山一中 2015 年上学期高一级 第 一 次 段 考 英语 试 卷 满分 120 分，时间 120 分钟 命题人:英语备课组 审题人：马继文 第一部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节（共 10 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 A Most people know the feeling when you walk into a lift (电梯) with other people. A study has found that where people stand is based on their social position on entering the lift Rebekah Rousi, a Ph.D. student, did a study of lift behavior in two of the tallest office buildings in Adelaide, Australia. As part of her research, she took a total of 30 lift rides in the two buildings, and discovered there was a fixed order about where people chose to stand. In her research paper, she wrote that more senior men seemed to walk straight towards the back of the lift. She said , “In front of them were younger men, and in front of them were women of all ages.” She also noticed there was a difference in the direction where people look during the ride. “Men watched the monitors, looked in the side mirrors (in one building) to see themselves, and in the door mirrors (in the other building) to watch others. Women would watch the monitors and avoid looking into others’ eyes (unless in conversations) and the mirrors.” Rebekah Rousi concluded that shyer people stand toward the front, where they can’t see other passengers, while fearless people stand in the back, where they have a good view of everyone else. 1. According to the study, where people stand in a lift is decided by __________. A. their social position B. the monitors C. other passengers D. others’ position 2. Who are most likely to go to the back of the lift? A. Shyer people. B. Senior men. C. Younger men. D. Women. 3. Which is true according to the passage?
A. The order in which people stand in a lift is fixed. B. Few people feel embarrassed with strangers in a lift. C. Women like watching themselves in the side mirrors. D. Fearless people stand in the back to avoid seeing others. B One Canada, Two Languages Canada is one of the few nations in the world to have two official languages: English and French. There are 10 provinces in the country but only one of these—Quebec is known as “French Canada”. This is because it was founded by French explorers(探 险家) while British adventurers discovered the rest. Canada left the British empire(帝国) in 1867 to become an independent country and English and French have been recognized as the official languages ever since. Most people speak English as their first language and the two national television networks broadcast in English throughout the country. Apart from in Quebec and a few places on the east coast, French television is very rare. The same goes for traffic signs and menus, for example, outside of Quebec, there are only a few places where you’ll see traffic signs in French. In restaurants, it’s almost impossible to find French on the menu unless you are in the heartland ( 中 心地带) of French Canada. However, all products sold in Canada must, by law, have labels (标签) and instructions in both languages. In Canada’s English speaking provinces, official bilingualism means that students can choose to complete a special French language course. Under this program, they are taught most of their subjects in French. If a student begins the course in kindergarten (幼儿园) or Grade One, it is likely that all their lessons will be in French. However, if they start at junior high school, 25 percent of the teaching will continue to be in English. 4. Where can you watch French television programs? A. Only in Quebec. B. In Quebec and a few other places. C. From the two national television networks.
D. All over Canada 5. What does the underlined word “bilingualism” in the fifth paragraph mean? A. 外语教育 B. 母语教育 C. 双语教育 D. 语言教育
6. What do we know about the education in Canada? A. In English speaking provinces only English courses are offered. B. If you choose a special French language course, most of the subjects are taught in French. C. The courses in primary school are all taught in English. D. Most of the courses in junior high schools are taught in English. C. Rowena and Billy Wrangler are model high school students. They study hard. They do very well on tests. And next year，Rowena will be going to Harvard University. Billy，her younger brother，hopes to go to another famous university. Unlike most students，they've never been to school. But neither Rowena nor Billy feels as if
they've missed out on anything by being taught at home. In fact，they feel as if they've gotten a good education. The home schooling trend (趋势) began in the U．S. in the 1980s.At that time， some parents provided their children with religious (宗教的) education at home. Today， some parents still choose home schooling because they believe schools don't do a very good job of teaching，and are sometimes dangerous places. But can parents really do a better job？The answer in many cases is ye s. More importantly，these students are often more self-directed (自主的) and have a greater and wider knowledge. One such student，Jane Fist，began home schooling at the age of 11.“I was learning something all the time， ”says Fist. Now she's a firstyear student at a college in New Jersey. Robert Co nrad，now a college student too，says he really learned how to study and schedule his time during home schooling. Still，not every student is as successful as Robert. The number of failure stories is the same as the number of the success ones. “ There are just so many problems ， ” states Henry Lipscomb ， an educational researcher. For example， they don't spend enough time with others of their age ， so they don't know the usual social skills.” No matter what，though， ”says Lipscomb， “home schooling is a growing trend. I think we'll be seeing more and more of this.” 7．Parents chose home schooling in the 1980s because ________.
