高一英语必修 2 Unit2 The Olympic Games 导学案
1.深入理解课文，培养快速阅读，整体理解的能力。 2.自主学习，合作探究:通过对古代和现代奥运会的了解，增加对阅读文章的理解。 3.通过学习文章了解更多的关于古代和现代奥运会的差别， 激发学生更深层次的了解奥 运会的发展史。
Period 1 Warming up and Reading
学习目标: 1. To talk about the history of the Olympics games 2. To read an interview about the Olympic Games
使用说明&方法指导 1. 在预习时把课文通读两遍， 第一遍通读课文完成限时阅读表层理 解题，第二遍通读全文并勾画文章中的重难点
Ⅰ背景展现 A quiz
1. When did the ancient Olympic Games start? A. 1896 B. 1906 C. 776 BC
2. When did the ancient Olympic Games stop?
B. 393 AD
3. What was rewarded to the winners in ancient Olympic Games? A. Metals B. Medals C. Olive wreath
4. How many gold medals did China get in the 2008 Beijing Olympics? A. 36 B. 28 C. 21 D. 51
5. Which sport is in the Winter Olympic Games? A. badminton C. speed skating B. basketball D. soccer 【C B C D C】
History of the Olympic Games
公元前五世纪的希腊抒情诗人品达曾写道：“正如在白天天空中没有星星 比太阳更温暖，更明亮，同样，没有比奥运会更激烈的比赛。 据历史记载， 第一届古代奥运会可以追溯到公元前 776 年，为纪念奥林匹亚 神在奥林匹亚的古代平原上举行。起初他们信仰宗教并综合了许多古代运动项 目，其中很多都源于古希腊神话。 古代奥运会在古希腊人的生活中占据了很重要的地位。 奥运会每四年举行一 届，来自希腊各地的参赛者参与角逐，目标就是最终奖赏：一个橄榄花圈和“英 雄”般的返乡。除去胜利的光荣，奥林匹克价值本身赋予了奥运会特殊的意义： 高尚竞争，把身体、意志和精神平衡的结合于一体。 随着奥运会的发展， 一系列程序，如标准化的项目时间表和奥林匹克休战的 实践也在完善。这样持续了近 12 个世纪，直到西奥多斯大帝在公元 393 年颁布 法令，取缔所有“异教徒”。他宣称，奥运会使公众过于注意运动及精神。 18 世纪，奥运会被废止。知识分子们，如塞帕斯和维克拉斯，坚信高尚比赛的精神 和奥林匹克理想，为复兴奥运会而努力奔波。 法国人顾拜旦通过提倡运动和希腊古典主义的结合，使奥运会复兴起来，为 1896 年第一届现代奥运会的举行铺平了道路。 希腊民众迎接了奥运会的复兴，并努力组织起了这次奥运会。当时希腊政府 所面临的资金难题， 都被人民和捐助者所解决。举行第一届现代奥运会的古潘那 斯那康体育场，其大理石更新便是由来自希腊北部的捐助者艾沃奥夫资助的。
随着奥运会的复兴， 形成了很多具有象征意义的奥运会传统， 如奥林匹克 会 歌、奥林匹克格言、奥林匹克旗、奥林匹克火焰和火炬。 经过许多年，奥运会旅行了许多不同的大陆和国家，今年，也就是 2004 年， 她回到了自己的出生地，回到了当年复兴的城市，举行第 28 届现代奥运会。
Aquatics（水上运动） Swimming 游泳 freestyle 自由泳 backstroke 仰泳 breaststroke 蛙泳 butterfly 蝶泳 individual medley 个人混合泳 freestyle relay 自由泳接力 medley relay 混合泳接力 Water polo 水球 Diving 跳水 10m platform event 十米跳台 3m springboard event 三米跳板 synchronised diving from 10 m platform 双人十米跳台 synchronised diving from 3 m springboard 双人三米跳板 Synchronised swimming 花样游泳 Archery（射箭） Individual events 个人赛 Team events 团体赛 Athletics（田径）
Track 径赛 100 m, 200 m, 400 m 100 米，200 米，400 米 800 m, 1,500 m, 5,000 m, 10,000 m 800 米，1500 米，5,000 米， 10,000 米 110 m hurdles, 400 m hurdles 110 米栏，400 米栏 3,000 m steeplechase 3000 米障碍赛 4 x 100 m relay, 4 x 400 m relay 4× 100 米接力，4× 400 米接力 Jumping 跳跃 high jump 跳高 pole vault 撑杆跳高 long jump 跳远 triple jump 三级跳远 Throwing 投掷 shot put 推铅球 discus 掷铁饼 hammer 掷链球 javelin 标枪 Decathlon 男子十项全能 Heptathlon 女子七项全能 Road events 公路赛 marathon 马拉松 walk 竞走 Cross-country running 越野跑 Ball Games（球类运动） Badminton 羽毛球 men\'s singles 男子单打 women\'s singles 女子单打
men\'s doubles 男子双打 women\'s doubles 女子双打 mixed doubles 混合双打 Baseball 棒球 Basketball 篮球 Football 足球 Handball 手球 Hockey / Field Hockey 曲棍球 Softball 垒球 Table Tennis 乒乓球 Tennis 网球 Volleyball 排球 Beach Volleyball 沙滩排球 Cycling（自行车） Road cycling 公路自行车赛 Track cycling 场地自行车赛 sprint 追逐赛 time trial 计时赛 points race 计分赛 pursuit 争先赛 Mountain bike 山地自行车赛 Jumping 障碍赛
Riding 马术 Dressage 盛装舞步 Eventing 三日赛
Fencing（击剑） Foil 花剑 Epee 重剑 Sabre 佩剑 Gymnastics（体操） Artistic Gymnastics 竞技体操 Floor Exercises 自由体操 Pommel Horse 鞍马 Rings 吊环 Vault 跳马 Parallel Bars 双杠 Horizontal Bar 单杠 Uneven Bars 高低杠 Balance Beam 平衡木 Rhythmic Gymnastics 艺术体操 Gymnastics Trampoline 蹦床 Sailing（帆船） Windsurfer men / women - Mistral one design 男子/女子帆板米氏 级 Single-handed Dinghy Women - Europe 女子帆船欧洲级 Single-handed Dinghy men - Finn 男子帆船芬兰人级 Single-handed Dinghy open - Laser 激光级 Double-handed Dinghy men / women - 470 男子/女子帆船 470 级 预赛 Double-handed Dinghy open - 49er 49 人级 Multihull open - Tornado 龙卷风级
