Railway intelligent transportation system and its applications_图文

Ra l y i t l g n   r n p r a i n iwa   n e l e t t a s o t to   i s s e   nd is a pl a i n   y t m a   t   p i to s c

Q nY n ,i i n Z a gY a  i  o g J Lmi ,h n   u n a
( tt K yL b r o  f a   r f   o t l n   ae ,B in  i t g U i r t,B in  0 0 4, hn ) S e e  a oa r o  i T a cC nr   dS ft e i J o n   n e i a   ty R l f i o a y jg a o v s y e ig 10 4 C ia   j

Ab ta t sr c :W i  h   e eo me to  ri ca  nelg n e,c mmu i ain,c mp tr a d oh r rl td tc n lge .i t t e d v lp n  fa t ili tl e c h i f i o nct o o u e  n   te  e ae  e h oo is t   b c me  e sbe t  e u l  r d t n lr i y wi   u h a v n e   e h oo is i  r e  o e tb i     e   e e a in e o s fa i l o r b i t i o a  al   t s c   d a c d tc n l ge   n o d r t  sa l h a n w g n r t   d a i wa h s o r i y t n p r s s m. T e r i y i tl g n   rn p rain s se   s te te d o  al a   r n p r t n s se i  al  r s o t y t wa a   e h   al   n el e tta s o t t   y t m i h   rn   fr i y t s o t i   y tm  n wa i o   w a ao C ia,a d i i a s  h   e e r h fc s o n en t n ri y t n p r i d sr . T i  a e   rs n st e d f i o hn n  t s lo t e r s a c  o u   fi t r ai M  al  r s o t n u t    o wa a   y h s p p rp e e t h   e nt n   i i
. 

c aatr ,ac i cue k y tc nlge  n   eeo ig p t r  fte RIS( al y itlie tta s o ain ss  h rces rht tr , e e h oo is a d d vlpn  at n o h   T ri  nel n rnp r t   y — e e wa g t o
tr ) h n t re t p c la p ia in   r n r d c d e .T e  h e  y ia  p l t s a e ito u e .F n l n c o i al y.t e p o p c o   e RI S i  u h   r s e t ft   T  s s mmaie .   h rz d 
Ke   r y wo ds:RI ; a c tc u e; k y tc noo is;d v lpi   atr S T rhie t r e  e h l ge e e o ng p ten; a lc to   ppi ains

1 I r du to   nto c i n 
Ac o d n  o l n —e m  e eo me tp a   fChia c r i g t o g tr d v l p n  l n o   n   Ral y,by2 2 ,hih s e d r i y ln swi   p e   i wa  0 0 g — p e  al wa  i e  t s e d h o  v r2 0 k /   l r a h 1   0   m . I  l a c u t fo e  5   m h wi  e c    0 0 k l 8 t l c o n  wi   f ro e   0 % o  h  o a  la e o h   rd’   ih. 0   v r5 fte ttlmie g   ft e wo l s h g  

t cu e,sa d r ,s se d sg   n  y tm  pt z - e tr tn a ds y t m  e in a d s se o i a  mi to   ft   TS. No d y   o e tpia  y tm s s c   in o  he RI wa a s s m  y c ls se   u h a  t e r ns o ai n s h  ta p r t  ma a e n if r ain y t m  t o n g me t n o m to  s se

( MI ) t  i a hm ng m n i o ai  ytm T S ,h ds t   a ae e tn r t nss   e pc   fm o e ( M S ,h  ceigadr evt nss m ( R )  D I ) tet k t  n   sra o yt i n e i e T S,
t e ta n o e a in d s ac i g c mma d s se h   r i  p r t   ip t h n   o o n   y tm 

s e d r i y.Att e s me t p e   al wa  h   a   i me,t e r i y ta s o t h   al  r n p r  wa
s se o   i a i a i g r q ie n s a “ g   r n — y t m  fCh n   sf cn   e u r me t  s hih ta s 

( D S ,te C ieet i  o t lss m ( T S   T C ) h  hn s r n cnr  yt  a o e CC )
a d h  go a s se n  t e lb l y tm fr o  mo ie o b l c mmu ia in or n c t  f   o

p r c p c t hih fii n y, h g  s f t a d ih o t a a iy, g  efce c ih a ey n  h g  
srieq ai e vc   u l y”. Fo  h   al y ta p r  y tm  s a t rte ri wa   rns o ts se i    mu f eo   o l x s se ,s l l  e e i g o   r d — hi trc mp e   y tm a oe y d p nd n   n ta i  

ri a ( S R) r b ig ga ul  mpe ne  a w y G M— ,ae en  rd a y i l l   l metd
a d i r v d  n  mp o e . I r c n  y a s wih h  d v lp e t f s me n ee t e r, t t e e e o m n  o   o  

t n lt e re   n  e h i u sc n o  e h   e u r . i a h o sa d tc n q e   a n tme tt e r q ie  o i me t.He e.p o o iin n   e e r h 0  h   TS ns nc r p st  a d r s a c  fr t e RI   o
i mp r t e fo a   v r l c nsd r to   s i e ai  r m  n o e a l o ie a in. v  

t c o o is s c  a   n wld e r a o i g,i t r e  f e hn lg e   u h s k o e g   e s n n nen to 
t n s,co d c mp tn   n  ec, t e hig lu   o uig a d t h  RI S i i p o  T  s m r.

v n   n  h v  moe it g ih d h r c e s Un e   ig a d a e r  d si u s e  c a a tr . n dr
t i  i to h s st in, t s p p r am s o b t r e pait t e ua hi  a e   i  t  e t   x tae h   e
RT   TS

W e tr  uo e U. . a a   n   te  e e. s n E rp , e S ,J p n a d oh r d v 1  
o e   o n re  h v   e e r h d o  t e n e l e c  o  p d c u t s a e r s a c e   n h  it l g n e f i i r iwa  y tm  x e sv l  n   e pl al y s se e tn ie y a d d e y,a d s me r p e  n  o  e r—

s na ie s se   e e a r d u , s c  a E MS e tt   y tms w r c r e  o t u h s RT   v i

2 De n to a d  ha a t r   ft e RI     i f ii n  n c r c e s o  h   TS
2.   De n toN 1 i f ii  
Ba e   n c g ia c   ft e mo e  r n p rai n, s d o   o n z n e o     d r ta s o tto   h n

( uo enrit fcm ngme t ytm)i E rp , E rpa a   a   a ae n ss lr f i   e n uo e   

C b r a     p nadI S i el et a   s m)i y e  ii J a n   (n lgn  is t R ln a R t i rly e n  
U. . . R c nl  o   rjcss c   s E s It. S  e e t sme poe t u h a  U’  ne  y  
GRa l 。I il   BM ’  ma e   i o dLJ CI CO ’   m a   sS r rRa l a    t r   3 S sS r t


if r ain t c n lg   n   ne lc u ltc n l g no m to  e h o o y a d i tle t a e h oo y,t e h  RI  s d fn d a  olws RI  s t e n w  e e ai n TS i  e e   s flo : TS i h   e g n r to   i   r i y r n p rain y tm , wh c  i e r t s lc   al wa  ta s o to  s se t i h ntg ae  e e — to c  e h o o ,c m p trtc n lg r nist c n lg y o u e e h oo y,mo e   o — dr cr   n n

