1．upset adj. 心烦意乱的；不安的，不适的 vt. 使不安；使心烦，打乱(upset; upset) be upset about 对??感到心烦 It upsets sb. that 让某人心烦的是??
It upsets sb. to do sth. 做??使某人不快
upset the plan 搅乱了计划
(1)I ______ am upset ______ about ______ the bad
我对那则坏消息感到心烦意乱。 (2)It ______ upset ______ her that he had left without saying goodbye. 他的不辞而别让她心情沮丧。 (3)If the rain keeps falling, it will upset ______ the whole
plan. 如果继续下雨 ，这将会打乱我们的整个计
2. ignore vt. 忽视，不顾，不理睬 ■运用：根据汉语意思完成句子。 (1)我的忠告完全被忽视了。 was completely __________. ignored My advice ________ (2)我向她打招呼, 可她根本不理我! ignored me I said hello to her, but she ____________ completely!
派生：ignorance n.无知 ignorant adj.无知的 be ignorant of/about sth.＝be in ignorance of sth.不知道某事 用ignore的适当形式填空。 ignorance leads to (1)It is a pity that their ___________ their tragic life. in of farm life.＝He is ___ (2)He is ignorant ______ ______ ignorance of farm life.他对农庄生活 _________ ______ 一无所知。
3. calm adj. 冷静的,平静的 vt. 使平静, vi.镇静 搭配：calm (…) down (使)平静下来，(使)镇静 下来 ■运用：根据汉语意思完成句子。 keep /stay calm even in face of (1)You should _______________ danger即使面临危险，你也应当保持镇静。
(2)I told myself to ____________ calm down . 我告诫自己要冷静下来。
(3)He is terribly excited. We must try to calm him down _________________. 他激动得厉害，我们必须想法使他平静下 来。
calm/quiet/still/silent 都与“静”有关，但它们 所描述的物体、场合是不同的。 (1)calm常指“天气平静，无风；海无浪；镇定， 无忧虑；镇定自若”，强调外表的平静。 (2)quiet表示“静止的；宁静的；不激动，没有烦 恼、忧虑的”，强调没有干扰，没有兴奋活动或 闹声的“宁静”或“心神安逸”。 (3)still表示“静止不动的/地”“平静的/地”，突 出不发出动作。 (4)silent表示“声音极小的，沉默的，寡言的”。
[应用1] (1)Ask the children to make less quiet noise and keep ______. (2)Although she was frightened, she calm voice. answered in a ______ silent ， thoughtful boy. (3)John is a ______ (4)Please stand ______ while I am ready still
to take the photograph.
4.concern n. ① a feeling of worry /something that worries you [u. c.] In her last days the poet expressed/showed concern for her father. 担忧 One of the concerns that people have is the side effects of treatment. 关心的问题
n. ② [u.c.] something that is important to you or that involves you The money side of the business is your concern. 责任 His affairs were none of my concern. 和……有关的事情
vt.1 be about : 这个报告有关近年来中国经济的发展。 The report concerns the development of economy in China in recent years. 2 make someone worried or upset: 他的健康状况令我非常担忧。 His health concerns me a lot. 3 sth. affects you or involves you: 他告诉他们不要牵扯进这件事情去。 He told them not to concern themselves with the matter.
concerned 1. [not before noun] involved in something or affected by it: Divorce is very painful, especially when children are concerned. 我们和所有相关的人在努力制定一个合同。 We are trying to reach an agreement with all concerned. 2. be concerned with /in 没有证据证明他和这起谋杀案有关。 There was no evidence that he was concerned in the murder.
3. worried about something be concerned about/for/over/that 他给警察打了电话，因为他很担心她的安危。 He called the police because he was concerned for her safety. as far as … is concerned 就我而言，你完全可以忘记这件事。 As far as I'm concerned, you can forget about it.
concerning = about or relating to: calls from young children concerning lost pets
express/show concern for
none of one’s concern sth. concern sb. concern oneself with be concerned with /in be concerned about/for/over/that as far as … is concerned
这些问题影响到了我们每一个人。 These problems concerned every one of us _______________________________. 我们必须关心留守儿童. be concerned about We should _______________________ the leftover children. 她很为你担心。 concern about you. She showed great__________________ 就我而言，学校生活很有趣。 As far as I am concerned ________________________________, school life is enjoyable
Don't concern yourself with others’ affairs.
I always concern myself about my son's future. 他不关心那些与他无关的事。
He doesn't bother about things that don't concern him. 关于你的信，我乐于奉告你所感兴趣的东西。 Concerning your letter, I'm pleased to inform you of what you are interested in.