Keelboat men - Star 男子星光级 Keelboat women - Yngling 女子索林级 Shooting（射击） 10 m air rifle 10 米气步枪 10 m air pistol 10 米气手枪 Men\'s 10 m running target 男子 10 米移动靶 Men\'s 50 m rifle prone position 男子 50 米步枪卧射 50 m rifle three positions 50 米步枪 3 种姿势 Men\'s 50 m pistol 男子 50 米手枪 Women\'s 25 m pistol 女子 25 米手枪 Men\'s 25 m rapid fire pistol 男子 25 米手枪速射 Trap 多向飞碟 Double trap 双多向飞碟 Skeet 双向飞碟 Triathlon（铁人三项） Swimming 游泳 Cycling 自行车 Running 跑步 Weightlifting（举重） Snatch 抓举 Clean and jerk 挺举 Wrestling（摔跤） greco-roman 古典式摔跤 free style 自由式摔跤
Rowing（赛艇） Boxing（拳击） Canoeing（皮划艇） Judo（柔道） Taekwondo（跆拳道） Modern Pentathlon（现代五项） Fencing 击剑
Read the passage and finish the following exercises. 1. Who was Pausanias? A. He was a famous athlete about 2000 years ago. B. He was a volunteer for the 2008 Olympics. C. He was a famous writer about 2000 years ago. D. He was a Greek editor. 2. Why did Pausanias interview Li Yan? A. To know something about the modern Olympics. B. To know something about China. C. To know something about the ancient Olympics. D. To know something about Li Yan. 3.How often are the Winter Olympics held？ A. Every year. C. Every three years. B. Every other year. D. Every four years.
4. In Pausanias’ times, Olympics. A. young men B. old men
couldn’t take part in the C. boys D. slaves
5. Where will the 2012 Olympics be held? A. In Beijing B. In London C. In Athens D. In Sydney
二、二轮阅读找难点 一、单词 1.竞争 n. 4.志愿者 7.容许，承认 二、短语 1.一组，一套 3.作为……被接受 5.每四年 7.起重要作用 三、句子 1.我生活在你们所说的“古希腊”，我先前经常写有关很久以前奥运会的情况。 I lived in “ Ancient Greece” and I used to write about the Olympic Games a long time ago. 2.只有达到他们各自项目统一标准的运动员才会被接受参加奥运会。
Only athletes who have reached the agreed standard for their event will be
2.主办，主人 5.规则的，定期的 8.责任，职责
3.有魔力的 6.运动员，选手 9.取代，代替
2. 代表，象征 4.同……一样，也，还 6.为……而竞争 8.事实上
competitors. 3.那就是为什么它们被称之为冬奥会。 That is they are called the Winter Olympics.
in the Summer Olympics you have the running races, swimming, sailing and all the team sports.
质疑探究-----------------质疑解题、合作探究 通过对古代和现代奥运会的对比，对文章进行深层次理解 1 .Complete the form
No other country Athlete from different except could join countries who reach the in, nor could To be to the games or
Prizes Olympic Beliefs for the honour of the Gods for the honour of the people and the country
2.课文缩写 There are certain similarities and many significant between the modern and Olympics. The similarities are:
both are held every four years. They have running races. Also there is no prize money for winners. However, there are differences between them. In ancient Olympics, there was only one set of Games and no women and no could take part in. The only came from Greece. In modern Olympics, there are two main sets of Games------the Winter and the Summer Olympics. Only who have reached the agreed standard for their event will be as competitors. They may come from in the world. There are over 250sports and each one has its own standard. Women are not only allowed, but also play a very important in almost all the events. To host the Olympic Games is a great Olympic motto is“ 学后反思： . The
， Higher and Stronger.”