+ Co n ce   Ral y  . S MENS ’ s I t lie t   n e td i wa l I E   nel n  g Tr i  ,a e t  o oe te i r v me to  n e l e t an r  o prm t h   mp o e n   f it l g n   i r i y No , t e sr tgc hi   o i tlie tr i y al wa . w h   tae i s f t  ne l n  al t g wa  
s se i  p r bae   o r u l n t e wol   y tm s a p o td c nguo sy i  h   rd.

mu ia in e h oo , mo e  i fr a in ip s l n c t  tc n l g o y dr n no m to  d s o a 
t c noo , c n r l n  s se e h lg y o to a d y t m tc n lg , m a a e  e h oo y n g—

I   i a,d gt lr iwa n Ch n i i   a l y,i tlie tr i y a d a n elg n  al   n   wa
o h r r lt d e e r h s a e e n o e t e  e ae  r s a c e  h v  b e  d n  me iu o sy t l u l  c b  s me n v r i e  a d n t u e . S me e ms h t y o  u i e st s n  i si t s i t o  ta  t a 

me ta   e ii n s p o ttc n lg n   nd d cso   u p r e h oo y,i tlie ta t — n elg n   u o  ma o  t c n lg i r n e h o o y, e c a d e lz s h  c le t n, t . n  r aie  t e olc i   o ta s s in, d s o a , a d h r o   n o main r n miso ip s l n  s a e f i f r t  by o   ma i g f l u e o l mo ig,fx d,s a e,tme,a d k n  u l s   fal vn i e     pc i n 
p ro e  e o r e   eae  o r i y ta s o ain e- e s nn lr s u c sr lt d t  al wa  r n p r to   l  t

ld b   i L mi   t 1 7 .Nig B n e  l a d o h r e   y Ja i n e a  j     n   i  ta   n   te 
s h lr  a e r s a c e   b u  h   o c p i n, a c i  c o a s h v   e e r h d a o tt e c n e to rh—

Re ev d 5 No e e  01   c i    v mb r2 O e

Vo.  . , r2 1  5   19 No 1 Ma. 0 1 3

f in l i et c y,wi  h   i o  c ivn   u r n y o  ae y, t t e a m  fa he ig g a a t  fsf t   h ic e sn  r n p rain efce c   n  mp o i g s r — n r a i g ta s o tto   f in y a d i r v n   ev  i i e q aiy a o rc s. F g  s o  h   v r iw  f c   u l   tlwe   o t i .1 h ws te o e ve o   t
t e RI   h   TS.

rt . i   y

4 N e s r ne .F rh  ups f eo iga ) ed— i td o  e roeo  cm n   oe t p b
hg   f ce c ih ef in y.e e g   o s r a in a d d ma d drv  i n ry c n e v t   n   e n - i — o
e   y tm , t e RI S n e s t  ef r d n mi  e d   n s se h   T   e d   o p ro m  y a c n e s

a ay i  fu e swh   r   ti  h   y tm  n   u sd   n lsso   s r  o ae wi n t e s se a d o tie h te s se ,a  tas   e d  o p ro m  y a c al— h   y tm nd i  lo n e st  e r d n mi  l   f o c to   fv rO S r s u c s o   e n   ai n o   a iU  e o r e   n d ma d.

3 Ar hie t e o  h   TS   c t c ur   ft e RI  
Esa ls me t o   y t m ac i cu e s h  f t tb ih n   f s se r ht t r  i t e i   e s r

a d t e mo t mp r n   t p t  e eo   h   T . T e n  h   s i ot t e  o d v l p t e RI S   a s h 

ac i cuep o ie   o rht tr  rvd sacmmo   d l od sg   T . e n mo e    e inRI S  t
i d fn s t e f n to s t a  s  e p ro e  o i t e e  h   u cin  h tmu tb   e fr d t  m    i m
p e n a ie  u e  s r ie, te h sc l n iis lme t  g v n s r e vc h  p y ia e tt   e wh r  h s   u cin   r isd e e t e e f n to s a e n i e, t e it ra e  n o - h  n e c d ifr  f

main f wi g b t e   h   h sc l s se   n   h   t  l n   ewe n t e p y ia  y tms a d t e o o
c m mu ia in e uie n s o  t  i fr ain fo   o n c to  rq r me t fr he n o m to   w一 l
Fi .1 Ove viw  ag a     TS g   r e di r m ofRI  
. 

lg n 

『l   0]

-  

As t e i .   h ws a c i cu e o  h   T   s  h  F g 2 s o , r ht t r  ft e RI S i  e Co sd r t e cu l iu t n f Chie e r iwa   n i e   h  a ta st ai  o  o n s   al y

d vd d i t f e a e   r m t  b t m u ii e   n o i  ly r fo v s he o t o p, n mey a l 
p r e i n ly r o e c pt  a e ,c mm u iai n ly r ne r t n l y  o nc to  a e ,it g ai  a - o

ta p rai n,e s n e o  h   T  st e p re tc m— rns ot t o s e c   ft e RI S i h   e c  o   f

bn t no  e itlg n rn p rain sse (    iai  ft  nel e tt s o t   ytm I s) o h i a t o r
a  h   al y ta s o a in s se ,a d i s a   p— nd t e r i wa  r n p r t   y t m t o n  ti  n u   t— ae s se o d t  y t m wih n e n t n  sa d r s t i tr ai a tn a d  wh c  i — ol ih n   tg ae  n el e tc nr l e r t si tli n   o to ,ma a e n  n  n elg n  g n g me ta d i t l e t i d cso ma ig [3 e iin— k n 9  
.  

e ,o e ain ly r a d s r ie a e . T e pec pt n r p r to   a e   n   e vc  ly r h   r e i   o l y rc nc pt ea d so er a —i   a ao   e mo i g a e   a   a ur  n  tr  e ltmed t  ft   vn   h e upme t qi n s,t e fx d nr sr cu e a d t e e v r n   h   e  i fa tu tr   n   h   n io ? i

me ti   al a   y tm  y u i g o  d a c d s n o   n  n r i y s se b   s   f a v n e   e s r w n
tc n l g  a d q i me t . Usn  t e ih— a a i   e h oo y n  e u p n s ig h  h g c p ct y c mmu ia in,t e c mmu iain l y r c n ra se   o n c to h  o nc to   a e   a  tn fr t e daa whih h   t  c  wa   olc e   y h   e c p in l y r s c le td b  t e p r e to   a e   b t e  v h ce  a d r u d q i me t a d lo e we n e ils n  g o n  e u p n s n  as  

