江西省红色六校 2014 届高三第一次联考英语试题
第一部分 听力(满分 30 分)
第一节 （共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. Where does the conversation take place? A. in a hotel . B. in the post office. C. in a shop. 2. How many blocks does the woman have to go by? A. three . B. five . C. two. 3. What is the man trying to do? A. use diet pills. B. lose 50 pounds. C. improve his health. 4. How will the man travel to London? A. by bus . B. by car . C. by train. 5. What does the man really mean? A. he has never gone hiking. B. he enjoys hiking very much. C. he enjoys his first exercise. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A，B，C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项， 并标在试卷的相应位置。 听每段对话前， 你将有时间阅读各个小题， 每小题 5 秒钟； 听完后，每小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 听下面一段对话，回答第 6 和第 7 题。 6.What is the relationship between the woman and the man? A. doctor and patient. B. father and mother . C. friends. 7. What does the woman suggest the man to do? A. not to have an injection. B. to do much running . C. to take two tablets of each of the medicine before every meal 听下面一段对话，回答第 8 至第 9 题。 8. Why does the man want to talk to Dr.Perkins on the phone? A. to discuss something with the doctor B. to ask Dr.Perkins to give a lecture C. to see him about his illness 9. What is the doctor doing at the moment? A. giving an operation. B. giving a lecture. C. having a meeting. 听下面一段对话，回答第 10 至第 12 题。 10.According to the weather report ,when would it start raining? A. in the afternoon B. At night C. In the morning 11. What did Paul forget to bring? A. raincoats. B. umbrellas. C. rain shoes. 12. Where did Sara leave the playing cards? A. next to the picnic table B. on the picnic table . C. under the picnic table. 听下面一段对话，回答第 13 至第 16 题。 13. Why does the woman feel sick?
A. she is too weak B. She is homesick C. the weather is changeable 14. What‘s the relationship between the speakers? A. husband and wife . B. guest and hotel manager . C. mother and son. 15. What does the woman think of the food here? A. too sweet . B. too hard. C. too salty. 16. What can be conclude from the conversation? A. the woman hates the life here. B. the woman does not like the people here. C. the woman has not got used to the life here. 听下面一段独白，回答第 17 至第 20 题。 17. What did Nicholas do at eighteen months? A. he began to learn French. B. he read the newspapers. C. he took telephone message. 18. Why was Nicholas bored and unhappy at the two schools? A. he had too much homework. B. he almost could not learn anything special. C. his teacher often corrected his spelling 19. Who offered to help Nicholas finally ? A. his classmates . B. his parents . C. a college. 20. What is Nicholas‘ life like now? A. busy without any social life . B. full but boring . C. busy at college and free at home. 第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分45分） 第一节：单项填空（共15小题；每小题1分，满分15分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项 21. Passed from father to son, the music has not changed for eight centuries，and among the richer Naxi people, ________ knowledge of this music showed that you were ________real gentleman. A. a; a B. the, 不填 C.不填;a D. the; the 22. We should educate children and young people about values to create a social atmosphere ______ promotes morality and harmony. A. who B. what C. where D. that 23. China's political advisors _______ increasing use of micro-blogging to get public opinions. A. make B. are making C. are made D. have made 24. By no means the illegal purchase of the Chinese Diaoyu Island of the Japanese government. A. we will give in B. we will give in to C. will we give in D. will we give in to 25. I love cooking and food, so it's very ________for me to share the foods I make with my friends, family and co-workers. A. natural B. awesome C. generous D. kind 26. Lisa was punished by her mother because she went out to play ____ her homework unfinished.