Period 2 Learning about Language
学习目标： 1.扎实掌握词汇、句型与语法，提升自己的理解力、记忆力。 2.自主学习，合作探究。学会分析与总结的方法，并能学以致用。 3.激情投入，疯狂记忆，体验学习的快乐。 重点： compete , take part in, stand for, admit, as well, not only…but (also)
难点：长难句分析 使用说明&学法指导： 1.借助词汇精粹及长难句分析，理解例句并尝试总结知识结构 2.完成时间 30 分钟
Useful words and expressions in this passage
重点词汇 1. 1. compete 合作探究总结用法 1. compete 的同根词汇： 比赛，竞争 n. 比赛者，竞争者 n. 竞争的，有竞争力的 adj. 形近词 complete v. adj.
compete with/against sb. 与……竞 争 compete for 竞争以获得…… compete with/against sb. for sth. 为得到某物与某人竞争 be in competition with sb.和某人竞 争 (1) He believed that nobody could compete with/against him. 他认为没有人能和他竞争。 (2) More than 1,000 competitors took part in the competition to compete for the first prize. 1 000 多名选手参加了争夺一等奖的
归纳（3） （4）句中 compete 与 contest 的用法区别 为常用词， 表示为 达到一定目的，尤指为争夺奖 金、奖牌、头衔、职位等同对 手一争高低。 为正式用词，表
比赛。 (3) Many competitors will compete in the competition. (4) The soldiers contested their city to the end. 2.take part in 参加，参与
示为获得或保住某物而斗争， 活同对手竞争争论。此外也可 以做名词含义是“竞赛”。
（1）After the earthquake had 当 take part in 有形容词修饰 happened, the people from different countries took an active 时，需要用 part in the rescue. 地震发生后，来 自不同国家的人们积极的参加了救 援活动。 （2）Social practice is of great importance, so all of you have to take part. 注意 take part in, join, join in, attend 用法的不同 后面若不接宾语，则不需要加 介词
试比较 take part in, join, join in, attend 的用法 意为“参加，参
（1） How many of you will take part 与”，尤指参加某项活动，如 in the game? 体育运动、比赛、游戏、讨论 （2） It is three years since he joined 等，含有积极参与并发挥作用 the club. 之意，多用于正式场合。 （3）Will you join us in playing basketball? （4）Did you attend the meeting yesterday? (5) The nurse had a patient to attend. 多指“加入一个 组织，成为其中的一员”。 指“参与（某项 活动） ” ， 口语中常与 take part in 通用 是正式用语，指
“参加 （会议， 婚礼， 典礼等） ； 听（报告，讲座等）”，句子 3.stand for 代表；象征；表示 的主语只是出席、列席，不强 调参加者在其中的作用。另外
（1）The big star in the Chinese 还可以作“护理；照顾；陪伴” national flag stands for the 讲。 Communist Party of China.中国国旗 上的那颗大星代表中国共产党。 （2） What does the red colour stand for in China? 3.(4)(5)句中的 stand for 应理 在中国红色象征着什么？ （3）Dictatorship stands for the denial of individual freedom.独裁表 示否定个人自由。 （4）I stand for freedom of speech for everyone. （5）There is one thing I won’t stand for 4.admit vi&vt 容许；承认；接纳 （1）The rules in our school admit of no exception.我们学校的规章制 度不容许破例。 （2）They have to admit that the water has been polluted.他们不得 不承认水已经收到了污染。 （3）The theatre admits
4.admit 作“容许”讲时，常与 介词 连用；作“ ”讲
时，常接 that 引导的从句。
1000people.这个剧院可容纳 1000 人。 admit doing sth.承认做了某事 The thief admitted stealing my handbag. be admitted to 被。。。。。。接收 The student is admitted to Beijing University. Admit 作“准许进入”讲时，接名词 或代词作宾语 Open the window to admit some fresh ari. 派生词 admission n. ( 学校、会场、 俱乐部等)进入许可，加入许可；承 认，坦白。 My friend has the qualification for admission to the college. He made an admission that he had made a mistake. 5. replace 取代；替换；代替 （1）They have replacedslave labour with machine.他们已经用机 器取代了奴隶劳动。 （2）Some workers were replaced by automated equipment.一些工人 被自动化设备代替了。
5.总结 replace 的同义词组
replace 常与 by 或 with 连用，表 示“被或用……替换或取代” 6.host vt. 做东； 主办； 招待 n. 主 人 （1） He hosted the dinner yesterday evening. 昨天晚上的晚餐他做东。 （2）Brazil will host the 2014 World Cup, won’t it?巴西将主办 2014 年世 界杯足球赛，是吗？ （3）When I was in the USA, John hosted me. 当我在美国时，约翰招待了我。 (4) Zhu Jun is one of the best-known hosts. 重点长难句分析 1. I lived in what you call “Ancient Greece” and I used to write about the Olympic Games a long time ago.