2 2 Ch a tr   .  ar c e s By t e d fnto   ft e RI s,i s o l  ea s f    h   e i n o h   r i i r t h u d b    ae.   efce t o c r o f in ,lw. a b n。c n od n .d ma d. rv n a   i o c r a t e n d e   nd i

i d p n e t s s m. F r mo e d ti . i   h r ce s n e e d n  yt e o  r   ea l t c aa t r s s  
a e e p u d d i h  olwi g f u   s e t. r   x o n e  n t e flo n  o ra p cs  

a n   h ms le . S   tc n p vd   h   aa fr t e mo g t e ev s o i a   r i e t e d t  o  h     o i tg a in ly r Wi   h   u p r o  h   o n e t  a e . r o t t e s p o   ft e c mmu ia   h t nc —
to  a e   n  h   a b l i so   it b t d c mp t g, in l y ra d t e c pa ii e   fd sr u e   o u i   t i n

1)I trp rbly T  a he e pi zt n f ne ea it. o c iv o t ai  o  o i mi o
r i a  rn p rain.t e R T   a    n e r t e o - al y t s o t w a t o h   I S h st i tg ae r c g  o
ni o t n,lc to i o ain,d tcin, c n rl mo io n ee to o to , n tr g,c m— i o  
m u iain n c to s, i f r t n p o e sn n o ma i   r c s i g, d c so  s p o t o e i i n u p r 

d t  tg ain a d d t  i aiai n h   ne r t n aa i e t   n   aa vs l t ,t e i tg ai   n r o u z o o ly rc n b   s d t  t ga ep o e sa d ds ly d t , a e   a   e u e   i e r t  r c s  n   i a   aa   on p
s   s t  r v d   u p r o   na e nta d d cso   o a  o p o i e s p o tf r ma g me   n   e iin o   e o e ain ly r T e o eat n ly r c re p n s ft   p r t  a e . h   p r i  a e   o rs o d   h o o

a d oh r f n t n . Th r fr og n c i tr p r b lt  n   t e  u ci s o e eo e r a i  n e e a ii o y

b t e n t ev r u   u s s mso   e RI S i n c sa   ew e  h   a i ss b y t   f h   T  s e e s . o e t  
r   y?

wi  h  u ci n   fb sn s  r a iai n a d ma g - t t e f n t so  u i e s o g n z to   n   na e   h o
m e to h   al y s se . Ba e   n t e i o ain n   f te r iwa   y tm s d o  h   n r to   f m

2 It l etpoes g nod rt ahee i— )ne i n rcs n .I  re o c i  n lg   i   v  
tl g n  r c s i   ftafc c n rl n e r td s h d. e l e tp o e sng o   fi  o to ,i tg ae   c e   i r
ui g, r s u c  ma a e n a d p r t n  ma a e  ln eo re n g me t n  o e ai s o ng -

p o ie   y t e i tg ain ly r tc n p ro  r n - r vd d b  h  ne r to  a e ,i a   e r ta s    fm
p r o g n z to o   ra iain,sa u   nt rn   n   i tn c   f t t t smo i i g a d man e a e o   o n t  al y s se , S   s t  u p r  h   e vc   a e   he r i wa   y tm O a   o s p o tt e s r ie l y r sr n l. T e s r i e ly rc re p n swi  e vc so   to gy h   e vc  a e   o r s o d   t s r ie   h f

me t n  urh r t  u l    ih y i tlie ta t n - n ,a d f t e o b id a hg l n elg n  u o o  
mo s rd to  a d u  p o ucin n  ma a e e t y tm , t e n g m n  s se h  RT S I 

te r i a   y tm. U d r t e u e ’   e d   n   h   h  al y s se w n e   h   s r s n e s a d te
a t a st a in f t  c re  r i y p r to  a d cu l i t  o  he u nt al  o e ain n   u o wa ta s o   e o c s,i   i   oe i  r v dng s r ie   r n p r r s ure t t man r l s p o i i   e vc s s frpa s n e ,feg t — o o   s e g r r ih ,e c mme c   n   t . r e a d ec 

s o l   d l  p l  u z   o to , e ou in r ag — h u d wi ey a py f zy c n r l v l to a y lo  
rt ms n u a  ewo k ih , e r ln t r s,e p r y tm  n   t e  n e. x e ts se a d oh ri t1  1 e tt c n lge . i n  e h o o is  g

3 C l brt e o ea o .Fxd i rsu tr . ) ol oa v  prt n i  n at c e a i i e f r u  
mo ie e u p n sa d man e a c  a ii e  h ud b   b l  q i me t  n   it n n ef cl iss o l  e t

A  b v s a o e,i   h   T n t e RI S, t e rlt n h p a n   h   eai s i   mo g o
t e e ly r st a h   ih rr q e tfrt e lwe   d h s a e i h tt e h g e  e u s   h  o ra   s o n t  lwe  s p ot or h  h g e . T i h ea c ia  he o r u p r f  t e ih r h s ir r hc l fa wo k c n e e t ey rdu e t e c u i g b t e   r me r   a   f c i l  e c   h   o pl   ewe n v n s b y t ms o h   TS,a d e c  a e  a   b ob a . u s se   ft e RI n   a h ly rc n a s r   d   v n e  e h oo i s r s e t ey t  n a c   h i  e - a c d tc n lge   e p c i l  o e h n e t er p r  v

c o d n td s n nie y o c u l e olb r t e o r i ae  a  a  e t t t a ta i  c la o ai   r z v
wo k b t e   a i  p rto   y tm ,o r t n lma — r   ewe n b sc o e ai n s se pea i a  n   o
a e n n o main s se a d c mma d s se g me tifr to   y tm  n   o n   y tm


a d n 

s   st mp o e ta s r  f c e c   n   n a c   e u  o a  o i r v  r n po e in y a d e h n e s c . t i

5   En ie r gS in e  4 gn ei   ce c s n

t n u p ri  fr h  c mmu c to  ly r, co d i  s p o ng o t e o o t niain a e lu   c mp tn   n   n eo e a i t  u p ri g fr t e i t- o u i g a d i tr p r bl y s p o n     h   n e  i t o g ai n ly r k o e e e s nn   u p ri g f r t e r to   a e , n wldg  r a o ig s p o tn   o   h   o e ai n ly ra d n t r   e u t  u p rig f rt e p r t  a e  n   ewo k s c r y s p o n    h   o i t o
wh l  y tm , ae n c s ay f rc ryn   u h  u c  oe s se r  e e s r     ar ig o tte f n — o

to s o h  RI S. Th   o r s o e c   ewe n te e i n   f te T e c re p nd n e b t e  h s   ke   e hn l ge   n   a h a e   f RI  i s o  i  y tc oo i s a d e c  ly r o   TS s h wn n Fi .   g3

Fi .   Ar hie t e o   TS g2 c t c ur   fRI  

o ma c . he i tra e a n  he e ly r s r ltv — fr n e T   n ef c   mo g t s  a e si e aie  
l  x d, s  i ’s a y o p i z  a d p r d  t e yf e i o t  e s  t o tmie n  u g a e h  

圉 圆 虽 三 

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wh l  y t m. I   d t n,b c u e o  h   y a c i — oe s se n a di o i e a s   ft e d n mi n 
tr c in ewe n h s  ly r e a t  b t e  t e e a e s, t e e c pt n a e , o h  p r e i  l y r  o t e c m mu ia in ly r,t e it g ai n ly r a d t e h o n c to  a e h   ne r to   a e   n   h   o r to  a e   a   e c n r l d a d o i ie   n o — pea in ly r c n b   o to l   n   pt z d i   r  e m d r t  mp o e t e RI   n  ma e t e e v c s m o e e  o i r v   h   TS a d k   h  s r ie   r  
c ons m m at   u e.