5．series n. 系列；连续 a series of exams 一连串的考试 a TV series 一部电视连续剧 注意：(1)series 属于单复数同形的单词，类似的
单词还有 means, species, works(工厂)，deer,
fish, sheep 等。
(2)“a series of＋复数名词”做主语时，谓语动词 做主语时，谓语动词用复数。
用单数，但“these/those series of＋复数名词”
(1)Then began ______ ______ a series
of ______ wet days that spoiled our vacation. 之后就是一连串的下雨天 ， 把我们的假期弄 得一团糟。 was a series of car accidents at (2)There ______ the crossing this morning.今天早晨在十字
6．settle vi. 安家；定居；停留 vt. 使定居；安 排；解决 settle in/into (使)适应(新的家、工作、环境等)， 习惯于；安顿下来 settle down 安居下来；定居， settle down to n．/v.－ing
get down to n．/v.－ing开始认真做……，专心
settle a dispute/an argument 解决争端
settled in [即学即练5] (1)She ____________ the city after her father's death.父亲去世后 她就在城市里定居了。
their quarrel in a friendly (2)They settled __________________ way.
settle down to (3)Let's __________________ the work.我
派生：settler n.移民，殖民者 settled adj.固定的 settlement n.定居地 用settle的适当形式填空。 settle (1)My parents finally decided to _________ down rather than move about and they wanted to make our________________ in America. settlement
(2)We felt so confident and released, because our life is _________ settled now.
(3)It is said that the first _______(settle) of settlers this country are prisoners.
7．suffer vt.& vi. 遭受；忍受；经历
( 感到疼痛 ) suffering (1)The patient is still __________. suffered a defeat (2)The football team__________
遭受, 经历 yesterday. (__________) suffer (3) I will not __________ such conduct. 容忍 (__________) suffer (4) I can not __________ you to be idle. 容忍 (__________)
suffering n. (身体、精神上的)痛苦，苦恼、苦难 的经历 suffer pain/a loss/a defeat/a punishment/a hardship 遭受痛苦/损失/失败/惩罚/艰难 suffer from （headache）受……折磨，受……
[即学即练] (1)They _____________ suffered a great loss in the earthquake.在地震中他们蒙受了巨 大损失。 suffer this rudeness no longer. (2)I'll _________
我再也不能忍受这种粗鲁了。 suffering from a bad cold.他正患重感冒。 (3)He's ____________ (4)Wars caused ___________ to this country. 战争给这个国家带来了苦难。 sufferings
8. recover vi. & vt. 痊愈；恢复；重新获得 搭配：熟记下列搭配。 (1) recover from从??中恢复过来 (2) recover oneself使自己恢复到正常状态
(3) recover one’s balance/health/senses恢复 (身体)平衡
■运用：据汉语意思完成英文句子。 (1)这个年轻人手术后很快就康复了。 That young man ________________ after the recovered soon operation. (2)学生们还没有从震惊中恢复过来。 The students have not yet ______________ recovered from __________________. the shock (3)我一定要努力学习来补上失去的时间。 I must study hard to___________________. recover the lost time
★联想： recovery n. 恢复；复苏 cover v. 覆盖；掩盖；走过 uncover vt. 揭发；暴露 discover vt. 发现
9. exactly -----‘We need a drink.’ -----‘Exactly! Let's have one.’ “我们应该喝酒。”“说得对！让我们来喝一 杯。” -----'And you refused?' -----'Well, not exactly. I couldn't say yes.' “那么你拒绝了？”——“嗯，不完全是，但是 我没法答应。” This was not exactly what I wanted to hear... 这根本不是我想听到的。 Sailing is not exactly cheap. 帆船运动根本就不便宜。
I am most grateful for your selfless donation.
I felt grateful to you from the bottom of my heart.我衷心地感谢你。 We are grateful to them for coming to our support.我们很感谢他们来给我们以支持。 n. gratitude gratefulness I am writing to extend my sincere gratitude for what you’ve done for us. My true gratitude is beyond any word’s description.任何语言都不能表达我的真挚谢意
1. add up
? On day, Tom was having breakfast at a restaurant. He saw his best friend Jim 增加了 coming. He said: “Your arrival adds to my pleasure. Let’s have breakfast together”. Jim 把…加到 … agreed. And then Jim asked the waiter to add some sugar to his coffee so that it tasted more delicious. After they finished, Tom asked the waiter to add up the bill. The 合计、把…加起来 bills added up to 100 Yuan.
add up 把加起来 add up to 总计共达 add to = increase 增加 add A to B 把A加 到B上 运用：用以上的短语填空。 Add up (1) ____________all the numbers and you will see how much you owe me. (2) All the numbers _____________ added up to exactly 900. (3) The bad weather only __________our added to difficulties. (4) Don’t ________ add fuel ______ to the flames.