6.host 在句子 （4） 中的含义是 相对词 hostess 的含义是
1.易混辨析 used to do sth. be used to do
我生活在你们所说的“古希腊”，我曾 be/get/become used to sth./doing 经写过很久以前的奥林匹克运动会 =be/get/become accustomed 的情况。 to sth./doing what 引导宾语从句，并在从句中作 call 的宾语，“Ancient Greece”作宾 补。what 相当于 the place that，因
此 what 不能改为 that，也不能改为 where，因为 where 只能作状语。 used to do 过去常常（做）……；曾 经…… 2.There are two main sets of Games-the Winter and the Summer Olympics, and both are held every four years on a regular basis. every four years 每四年；每隔三年 every 与基数词、序数词、other 或 few 连用，表示时间或空间的间隔， 意为“每……；每隔……”。 every+基数词+复数名词 every+序数词+单数名词 every+other+单数可数名词 every few+复数名词 every four days 每隔三天 every third day 每三天 He comes to see his parents every three days. 他每三天来看望父母一次。 3.That’s why they’re called the Winter Olympics. That/ This is/ was why… that is why 后面跟的是结果,译为：
表语从句 上的情况应该用哪种结构呢？ Tom overslept this morning. That is John doesn’t like football why he was late for work.汤姆今天 but he likes music very . 早晨睡过头了。 那是他上班迟到的原 much , 因。 4.No other countries could join in, nor could slaves or women! 其他国家都不能参加， 奴隶和妇女也 不能参加! 句子结构为：nor/neither+系动词/ 助动词/情态动词+主语。 此句型是一 个倒装句，意为“……也不”，用于否 定陈述句之后， 说明后者的情况与前 者相同。 用“so+助动词+主语”结构， 表示肯定 陈述句之后说明后者情况与前者相 同， “否定词+助动词+主语”是常用的倒 装句式。 If you won’t go, neither/nor will I. 如果你不去，我也不去。 He don’t know about it, nor do I. 他不了解这件事，我也不了解。 He never went again, and nor did he write to apologize. 他再也没去
5．总结 as well, also, too, neither 的用法区别
过，也没有写信道歉。 He disliked the film, and so did I.他 不喜欢这部电影，我也是。 5.Women are not only allowed, but play a very important role in gymnastics, athletics, team sports and ... 妇女不仅被允许参加， 而且她们还在 体操、 竞技和团队等比赛项目中起着 非常重要的作用…… not only ...but (also) ... 意为“不 仅……而且……”。当此结构连接两 个并列主语时， 谓语动词的单复数要 和邻近的主语保持一致。若 not only 置于句首， 其所在的分句需要采用部 分倒装。 He not only said it, but also did it. 他不但说到了，而且也做到了。 Not only you but also he is responsible for it. 不仅你而且他也要为此事负责任。 Ⅱ. 课后学习指导 Not only does he work hard, but also he is very clever.他不但学习刻 1. 牢记本节课所学的词汇、用 苦，而且很聪明。 6. For each Olympics, a special village is built for them to live in, a main reception building, several stadiums for 法及其例句 2. 完成训练案
competitors, and a gymnasium as well . as well 意为“也，又，而且”，意思等 同于 too，also，但 as well 只能置于 句末。 as well as“不仅……而且……， 既……又……；除了……之外，还 有……；和……一样好”。 as well as 作介词用时，意思等同于 besides,意为“除……之外”，后跟动 词时通常用 v.-ing 形式。as well as 连接主语时， 谓语动词的单复数形式 取决于 as well as 前面主语的单复数 形式。 may/might as well do“不妨……；还 是……好”。 Are you coming as well?=Are you coming, too? =Are you also coming? 你也来吗？ They sell books as well as newspapers. 他们既卖报纸也卖书。 She cooks as well as her mother. 她做菜跟她妈妈做得一样好。 His wife as well as his children was invited to the party. 不仅他的孩子，
连同他妻子也被邀请参加那次聚会。 We may/might as well ask him for some advice. 我们不妨向他征求一些建议。
2.自主学习，合作探究。学会分析与总结的方法，并能学以致用。3.体验写作的 快乐。 重点：在写作中熟练的运用一般将来时的被动语态 难点：写作的完成 使用说明&学法指导 1.通过对一般将来时的被动语态的理解，在写作中熟练运用。 2.总结归纳难点、考点
单词记忆 1.光荣；荣誉 4.愚蠢的，傻的 2.讨价还价；讲条件 5.疼痛 3.没有希望的，绝望的 6.应受；值得
一、一轮阅读完成表层理解题 A. What was Atlanta’s problem? B. What were Atlanta’s rules? C. What was Hippomenes’ amazement? D. What made Hippomenes change his mind? E. Whom did Hippomenes turn to for help?