A. after B. before C. with D. of 27. A woman marries a man expecting him to change, but he doesn‘t. A man marries a woman expecting her not to change, but she ______ . A. does B. will C. has D. is 28. Research shows that humans ______ from selfish to unselfish behavior when they are watched. A. tell B. switch C. range D. distinguish 29.Single women usually stay away from marriage by their own choice, ______ single men are mostly victims of circumstances. A. for B. while C. and D. but 30. At first, I tried to ignore the ―dress-down‖ rule by simply _____ in my suit as usual. A. dressing up B. showing off C. turning up D. ending up 31. It‘s a custom in China to have some tea or other drinks before the meal ________ . A. serves B. served C. is served D. to be served 32. As the story______, the relationship between the strange figures is slowly discovered. A. begins B. happens C. ends D. develops 33. It was April 1, 2001 William and Kate had their first baby. A. that B. when C. since D. before 34. It sounds like something is wrong with the car‘s tyre. , we‘d better take it to the garage immediately. A. Otherwise B. If not C. But for that D. If so 35. I saw a woman _____ against the wall ____ tired and stressed and as though she'd been crying. A. leaned up; looked B. lean up; look C. leaning up；looking D. was leaning up; was looking 第二节 完形填空（共20小题；每小题1. 5分，满分30分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 36～55 各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中， 选出最佳选项。 My son starts school today. It's going to be 36 and new to him for a while. And I wish you would sort of treat him 37 . You see, 38 , he's been king of his own room. He's been 39 of the back yard. I have always been around to 40 his wounds, and to comfort his feelings. But now---things are going to be 41 . This morning, he is going to walk down the front steps, wave his hand and start on his great 42 that will probably include wars and tragedy and sorrow. To live his life in the world he has to live in 43 faith and love and courage. 44 I 45 you would sort of take him by his young hand and teach him that things he will have to know. Teach him, but gently, if you can. Teach him that for every scoundrel(恶棍) there is a hero; that for every dishonest politician, there is a 46 leader; that for every enemy there is a friend. Teach him the wonders of 47 . Give him quiet time to 48 the mystery of birds in the sky, bees in the sun, and flowers on the green hills. Teach him it is far more honorable to fail than to 49 . Teach him to 50 his own ideas, 51 everyone else tells him they are wrong. Teach him to sell his strength and brains to the highest bidder, but never to put a price on his 52 . Teach
him to close his ears to a howling mob(暴徒)... and to stand and 53 if he thinks he's right. Teach him gently, but don't 54 him, because only the 55 of fire makes fine steel. This is a big order, but see what you can do. He is such a nice little fellow. 36. A. interesting 37. A. carefully 38. A. in the past 39. A. boss 40. A. protect 41. A. tough 42. A. adventure 43. A. has to learn 44. A. However 45. A. order 46. A. determined 47. A. books 48. A. deal with 49. A. succeed 50. A. come up with 51. A. as if 52. A. heart and soul 53. A. argue 54. A. praise 55. A. heat B. frightening B. gently B. from now on B. child B. find. B. different B. study B. is full of B. So B. request B. satisfying B. school B. think over B. defeat B. put forward B. even if B. bad behaviour B. express B. spoil B. burn C. strange C. strictly C. up to now C. pupil C. prepare C. difficult C. march C. means C. And C. wish C. hardworking C. world C. talk about C. cheat C. be proud of C. in spite of C. expensive shoes C. help C. criticize C. test D. exciting D. slowly D. now and then D. caretaker. D. repair D. upset. D. research D. will require D. Or D. hope D. devoted D. friendship D. absorb in D. compete D. have faith in D. the moment D. high grades D. fight D. push D. exercise
第三部分：阅读理解（共20小题；每小题2分，满分40分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C和D）中，选出最佳选项。 A Many cities have subways and underground public transportation to take locals and tourists alike rapidly around the city．However, there‘s something different about riding a London subway．It may not look different, but the historical value of one of England‘s most popular forms of transportation is enough to make riding the subway a must when visiting London．With a little under 300 different stations, the subway can take you almost anywhere you need to go． Riding a London subway, a person from other countries will notice one major difference: in London, people do not look at each other．In fact, eye contact is avoided at all times．That‘s not rudeness― people are just too busy to bother looking． Busy doing what, you ask? Well, they‘re certainly not using the time for a moment of quiet thinking． Nor are they reading a book． New technology has replaced quiet habits． Today the only acceptable form of book on the London underground is an e-book． Apple must earn a fortune from London commuters（使用月票上下班者） ．Since the launch of the iPhone in 2007, over 40,000―yes, that‘s 40,000 ―apps‖ have been designed． Commuters love them because they are the perfect time-killers． One ―app‖, called iShoot, is a game that features tanks．Another one, Tube Exits, tells passengers where to sit on the train to be