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F g 3 Ke  e h oo is r u e o   TS i.   y t c n l ge   o t  fRI  

Th  mao  r s a c s f he i e n t f h n s e jr e e r he  o t   ntr e o  t i g   t c o o y i v l e r d o fe u n y i e t c to   e hn lg   n ov   a i  r q e c   d n i ain i f

F o lw o h g r m o t  ih, t e a e s o  h s r h t cu e h  ly r  ft i a c ie t r   a e p r le o di e e tlv l  fr iwa  r n p ra in r  a all t  f r n  e es o   al y ta s o t t   f o s se ,a   h   g.  s o . By o   e hn lg e   f y tm s t e Fi 2 h ws  s me t c oo is o   sa e a r t t— wa e,h g — a a i   o mu i ain, d t  u in i h c p ct c m y n c to aa f so   a d v s a iain, t r e o r a e s a  r aie h   n   iu lz to h e  lwe  ly r c n e lz  t e dii lz t n o  l r i y r s u c sa   p t tm p r l g t ia i   fa l al  e o r e   nd s ai e oa  a o   wa o

( F D ,sno e oka dd t t na dit l et R I ) esr t r  n  e c o n  n lgn  nw ei ei
tc oo y e hn lg 川 . At r s n  p e e t i  su is o us n e — t t d e f c  o  n t s  


wo k d r e  me s r me t n  c nr l i tlie t e o   a u e n  a d o to , n elg n  s ns r
n t r  o e e wo k n d s,d tci n a d c n rlo   ewo ks F r ee to   n   o to  f n t r . o  

teftr h  u u e,i   p lc t n   l b   r  d l  t  h   t a p ia i swi  e mo e wiey wi te s o l h
d v lp e to   r l s  o mu i ain a d t er c n— e e o m n   fwiee s c m n c to   n   h i  o  
b n t n[ ] iai   o
. 

v rain f h  o r tn  e v r n n . Th  r i y a ito  o t e pe ai g n io me t e al   wa s se o  h s e e i c l d “Diia  al y”. Th   y tm  f t i lv l s a l e gtl r iwa e
f n to s o  h   p r t n l y r c n b   e l e   n t e u c in   ft e o e a i   a e   a   e r ai d o   h   o z

I  a c r a e n c o d nc  wih h  f a u e  o  t e t  t e e t r s f h  

RFI a d t e s ns rn t r D  n  h   e o   ewok,i  al y ta s ra in n ri wa  r n po t   t o

b ss o  h   g tlr iwa a i  f t e dii   al y, t a i c o d n t n a   a h t s, o r i a i   nd o

s se , t e ytm h  RF D wil e e r l  u e  t c p u e I l  b  g ne al s d o a t r  y
sai n o ma in o  h  ri s,tan p rs,p s e g r , ttc if r to   ft e tan ri a t a s n e s  sain   n   x d q i m e t a d t e e s r n t r   tto s a d f e  e u p n s, n   h  s n o   ewo k i wilb   s d t  a t r  y a c if r ain o  h  al  l e u e  o c p u e d n mi no m to   ft e r i   — wa y, r n i g tt u n n  sa e, ta k’s tt a d h  e vr n   rc  sae n  t e n io ?
m ent .  

o t z to   a   e a h e e   o  al y r s u c s a   p i a in c n b   c iv d fr r i mi wa   e o r e   nd
b sn s  r c se  b   o c  o  h   g tl a l y a   u i e sp o e s s y fr e f t e diia r i wa   nd k y e h oo i s s c  a  c nr l n  o tmia in, e  tc n l ge   u h s o to a d p i z to  

k o e g   e s n n   n   e iin u o , c la o a  n wld e r a o i g a d d cso  s pp r t o lb r -
t e c mp tn   n  a k  ov n i   o u i g a d ts ss li g,e c v t .Th   al y s s  eri wa  y —

tm  ft i  e e  s al d“I e l e   al y”. Th n e o  h s lv li c l e ntli ntr iwa g e 

Co tuci n o   r p itr   ih— a a iy if r a? nsr to   fp o re ay h g ? p ct n o m - c  
t n n t r  o   a l y y t m i a  e f c i e i   e wo k f r i o wa  s s e s n fe tv  wa   o y t 

t e f n t n  o he s ri e ly r wilbe a h e e  b   h  u ci s f t   e vc   a e   l o     c iv d y
p r it n c n r l n  o tmiain f h  i tlie t e sse t o to a d p i z to  o  t e ne l n  g

s tsy t   e nd   fr i y b  e p   n   o d .I   aif  he d ma so  al   y l a sa d b un s n wa te fe d f n t r  c mmu i ain ewe n n o r   h   l o   e wo k o i n c to  b t e  o b ad
e up e t q i m n s,t e sude   n   p lc t n   th me a d h   t is a d a p ia i s a  o   n   o a o r  o uso   o   ewo k   b uttan c m mu ia   b a d f c   n s me n t r sa o  r i  o nc —

r i y,a d as   n d ma d al c to   f r i y e  al wa n   lo o — e n   l a in o  a l  r — o wa
s u c sc n b   cu l e o r e   a   e a t a i d. Th s i  h   ihe tlv lo   z i  s t e h g s  e e  f te r i y s se ,i  ald “RI h  a l   y tm wa s c le TS”.  

t n n t ok ( C   3. F rte hg —a a i   i - i   ew r T N)1J o h   ihc p ct w r   o   y e
ls  r n miso   ewe n e il s n   r u d e u p   e s ta s s in b t e  v h ce  a d g o n   q i —

4 K e   e hn l g e   n   e e o i g pa t r     y t c o o i s a d d v l p n   te n

o  he R I   ft   TS
4.   K e   e hn l g e   1 y tc o o i s Ac o d n  o t e a a y i  b u he r i y d v l  c r i g t h   n lss a o tt  a l   e e— wa o me tsa u  i t e p n  t t s n h  wo l rd, s v r l e e a ke  tc n lg e  y e h o o is

m e t o   c o a sh v  e t d a d a p id s me n t n ,s me s h lr  a e t se   n   p l   o   e — e   woks u h s r  s c  a  W L AN , GS — , W i a M R M x, W i  a d Fi n  
Mc i  ̄   W l … l
. 