F. Can you guess what was the ending?
二、根据提示复述课文 Atlanta was….She was…But she was not… She was so ungry that…. Her father said that….So Atlanta made a bargain with him. She said to him… Many kings and princes…,but when they heard of….There was a man called…. When he saw Atlanta, he said… The race started and…. He went to ask the Greek Goddess of Love for help….Hippomenes took the apples and went to the King. He said…
一、写作探究 请根据写作指导完成写作任务 海报是人们极为常见的一种招贴形式， 多用于电影、 戏剧、 比赛、 文艺演出等活动。 海报中通常要写清楚活动的性质， 活动的主办单位、 时间、 地点等内容。 海报的语言要求简明扼要， 形式要做到新颖美观。 我校将于本周五、 周六在学校操场举办运动会， 周五 7:30 准时开 始，望全体师生准时参加。发报单位：校学生会 要求：运用将来时的被动语态
时间：11 月 29 日
Unit 2 词汇练习
●I. 根据提示(首字母、汉语意思)及句意用单词的正确形式填空。 1. We want some _________ (志愿者) to help paint the house. 2. How many gold _________ (奖牌) did China get in the 28th Olympic Games? 3. Although he is very busy with his business, he always keeps ________ (有规律的) working hours. 4. He made a ________ (讲条件) with his deskmate, “You clean the window and I sweep the floor.” 5. We all know that it is our ________ (责任) to help to protect the environment against further pollution. 6. This kind of game is good for you, both p________ and mentally. 7. As everyone knows, London will h_____ the 30th Olympic Games in 2012. 8. The man a________ that there is something wrong with his ears, but he is sure that what he heard this time is true.
9. Nowadays, more and more companies are spending a lot of money a________ their products. 10. It was very f________ of him to allow himself to be tricked (欺 骗) again with that false diamond. ●II. 根据句子意思，从下表所给的词汇中选出合适的单词或词组， 并用其正确形式填空 (其中有三个为多余项)。 athlete, basis, compete, deserve, glory, in charge, magical, pain, poster, replace, fine, take apart, stand for
1. Five children _______ for first place in the 100-metre race on the playground, and in the end, Tom won. 2. If you want to make some changes to the plan, you’d better ask for the permission of the chief engineer _______. 3. We often use “x” to _________ an unknown number when doing maths exercises. 4. His ______ way of solving the problem made us more surprised than curious. 5. They hold a meeting on a regular _____ to discuss the next steps to be taken in their work.
6. All ______ have got together to prepare for the competition to be held next month. 7. The old apartment will be torn down and ______ with a new supermarket. 8. He was ______ $500 and banned (禁止) from driving for half a month for driving too fast. 9. We work hard to make greater progress, for we all know the saying “No _____, no gains”. 10. He _______ some recognition for the contribution that he has made to the company.
Unit 2 语法练习
●I. 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. Do you know when the next Olympic Games will ______? A. be taken place B. be happened C. be held D. be started
2. When and where to have our picnic ______ until next Friday, so we have to wait for 7 days. A. isn’t decided B. won’t decide
C. hasn’t decided D. won’t be decided
3. It is said that a new shopping street ______ here next year. A. will build C. would build B. will be built D. would be built
4. — How often have you paid a visit to your parents since you came to live here? — _____, because I have been too busy to spare more time. A. Three times only B. Once a month C. Just two days D. Last weekend as a member of that
5. He didn’t win the match, nor ______ football club. A. he was admitted B. he was admitting
C. was he admitted D. he admitted
6. The park is under construction. When it is finished, no pets ______ to run free in it. A. are allowed B. will be allowed D. have been allowed
C. are being allowed
●II. 根据短文意思，用括号里所给单词的正确形式填空。 As usual, a discussion meeting on Friday this week. 1 (hold) in our class 2
However, the topic
(choose) by the students rather than by the teacher this time. The whole meeting the records Everything all of us should 4 5 6 3 (organize) by our monitor, and (keep) by our League secretary. (prepare) before four o’clock and (attend) the meeting on time.
If there is anyone who can’t come for any reason, an application for leave (假条) 7 (need).
●III. 请指出并改正下列句子中的错误。 1. We are told that lunch will serve at 12 o’clock when the meeting is over. 2. All the delayed post will deliver today, or the people that are waiting to receive it will get more worried. 3. If you don’t go with him, he isn’t allowed to enter the building. 4. The sailing competition won’t be taken place if the sea is still rough. 5. It is reported that a plane, together with the pilot and ten soldiers, were lost over the sea last week. 6. There is as much pleasure to watch a football match with to play in the game yourself.