A．they wanted to give their children religious education B．children wanted to be different from other students C．schools were dangerous places sometimes D．teachers in schools were not good enough 8．One of the problems of home schooling may be that ________. A．students are forced to s tudy all the time B．students have to learn too much knowledge C．students usually don't follow others' advice D．students don't know how to get along with people 9．The author develops the second paragraph mainly by ________. A．cause and effect B．order in space C．examples D．order in time
10．According to the passage，which of the following statements is TRUE? A．Parents do better jobs than teachers in education. B．Children taught at home can go to university at an early age. C．Home schooling will not be popular in the future. D．There are as many failures as successes in home schooling. 第二节（共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。 （特别提示：若答案为 E,请同时涂黑 AB,若答案为 F,请同时涂黑 CD,若答案为 G,请同时 涂黑 ABC.） All over the world people enjoy sports. Sports help to keep people healthy and happy, and to live longer. 11 They buy tickets or turn on their TVs to watch the games. Often they get
very excited when their player or team wins. 12 Football, for example, has spread around the world. Swimming is popular
in all countries near the sea or in those with many rivers. What fun it is to jump into a pool or lake, whether in China, Egypt or Italy! to skate or ski in Japan, Norway or Canada. Some sports or game go back thousands of years, like running or jumping. Chinese wushu, for example, has a very long history. But basketball and volleyball are rather new. Neither one is a hundred years old yet. in the family of sports. 14 Water-skiing is one of the newest 13 Think how many lovers
People from different countries may not be able to understand each other, but after a game together they often become good friends. 15 One learns to fight hard but
fight fair, to win without pride and to lose with grace.
A. And think of people in cold countries. B. Sports help to train a person’s character. C. Not a few people participate in different sports competitions themselves. D. Many people like to watch others play games. E. People aren’t inventing new sports or games. F. Some sports are so interesting that people everywhere take part in them. G. People are inventing new sports or games all the time.
第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 60 分）
第一节完形填空共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项 (A、B、C、D)中，选出可以填人空白处的 最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Last week after a long day of traveling, I found myself delayed at a bus station. The bus was running two hours late! I was a little a book. Just then a woman 18 a bus ticket. "Oh, sure," I said. With the words, I reached into my bag for some I 20 19 .As I handed her five dollars, 17 16 and had to wait there reading
and asked me if I had any spare change to help her
her stomach rumble (发出辘辘声) and I knew she was very 21 . I then reached 22 and brought out a Danish pastry (酥皮糕点) I had bought earlier
back into my
and 23 it to her with a smile. She took the pastry and gave me a bus ticket to Milwaukee to show her 24 . I
don't liv e in Milwaukee and the ticket will probably 25 be used, but I took it. A look of 26 spread over her face. Then she went to get her 27 and I went back
to my 28 . She came back a few 29 later, apologized, and told me there were five dollars
30 . I gave her the money and slipped(悄悄地塞) a twenty 31 . She thanked me and went back to the counter. 32 I went back to my book. 33 to return my twenty. 34 I said
Five minutes later she came back again and
it was for her so she could get something else to eat and that I wasn't taking it back, she 35 crying and hugged me. From then on, I always help ot hers in trouble, because I believe I am really making a difference to them!
