【志鸿优化 全优设计】2016届高考英语总复习 Unit 5 Canada The True North课件 新人教版必修3_图文

Unit 5 Canada—“The True North”







Ⅰ.读单词 积累词汇
1.chat vi.& n.聊天;闲聊 2.measure vi.& vt.测量;衡量;判定 n.计量工具;计量单位

3.aboard prep.& adv.在(船、飞机、火车或公共汽车)上
4.border n.边界;国界;边沿 vi.& vt.与……接壤;接近 5.confirm vt.证实;证明;批准 6.broad adj.宽阔的;宽广的 7.nearby adj.在附近;邻近的 adv.在附近 8.surround vt.& vi.包围;围绕→ surroundings n.(复)周围的事物;环境→ surrounding adj.周围的







9.slight adj.轻微的;稍微的→ slightly adv.轻微地;稍微地 10.mix vt.& vi.混合;调配→ mixture n.混合物;混合状态 11.wealthy adj.富有的→ wealth n.富有 12.tradition n.传统;风俗→ traditional adj.传统的 13.terrify vt.使恐怖;恐吓→ terrified adj.感到畏惧的→ terrifying adj.令人恐惧的→ terror n.恐惧 14.distance n.距离;远方→ distant adj.遥远的;远方的 15.impress vt.使印象深刻;使铭记→ impression n.印象→ impressive adj.给人印象 深刻的;感人的







1.harbour vt.心怀,怀藏,怀有(情感、想法或秘密)
e.g.Townsend harbours no regrets. 汤森心中无怨无悔。

2.measure n.(事物的)程度, 地步
e.g.She achieved a measure of success with her first book. 她的第一部书就获得了一定程度的成功。 3.dawn vi.(某人)逐渐明白 e.g.The truth began to dawn on him. 他开始弄明白真相。







在multicultural一词中,multi-为前缀,意思是“多个;许多”,用来构成名词或形容词。 常见的还有:multicoloured多色的,五彩斑斓的;multichannel多频道 的;multifunctional多功能的;multilateral多边的,多国的;multimedia多媒体 的;multinational跨国的;multiple倍数,多种多样的;multiply乘以,迅速增 加;multipurpose多用途的;multiskilling多才多艺。







Ⅱ.背短语 活学活用
1.in the distance 在远处 2.have a gift for 对……有天赋 3.manage to do 设法做 4.settle down 定居;平静下来;专心于 5.catch sight of 看见;瞥见 6.rather than 与其;不愿 7.on a trip 在旅途中 8.compete in 参加比赛 9.be surrounded by 由……环绕 10.at dawn 在黎明的时候







Ⅲ.赏佳句 思维提优
1.Rather than take the aeroplane all the way,they decided to fly to Vancouver and then take the train from west to east across Canada.(教材原句,P34) 2.The thought that they could cross the whole continent was exciting.(教材原 句,P34) 3.It is so wet there that the trees are extremely tall,some measuring over 90 metres.(教材原句,P34) 4.Because of the Great Lakes,they learned,Canada has more fresh water than any other country in the world.(教材原句,P34) 5.And I was wondering where you are from.(教材原句,P38)





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1.surround vt. & vi.to be all around someone or something on every side包围;围 绕
①People say it is Canada’s most beautiful city,surrounded by mountains and the Pacific
Ocean.(教材原句,P34) 人们说温哥华是加拿大最美丽的城市,被大山和太平洋环抱。 ②It must have reinforced my determination to blend into my surroundings. 这势必让我更加下定决心融入周围的环境。





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即境活用用surround的适当形式完成句子
③To some,happiness is being surrounded by (围绕) family and friends.(译林⑥— 2)

对有些人来说,幸福就是有家人和朋友陪伴在身边。
④The house was surrounded by high walls. 房子的四周有高墙。 ⑤Her son Peter adapted effortlessly to the new surroundings. 她儿子彼得很轻松就适应了新的环境。 ⑥The polluted waste is often dumped,making the surrounding land infertile. 被污染的废物经常被随意倒掉,周边土地因此而变得很贫瘠。





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2.measure vi.& vt.to find the size,length,or amount of something,using standard units;to judge the importance,value,or true nature of something测量;衡量;判定 n.a unit used for stating the size,quantity or degree of sth.;an official action that is done in order to achieve a particular aim计量制;计量单位;措施
①It is so wet there that the trees are extremely tall,some measuring over 90 metres.(教材原

句,P34)
那里的湿度很大,所以树都长得特别高,一些高达90多米。 ②Should we just pay lip service or take practical measures to protect it? 我们是敷衍了事呢还是采取实际措施保护它呢?