Ab ut he 0 o  t  c mm u ia in n r u d. n c t  o  g o n   o

m o ta pl ains a e b s d o  M S s  p i to   r   a e   n c TP  t r   n   P newo k a d I  
n t r   e wo k. Cl u   o u i g i   e h o o y t a  s s t e i   o d c mp tn  s a t c n lg  h tu e  h  n—

w i  r  t nt f hns(e srn tok u p r  hc aei e e o  ig sno e r )sp o ? h nr   t w t
i g f rte p r e t n ly r n  o  h   e c p i  a e ,hih c p ct  o mu i a  o g — a a iy c m nc ?

tr e  n   e ta  e oe s r e s t  i ti  a a a d e n t a d c n r lrm t  e v r o ma n an d t  n  

V 19 N . , r2 1  5   o.  o 1 Ma. 0 1 5

a p iai n . Cl u  c m p t g a lws o s me s n   p lc to s o d o ui   l n o  c n u r a d b sn se  o u e a p iain   t o t i salto   n   u i e s st  s   p l to s wih u   n t l i n a d c a
a c s h i  e s n lf e   ta y c mp t rwi  n e n t c e st e rp r o a  lsa  n   o u e   t i tr e  i h
a c s .Th s t c n l g   lo   o   u h m o e e fc e t c es i  e h o o y a l ws f r m c   r   f i n   i

o is 2, ] ge [42 5


Te h  m an e e r h i rs a c  die t n  o   rl s  r ci s f wiee s o

n t r s s c rt a e e u e r u i g, s c r   g e a  ewo k   e u y r s c r  o tn i eueag g— r

t n.k y ma a e n  n   u h n i ain i o e   n g me ta d a t e tc t   o

,a d b - n   e 

sd s t e e u t o   tr g n o s wiee s ewo k i e , h  s c r y f hee o e e u   r ls n t r   i
h sb c me a r s a c   os o e e t 2] To r  h   a   e o    e e r h h tp tr c nl 7 y[ wa d t e


c mp tn   y c n rlzn   tr g o u i g b   e taii g so a e,me r mo y,p o e sn   r c s ig

a d b n w d h Go ge,Ama o n   a d it. ol z n,Ya o ,Mir s f, ho co ot  
Or ce,I al BM , De l UN  n   t e  a u   T c m p — l,S a d oh rfmo s I   o a 
n e   r a t e n e e r h n  d p o me t f co d is a e c i  i r s a c  a d e ly n o   lu   v

RT I S,me s g   n r p in a d d gtlw t r a k n   r  s a e e cy t   n   i i   ae r i ga e o a m u e   r t e aa c u st n; f e a l a d e u i   s d f   h  d t a q i i o io i w s n  s c rt r l   y
t r as a tv   mmunz t n a e u e   rn t r   o . h e t  ci e i iai     s d f   ewok c r   o r o n
m u iai n; vr s p o e to   nd p swo d s r ie a e n c to i   r tcin a   a s r   e vc   l  u u e   rc mp e e sv   n trn s d f   o r h n i e mo i i g; s c rt  u h rz - o o e u y a t o ia   i to in, s c rt  e t c t n, a t e ia in n  sn l  e u y c ri a i i i f o u h nt t  a d ig e c o sg o   r   i l  s d f r a p iain in-n a e ma n y u e     p l to  ma a e n . o c n g me t  
An wa y y,t e n t r   o h   ewo k c mm u iai n s c rt s a   n   n c to   e u y i  n a — i

c mp tn o u i g,a d t e   a e tre  o r v d  c mme - n   h y h v  sa td t p o i e o r  ca  e vc s 1] F r t e i ls rie  6 o  h  RI TS, co d o p t g c n l u  c m u i   a   n


p o i e d n mi  n   lxb e s r ie   b u  h   n r — r vd   y a c a d f il  e vc s a o t te i fa  e sr cu e, a d i as   a   k  t e al y r s u c s tu t r n  t lo c n ma e h  r i   wa   e o r e   a d a p ia in   it l a in b   it aiain t c n l n   p lc t svruai t   y v ru lz t  e h o - o z o o   o y i   r e  o s a e ifr t n b t e   i e e  u — g  n od rt  h r  n o mai   ewe n df rnts b   o f

d ryn   e  tc n lg  t e s r  te a a e u t   e li g k y e h oo y o n u e h  d t s c r y, i c mmu c to   e urt u n ig s c rt  n  pe ain o niain s c i y,r nn  e u y a d o r t   i o

s se   ft e RI   y t mso  h   TS. I tr p r b lt st e c r e h oo  h tc n c — n eo e a ii i h   oe t c n lg t a  a   o  y y
o dn t  r s a   h r   t  ewe n dfe e ti fr  r ia e wo k   nd s a e daa b t e   i r n  n — f o main s se s n  ti    o d a d a alb e me h d to   y tm ,a d i sa g o   n   v ia l  t o    

s c rt  ft e r i y ta p rain s se   e u y o  h   al  r ns o to   y t m. i wa t
4 2 De eo i   te n .   v l p ng pa tr  

T e mo tc i c lt c n l g  s i tl g n  e h o - h   s  rt a e h oo i nel e ttc n l  i y i o  n t e RI S. I  c o d n e wi  h   ef r a c   y g i  h   T n a c r a c   t t e p ro h m n e, i tlie e c n e ii e  i t  i h, me i m , a d n el nc   a  b  d vd d no h g g du n 

t  o v  h  n e rto   fma y d srb td h tr g n . o s le t e i tg ai n o   n   iti u e   ee o e e 
O S s se . On a a d,su is o  n e o r i t s U  y tms   bo r t d e  n itr pea l y i  b i e t n i e, Eu o e n xe sv   rp a   Itrp rbly n e o e a i t  F a e r   i r m wo k

l  ees ] H n e h  ee p e to h  IS o lvl 9. ec .te d vl m n fte RT   w   r o  
n e s o n e g  t r e tg s r m b gn e  t a — e d  t u d r o h e  sa e  fo e in r o d  v n e   c o dn l a c d a c r igy.Ast e F g 4 s o ,b   01  h   i .   h ws y2 3,te h 

( F) , a d N t n l rn p rain C mmu iain   EI   _ n   ai a T a s ott   o o   o nc t s o

f   SPo cl N CP ¨ aepooe .I  h a  o I   r oo ( T I)   r rp sd n C i , rT t   n
s m e p ei n r  t d e  n t e fed o  e s lm o io  o   rlmi a y su is i  h   l  fv s e  n t— i i g nd o utr n i e rn   rn   a   c mp e   e gn e i g ha e b e   c  ̄id v  e n a e  
0ut  ,0 [ 2]
.  

b s  ee ( l  a e Dgt aw y ) tei o- ai l l a ocl d“ i a ri a ” 一 h n r c v s l il l f  
m ain z to   a d i tr p r bi t  p a e wi   b   to iain n   neo ea ly i h s  l l e