16. A. worried 17. around 18. A. exchange 19. A. books 20. A. felt 21. A. weak 22. A. bag 23. A. handed 24. A. trouble 25. A. always 26. A. surprise 27. A. luggage 28. A. speech A. looked
B. terrified B. came up
C. interested C. walked about
D. moved D. ran away
B. check B. newspapers B. heard B. sick B. counter B. showed B. thankfulness B. ever B. relief B. pastry B. seat
C. find C. money C. imagined C. tired C. pocket C. lent C. kindness C. never C. excitement C. coffee C. book
D. get D. food D. proved D. hungry D. suitcase D. sold D. belief D. still D. fear D. ticket D. room
29. A. days 30. A. short 31. A. as well 32. A. Sometimes 33. A. refused 34. A. Since 35. A. forgot
B. minutes B. missing B. in return B. Once B. pretended B. After B. considered
C. hours C. available C. with anger C. Again C. agreed C. Though C. started
D. weeks D. unused D. by accident D. Often D. tried D. If D. avoided
第二节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容或括号内单词的正确形式。
Once upon a time, a poor traveler stopped under a tree. From his bag he took out a bowl of 36 (boil) rice and started to eat. Nearby was a small shop, where a woman was
selling fried fish to travelers able to pay for 37 . When the man finished eating and got up to leave, she shouted, “You have not paid me for your meal!” “But I ordered nothing from you!” he said. “Everyone can see that you 38 (enjoy) the smell of my fried fish with your
rice,” argued the woman. “__39___you hadn’t smelt the fish, your meal would not have been so pleasant!” Soon a crowd gathered. 40 they supported the traveler, they also agreed 41 he had eaten, carrying
that the wind was blowing from the shop to the place the smell of the fried fish to him. At last, the woman took him to a judge and after story, she insisted that 43
(tell) the judge the
the man had enjoyed her fish smell, he should pay 44 45 25-cent the smell
25 cents. After hearing the evidence, the judge asked the man to drop coin on the ground. “Here is your payment, the sound of 25 cents of the fried fish.”
第三部分：写作 (共三节，满分 45 分) 第二节:15 选 10 （10 小题 满分 10 分 注：正确形式已给出，不需要再变形。 ）答案作 答在答题卷上。 a dd up; entirely; stubborn; suffering from; because of; make full use of; actually; ever since; care about; enrich; give in; reliable; grateful; at present; recovering;
1. She has been ________ loss of memory sinc e she had that car accident. 2. _______all the money we collected for the flooded areas, and then tell me the total. 3. He was _____that she didn’t tell his parents about the incident. 4. He looked calm, but _____he was very nervous. 5. It was partly_____ her sick mother that she didn’t take the job abroad. 6. _____ they moved to this apartment, Mary and Alice have been good partners. 7. The boss was _______ satisfied with what the workers had done. 8. As a matter of fact, he is very _____, so it is difficult for you to persuade him. 9. She looked after the lonely old man day and night and didn’t _____ what others said. 10. In the good care of the nurses, the boy is gradually ________ _ from his heart operation.
中山一中 2015 年上学期高一级 第 一 次 段 考 英语 答 题 卷 满分 120 分，时间 120 分钟 命题人:英语备课组 审题人：马继文
第三部分：写作(共三节，满分 45 分) 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 线 要 有 10 处错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 题 封 不 答 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下画一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1．每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 改错得分：
2．只允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Now I’m a senior high student. I have a good friend her name is Liu Mei. She is our class president and one of the excellent student in our class. Although she is clever, but she works very hard. We have a lot in common and have a lot to talk about. Two weeks ago she told me that something bad was happened when her parents were out. One Sunday morning she was doing her homework when she smelt something burning. She stopped look out of the window and find a cloud of smoke coming out of her neighbour’s house. She called 119 immediate. About five or six minutes later, a lot of firemen came and put out fire. Her neighbour was very thankful to her help. See? What an amazing girl she is at such an age! To tell you the truth, I’m success indeed to have made friends with her.
第二节：15 选 10 （10 小题 满分 10 分。正确形式已给出，不需要再变形。 ）得分： 1. 5. 2. 6. 3. 7. 4. 8.