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get/take/have the measure of sb.摸清某人的底细 take measures to do sth.采取措施做…… (2)measure sb./sth.against sb./sth.使……相比较 measure up/measure sb./sth.up 测量 ;量度





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即境活用完成句子
③It’s hard to measure his ability when we haven’t seen his work. 没有见过他的作品,很难估计他的能力。 ④The room measures 10 metres across. 这房间宽10米。 ⑤You have to measure your determination with/against that of other people. 你得与其他人较量一下决心了。





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3.confirm vt.to show that something is definitely true,especially by providing more proof证实;证明;批准
①The next morning the bushes and maple trees outside their windows were red,gold and orange,and there was frost on the ground,confirming that fall had arrived in Canada.(教材原 句,P38)

第二天早上,在她们的车窗外到处是灌木丛和枫树,挂满朱红、赤金和橘黄的叶子,地面上
覆盖了一层薄霜,表明秋天已经来到了加拿大。





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即境活用完成句子
②When asked,she confirmed that she was going to retire. 有人问她时,她肯定了她将要退休。 ③The new minister will be confirmed in office by the Queen. 新的部长将由女王批准任职。 ④The President confirmed him as the Secretary of State. 总统任命他为国务卿。





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4.distance n.the amount of space between two places or things距离;远方
①In the distance,they could see the misty cloud that rose from the great Niagara Falls,which is on the south side of the lake.(教材原句,P38) 远处,她们可以看到在湖的南边尼亚加拉大瀑布上方升腾着的雾霭。

in/into the distance 在远方 at a distance of 在……远的地方 keep sb.at a distance 对……冷淡 ;与……疏远;与……保持一段距离 keep one’s distance from 与……保持距离 (2)distant adj.遥远的 ;远处的;久远的 在没有数词时 ;除非指相当远的距离,否则不用 distant;在有数词 时,不论远近都可以用 distant,但更常用 away。





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即境活用完成句子
②What is the distance(有多远)from your home to the coast?

③Keep a safe distance(保持一个安全的距离)between cars.
④Oil painting is to be appreciated at a distance(从远处). ⑤In the distance(在远处)was an ox working in a field.(外研⑦—5) ⑥The elephant had heard the distant (远方) alarm calls of animals and her mood suddenly changed.(2014重庆卷)





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5.impress vt.to make someone feel admiration and respect;to make the importance of something clear to someone使印象深刻;使铭记
①Describe two or three things that impressed you most and your feelings when you experienced them.(教材原句,P39) 描述2至3件给你留下深刻印象的事情和你体验它们时的情感。 ②We were most impressed with/by your efficiency. 你的工作效率很高,我们极为钦佩。





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即境活用完成句子
③The manager impressed on his office staff the importance of keeping accurate

records.
经理让办公室职员认识到做精确记录的重要性。 ④The girl impressed her fiance’s family with her liveliness and sense of humour. 姑娘既活泼又富幽默感,未婚夫家人十分喜欢她。 ⑤Li Kang is very impressed with the teachers and the technology in his new school.(外研①—1) 新学校雄厚的师资和先进的教学设施给李康留下了很深的印象。





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6.rather than 与其;不愿
①Rather than take the aeroplane all the way,they decided to fly to Vancouver and then take the train from west to east across Canada.(教材原句,P34)

她们不想一路乘飞机,而决定先飞到温哥华,再从西海岸乘火车横穿加拿大到达
东海岸。





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would rather所带的宾语从句,其谓语用虚拟语气。表示一个现在或将 来的愿望,谓语用一般过去时;表示一个过去的愿望,谓语用过去完成时。另 外,rather 可以用作副词,意为“而是;相反地”。

即境活用完成句子
②I would rather walk than take a bus. 我愿意走路而不愿意坐公共汽车。 ③Rather than risk breaking up his marriage he told his wife everything.

他唯恐婚姻破裂,把一切都告诉了妻子。
④I worked as a secretary,or rather,a typist. 我担任秘书工作,说得准确些是打字员。





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7.settle down 居住;平静下来;专心于
①That afternoon aboard the train,the cousins settled down in their seats.(教材原 句,P34) 那天下午表姐妹俩才登上火车落了座。 ②Help me to solve my financial troubles. 请帮我解决经济困难。





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即境活用完成句子
③The constant interruptions stopped me settling down to my work.