I  h   TS,t e e ae a lto e ur m e t  n t e RI h r  r    o  fr q ie n s

ra h d:b   0 0,teme im ee as  ald“ n  ece y2 2 h   du lv l( l c l o e I.
tlie tr i y”) 一 t e c l b r tv   p rto   h s   elg n  al wa h   o l o aie o e ai n p a e a

o n omain e c a g   e we n r s u c   n g me t  fi fr to   x h n eb t e  e o r e ma a e n ,

t n p r ra iain c e u i g s ft mo i r g r s o t g n z t  s h d l , aey a  o o n nt i   o n a d c n rl a s n e   n  r ih   e vc s ne ae   n   o t ,p se g ra d feg ts r ie ,it g td o r
ta s ot t n a d oh ru i .Soi tr p r blt se — r n p rai   n   te   nt o s  n e o e a i y i  s  i

wlb   ah d b  0 0 teh hl e a oc l   i  er c e ; y 3 , h  i   vl( l  a e l e 2 g e s l d
“ T ” RI S )一 tehg   ereo uo o   h s  i  e h   ihd ge  f tn my p aew l b   a l
r a h d. ec e  

s n i1 et . a 

As  k y e hn lg  o  it l g n s se , t e  a e  tc o o y f nel e t y tm i h 
k o e g  e s n n   o ti sr a o i g s se ,k o — n wld er a o i g c na n  e s n n   y tm n wl  e g  d s o e , d t mi i g, c mp a in l ne l   d e ic v r y aa nn o utt a i tli o - g n e,d srb t d c mp tn   n   o o ec itiu e   o u i g a d s   n. F rt e o  h  mo  . me t e e rh te d   fk o e g  e s nig f c s o   n ,r s a c  r n so   n wld e r a o n  o u   n mo eig u d r t e o lx e lt e y a i e v. d l   n e   h  c mp e  r a-i  d n m c n i  n -m . rnme t o n   , o tlg — a e   k o e g   rp e e t— noo y b s d n wld e e r s na  to  】a d d n mi  o lb r to   a e   n i tlie t in[ n   y a c c la o ain b s d o   n el n   g Ag n   et e c I   a iu a o t   TS, f zy r a o - t . n p r c lr t he RI t u z   e s n 

i g,i t l g n  o u i g,daa mi i g,d cso   u   n n el e tc mp tn i t  n n e iin s p. p r  n   y rd o t z to   r  n l d d i h   n wl  o ta d h b   p i ai n a e ic u e  n t e k o — i mi e g e snn d e r a o i g, a d t y a e ma ny s d n m an e  n   he   r  il u e  i  i t—
n n e o   fa tucu e,c mp e e ie s c rt  o io  a c   fi r sr t r n o r h nsv  e u ym n t— i
Fi 4  De l pi   te n o  iTS  g. veo ng pa t r   fll

As e c b d n e t n  d s r e  i s c i  3, t e h e  dfe e t i o h  t re i r n  

rn i g, ta s o a in p r to   p i z to   n  it l — r n p r t  o e ain o t t o miai n a d n el   i
g n n om ain s r ie   r p s e g r . e ti fr to   e vc sf   a s n e s o  

l v l  or s o d t  h   iia  a l y,t e i elg n  e e sc re p n  o t e dg tlr iwa h  ntl e t i
r iwa   n  t e RI   e p c iey, ta i , t  r l— al y a d h   TS r s e t l v h t s he ea   to h p a o g t e t r e c n e t  sp o r sie. Fu - ins i   m n  h   h e   o c p s i  r g e sv r  t e o e,whi  he RI   s d v l p n hr r m l t   TS i  e eo i g, te i r v — e h  mp o e  

Be a s   ft ef s  e e o me to  n elg n al c u eo  h  a td v lp n  n i tlie t i  r —
wa y, i pu o wa d h g e   e u r me s fr s c rt  f t tfr r   ih rr q ie nt    e u y o     o i

n t r  c mmu c to s nd e wo k o niain  a  wiee s ewo k . Th   r l s n t r s e

me to  h   o l v lwild v   h   ih lv 1   h   n  ft e lw—e e  l r e t e h g —e e .Att e  i s me tme t e a  i   h  RI S wi b   r p re t f a bra - T   l e mo e e c i   e k   l f  
t o g  tc noo  a p a s i  a y lv 1 I  ohe  hr u h e h lg y p e r  n n   e e . n t r wo d r s, t e e ain h p m o g h  t r e o c p s s h  r lto s i  a n  t e h e  c n e t i 

n t r  c mmu i ain  s c rt ma ny t d e  t e ewo k o nc t s e u y o i il su i s h  
i e l, a s r s, d gtl fr wal p swo d iia wa e makig, i t so   tr r n nr in u d t cin a d vr sd t cin a d oh rr lt d t c n 1  ee to   n   i   ee to   n   t e  eae  e h o. u

5   E gn eigS in e  6 n ier   ce c s n

i r t e a d a a e e i. t ai   n   n g n t   e v c
Th   o r s  ft e RI   ei so  h   v l to   f e pr g e so  h   TS r le   n t e e ou i n o   t   i  e  e h oo i swh c   r  n r d c d i  e — he sx k y tc n l ge   ih we e i to u e   n s e 

to   1 F g 3 a s  e c b st e r u e o h   i e h   in 4. . i .   lo d s r e  h  o t  ft e sx t c — i
n lg e . o o is 

5 Ty i a  pp i a i n     p c la lc to s
T s s cin gv s t r e tp c la p ia in   ft e hi  e to   i e  h e  y ia  p lc to s o  h   RI . TS 

5.   Hi h—p e c pr h nsve i s c i n t a n 1 g s e d  om e e i  n pe to   r i  
s tm   ys e

T e i h s e d o r he sv  i s e to  ta n h  h g —p e  c mp e n i e n p ci n r i 

Nu mbe  f a p e   r s m ls o

ss m ( CT ) ic d s hg — ed cmpe es e yt e H IS nl e i s e  o rhni   u   h p v
i s e t n ta n a   r un   a aprc si g c n e n p ci  r i  nd g o d d t  o e sn   e tr,a d o n 
i u iie   g — p e  r i s ta     are . Th   CI   t tl shih s e d tan—e  s a c rir   z e H TS i mp ra tt c nia  q pme t t ti t g ae   e o   si o tn  e h c le ui n ha n e r t s s ns r nt r ewo k, hih c p c t c mmun c to g — a a iy o ia in, d t m i n   aa nig,

