趣的景点的 短途旅行甚至比正式旅行还要让人满足, 因为他们无需为此花费整整一周的时间再去忙于其 他活动。旅行对于许多人来说,只需在海边待上几天或者在一个小木屋住上一个周末足矣。 (6) :A 细节推断题。根据第一段“when they were hungry..and broke off a piece of the sky eat. . ”可 知,很久以前当人们饿了就会掰一块天空来吃,由此可判断 A 项为正确答案,选项 B(提供 绘画原料)、选项 C(提供香蕉和土豆)、选项 D(为所有人准备礼物)均不合题意。 (7) :B
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中大网校引领成功职业人生

B 细节推断题。 天空表达愤怒的方式在文中第五段第一旬话有体现: Early in the morning the “ angry sky turned dark. ”(一天清晨愤怒的天空暗淡下来。),由此可判断答案为 B 项。 (8) :C C 细节推断题。 答案在第七段最后一句: he decided to try to hide the pieces at the bottom of “So the garbage pile. ”(于是他决定将它们藏在垃圾箱的底部。) (9) :A A 逻辑推理题。根据文章最后一段,天空远离地面后,人们只能靠自己种植食物和烹饪食 品了。因此,正确答案是 A 项。 (10) :C C 文章主旨题。文章讲述了人们因为浪费了大自然的恩赐而受到惩罚的故事,由此可判断 正确答案为 C 项。 参考译文: 这是一则非洲的民间故事: 很久以前天空离地面很近。人们无需通过耕作来获得食物,当他们饥饿时,只要伸手掰下一 块天空来吃就可以了。天空有时候吃起来像成熟的香蕉,有时候像烤土豆,它的味道总是那 么的鲜美。 到了晚上,人们制作漂亮的布匹,他,门唱着歌儿绘出美丽的图案。国王奥巴拥有一个美丽 的宫殿,他的待从用天空制作出一些漂亮的形状。 然而在这个国度里, 许多人都没能好好利用天空赐予的礼物。 当他们取得的比所需要的还多 时,天空愤怒了。有些人把多余的天空扔进了垃圾箱。 一天清晨,愤怒的天空暗淡下来,黑云低垂,天空用浑厚的声音对人们说: “你们浪费了我 所赐予的食物,不要再拿超过你们需要的了。我不想再看见你们将多余的天空扔进垃圾箱, 否则我会收回我的礼物。 ” 国王和人民都吓得瑟瑟发抖,国王奥巴说: “今后取得食物时得要留心。 ”从那以后很长一段 时间,人们都小心翼翼。 但是有个叫阿达米的人却没那么小心, 在一个节日, 他拿了太多块鲜美的天空以至于没法全 部吃完。他知道不能将多拿的扔掉,于是他决定将它们藏在垃圾箱的底部。 一瞬间,天空发怒了,风云骤变。 “你们又在浪费我赐予的食物了, ”天空吼道, “这一次我 会离开,你们再也无法浪费我了。你们得学着在土地里种植农作物,在森林里狩猎。当你们 辛勤劳作,你们才会懂得不能浪费大自然的恩赐。 ” 人们看着天空渐渐远离地面。从那以后,人们努力地种植食物,烹饪食品。他们谨记于心, 再也不能浪费自然赐予的礼物。 (11) :D D 细节推断题。第一段第二句中提到的“SO that she could drive around visiting families and friends for the next ten days before heading back tO her home in Florida”(以便她能在接下来的 十天内拜访亲友然后前往佛罗里达),由此可判断正确答案为选项 D。 (12) :B B 逻辑推理题。选项 A 为“载重过度的卡车出了故障” ,选项 c 为“卡车载重过度” ,选项 D 为“作者母亲受了重伤” ,上下文中均未提及类似信息;文章第二段中提到鹿撞上了母亲的 车,由此可推断车也被损坏无法继续驾驶,选项 B 正确。 (13) :C A 细节推断题。 第三段中 “but what troubled me most was the deer because it wasn’ dead. (但 t ” 是最让我忧心的是那只鹿.因为它当时并没有死亡),由此可知正确答案为 A(鹿没有当场死 亡)。
中大网校
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中大网校引领成功职业人生