10. ＋ 书写： ＝
第三节：书面表达（共 1 小题；满分 25 分）作文得分：内容：
假定你是李华，一家英文报社邀请你调查一下中学生对网络使用的情况，并依据调查写 一篇报道。请根据下面提供的信息，对你的调查作简要介绍，发给报社。 主要用途： 1. 阅读国内外新闻，学习外语； 2. 发 e-mail，欣赏音乐，看电影，玩游戏等； 3. 网上购物。 出现的问题：1. 过多地在网上玩游戏，浪费了时间，影响了学业； 2. 浏览不健康信息，对身心有害。 注意：1. 词数：100 左右； 2. 可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯；3. 文章开头已给出，
As we all know, the Internet is playing an important part in our daily life.
密 内 答
封 不 题
段考一答案及评分标准 （注：请严格按照答案量分，每小题只设满分或 0 分，不再设置其他量分标准。） 1- ABABC 6- B ADCD 11-D F A G B 16- ABDCB 21- DAABC 26-BDCBA 31-ACDBC
语法填空（每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 36. boiled 37. it / them 38. enjoyed 39. If 40. Though / Although 41. where 42. telling 43. since / as / because 44. a 45. for 改错参考答案： 1. l1, her→whose 2.l2, student→students 3.l3, 去掉 but 4.l5, 去掉 was stopped 后加 to 6. l7, find →found 7. l9, immediate→immediately 8. l10, fire 前加 the l11, success→successful 15 选 10 答案： 1. suffer from 2. add up 3. grateful 4. actually 5. because of 6. Ever since 7. 9. l10, to →for 10. 5.l7,
entirely 8. stubborn 9. care about 10. recovering 第二节 书面表达（共 1 小题，满分 25 分） As we all know, the Internet is playing an important part in our daily life. We often read news at home and abroad and learn foreign languages by ourselves on the Internet. Sometimes we send e-mails to our families as well as friends. Besides, we listen to music, enjoy films and play computer games on it. We can even do shopping without leaving our homes. However, it has its disadvantages. Many students waste too much time playing computer games, which has a bad effect on their studies. What’s worse, the bad information on the Internet does great harm to them. I hope every student can make use of the Internet properly for their studies. (一) 评分原则： （注：此次段考设 5 分书写分！ ）内容 20 分，书写 5 分，请分开打分 1、本题内容总分为 20 分，按 5 个档次给分。 2、评分时，先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次，然后以该档次的要求来衡量，确 定或调整档次，最后给分。 3、词数少于 80 的，从总分中酌情扣分，至多扣去 2 分。 4、评分时应注意的主要内容为：内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构 的数量和准确性及上下文的
连贯性。 5、拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面。 (二) 评分标准： 第五档 (18-20 分)：完全完成了试题规定的任务，完全达到了预期的写作目的 ——覆盖所有内容要点。 ——应用了较多的语法结构和词汇。 ——语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误，但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致;具备较强 的语言运用能力。 ——有效地使用了语句间的连接成分，使全文结构紧凑。 第四档 (16-18 分)：完全完成了试题规定的任务，达到了预期的写作目的 ——虽漏掉 1、2 个次重点，但覆盖所有主要内容。 ——应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 ——语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确，些许错误主要是因尝试较复杂语法结构或词汇所致。 ——应用简单的语句间的连接成分，使全文结构紧凑。 第三档 (12-15 分)：基本完成了试题规定的任务，整体而言，基本达到了预期的写作目的 ——虽漏掉一些内容，但覆盖所有主要内容。 ——应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 ——有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，但不影响理解。 ——应用简单的语句间的连接成分，使全文内容连贯。 第二档 (6-11 分)：未恰当完成试题规定的任务，信息未能清楚地传达给读者 ——漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容，写了一些无关内容。 ——语法结构单调、词汇项目有限。 ——有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响了对写作内容的理解。 ——较少使用语句间的连接成分，内容缺少连贯性。 第一档 (1-5 分)：未完成试题规定的任务，信息未能传达给读者 ——明显遗漏主要内容，写了一些无关内容，原因可能是未理解试题要求。 ——语法结构单调、词汇项目有限。 ——较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响对写作内容的理解。 ——缺乏语句间的连接成分，内容不连贯。