closest to the exit of their destination．iSteam clouds the iPhone screen when you breathe into the microphone．You can then write in the ―steam‖ on your phone screen． For those without an iPhone, another Apple product, the iPod, may be the distraction（消遣） of choice． not just teenagers who ―plug in‖ to their music－iPods are a popular way to pass the It‘s time for all ages． And if games, e-books and music aren‘t enough to keep you occupied, then perhaps you would prefer a film? The development of palm DVD technology means many commuters watch their favorite TV shows or films on the way to work．With all these distractions, it‘s amazing that people still remember to get off the train． 56. People in London do not make eye contact on the subway because ______． A. they are going to work and have no time to communicate with each other B. they love reading books and do not want to be disturbed C. they feel sleepy because of getting up early D. they are busy playing games, reading e-books, listening to music or watching films 57. Those who want to save time to reach where they go can download ______ to their iPhones． A．iShoot B．Tube Exits C．iSteam D．iPod 58. The underlined word ―apps‖ in the fourth paragraph means ______． A. programs downloaded for the iPhone B. computer companies C. computers D. fortune from London commuters 59. The main idea of the passage is that ______． A. London commuters are unfriendly to strangers B. Apple has earned a lot of money from selling 40,000 apps C. technology is changing how London commuters spend their traveling time D. riding a London subway is a must when visiting London 60. Which word best describes the writer‘s attitude towards commuters‘ behaviors? A．for B．against C．neutral D．hateful B Fourteen – year – old Richie Hawley had spent five years studying violin at the Community School of Performing Arts in Los Angeles when he took part in a violin contest. Ninety two young people were invited to the contest and Hawley came out first． The contest could have been the perfect setup for fear, worrying about mistakes, and trying to impress the judges．But Hawley says he did pretty well in staying calm. ―I couldn‘t be thinking about how many mistakes I‘d make—it would distract me from playing,‖ he says．―I didn‘t even remember trying to impress people while I played． It‘s almost as if they weren‘t there． I just wanted to make music．‖ Hawley is a winner． But he didn‘t become a winner by concentrating on winning． He did it by concentrating on playing well． ―The important thing in the Olympic Games is not to win but to take part,‖ said the founder of the modern Olympics, Pierre de Coubertin．―The important thing in life is not the triumph but the struggle．The essential thing is not to have conquered but to have fought well．‖ A characteristic of high performers is their intense, pleasurable concentration on work, rather than on their competitors or future glory or money, says Dr．Charles Garfield, who has studied 1,500 achievers in business, science, sports, the arts, and professions．―They are interested in winning, but they‘re most interested in self-development, testing their limits．‖
One of the most surprising things about top performers is how many losses they‘ve had and how much they‘ve learned from each． ―Not one of the 1,500 I studied defined losing as failing,‖ Garfield says．―They kept calling their losses ?setbacks‘．‖ A healthy attitude toward setbacks is essential to winning, experts agree． ―The worst thing you can do if you‘ve had a setback is to let yourself get stuck in a prolonged depression． You should analyze carefully what went wrong, identify specific things you did right and give yourself credit for them．‖ Garfield believes that most people don‘t give themselves enough praise． He even suggests keeping a diary of all the positive things you‘ve done on the way to a goal． 