英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） ●单项填空 1. —I’ve heard that you like collecting ancient coins in your free time. —No, actually, _____________. A. I have no idea B. I have no interest in doing that C. it doesn’t matter D. it is nothing 2. —Is Mr. Smith in _______ charge of that company? —No, it is now in _______ charge of Mr. Robert. A. the; the B. the; / C. /; / D. /; the 3. Tom __________ heavily, but recently he has given up this bad habit. A. is used to smoke B. used to smoking C. is used to smoking D. used to smoke 4. She doesn’t like dark colors, so she replaced her black T-shirt ________ a lighter one. A. for B. as C. with D. to 5. So far we have discussed a lot, but no decision about the issue _______ until our boss comes back. A. is being made B. had been made C. will be made D. has been made 6. The news that the promising young man had been_______ to that football club quickly spread. A. allowed B. requested C. admitted D. brought 7. —Did he come first in the race? —No, he didn’t run ________ I thought he would. A. as swiftly as B. so swift as C. swifter than D. much swiftly as 8. I believe most of what you said is reliable, but I don’t agree with _______ you said. A. nothing B. anything C. something D. everything 9. Don’t think too much about the results; actually the process is very important _____. A. at an end B. as usual C. as well D. at once 10. —Was the reason _________ he gave us for being late not true? —No. That was _____ he didn’t want to be punished. A. why; why B. that; because C. why; because D. that; way 11. The hall, where the coming New Year party ________, has already
been cleaned and decorated. A. was held B. is being held C. is to be held D. has been held 12. —If you like, I can do some shopping for you. —That’s a very kind ______. A. view B. reward C. bargain D. offer 13. —How often do you get your eyes examined? —_________. A. Each few months B. Each a few months C. Every a few months D. Every few months 14. As we all know, PRC _______ "the People’s Republic of China". A. stands by B. stands for C. stands out D. stands up 15. The Spoken English Contest, ________ hundreds of students from different provinces took part in, was a great success. A. that B. where C. which D. when ●第二节完形填空 The ice candy man visited Sharmila’s school every Tuesday and Thursday to sell his delicious candies. Students in the school waited for him
every week. It was difficult for the teachers to keep the
students’2____ on those two days. It was a Tuesday afternoon. The lesson was3___ but Sharmila could not
the class to end. She was
the ice candy man’s candies
would soon sell out, 6 he came every week. This Tuesday was very 7 for Sharmila. That day her mother put a two-rupee (两卢比的) coin in her hand. She knew how
the ice candies were in Sharmila’s school. when she was three years old. It had been
very difficult for her mother to
her. Since her father’s death,
a candy had become difficult. Although her mother had never told
Sharmila about the problems their family faced, she 12 everything in her family. Usually everything outside the classroom was none of Sharmila’s
, but today was different. She had buy an ice candy, which was special for her. She could not help
a two-rupee coin to
out of the window. She could almost
the excitement of holding the candy in her hand. It made her lovely days when she had had such a candy before.
She was trying hard to 18 when the bell rang 19 . Everyone stood up, said goodbye to the teacher and rushed out of the classroom to buy
candies. Sharmila 20 them. She couldn’t wait to get the candy. 1. A. carefully B. excitedly C. quietly D. secretly 2. A. attention B. power C. hobbies D. eyes 3. A. long B. terrible C. interesting D. difficult 4. A. ask for B. prepare for C. plan for D. wait for 5. A. happy B. afraid C. serious D. proud 6. A. though B. unless C. until D. while 7. A. crazy B. normal C. special D. strange 8. A. popular B. cheap C. big D. beautiful 9. A. disappeared B. lost C. died D. injured 10. A. bring B. comfort C. rise D. raise 11. A. suggesting B. buying C. cooking D. providing 12. A. achieved B. suffered C. enjoyed D. understood 13. A. behavior B. lesson C. business D. choice 14. A. got B. stolen C. begged D. earned 15. A. taking B. looking C. running D. finding 16. A. escape B. find C. promise D. feel 17. A. imagine B. remember C. examine D. save 18. A. announceB. taste C. notice D. concentrate 19. A. suddenly B. calmly C. angrily D. bravely 20. A. left B. refused C. followed D. praised 第三部分阅读理解
A 难度:★ There was once a little boy who was learning the alphabet (字母表). When he came upon the letter P he could not think of any P words, so he decided to ask his good friends Purple Peetee and Violet Sue. He thought it would be fun to share all of the new things he had learnt with his classmates and his teacher, so he decided to look for P words on the computer with his friends.