Fi 5 W he lr lf r e fti   ur   sng NARX  g.   e -ai o c   itng c ve u i    

5.   R a l a   m e g n y m a g m e t s s e   2 i w ye r e c   na e n  y t m

f rQig a - b tr i yl e o   n h iTie al  i   wa n
Ra l y e r e c   n g m e t c nsss o   ttc i wa   me g n y ma a e n   o it  fsai 

k o e g   e s n n   n   te   e  e h o o is,t m— n wl d e r a o i g a d oh rk y tc n lg e oi   p o e d t cin e ce c   f h g ?p e  r i y n r ? r v   ee to   f in y o   i h- e d al i s wa  ifa-   sr c u e,g i e man e a c tu t r u d   it n n e,s p o t e f r c s  n   u p  ̄ h  o e a ta d
e ry wa n n   n   ns r   p rto   e u iy  a l  r i g a d e u e o e ai n s c rt .

e re c   p i z to   n   y a i e eg n y r a — me g n y o tmiai n a d d n m c m r e c  te t  
me t T e t t  e e g n y p i ia in n . h  sai c m r e c  o t z t  m an y n  m o i l i ?

cud s t e lc to   fe r e c   on s n   h   ttc l e  h   o ai n o   me g n y p i t a d t e sai  al c t n o  e o r e . T   y mi  me g n y te t l ai  frsuc s o o he d na c e r e c  r a —   me t a e  t e t t  e e g n y p i ia in s h   n tk s h  sai c m r e c  o tm z t  a  t e o

Th   e o   ewo k i he h g -pe d c mp e e — e s ns rn t r   n t   i h- e   o r h n- s   sv   n p ci n r i c n y h o o sy nd e ltme ie i s e to  tan a  s nc r n u l a  r a -i  
c p u e,p o e sa   tr h  n o ma in o h  r c   a tr r c s  nd so et e i fr t   ft e ta k, o
p n o r ph c t n r   s s e , wh e — a l d n mi s, a tg a — ae ay y tm   e lr i   y a c  

b s . Ifr t n h rn , k o ld e e s nn   n   ae nomai  s aig o n w e g rao ig a d
oh rk y t c n lge   o d t e o p ru i   o b   ul  t e   e  e h o o is h l  h   p o nt t  e f l t y y
a pl d i t e t tc me g n y o tmia in. F r i — p i   n h  sa i e r e c   p i z to e o n  sa c tn e,g n t   lo ih c n beus d f rlc to   fe  e e i ag rt m  a     e    o ain o  — c o

c mm u ia in a d sg a  y t m  n  h   n io m e t o n c t   n   in ls se a d t e e vr n n . o  

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r i y s se s n o   e wo k al   y t m  e s rn t r s,s  tas   r  o c l wa o i lo wo kst  o —     l c  a d ma g  c mp e e sv   if r ai n o  t e et n   na e o r h n ie n om to   f h   wh l  al ys se . I  h   CI oe r iwa  y tm n t e H TS,t e h g - a a iy h   i h c p c t 
c mmu c t n e hn l g   i  m an y fr p c —i e o niai  t c oo y s o i l  o  s a e t   m

me g n y p i t , a d g me t e r   nd r e c   o n s n   a   h oy a  Na h q lb   s  e ui - i
ru c n b   e   rt e sa i  lo ai n o  e o r e . i m  a   e us d f  h   t t alc to   fr s u c s  o c Th   d n mi  e r e c   te t nt o   r i y e ya c me g n y r a me   f al wa   ta p rai n i a c mp e   r c s i o vn   n ma y r ns o t t   s   o lx p o e s nv li g i   n   o d fe e t s r ie r vde   r a z to s n  t e m e - ifr n   e vc  p o i r o g nia in  a d h  e r  g n y te t e ta tvt s i  a al l e c  r am n   c iii   n p r le [ ‘ ‘e ‘ ‘   S  n r iwa   o i   al y


smu tne u  lc l ai n, hih— e n to  i g  p o  i la o s o ai to z g d f iin ma e r — i c s i g a d if r to   l ga h c dip a . e sn   n   n o mai n hoo r p i  s l y  Th  d t mi i g n   k o e g  r a o i g r  e aa n n  a d n wld e e s n n  a e ma n y a pl d o g o n  d t p o e sng c ne . On i l  p i  t  r u d aa r c s i   e tr e  

e egn ym n gm n if ai  ytm ( E S , m r c  a ae e tno t nss e   r o m e R MI ) 
t e ke   e h oo i s s c   s i tr-r a ia in li fr  h   y tc n l ge   u h a  n e ? g n z to a  ne - o ? ma o   h rn i r n s a i g, m u t?o r e l s u c  daa u in n  a r s — i t f so  a d c o s 

t e b ss o  x si g d t h   a i  fe itn   a a,i tr c in   n   o n e a t s a d c mplx r — o e   e 
lto hi   mo g t e pa t  f t e al y y tm  a   ains psa n   h   rs o  h  r i wa  s se c n

s se c l b rto y t m  ol o ai n,a e t  k y ee n s t  n a c   a r  he e   l me t o e h n e
e e g n y c p blt  n   f ce c . m r e c   a a i y a d e in y  i i Ba e   n t e a a y i  ft  y tm e u rm e to  s d o  h   n lsso   he s se r q ie n   f

b  d n i e e i e t d, s  h   t t s a d te d   ft e p rsc n i f o t e sa u   n  r n s o  h   a   a   t

b   nay e   n  o e a t dl8 Fo  x mp e.i h  e  e a lz d a d fr c se     1 2 re a l nter.


s a c   fwh e/r i r lto hi e r h o   e l a l e ains p,t  nay et e i   o a lz  h  mpa t c 

tee egnyt a e t f ig a—i t a w yl e  h m re c  et n o  n hi b   i a  n , r m   Q T erl i
a y t m na d m eg n y  s se me  e r e c  m a a e n i fr ai n n g me t n o m t   o

o r c  re u a i   n wh e —alfr e a d t  ie t e fta k ir g lrt o   e lr i o c   n   o g v   h   y   c tra wih t e p r o e t  lr   n ta k re u a iy i r e i  t  h   u p s  o aa m o  r c  irg lrt  a d e s e s f t t e m o e  ih is n ti ta k n   n ur  ae y, h   d lwh c   t ipu  s r c   i e u a iy a d o t u s wh e -alfr e c n be e tb— r g l rt  n   u p ti  e lr i o c   a     sa - r -    
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e g   n   o e i t li e tp o e s n   n   n l s s t c   d e a d s m   n e lg n   r c s i g a d a a y i  e h—

ss m o Qn h i ie ri a  ie ( MI— T L) yt   f iga— bt aw y l e   T   l n E SQ R  
wa   u o wadL1 Th   e d sg   y t m  a   a if  s p tf r r       3 e n w  e i n s se c n s t y s