(14) :A A 逻辑推理题。 题干问为何作者会求警方射杀那只鹿, 由上下文可知鹿在这场事故中受了重 伤,无法动弹,又没有相应的急救措施.因此作者不忍心看到它承受痛苦,选项 A 正确。 (15) :D D 作者态度题。根据对整篇文章的分析,尤其是文章最后一句“But no,it was an animal, and there is no justice for animals.”(但是它仅仅是个动物,对于动物没有什么公平可言。), 可看出作者对动物的同情和对动物救助现状的不满,因此可知选项 D 是正确答案。 参考译文 我和我丈夫前往 Buffalo 去帮助母亲搬离她位于纽约 Buffalo 的家。我们计划将东西都放在 她的小货车上,以便她能在接下来的十天内拜访亲友,然后前往佛罗里达。 吃过饭后我们便上路了, 母亲驾驶着小货车跟在我们租来的车后面。 然而出现了一个突发状 况:一只鹿突然跳出来,母亲驾驶的小货车一头撞了上去。事发突然她别无选择,这简直太 可怕了。 打了报警电话,警察赶到了,拖车也赶到了。我们将重要物件搬到我们的车上并计划安排母 亲住到车库附近的旅店。所有事情都有条不紊地安顿好了。我担心着母亲,但是最让我忧心 的是那只鹿,因为它当时并没有死亡。当警察在事故现场打起探照灯,一双美丽的褐色眼睛 在光线中冻结了。它饱受惊吓地躺在一户人家的草坪里,仍然还活着。 我甚至不忍看它,我问警察他能否射杀它。然而由于我们处在居民区,还需要采取一些其他 的措施。警察触碰鹿的腿以确认它们并没有断掉,然后轻轻地推动它,希望能让那可怜的动 物站起来跑掉。但是它只是坐在那里无法动弹,或许是受了内伤,这景象让我深刻而强烈地 感到悲伤。 如果是一个人躺在沟里, 一定会有救护车和医生忙着为他缓解痛苦并挽救他的生 命。但是它仅仅是个动物,对于动物没有什么公平可言。 (16) :C C 逻辑推理题。文章第一段第二句为:"But latest research further confirms that the danger lies less in what a motorist’s hands do when he takes a call than in what the conversation does his brain. “(比起手部动作来说,驾车时通话的危险更多存在于交谈时大脑的运作。)由此可以 推断开车时使用移动电话最大的问题与大脑相关,因此选项 C 正确。 (17) :D D 逻辑推理题。根据文章第二段最后三句中的数据可推知边完成任务边说话的组反应较慢, 且会犯更多的错误,因此选 D 项。 (18) :A A 逻辑推理题。文章最后一段提到,由于驾驶人在车内,惩罚驾驶时使用手提电话的行为 就已经十分困难,因此可推断此项规定经常被违反,正确答案为 A 项。选项 B、C、D 均未 被提及。 (19) :B B 细节推断题。 根据文章最后一句 “Stopping people making hands-free calls would probably be impossible—particularly because more and more vehicles are now being fitted with such equipment as standard”(处罚驾车时使用免提电话的人几乎是不可能的一尤其在电话免提装 置成为越来越多的车辆的标准配置之后。),此题应该选 B 项。 (20) :A A 文章主旨题。通过对全文的分析可以得知,本文主要讨论了驾车时使用移动电话(手提及 免提)危害。 参考译文: 在许多国家,在驾驶时使用手提电话是违法的,但是最近一项研究进一步显示,比起手部动
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中大网校引领成功职业人生

