2018-2019学年高一英语新人教版必修1同步配套课件:Unit 1 Friendship1.3_图文

Section Ⅲ Grammar 一、观察下列各组句子,指出其中的变化 例:a.“I don’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary,” said Anne. b.Anne said that she didn’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary. (I→she;don’t→didn’t) 1.She said,“My name is Anne Frank.” She said that her name was Anne Frank. 答案 My→her;is→was 2.Jack said,“My family and I are living in America.” Jack said that his family and he were living in America. 答案 My→his;I→he;are→were 3.My brother said,“This model plane is better than mine.” My brother said that that model plane was better than his. 答案 This→that;is→was;mine→his 4.“How can I solve the problem?” Jane asked me. Jane asked me how she could solve the problem. 答案 can I→she could 5.She said to me,“I passed this exam yesterday.” She told me that she had passed that exam the day before. 答案 said to→told;I→she;passed→had passed;this→that; yesterday→the day before 二、翻译下列句子(注意间接引语的运用) 1.他们问我是否可以为他们拍张照片。 They asked me . 答案 whether/if I could take a photo of them 2.我想知道我们什么时候去看灯(lantern)。 I want to know . 答案 when we will/shall go to see the lanterns 3.那个男孩说他想成为一个像姚明一样的运动员。 That boy said 答案 that he wanted to become a player like Yao Ming 4.我的儿子问我什么时候给他买一个玩具兔子。 My son asked me 答案 when I would buy him a toy rabbit . . 直接引语和间接引语(Ⅰ) 直接引语是直接引述别人的原话,原话用引号;而间接引语是转述 别人的话,不用引号。 直接引语:My mum said to me,“Your aunt will visit your grandparents tomorrow.” 我的妈妈对我说:“明天你的阿姨将去探望你的外祖父母。” 间接引语:My mum told me that my aunt would visit my grandparents the next day. 我的妈妈告诉我第二天我的阿姨将去探望我的外祖父母。 语法图解 1.直接引语变为间接引语时要注意以下变化: 直接引语 一般现在时 现在完成时 一般过去时 现在进行时 一般将来时 过去完成时 this these 间接引语 一般过去时 过去完成时 过去完成时或一般过去时 过去进行时 过去将来时 过去完成时(不变) that those 时态 指示代词 直接引语 now today tonight yesterday tomorrow last month/week next month/week the day before yesterday here come bring 间接引语 then that day that night the day before the next/following day the month/week before the next month/week two days before there go take 时间状语 地点状语 动词 完成下列间接引语: ①“I can’t find my wallet,” my friend said to me. My friend me that he wallet. 答案 told;couldn’t find his ②“Jack will clean the room tomorrow morning,” he said. He clean the room . 答案 said Jack would;the next morning ③“I will meet you next week,” she said to me. She me that she meet me . 答案 told;would;the next week 2.直接引语变为间接引语时,应注意以下“九不变”原则。 (1)主句的时态是一般现在时或一般将来时,变为间接引语时,从 句时态不变。 ④He says,“I am very happy.” →He says that very happy. 答案 he is (2)如果直接引语中有确定的表示过去的时间状语,变为间接引语 时时态不变。 ⑤He said,“She was born in 1954.” →He said that born in 1954. 答案 she was (3)如果转述

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