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me t d pat n   n h   me g n y r s o s   n oma   n   e rme t o  t e e r e c   e p n e i f r —
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a v n e  e t r swi  h   iu lz to   n   p t tm — d a c d fa u e   t t e vs aiai n a d s a i e   h o p r li f r a in i tg ai n i lm e t d o   S te   o a n o m to  n e r t   mp e n e   n GI  e h? o

n lge (icu ig e rl ewok , n nie r e  oo is n ldn  n ua n t r s o l a r— n

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n lg e . T e k y tc oo iso  h  m p e e tto   f o o is h   e  e hn l ge   ft e i lm n ai n o 
t i  y tm  r  p t tm p r l aa i tg a in mo l  h s s se a e s a i e o a d t  n e r t   de , o o if r t n s rn   l t r b s d o  mu t- g n  y - n o mai   ha ig p af m  a e   n o o lia e ts s  ? -

w i  ssN R (ol erat rg sv i  xg— h hue A X nn na uo er s ewt eoe c   i — ei h   n u n us meh d hsmo e etr e e t tec re o sip t) to .T i d lb t   f cs h  or—   e rl    
lt n b t e  r c  re uaiy a d wh e .alfre  ai   ewe n ta k i g lrt  n   e 1ri o c . o  

tn  t e ec.Th   r c ia  y tm  e e o m e ta p id i t  e p a t ls se d v lp n   p le  no c

Vo.  . 。 r2 1 5   19No 1 Ma. 01  7

tee rec ececnrl etr o  i hi ie h me n yrsu  ot   ne  rQn a Tb t g oc f g —  
riwa  i ed mo tae  h   fe t e e so h   e in al y ln   e nsr tst e efci n s  ft e d sg   v

o i sn   n  e s h d l g a e i   r g e s,a d h v   pt mii g a d r — c e ui    n p o r s n r n ae
a h e e   o er s ls F re a l c iv d s m   e ut . o   x mp e,wi  heln  r m  t t  i efo h

a di pe na o fteE SQ R .Fg 6 so s n  l m met i o    MI— T L i.   hw   tn h te sa o m oa a  m dl o  MI—T L n   h  pt t prl t o e f E SQ R  ad ie  d a  
Fi .   h ws t e mo i rn   e tr g 7 s o  h   nti g c n e . o  

Gu n z o d n   n   h n h n a   a k r u d,s mer - a g h u o ga d S e z e   sb c g o n o  e 
s a c e p e e ta tmea l  pi ii g m o e ,t k n   e r h m  r s n    i t e o t sn   d l a i g b m

t e sa ii   st e o t sn   o   n     e s h d l g h   tb l y a  h   p i i g g a a d a r —c e u i   t mi l n mo e  t  h   n ma  u d lwi t e mi i l s mma y t  a  e d si a  h r i me s t   e tn - h
t n[3 i 3] o


T e   i r v   p ril  s ln p i z t n h y mp o e a tce waT  o tmiai   o

(S P O) a o tm ad a p  ti po l   o ig  l rh   n   p l i n rbe sl n , gi y    ms v ui    s t  n o n  n   ub u d t eajsn  s gi a h ibu d ad oto n i   dut g n t e m i
to .Fi .  s o   h   e c e u i g p a   c od n   o o1 g 8 h ws t e r s h d ln   ln a c r i g t  t e c mp t g r s lst a  b an d b   SO  lo t m. h   o u i  e u t h to ti e   y P n ag r h   i

i .   p t e o a   a a mo l F g 6 S a i tmp r ld t   de o  

o   MI - T L fE S Q R  

Ti   me

F g 8 Re s h d ld t ea l  i.   -c e u e  i t b e m u i g P 0  l o i m  s n   S a g rt h

6 Co c u i n    n l so
h   e n to   n  o rc a a tr  ft   T     T e d f iin a d f u   h r c es o   e RI S ae i h r

gv n f s y T e ie   r t . h n, i   c i cu e n  d v l pn   i l t a ht t r a d e eo ig sr e Fg 7 M o i r gc ne   f M I — RL i.   nt i  e t o E S QT   on r
r p te n r  p o o e . F n ly, t i p p r n o u e   atr  a e r p s d i al h s a e  it d c s

t re t p c la p iain  n di e e ta p c s h e  y ia  p l to s i  f r n   s e t. c   5 3 S h du e de i n a   ptmia i   y t m  .   c e l  sg   nd o i z ton s se f r h g s e   ai y ln   o   i h-pe d r l wa  i e Au o t   e u ain o   ih-pe d riwa   pea- tmai r g lto   fhg ? e   al y o r ? c s  
to  sa NP— a d p o lm n c mb n t ra  p i z to   in i    h r   r b e i  o i ao lo t i miai n

I  h   uur n t e f t e,wi  he g o h o  o i   e n s t t   wt  fs ca d ma d   h r l a d v ro  e h o o is h  u c in   ft e RI   l n   a ust c n lge ,t ef n t so     TS wi  i o h l c n i u   o i r v  a d n a c o tn e t  mp o e n  e h n e, i o d r t s tsy n r e  o a if  t e e u r me t h  r q ie n wh c  i “h g  ta s r c p ct   ih s i h r n pot a a iy, h g   f ce c ih ef in y,h g   aey a d h g   e vc   u lt   i ih s ft  n   ih s r ie q ai y”.
An  h   TS wilg a u l  e l s t  h   li ae d t e RI   l r d a y b  co e o t e u t t    l m

i d.W h t s mo e,t   o lx a d p a tc lp o — fl e a’  r he c mpe   n   r cia  r b 
lm  n l d s v ro s y e  o   n et i t s An  t e e i cu e   a u  tp s f u c rani . i e d h  rn o e s a d f z ie sa e sg i c nti t  cso   a d mn s  n  u zn s  r  in f a  n i de iin i s

g a  f t e h r n   f p o l o l o  h   a mo y o  e pe,v h ce   n   n io — e ils a d e vr n  

v ra ls,paa tr , c n tan s o l  n  ec a ib e r mee s o sr i t ,g a s a d t 

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l fr nc s   e e e 

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s e d r iwa   p r t n pi iain, i s e d d o p e   al y o e ai  o t z t o m o t  n e e  t   i

c n tu ta   f ce th b d i tl g n   p i z to   l  o sr c  n ef in  y r  ne l e to tmiain a— i i i g rt m h tc mb n swih a v re yo  n elg n   lo   oi h ta  o i e   t    a t  fi tlie tag — i

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2 0 2 ( ) 1 -9  0 6,2 7 :6 1 .

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rsi ag rt ms it c l o h  whc  c n e e t h  k o e g  i  i ih a  rf c t e n wld e n l se i cf l. p cf   e d  i i Atp e e t sn  tb  s a c  ag rt m , e p r    r s n ,u i g a u e r h l o h i x et
s se , g n tc l o t m , a t oo y p i z to   y t ms e ei ag r h i n c ln  o tmia in, p ril wam  p i z to   n   t e  n elg n  p i i a ce s r o tmiain a d oh ri tlie to t — t m   z to   g rt ms,s me r s ac e   n t e o tmia in ain a oih l o   e e r h so   h   p i z t   o 0   ih—p e   al y ln s a d o   h   r i  i t b e fhg s e d r i wa  i e   n   n t e ta n tmea l 

[ ] T eIt r l m et E / ] [0 00 -1 .ht / itg i 2 h ne a  je[ B OL . 2 1-1 ] t /ner l g lP 0 p: a.  
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