语法Unit_1_A_Healthy_Body比较级

Unit 1 A Healthy Body 提高班 形容词、副词的比较级和最高级 一般来说,中文意思是“??的”的词是形容词,而中文意思是“??地”的词是副词。 一、形容词的位置 1. 形容词修饰名词时,要将 (1)She is a good 放在 的前面。如:

student. 她是一名好学生。

(形容词) (名词) (2)This is a tall tree. 这是一棵高大的树。

(形容词) (名词) 2. 名词前有冠词、代词以及形容词修饰时,名词前修饰的顺序为: 或 + + 如: 冠词+形容词+名词 代词+形容词+名词

(1)an interesting movie (2)my good teacher 3. 作表语,放在系动词之后。

(1) The cupboard is tidy. 橱柜是干净的。 ( 2 ) I felt terrible this morning. 我今天早上感觉不舒服。 4. 形容词用来修饰以-thing 结尾的词语时,要将形容词放在这些词语之后。 (1)There is something wrong with my watch.

(-thing 结尾的词)(形容词) (2)Is there anything important(重要的) in the book? (形容词)

(-thing 结尾的词) 二、形容词概念

形容是用来修饰物体的形状,大小,长度,属性,特点等,位于名词的前面。如: 1.He is a hard-working student.(努力的→特点) 2.Our English teacher has long hair.(长的→长度) 3.The elephants are very big, and the mice are very small.(大的、小的→大小) 三、形容词原级用法 1.说明人或事物自身的特征、性质和状态时用形容词原级。 花园里的花很漂亮。 2. 有表示绝对概念的副词 very, so, too, enough, quite 等修饰时用形容词原级。 那男孩太年轻了。 3. 表示两者是同等程度,用 “ as +形容词原级+as” 他和你一样高。 英语和语文一样有趣。

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4. 表示两者不是同等程度,用 “not as /so …as” 这本书不如那本书新。 我没有露西仔细。 5. A 是 B 的几倍:A+be+数词+times+as+原级+as+B (一次:once,两次:twice,三次以上:数字+times) Our school is three times as big as theirs. 我们学校是他们学校的三倍。 这张桌子是那张桌子的两倍长。 四、形容词、副词比较级和最高级的意义 英语中的形容词和副词,在句子里表示“比较??” 、 “最??”时,要用特别的形式,即:比 较级和最高级。原来的形式称为原级。 如: long 原级 longer 比较级 longest 最高级

1.The black pen is very long. 黑色的钢笔很长。 2.The blue pen is longer than the black one. 蓝色的钢笔比黑色的长。 3.The red pen is the longest of the three. 红色的钢笔是三支中最长的。 五、形容词、副词比较级的用法 表示两者间的比较用比较级。其常见句式有: 1. “A + be +形容词比较级 + than + B” 意思为“A 比 B 更??一些” 。 如:This tree is taller than that one. 这棵树比那棵树高。 深圳比广州美丽。 注意: ① 在含有连词 than 的比较级中, 前后的比较对象必须是同一范畴, 即同类事物之间的比较。 ②在形容词比较级前面还可以用 much, even, still, a little 等来修饰。如: He is even older than before. 他比以前更老了。 今天比昨天冷一点儿。 西瓜比苹果大多了。 ③ very, quite 一般只能修饰原级,不能修饰比较级。 2. “become + 形容词比较级 + and + 形容词比较级”是“变得越来越??”的意思,and 连 接同一个形容词的比较级。 如:It becomes warmer and warmer when spring comes. 春天来了,天气变得越来越暖和了。 注:表示“越来越??”时,若比较级是“原级 + er”构成的,则常用“比较级 + and + 比较 级”形式;若比较级是“more + 原级”构成的,需用“more and more + 原级形式” 。 如:Our school is becoming more and more beautiful. 我们的学校变得越来越美丽。 3.在含有 or 的选择疑问句中,如果有两者供选择,前面的形容词要用比较级形式。
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如:Who is taller,Tim or Tom? 六、形容词、副词的最高级的用法

谁更高,Tim 还是 Tom?

形容词、副词的最高级形式主要用来表示三者或三者以上人或事物的比较,表示“最??”的 意思。句子中有表示范围的词或短语。如:of the three, in our class 等等。如: He is the tallest in our class. 他在我们班里是最高的。 七、注意:形容词最高级前一定要有定冠词 the,而副词最高级前则不需要。

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八、形容词、副词的比较级和最高级的构成规则 1.一般情况下,比较级在后面加-er,最高级在后面加-est; 如:small→smaller→smallest short→shorter→shortest 2.在重读闭音节(即:辅音+元音+辅音)中,先双写末尾的辅音字母,比较级加-er,最高级 加-est; 如:big→bigger→biggest hot→hotter→hottest 3.以不发音 e 结尾的单音节词,比较在原级后加-r,最高级在原级后加-st; 如:large→larger→largest nice→nicer→nicest 4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的双音节词, 把 y 改为 i,比较级加-er,最高级加-est; 如:easy→easier→easiest heavy→heavier→heaviest 5.多数多音节词,比较级在前面加 more,最高级在前面加 most; 如:beautiful→more beautiful→most beautiful different→more different→most different 6.有少数形容词、副词的比较级和最高级是不规则的,必须熟记。 如:good→better→best bad→worse→worst old→elder→eldest many/much→more→most little→less→least far →further/farther→ furthest/farthesr 一、填单词,完成句子(首字母已给出) 1. I didn’t e____________ very often. I was very w________. 2. Peter like to e____________. So he was very s__________ and f ________. 3. Candy is very thin. So she is very _________. She is only 32 k_______. 4. Look at these p_______ f_______ last year. I was fat. 5. Jim is very fat. So he is very h________. He is 185 c_________. 二、中译英 1. 健康的身体 __________________ 3. 不喜欢锻炼__________________ 5. 经常锻炼 __________________ 7. kg 的全称__________________ 9. 今年__________________ 2. 去年 __________________ 4. 多锻炼__________________ 6. 明年__________________ 8. cm 的全称__________________ 10. 喜欢锻炼__________________