作来说,驾车时通话的危险更多地存在于交谈时大脑的运作,即使使用“免提”装置也会影 响驾车人注意力的警觉度。 英国 Warwick 大学的梅林那·库那对此进行了一系列的实验:两组志愿者分别对电脑屏幕 上一系列与驾驶难度相同的运动任务作出响应。一组不受。扰,而另一组同时需使用耳机进 行关于他们兴趣爱好的交谈,其效果等同干使用免提电话。根据库那博士的实验报告,进行 交谈的一组比不受干扰的一组平均反应要慢 212 毫秒, 这对于以 100 千米每小时行驶的车辆 来说意味着 5.7 米的刹车距离。研究人员同样还发现,在试验过程中进行交谈的一组比不 受干扰的一组要多犯 83%的错误。 这说明道路安全条款需要作出修改。即使双手紧握方向盘,驾驶过程中打电话同样危险。即 使从车窗外可以看见, 对驾车时使用手提电话者进行处罚也已经够难了。 处罚驾车时使用免 提电话的人几乎是不可能的——尤其在电话免提装置成为越来越多的车辆的标准配置之后。 Part Ⅲ Vocabulary(20 points) (1) :C C 本题考查含有否定意义的词在句首时句子要部分倒装的用法,由于从句用的是过去将来 完成时 would have done,主句也应该用过去时,所以选项 C 为正确答案。题干的意思是: “发 件人不知道那些垃圾邮件会给收件人带去多大的麻烦。 ” (2) :C C 本题考查状语从句引导词的用法,根据上下文,前后分句间应该是因果关系,所以选项 C(因为)正确。题干意思: “人类之所以比一般动物要高级,那是因为他们能够使用语言作为 进行交流的一种工具。 ” (3) :B B 本题考查主语从句的用法。特殊疑问词 what 引导从句作主语。题干意思: “在一些国家, 所谓的平等并不意味着所有人都享有平等权利。 ” (4) :D D 本题考查不定式的用法,句中 it 为形式主语,真正的主语为不定式 to make,所以选项 D 为正确答案。题干意思; “在国外,总是要想让别人明白你的意思是不大可能的。 ” (5) :D D 题于意思: “湖人队球员 Johnsn 不想在 NBA 新赛季中再感受挫败的痛苦。 ”anger 恼怒; emotion 情绪,情感;passion 激情,热烈。pain of defeat 被击败的痛苦。所以选项 D(痛苦) 正确。 (6) :B B 本题考查固定搭配 disguise oneself as.. . 的用法, 意为: 把自己伪装成??题干意思: “记 者设法将自己伪装成一名工人进入这家假烟生产厂。 ” (7) :A A 题干意思: “这篇新闻报道探讨当前社会福利制度问题。 ”social welfare(社会福利)为惯用 搭配。 (8) :B B 题干意思: “这家公司是欧洲家用空调的主要生产厂家。homeework 家庭作业;housing 住宅, 住房; housework 家务活, 家务事; household 家庭的, 家用的。 household air-conditioner 意为”家用空调” 。 (9) :B B 题干意思: “值班的警卫应该全方位注意周边情形。 ”on time fit,,on hand 在场,手头边; on purpose 故意,有意;on duty 值班。 (10) :B
中大网校
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中大网校引领成功职业人生