我受到不断的打扰,无法定下心来工作。
④She settled down in an armchair to read her book. 她舒适地坐在扶手椅上看书。 ⑤We only moved house last week and we haven’t settled in yet. 我们上星期才搬的家,还没安顿下来呢。





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8.manage to do 设法做某事
①Earlier that day,when they crossed the Rocky Mountains,they managed to catch sight of some mountain goats and even a grizzly bear and an eagle.(教材原句,P34) 那天早些时候,当她们穿越落基山脉时,她们设法见到了野山羊,甚至还看到了 一只大灰熊和一只鹰。

manage with...用……对付过去 manage it 能做到





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即境活用完成句子
②After countless interviews and presentations,I managed to stand out among the

candidates and survive the test alone.(2014广东卷)
经过数不清的面试和展示,我终于从众多求职者中脱颖而出,成为唯一通过考试 的人。

③Try to make the effort to work your way through all of your tasks one at a time.
争取努力把你所有的任务一次完成一项。 ④Try phoning his home number. 给他家里打个电话试试。 ⑤We shall have to manage with these old pencils. 我们只得凑合着用这些旧铅笔。





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9.catch sight of看见;瞥见
①Earlier that day,when they crossed the Rocky Mountains,they managed to catch sight of some mountain goats and even a grizzly bear and an eagle.(教材原句,P34)

那天早些时候,当她们穿越落基山脉时,她们设法见到了野山羊,甚至还看到了
一只大灰熊和一只鹰。





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the sights表示“名胜;风景”,a sight可以表示“滑稽可笑(或邋遢、脏乱、

讨厌)的人或物”。





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即境活用完成句子
②The train is still in sight. 还能看得见那列火车。 ③The house was out of sight behind a wall. 房子被墙遮住看不见了。

④What a sight you look in those old clothes!
你穿上那些旧衣服样子可真怪! ⑤Follow that man and keep him in sight all the time.

要跟着那个人,一直盯着他。





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10.as far as远至;远达
①It’s too bad you can’t go as far as Ottawa,Canada’s capital.(教材原

句,P38)
很可惜你们不能一直走到加拿大的首府渥太华。





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即境活用汉译英
②对我个人来说,你怎么做都可以。 As far as I’m concerned you can do what you like. ③从一定程度上说,你说的是对的。 What you say is true as far as it goes.

④这问题绝非易事。
The problem is far from easy. ⑤放眼望去,除了松树还是松树。

There are pine trees as far as the eye can see.





回扣教材

句式精解

1.The thought that they could cross the whole continent was exciting.(教材原 句,P34) 2.It is so wet there that the trees are extremely tall,some measuring over 90 metres.(教材原句,P34) 3.“We don’t leave until this evening,” said Liu Qian.(教材原句,P38)





回扣教材

句式精解

1.同位语从句





回扣教材

句式精解

②从语意角度看,同位语从句与前面的名词是同位关系可以转换成主表关系。定 语从句与它前面的名词是所属关系,表示“……的”,起修饰作用。 ③同位语从句的that不能省略,而定语从句的that在句中充当宾语的时候可以省略。

The news that our team won the game was true.
我们队赢了那场比赛的消息是真的。(同位语从句,补充说明news到底是一个什么 消息) The news that he told me yesterday was true. 昨天他告诉我的那个消息是真的。(定语从句,news在从句中作told的宾语)





回扣教材

句式精解

即境活用用合适的连接词完成句子
①The news that we’ll go on a picnic isn’t true. ②The news that/which you heard isn’t true. ③There’s no doubt that the prices of cars will go down. ④I have no idea whether you are interested in working for her. ⑤The question who should go abroad required consideration.





回扣教材

句式精解

2.until的用法

(2)until 与 till 引导的时间状语从句中的动词用一般现在时表示将来时;用现 在完成时表示将来完成时 ;用一般过去时表示过去将来时。 (3)在含有 until 与 till 引导的时间状语从句的复合句中,主句动词如果是持 续性的,一般用肯定式;如果是短暂性的,则须用否定式。 (4)如果要强调 not...until 引导的时间状语从句,应注意要将 not 和 until 一起 提前。当 not until 位于句首时,主句用部分倒装。 It was not until I saw Margaret the next morning that I felt happy. 直到我第二天早晨见到玛格丽特才感到高兴。 Not until the teacher came in did the students stop talking. 直到老师进来学生们才停止说话。





回扣教材

句式精解

即境活用一句多译
直到那时他才认识到这个问题的重要性。 He didn’t realize the importance of the problem until then.(not...until) Not until then did he realize the importance of the problem.(倒装句) It was not until then that he realized the importance of the problem.(强调句)


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