61. Hawley won the contest because _______． A. he put all his mind to his performance B. he cared much about the judges‘ feelings C. he worried about making mistakes. D. he paid close attention to the people around 62. According to the passage, successful people concentrate on _______． A. defeating their opponents B. learning from others C. challenging their own limits D. avoiding setbacks 63. High performers is that they tend to give priority to _______． A. glory B. wealth C. pleasure D. work 64. The passage tells us that ―praise‖ in times of trouble _______． A. helps people deal with their disappointment B. makes people forget their setbacks C. makes people regret about their past D. helps people realize their goals 65. It can be learned from the passage that top performers are not _______． A. interested in winning B. free of losses C. accustomed to failures D. concerned about setbacks C Young children whose mothers talk with them more frequently and in more detail about people‘s thoughts and feelings tend to be better at taking another person‘s perspective（观点）than other children of the same age. That‘s what researchers from the University of Western Australia found in a new study published in the journal Child Development. ―Parents who frequently put themselves in someone else‘s shoes in conversations with their children make it more likely that their children will be able to do the same,‖ said lead author Brad Farrant. Researchers of the UWA‘s Telethon Institute for Child Health Research looked at the influence of how parents interact with their children to learn more about how people develop the ability to take another‘s perspective. The two-year study involved more than 120 Australian children aged between four and six, including children with typically developing language and others delayed in language acquisition （习得）. The children completed tasks which were designed to assess their language skills, ability to infer others‘ beliefs and use these to predict others‘ behavior, and their ability to shift flexibly between different perspectives. Among children with typically developing language, the researchers found that mothers who talked more often and in greater detail about people‘s thoughts and feelings — commenting on how another person might react to a particular situation as well as their own feelings about the
topic — had children with better language skills and better perspective-taking skills. Children with delayed language acquisition were also delayed in their development of perspective-taking skills. This displays the role played by language as children develop the ability to take another‘s perspective. ―Solving the many challenges that the world faces today requires us all to get better at taking the perspective of other people,‖ said Brad Farrant. 66. Which of the following is TRUE about the study? A. Over one hundred American children took part in it. B. All the children had delayed in language acquisition. C. The children in the study were around five years old. D. Mothers helped their children to complete the tasks. 67. According to the text, to help children gain better perspective-taking skills, parents should __________. A. give their children more chances to express themselves B. talk more with their children about people‘s feelings C. encourage their children to guess other people‘s thoughts D. spend more time playing with their children 68. In the last paragraph, Brad Farrant __________. A. stressed the importance of perspective-taking skills B. expressed his concern about the world‘s challenges C. showed how to take the perspective of other people D. explained why other people‘s opinions are important 69. According to the text, we can learn __________. A. parents should talk to their children frequently no matter how old their children are B. it was Brad Farrant who wrote the study in Child Development herself C. the only way to improve language skill is talking to children more often D. parents who are always thinking about others will help their children do the same way 70. Which have an effect on the development of children‘s perspective-taking skills? A. The surrounding environments. C. Personal characters. B. Mother‘s perspectives. D. Language skills. D Allen: I‘ve never been a big fan of the bears, especially the vacation show. On my last trip to Disneyland (1999) we passed it by, because we didn‘t want to spend the time on something we didn‘t really enjoy. If we‘d known it would be closed by our next visit. I‘m sure we would have watched it one more time. I was just making the point that it wasn‘t until Disney announced the closing that this feeling suddenly sprang (弹跳) up for the Country Bear show at Disneyland. But I think the idea of keeping some attractions open forever regardless of the number of visitors it gets is a mistake. We all have great memories of the Bears, but clearly very few kids today (or I should say families today) are making those same memories from this show. That may be a sad fact, but it‘s a fact. For whatever reason, the show doesn‘t pull in the numbers. Isn‘t it right to use the Country Bear space to bring in a more popular attraction so that more kids today