B 题干意思: “任何一位稍有常识的同学都应该会回答这个问题。 ”each 每一,每个,强调 个体,常与 of 搭配使用;any 任何,任一;either 两者之一;all 所有,连接可数名词必须用 复数形式。 (11) :C C 本题考查 Feel sb.do sth./doing sth 的不定式及现在分词用法。现在分词表示正在进行的 主动动作,所以选项 C 正确。题干意思: “正当他用手扶住她脸的一侧吻她的时候,Ivy 感 觉自己因喜悦而激动得脸红了。 ” (12) :D D 本题考查现在完成时态的用法。have done+since+一般过去时间状语。题干意思: “自从 2008 年 10 月来,这个国家的出口量急剧下滑。 ” (13) :B B 本题考查比较级用法。比较级前可用程度副词 far 来修饰,意为:??得多。题干意思: “令我惊讶的是,Lisa 说她对流行乐比对古典乐要喜欢得多。 ” (14) :A A 题干意思: “先进的医疗技术可以将老年病人的寿命延长至 70 岁以上。 ”above/beyond 都 可以表示“在??之上” ,但 ahove 一般是表示具体的方位或数字之上,而 beyond 是表示抽 象的,有“超越”的意思。例如:It is beyond my ability.这个超出了我的能力。 (15) :B B 本题考查过去完成时的用法。过去完成时表示过去某个时间之前已经完成的动作,即发 生在“过去的过去, ,的动作,句中有明显的过去参照动作“thought”,所以选项 B 是正确答 案。题干意思: “他们认为我们迟到了。但我及我丈夫早就到达火车站了。 ” (16) :A A 本题考查情态动词表过去推测的用法。must have done 表示对过去的推测,其否定形式为 cannot have done。题干意思: “在 Maya”遗址,我们可以想象下 1,300 年前 3 万多人生活 在这里可能是个什么样子。 ” (17) :A A 本题考查错综时间虚拟条件句,即条件句发生的动作和主句发生的动作不一致。本句中, 条件句动作发生在过去(had done),而主句的动作发生在现在(would/should do),谓语动词要 根据各自表示的时间进行调整,因此正确答案为选项 A。选项 B(should go)用于第一人称。 题干意思: “如果 David 没去拉斯维加斯把钱输掉,那他就会下周和我们一起去加拿大。 ” (18) :D D 本题考查将来完成时的用法。将来完成时表示将来某一时刻将完成或在另一个未来的动 作发生之前已经完成的动作,常与将来完成时连用的时间状语有:by(the time/the end of)+表 示将来时间的短语和句子;题干意思: “我将明年这时候毕业,那时我也早已在找工作了。 ” (19) :B B 本题考查原因状语从句。根据前后分句逻辑关系,选项 B 符合题意。题干意思: “由于她 总是数学成绩好,所以这次她考试得了个“A”她父母一点也不感到惊讶。 ” (20) :C C 本题考查非限定性定语从句。非限定性定语从句一般用引导词 which/as 或 who(指人),既 可以修饰主句的部分内容,也可修饰主句的全部内容。 此句中关系代词 which 代替的是前面 主句的 money。题干意思: “抢劫犯给银行工作人员递过去一个袋子,命令她把钱装进去, 于是她照做了。 ” (21) :D D 本题考查现在分词用法。分词短语中 register 的逻辑主语为主句主语 a person,因此非谓
中大网校
“十佳网络教育机构”、 “十佳职业培训机构” 网址:www.wangxiao.cn