They searched on what is called the Internet and tried to find as many P words as possible. Their search took them to many places, such as Phoenix, Arizona. Purple Peetee and Violet Sue learned that Phoenix was a big city in Arizona, a state in the United States. Purple Peetee also found out about the Phoenix, the mythical (神话的) bird. They were very excited about what they had learnt. They kept searching and searching. They decided that they would like to find another bird or animal whose name began with the letter P. Finally, they came upon the word Penguin. The penguin is a water bird that does not fly. The temperature of the places where penguins live is very low, which amazed them. They wanted to find interesting things about Peetee’s first name, Purple. Purple is the color of grapes. Purple, in some cultures, means noble (高贵的). They were very happy about the P words they were able to find. Can you find any more P words to help them? 56. The little boy used the computer to _______. A. make friends with many strangers B. get information about the world C. find words beginning with the letter P D. visit Phoenix, Arizona 57. What did they think of their word searching activity? A. It was fun. B. It was difficult. C. It was boring. D. It was noble. 58. It can be inferred from the passage that _______. A. it is important to learn how to find new words B. the Internet can bring children something bad C. we should learn the alphabet on the computer D. computers are very useful for learning words 59. The passage is mainly about _______. A. a boy’s experience of learning words with his friends B. how to use the Internet to learn new places C. children’s interest in knowing more about birds D. children’s ability in working together B
难度:★★ Weddings in the United States are big events. Let’s learn about some American wedding customs.SomethingOld,SomethingNew,SomethingBorrowed,SomethingBlue You may hear the old saying: Something old, something new, something borrowed, something blue. That is one of the most popular American wedding customs. Many brides (新娘) will wear or carry something old (such as family necklace), something new (her wedding dress), something borrowed (from a happy married friend) and something blue (like a blue band). This is a tradition that dates back to Victorian times. It is said to bring happiness and luck to the newly married couple. Rice Isn’t for Birds Throwing rice is another American wedding custom. The rice symbolizes prosperity (繁荣), long life and fertility (多子多孙). Because rice is no longer environmentally safe, birds can get sick eating the rice and it is hard to clean up. Birdseed and bubbles (泡泡) have taken its place. The June Wedding Planning the ceremony in June is yet another traditional American wedding custom. Why is June such a popular time of year for weddings? June is not only a good time of year, well away from major holidays, but the weather is nice and people are more likely to have time to travel. Also, June has been popular for hundreds of years because having a wedding on a sunny day is said to bring love and luck to the couple. A rainy day may mean bad luck, so June is a very popular month for weddings. 60. The underlined word "symbolizes" in Paragraph 3 means "____". A. stands for C. gives up B. shows off D. turns out
61. What can we learn from the passage? A. Rice is said to bring love to the couple. B. American people usually have time to travel in June. C. "Something old" is usually from a happy married friend. D. June has been popular for thousands of years. 62. Which of the following can bring new couples good luck? ①Something new and something old. ②A rainy day
③A June wedding. A. ①② B. ①③
63. Rice is not thrown at American weddings any longer because ____. A. it may harm birds B. birds don’t like to eat it C. people don’t like it D. it is more expensive than birdseed
C 难度:★★ Michael Fred Phelps is an American swimmer. He was born on June 30, 1985 and raised in the Rodgers Forge area of Baltimore, Maryland. His father, Fred Phelps, worked for the Maryland State Police while his mother was a middle school principal (校长). They separated in 1994. Michael has two elder sisters, Whitney and Hilary, both of whom are swimmers as well. Phelps has won 14 Olympic gold medals, the most of any Olympic athlete. In the 2008 Olympic Games, Phelps broke seven world records in swimming. Phelps holds the record for the most gold medals won by a single athlete at a single Olympics. His eight at the 2008 Beijing Games was more than American swimmer Mark Spitz’s seven gold performances at Munich in 1972. Phelps has won 16 Olympic medals in all: six gold and two bronze at Athens in 2004, and eight gold at Beijing in 2008. In doing so he has equaled the record of eight medals of any type at a single Olympics which was achieved by Soviet gymnast Alexander Dityatin at the 1980 Moscow Summer Games. The total of Phelps career Olympic medals is second only to the 18 medals won by Soviet gymnast Larissa Latynina over three Olympics, including nine gold. Phelps’international titles and record breaking performances have earned him the World Swimmer of the Year Award five times and American Swimmer of the Year Award seven times. He has won a total of 48 career medals in major international competitions. What is the secret of his success? Phelps’coach said, "It is just diligence (勤奋)."As Phelps’coach says, the swimmer’s success didn’t come by chance (偶然地). Phelps trained hard and it all paid off for him. 64. We are told in the first paragraph that ______. A. Phelps’sisters have won medals in the Olympics B. Phelps had a broken family when he was young
C. Fred Phelps once worked in a middle school D. Phelps is the oldest child in the family 65. Which of the following is TRUE about Larissa Latynina? A. She has won more Olympic medals than anyone in history. B. She once won nine gold medals in a single Olympic Games. C. She and Alexander Dityatin came from two different countries. D. She won more gold medals in the Olympic Games than Phelps. 66. According to the passage, Phelps achieved his great success mainly because of ______. A. his good luck B. the instruction of his coach C. his hard work D. the support of his family 67. What does the underlined sentence mean? A. Phelps worked hard and earned lots of money. B. Phelps trained others hard and earned lots of fees. C. Phelps devoted himself to training and was rewarded in the end. D. Phelps worked hard in order to pay back the money he had borrowed.