can make those magic memories of an attraction they like? Otherwise aren‘t we just telling kids today that they ―have to‖ make great memories of the Bears, when it‘s obvious that the kids themselves are not enjoying the Bears like we did? Roger: I am very disappointed that they have decided to retire the Country Bear Playhouse. I remember going to the show as a child, and still enjoyed it as a teenager, and now young adult. It is true that there aren‘t a lot of shows left at DL and with this one closing even less. Being at DL does require a lot of walking, and it is nice to have a few attractions that are a place to sit and enjoy a good show. I understand that DL has to develop, but there has to be some history to the Disneyland that Walt Disney first designed. There should be some parts of DL that just never go away, and this is one of them. By the time I have children it looks like there won‘t be any attractions that I can say I went to as a child at the rate they are going. Now the Bears are leaving. What I want to say is: stop trying to compete with everyone! DL is the best, because of attractions like the Country Bears. If DL insists on destroying all of its magic to make way for the latest, well, then it might as well be just another theme park. 71. Allen spoke mainly to get his point across that ________. A. the Bears will be missed B. we should tell kids today that they ―have to ‖ make great memories of the Bears C. the longtime attraction ought to make way for a future attraction D. people never care about what they have until all is lost 72. Which is the best choice to complete Roger‘s idea: ―The Country Bears have been a part of Disneyland for nearly 30 years, __________.‖ A. and I feel it is time to give our bears a good rest B. but anyway, the attraction has lost interest C. but I know that Disneyland will always be changing, and I accept that D. and I am sad that the Bears will be leaving 73. What news might get people talking about the problem of the Country Bears? A. The Country Bear Playhouse will be closed. B. There will be a new attraction for our guests at Disneyland. C. The number of visitors to the Country Bear Playhouse is falling. D. The Bears will retire because of old age and can‘t give shows any more 74. Which of the following is not in the same group as the other three? A. an attraction B. the latest magic C. the Bears D. a theme park
75. Where can this passage be found? A. In a Web discussion zone. B. In high school students‘ compositions. C. In a report on the popularity of the Country Bears
D. In a suggestion book.. 第四部分：写作（共两节，满分35分） 第一节：阅读表达 （共5小题，每小题2分，满分10分） 阅读下面短文，请根据短文后的要求进行答题。 （请注意问题后的字数要求） Good hobbies for children can bring much pleasure to them and their parents. Hobbies are defined as anything a person likes to do in the spare time. Some kids like swimming or playing some types of sports, or they may like quiet hobbies such as reading, art, music, cooking, or computer games. Good hobbies for kids can be any type of hobby that is beneficial to their overall growth, not to mention the self-esteem and skills they build, which will help them later in life. Good hobbies for kids today are as varied and creative as imagination. For busy working parents, finding the right hobbies for their children can be lengthy job. Don‘t fear. Here are some simple tips to help in finding good hobbies for kids. When you are selecting good hobbies for kids, one of the important things to remember is not to ;otherwise they may quit before they really try them. My daughter joined a sport th in the 6 grade. I felt it was a good healthy hobby, but I didn‘t push her to it too hard. I just let her try it herself, and now it has turned out to be a good thing for her self-esteem and mental ability. Also some good hobbies for kids are age-appropriate, which can be very good for developing specific areas your child may need help in. For example, some musical instruments are age-specific. Older children who can read would enjoy the guitar, while younger ones will enjoy playing the toy drums while singing. Finally, the most important is to get to know your kids before helping them to develop good hobbies. Don‘t just follow the steps of other parents because every kids is different. Good hobbies for one child may not be good for another. 76. What is the best title for the passage? ( no more than 8 words) 77. What hobbies can be called good hobbies for kids?(no more than 12 words) 78. Fill in the blank in the Paragraph 3 with proper words to complete the sentence. (no more than 6 words.) 79. Why is it important to get to know your kids before helping them to develop good hobbies?( no more than 11 words) 80. What does the underlined word ―them‖ (line 2, paragraph3) probably refer to? (no more than 3 words)
第二节.书面表达(满分 25 分)
目前，很多人对―九零后‖抱有偏见。你打算以―Post-90‘s Generation‖为题，用第一人称 给《二十一世纪英文报》写一篇文章，内容包括： ―九零后‖的缺点： １．依赖性强 ２．自私，以自我为中心 ３．贪图过舒适的生活等 ―九零后‖的优点： １．渴望了解周围的世界 ２．思想独立 ３．有很多新观念等 你自己的感受
注意： １．必须包括表格中的所有内容； ２．为了使文章通顺完整，可以适当增加内容；３．词数 120 左右。