中大网校引领成功职业人生

语动词“register”应该用主动语态,选项 D 正确。题干意思: “在 eBay 网上注册后,你就 可以搜寻你所要的货物并可以看到货物的图像。 ” (22) :C C 本题考查过去分词表示被动的用法。 “make their influence felt”意为“使别人感受到他们 的影响” 。题干意思: “在澳大利亚,与在其他国家一样,亚洲人或多或少在商界有一定的影 响力。 ” (23) :B B 本题考查介词的用法。介词 with 可以表示伴隧。题干意思: “按照 IQ 得分,你 18 岁至 25 岁间最聪明,但随着年龄的增长,你将变得越加聪明及老练。 ” (24) :A A 题干意思: “动物由于对污染特别敏感,所以可以充当水质监测器。 ”serve as 充当,担任, 作为;work for 为??工作;make up 弥补,拼凑;take on 呈现,具有。 (25) :C C 题干意思: “如果顾客能够给我们出示产品的收据,那么他们的投诉更可信。 ”genuine 真 实的,诚恳的;honest 诚实的;credible 可信任的;true 真实的。 (26) :D D 题干意思: “现金奖励本身没有多大意义,重要的是其对贡献的认可。 ”realization 实现; admission 允许进入;adoption 收养.采纳;recognition 承认,认可。 (27) :D D 题干意思: “上世纪 90 年代初,由于因特网用户不再局限于军事团体,因特网得到了飞速 发展。 ”refer to 参照,提及;respond to 回答:he related to 与??有关联;be restricted to 受 限于?? (28) :D D 题干意思: “通常,亲密朋友间拥有共同的看法及兴趣。 ”have something in common 为固 定搭配.意为“彼此有着共同点” 。 (29) :A A 题干意思: “我不能赞同你的决定,因为我的努力看不到金钱回报。 ”approve of 赞成,同 意;argue with 与??争论;insist on 坚持.坚决要求;tum down 调小,拒绝。 (30) :A C 本题考查 rather than 用法,表示客观事实,意为“晷??而不是??” 。rather than 后接不 定式时,不定式可以带 t0,也可以不带 l0。题干意思: “你应该要培养数种放松的方法,并 且定期使用这些方法,而不是等到感觉压力很大的时候才想起要放松。 ”except for 除了;so as to 以至于;instead of 而不是,代替,引导名词或动名词。 (31) :D D 本题考查条件状语从句。题干意思: “他没有雄心壮志,只要有一份能糊口的工作他就满 足了。 ”as long as 只要??就??,引导条件状语从句。 (32) :C C 题干意思: “评委说这些小朋友们的高水准表演给他留下了深刻的印象。 ”excited 感到兴 奋的;interested 感兴趣的;impressed 印象深刻的;appreciated 感激的。 (33) :B B 题干意思: “在英国,那些因疾病不能工作的雇员可以申领每周约 40 英镑的国家疾病补 助。 ”apply 申请,常与 for 搭配;claim 要求得到.认领;entitle 给??权利;charge 控诉, 收费。 (34) :C
中大网校
“十佳网络教育机构”、 “十佳职业培训机构” 网址:www.wangxiao.cn

中大网校引领成功职业人生

C 题干意思: “交通移动缓慢,于是司机沿途停下来接了另外一位乘客。 ”take up 拿起,开 始做;catch up 追上;pick up 承载,接送;put up 举起,提供。 (35) :B B 题干意思: “即使屋内某一气体非常少量,这台高灵敏度的仪表也可以探测到它。 ”同型 词辨析,sensible 明智的;sensitive 敏感的,灵敏的;sensing 感觉,传感;sensed 被感觉的。 (36) :C C 题干意思: “老师通过考试分数去评价一个学生的成绩及潜能,这并不总是对的。 ”value 重视,珍惜;estimate 估计;evaluate 评价,评估;calculate 计算。 (37) :C C 本题考查关系副词引导的定语从句。当主句中的先行词是表示地点或空间意义的名词时, 它只能作其所在的定语从句的地点状语,引导词用关系副词 where,此句中先行词 sofas 在 定语从句中作空间状语(put his feet up on the sofas),因此选项 C 正确。题干意思: “这是一 间很漂亮的房间,里面有一些大的座椅及沙发,人们可以搁起腿在沙发上休息。 ” (38) :A A 本题考查 adj./adv.+enough+t0 惯用法,enough 修饰 adj.或者 adv.时一定要放在被饰 词的后面。题干意思:新的研究发现:尽管蜜蜂脑部体积很小,但它足以辨别出不同人的面 孔。 ” (39) :C C 本题考查让步状语从句。题干意思: “即使智力可以遗传,我们也很难找出两个不同的人 智商差异的根源。 ”根据上下文意思,我们应该选择表示让步的逻辑连词 Even if,选项 C 正 确。 (40) :D D 本题考查非限定性定语从句。非限定性定语从句一般用引导词 which/as 或 who(指人),既 可以修饰主句的部分内容,也可修饰主句的全部内容。此句中关系代词 as 替代的是前面整 个主句的内容。as is often the case 意为“通常就是这样” 。题干意思: “真相不容易被发现, 这在历史研究中通常也是如此。 ”Part Ⅳ Cloze Test(10 points) (1) :C 根据前文的提示,因特网的使用妨碍心理健康,根据上下文逻辑联系(more..than. . .)可知 C 项是正确答案。 (2) :B B those 可作定语从句的先行词,但 this 和 these 不能,同时,在作先行词时,只有 those 可 指人。 (3) :D D 根据上下文逻辑联系(not that. .but that?),可知此处是转折关系,因此选 D 项。 (4) :A A 选项 A 为相反,B 为相同,C 为普遍,D 为冷漠。根据上下文可知,研究结果与预期完 全相反,因此选 A 项。 (5) :D D 根据上下文可知因特网允许其使用者自主选择信息以及与他人交流, 因此排除选项 B, C; make 后无需带 to 不定式,因此 D 选项正确(allow sb.to do sth.)。 (6) :C C attribute to 归因于;stick to 坚持:account for 说明;substitute for 代替。根据上下文意思, 选项 C 正确。 (7) :D
中大网校
“十佳网络教育机构”、 “十佳职业培训机构” 网址:www.wangxiao.cn