D 难度:★★ For more than 300 years, black-eyed peas (黑眼豆) have been a product of Southern cooking. They have also had an important place in New Year’s celebrations (庆祝), because people think they will bring good luck and success in the coming year. Since 1970, many parts of the US have kept the tradition of eating the pre-soaked (预先浸泡的), ready-in-20-minute black-eyed peas. Once you try a bowl, you won’t want to start the new year without them. "Every holiday has a favorite food. For New Year’s Day, it has to be black-eyed peas,"said Karen Caplan, president of Frieda’s Company. Along with the many stories behind eating black-eyed peas on New Year’s Day, there are many ways to prepare them. Some mix the peas with fresh greens. Others enjoy Hoppin’John, black-eyed peas cooked with rice
and pork. Some simply prepare a bowl of peas, because they believe that each pea eaten means a day of good luck. But no matter how they’re served, black-eyed peas there take hours of cooking time and will make sure that you’ll be enjoying the peas in no time. Along with the hope of a lucky new year, the peas are also good for your health. They are cholesterol (胆固醇) free, low in fat, high in fiber and rich in iron and vitamin B1. They are also completely vegetarian (素 食的) and are a great main dish for a meatless meal. The peas can also be added to soups like Pasta Fagioli, or mixed with steamed rice and fresh vegetables. 68. People cook black-eyed peas for New Year’s celebrations to ______. A. enjoy the delicious soup B. add joy to the festival C. bring in good luck in the new year D. express their happiness 69. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT a way to prepare black-eyed peas? A. Making the peas completely dry and cooking them. B. Cooking the peas with fresh green food. C. Cooking the peas with rice and pork. D. Preparing a bowl of the peas without anything else. 70. From this passage we can infer that ______. A. black-eyed peas take short cooking time B. black-eyed peas are a healthy food to eat C. people will lose weight if they eat black-eyed peas D. eating black-eyed peas is better than meat 71. The best title for this passage is ______. A. Black-eyed Peas —a Long History B. Ways of Cooking Black-eyed Peas C. Black-eyed Peas Can Help You Stay Healthy D. A Special Food in American New Year —Black-eyed Peas
E 难度:★★★ The first waterlock (水闸) which was supposed to be built in London in nearly twenty years was put into use on June 5. It creates a new low-carbon transporting route to the site for the London 2012 Olympic Games. The new lock opens up the Bow Back Rivers, a network (网状系统) of waterways in and around the Olympic Park. This not only creates a green entrance for boats to the Olympic area, but will also be good for the environment of the new neighborhoods on the Olympic Park site after the 2012 London Games. London mayor (市长), Boris Johnson said, "This network of canals begins a new age of water transport in the capital. By replacing noisy, dusty and heavily polluting trucks from busy roads with boats on the water, we can reduce traffic pressure and improve the quality of our environment. This important project means that numbers of boats will soon be carrying large amounts of materials to construct the Olympic Park." British Waterways chairman Tony Hales said, "The lock opening was just the start of plans for the waterways of east London. Water taxis, waste removal (移动) by water and new ports (港口) are planned for the future." Earlier this year, British Waterways carried out a survey on UK canals and announced it was turning over the unused canal-side land for use in growing vegetables. Now people are discussing how to make full use of the land beside the canal in the Olympic Park after the 2012 London Games. 72. What can we know about the waterlock from the first paragraph? A. It was completed ahead of schedule. B. It will not be used until the 2012 London Games.C. It will stop CO2 from being brought into the area. D. It is connected to the Bow Back Rivers and rivers in the Olympic Park. 73. According to Boris Johnson, this new network of canals _______. A. can save a large amount of money B. can help reduce air pollution and traffic pressure C. will bring bigger boats to the Olympic Park
D. will transport all the materials needed to the Olympic Park 74. What will NOT happen after the opening of the new waterlock? A. More ports will be built. B. Water taxis will be introduced. C. Rubbish will be taken away by water. D. More waterlocks will be built in the Olympic Park. 75. In the next part, the author will probably discuss _____. A. the advantages of vegetable-growing land B. the future use of the canal-side land in the Olympic Park C. what London Olympic Park is probably going to be like D. the result of British Waterways’survey on UK canals
第四部分写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 假如你是李华,正在美国参加中美两国的交流活动。 美国的同学希望你 用英语简要介绍我国一位著名的体育明星。假如你选择的是篮球运动员姚明,请 根据他的档案来写一篇简短的演讲稿。他的档案如下: 姓名 出生时间 出生地点 职业 爱好 座右铭 姚明 1980 年 9 月 12 日 上海 篮球运动员 上网冲浪、听音乐、看书 努力不一定成功，放弃却一 定失败！
简介 现在为美国 NBA 球队休斯顿火箭队效力，是球队核心球员之一，多次入选 NBA 全明星阵营。姚明凭借出色的技术、努力工作的精神和为人谦虚的优秀品格 而备受世界球迷喜爱。
注意: ①简介必须包括以上全部内容； ②字数:100 左右(开头已给出,不计入总词数)； ③参考词汇:火箭队 Team Rocket； 全明星阵营 All-Star Team； 谦虚 modesty Hi, everyone. I would like to introduce a famous Chinese sports star, Yao Ming.________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________
I.1. volunteers 6. physically II. 1. competed 2. in charge 3. stand for 4. magical 5. basis 2. medals 3. regular 4. bargain 5. responsibility / duty
7. host 8. admits 9. advertising 10. foolish
6. athletes 7. replaced 8. fined 9. pains 10. deserves
I. 1-6 CDBBCB II. 1. will be held 4. will be kept 2. will be chosen 3. will be organized 5. will be prepared 6. attend 7. will be needed
III. 1. serve 改为 be served
2. deliver 改为 be delivered 3. isn’t 改为 won’t be 6. with 改为 as
4. be taken 改为 take 5. were 改为 was
测试题 单选 BDDCC CADCB CDDBC 完型 BACDB ACACD BDCAB DBDAC 阅读 CADAA BBABA CCCAB DABDB
书面表达 Hi, everyone. I would like to introduce a famous Chinese sports star, Yao Ming. Yao Ming, born on September 12, 1980 in Shanghai, is a world famous basketball player. He is now one of the most important players in Team Rocket in the NBA. He has been in the All-Star Team many times as well. He is loved and admired by basketball fans all over the world. It is his excellent skills, hard work as well as his modesty that impress his fans most. In his spare time, Yao Ming loves surfing the Internet, listening to music and reading. His motto is "Even if you do your best, you may not succeed, but if you give up, you’ll certainly fail." Thank you for listening.