2016-2017年新人教版高中英语必修一Unit_3_Travel_journal_知识点讲解精品ppt课件_图文

Unit 3 Travel Journal Language points for Reading I 1.persuade: cause sb by reasoning 说服,劝说 (暗示 是成功的,如果未成功则用try to persuade) (1)persuade sb to do sth 或persuade sb into doing sth:说服某人干某事 How can you persuade him to change his mind/into changing his mind? (2) persuade sb out of doing sth 说服某人不要干某事 Finally, we persuaded her out of traveling by plane. 2.insist: declare firmly, esp.in the face of doubt of opposition 坚持认为;坚决主张 (1)“坚决主张,坚决要求”,后接的宾语从句用陈述语 气(表示一个主张或一种看法),即“should+动词原 形”,should可省略。 I insisted that he (should) come with us.我坚持主张他跟我们 同行。 (2)“坚持说”(表示一个事实),后接的从句用陈述语 气,即按需要选择时态 He insisted that he hadn’t stolen the girl’s handbag.他坚持 说他注册码偷那女孩的包。 (3) Insist on/upon doing sth 坚持干某事 I insisted on/upon his coming with us. 3.plain: adj“平坦的;清楚的”;n. “平原” the wide plains of Canada 加拿大的广大平原 in plain language 用简单的语言 4.trip, journey, travel, tour (1)trip 一般指有目的的短距离的旅行。在现代英语中,trip 和journey常可通用,搭配动词有:make, take和go on. 如: make/ take/ go on a trip/ journey to …到…旅游 on a/ one’s trip/ journey (2)travel 常用作抽象名词,泛指“旅行,旅游”,指具 体旅行时常用复数,但前面不用many或数词。 He came back home after years of foreign travel. 国 外多年旅游后,他回了家乡。 (3)tour 指“周游,巡回旅行”,常是访问一系列地方后 又回到出发地。 Our American friends are making a tour of Shanghai. 我们的朋友正在对上海进行巡回旅行。 5. It is my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends.(P.18)首先想到要沿湄公河从源头到终 点骑车旅游的是我的姐姐。 “It is …that/who...”是强调句型,可强调句子的各个成分 (谓语除外),其基本结构为: It is +被强调部分+that( 被强调部分是人时也可用who)+其余部分 如:My parents are determined to visit China next year. It is my parents who/that are determined to visit China next year.(强调主语) It is China that my parents are determined to visit next year.(强调宾语) 注意它的疑问形式 Is it China that your parents are determined to visit next year? Where is it that your parents are determined to visit next year? 6.They are Dai and grew up in western Yunnan Province near the Lancang River, the Chinese part of the river that is called the Mekong River before flowing in other countries.(P.18) 他们是傣族人,在云南省西部靠近澜沧江的地方长大的,湄公 河在中国境内的这一段叫澜沧江,流到其他国家的就叫湄公 河。 the Chinese part of the river that is called the Mekong River before flowing in other countries 是一个名词短语,用来修饰前 面的the Langcang River,其中又含有一个定语从句 that is called the Mekong River before flowing in other countries . 7.My sister doesn’t care about details.(p.18)我姐姐是不会考虑细节 的。 (1)care about: be worried, concerned or interested 忧虑,关 心,惦念 (2)care for: look after; like or love 照顾;喜欢 Who will care for the children if their mother dies? Would you care fo

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