听力材料 Text 1 M: May I use the phone in my room for long-distance calls? W: Well, we prefer our customers to use our public phone in the hall for long-distance calls> M: Thanks a lot. Text 2 W: Excuse me. I‘m trying to get to the Trade Union. M: Sure. Just go down here to the corner and turn left. Then go straight for three blocks and turn left at the tower. It‘s two blocks from there. Text 3 W: Have you lost any weight yet? M: No, but I feel a lot better. W: I have a friend who lost 50 pounds in four months using diet pills. M: That‘s so dangerous. I‘m trying to improve my health by a balanced diet. Text 4 W: W e drove to London last weekend. M: Really? I‘m going there the day after tomorrow. W: Oh, yeah? Are you going by coach? M: It‘s the best way. There‘s a fast train but it‘s too expensive for me. Text 5 W: Do you ever go hiking? M: Funny you should ask. Last Sunday, Beth and I decided to go hiking in the mountains near our house just for a change. W: How was it? M: Wonderful. As a matter of fact, we can‘t wait to go again this weekend. Text 6 W: What‘s you trouble, young man? M: I‘ve got a bad headache, and my nose is running. W: Let‘s take your temperature. It‘s a little bit high. Open you mouth and say ―Ah‖. M: Ah. W: You‘ve got a cold. I‘ll prescribe some medicine for you, and you need an injection, and plenty of water and sleep as well. Take two tablets of each of these before every meal. M: Ok. Thanks. Text 7 W: Good afternoon! Dr. Perkins‘ office. M: Good afternoon1 I‘d like to speak to the doctor. Is he in? W: Who is this calling, please? M: My name is Li Hong. I‘m from China. W: I‘m sorry. Dr. Perkins is now at an important meeting and can‘t answer your call.
M: I‘m an exchange scholar. Dr. Perkins asked me to give a lecture. There are some details I want to discuss with him. W: I see, but you must speak to himself about that. Oh, well, if you leave your number, I‘ll tell him to ring you as soon as he is available. M: Thanks. My number is 7838298. Text 8 M: Sara, I‘ve been looking forward to our yearly camping for three weeks. It‘s going to be a wonderful day for going out tomorrow. The great outdoors camping under the stars. This is life. W: Yeah, but Paul, I‘m a little bit worried about the weather, though. The weatherman said it was going to rain later tonight. M: Ah. Nothing can spoil our plan. Those weather reports are never right. W: And it said there was a chance of high winds. M: Ah. Don‘t worry. W: Oh. It‘s raining. Paul. Did you remember to bring our raincoats just in case, like I told you? M: Uh… no. I left them at home. We‘ll have to sleep in the car! Hurry! Get in! W; So, Paul, what are we going to do now? M: How about playing a card game? W: Uhh. I left the cards next to the picnic table.[Hmmm] Hey, you don‘t want me to go out in this rain and get them, do you? M: No. That‘s okay. Text 9 M: How do you find it here, Miss Wellows? W: Well, people here are friendly, which makes me feel very happy. But there is a problem. M: Could you tell me what it is? W: Oh, I find the weather here is not pleasant. In the past few weeks, the weather has been changeable. No matter what I put on, I‘m never dressed properly for the day. I believe that is the reason why I‘m often sick. M: Many new comers have the same trouble. It takes a while to get used to it. W: I know. It‘s only for a period of time, but I find it hard to go through. M: How about the food here? W: Well, the food is OK. But it is very different from that in my hometown, because most of the dishes are made with sugar. M: That‘s right. Maybe after a while, you‘ll like the food here. W: Maybe others will, but it is hard for me to get used to it. M: Well, if so, we will ask the cooks here to prepare some special food for you according to your taste. W: Thanks a lot. Text 10 Good morning and welcome to the BBC news special. Have you ever heard of a four-year-old college student? But this is true of Nicholas MacMahon, who is now studying at college because he is too clever for school. Nicholas spoke well before he was one. At eighteen months he took telephone messages for his parents. At two he began to learn French. The strange thing about Nicholas is that he taught
himself to read before he could speak. His parents knew immediately that he could read. When he could speak, he corrected his spelling. He tried two different schools, but he was bored and unhappy and his parents decided that he couldn‘t stay there. His parents did not have enough time to prepare special lessons for Nicholas. The MacMahons had no idea what to do with him. Then the West London Institute offered to help. Nicholas spends some of his time there, and also studies at home. He reads newspaper every day, and he can play the violin well. He doesn‘t have any social life in the school. Nicholas is a clever child and the teachers want to help him in every way.