中大网校引领成功职业人生

D 根据上下文逻辑联系,无需见面也无需肢体语言的“虚拟”交谈比起真正的交谈来更难 令人满足,因此选 D 项。 (8) :A A expose 常与介词 to 搭配,意为“使??暴露于,使??接触” 。 (9) :B B 根据上下文的逻辑语义关系,此处需要一个连接词引导定语从句。B 项的 how 最符合题 意。 (10) :D D 根据上下文可知应该是从技术上设计应用与服务,所以选项 D 为正确答案。 参考译文: 卡内基梅陇大学一项研究指出,因特网的使用妨碍心理健康。 这次耗时两年的研究表明, 即使每周仅上网几小时的人比起更少使用因特网的人群也会感觉 更加压抑和孤独。人们并非是在情绪不佳的时候才去上网,相反的,上网正是情绪不佳的元 凶。 研究者对于与其预期完全相反的结果表示困惑。 他们原本估计网络比电视更健康, 因为网络 使用者可自主选择信息以及与他人交流。 研究者称,上网导致与亲友相处的时间减少,从而妨碍心理健康。和面对面的交谈相比,这 种见不着面、看不见人的“虚”的交流可能会使人从心理上缺乏满足感,人们通过这种交流 结下的友谊也不会太深。 还有一砷可能是, 网民通过因特网所了解到的广阔世界使他们对自 己的生活不那么满意了。 “然而,重要的是不要忘记这与技术本身是无关的,问题在于如何使用因特网。 ”这项研究 的发起人之一、心理学家、英特尔公司的克里斯廷·赖利说, “这的确表明在考虑从技术上 如何设计应用和服务时有必要把社会因素考虑进去。 ”Paper two(30 minutes)<br>Part Ⅴ Writing(10 points) (1) : Dear Professor, I am a student who takes your course of “Introduction to Psychology”. I am deeply impressed by your teaching style and gained a lot in your lessons. But recently I've been engaged in the study of my own major—accounting and the preparation for CET-4. I found it difficult for me to spare enough time to continue the course. I plan to attend your lessons next year, because I determine to spare no efforts to deal with the final exams of this semester as well as CET-4 at the moment. So I wrote this letter to ask for your permission. As a freshman, I've encountering great pressure from both study and life. It is urgent for me to figure out how to adapt to the new environment and way of study. I'd appreciate it if you could giveme some advices. I am looking forward to receiving your reply. Best wishes.

<P align=right>Yours, ×× ×

中大网校

“十佳网络教育机构”、 “十佳职业培训机构”

网址:www.wangxiao.cn


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