三、写出下列形容词或副词的比较级和最高级 1.small 2.short 3.tall 4.young
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21.late 22.nice 23.large 24.heavy

5.long 6.strong 7.light 8.low 9.high 10.slow 11.fast 12.high 13.hard 14.cheap 15.bright 16.dark 17.cool 18.fat 19.big 20.thin 21.hot

25.early 26.easy 27.busy 28.slowly 29.pretty 30.funny 31.dirty 32.beautiful 33.interesting 34.expensive 35.important 36.different 37.excited 38.good/ well 39.bad/ill 40.far 3.old 41.many/much

四、根据句意填入单词的正确形式 1.My brother is two years _________ (old) than me. 2. Is your sister _________ (young) than you? Yes,she is. 3. Who is __________ (thin),you or Helen? Helen is. 4. Whose pencil-box is _________ (big),yours or hers? Hers is. 5.Ben jumps ________ (high) than some of the boys in his class. 6.Does Nancy sing __________ (well) than Helen? Yes, she does. 7.My eyes are __________(big) than hers. 8.Which is __________ (heavy),the elephant or the pig? 9.Who gets up ________ (early),Tim or Tom? 10.Do the girls get up_______(early) than the boys? No,they______. 11.Jim runs _____ (slow). But Ben runs _____(slow). 五、选择正确的词填空 Sarah is 12 years ________ (old,older).She is one year ________ (older,oldest) than me.But I am 0.1 meter ________ (taller, tallest) than her.She studies in Guangzhou interational Shool.She studies ________ (harder,hardest) in her class.Everyone likes her.
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Yesterday ,she was ill.She took some medicine and she feels ________ (good,better) now. 六、选择 ( )1. The yellow shoes are A.expensive ( )2. A cow is A.much ( )3. Who’s the A.thinner ( )4. Tim is B. thinest than Jack. C. funnier . than the blue ones.

B. expensiver C. more expensive bigger than a mouse. B.more C.many ,Jean,Joan or Jennet? C.thinnest

A. funny B. much funny

( )5. I’m taller than others in my class.I’m A.tall B.tallest C.the tallest Rose? C./

( )6. Who can sing better A.than ( )7. I have A.many B.then

books than you have. B.much C.more .

( )8. His uncle’s house is very A.old ( )9. My bike is A.new,new B.older C.oldest ,but his bike is B.new,newer

.

C.new,newest now.

( )10. Please clean your room. It’s A. clean B. dirty C. tidy

( )11. I am 137cm and Tom is 138cm. So I am _________ than Tom. A.taller B.slower C. shorter D.stronger

( )12. Now the air in our town is A. very good

than it used to be. Something must be done to stop it. C. rather bad earth D.the smallest D. even worse

B. much better

( )13. The moon is________ than the A.small B.smaller

C.smallest

( )14. The more exercise you do, the A.weaker B.healthier C.luckier

you will be. D.worse

( )15. Bob is _______ this year, he is last in the race. A. slow B. slowing C. slower D. slows

( )16. —These moon cakes are delicious. —Yes. But I think the ones with nuts are
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than that one.

A. delicious

B. more delicious

C. the most delicious as we do.

D. the delicious

( )17. I don’t think they can do as A.best

B.better C.good D.well as that one. It’s hard to read. C.easy D.easier in August.

( )18. This book isn’t so A.new B.difficult

( )19. In our city, it’s A.hotter; hottest

in July, but it is even B.hot; hot

C.hotter; hot D.hot; hotter as Michael Jordan? D.well

( )20. Do you think Yao Ming plays basketball as A.bad 七、翻译句子 1.谁比 Jim 年纪大?是你。 B.badly C.wonderful

________ is _________than Jim? ________ are ________ _________ than David? Gao Shan ________.

2.谁比 David 更强壮?是 Gao Shan.

3.谁的铅笔更长,他的还是她的?我想是她的。 _________ pencil is ________ ,______ or ________?________ is,I think. 4.Yang Ling 每天睡得比 Su Yang 晚。 Yang Ling ________ to _______ ________ than Su Yang every day. 5.你放风筝比王兵放得高吗?不,我比他放得低。 ____ you_______the kite _____than Wang Bing?No,I _____ it _____than _____ . 6.我的姐姐起得比我早。 My _____ _____ up _____than me. 8.英语和数学同样重要. English is 9.露西的个子比那个女孩高. Lucy is important math. the girl.

10.Haley 不能在 Ted 之前赶到终点线。 Haley did not _______ ______ the finish line ________ Ted. 11.Julia 今年比 Lily 矮,但她也比 lily 长的快和强壮。 Julia is _____________ than lily. She is also __________ and __________ than lily.

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