2. go through (1)We went through hardships while working 经历；经受 on this project.________________ (2)The teacher has gone through all the 仔细检查 papers of the students. ____________ (3)He has the habit of going through morning 浏览，翻阅 papers after getting up.________________ (4)It took us three days to go through the forest.____________ 通过，穿过 用完 (5)I've gone through my ink.______________
go through ＝experience 经历，经受
＝examine carefully 仔细检查
＝look through 浏览，翻阅 ＝pass (through) 通过，经过
＝be used up 用完
运用：用go through完成句子。 (1)这个国家经历了太多的战争。 The country has gone through too many wars _________________________________. (2)他一生中经受过多次严峻的(severe)考验。 He has ______________________________ gone through many a severe test during his lifetime.
那可怜的女孩自从父母过世后历经了许 多苦难。 ①The poor girl has gone through such a lot since her parents died. 戴维翻遍了他的衣袋找钥匙。 ②Dave went through his pockets looking for the keys. 我每天总是先看电子邮件。 ③I always start the day by going through my email.
昨晚我仔细阅读了学生的论文。 ④I went through the students’ papers last night. 计划得到了批准。 ⑤The plan has gone through.
3. set down放下，记下(=write/get/put down) (1)He set down the bag and rested for a while. 放下
记下 (2)I have set down everything that happened. （3）The prices are set down by the local 制定 government. （4）This I set down as positive. 认为 （5) He set down to work half an hour after supper. 开始
set down (1)＝write down 写下，记下
(2)＝put down 放下，搁下
(3)制定 (4)＝explain or describe to oneself
(5)get down to开始
(1)为什么你不把你的想法写在纸上呢？ Why don't you set your ideas down on paper? (2)把那沉重的袋子放下，休息一会儿。 Set that heavy bag down to have a rest.
Please set me down at the next corner.
I set the man down as a salesman.
4. be/get tired of 对??厌烦
比较：be tired from因??累了/疲劳 同义：be fed up with对??感到厌烦
be bored with对??极其厌倦
运用：完成句子 (1)我厌倦了国外生活。 I’m tired _______________ abroad. of living (2)老做这样的事情，他们已经很厌烦。 got tired of They have _______________doing such things. (3)长时间地搭乘飞机您一定累了，今天就请 好好休息吧。 You must ________________the long flight. be tired from Please take a rest today.
5. get along/on with 与??相处；进展
运用：用该短语翻译下列句子。 (1)我和同学相处融洽。 on/along well with my classmates. I get _____________________ (2)我们觉得与他相处很容易。 We found it easy_________________________. to get on/along with him (3)你英语学得怎么样了？ How are you _______________________your getting on/along with English study?
6. fall in love with爱上(动作，不可与时间段 连用) be in love with相爱(状态，可与时间段连用) 运用 请将下列句子译成英文 (1)我爱上了他。 I’ve _____________________ fallen in love with him. (2)他们相爱三年了。 They have __________________each other for been in love with three years.
7. in order to (do)为了(可位于句首) in order that (＋从句)为了(可位于句首) so as to (do) 为了 (不能位于句首) so that (＋从句)为了，结果(不能位于句首)
提示: (1)in order to 的否定式为in order not to do；so as to的否定式是so as not to；(2)in order that和so that引导目的状语从句时，从句中常 有can/could/may/might/will/would等情态动词； so that引导结果状语从句时，其前面常有逗号。
运用：根据汉语意思完成句子。 (1)他很早到学校为的是在上课前清洁教室。 He came to school early___________________ in order that he could _______________________________________ /so that he could/ in order to /so as to clean the classroom before class. (2)为了天黑前到达，我们早早地动了身。 ___________________________________arriv In order that we could /In order to e before dark, we started early
(3)为了不增肥他在节食。 in order not to /so as not to He is on a diet ___________________________ gain pounds.
(4)他学习非常努力，因此，这次比赛他得了 第一名。 He studied very hard, __________ so that he came first in the contest.
8. join in 参加(正在进行的)某项活动 join sb. in sth. 和某人一起(进行活动) join (the Party/army) 参加某个组织
运用：用join, join in完成句子。 (1)Mary started singing, and we all __________. join in join (2) I'll persuade him to __________ our club. (3)He __________ joined us in the discussion yesterday.
join in/take part in/attend (1)join in指参加正在进行着的活动，如游戏、讨 论、辩论、谈话等。
(2)take part in指参加会议或群众性活动，并在其 中发挥一定的作用。part 前若有修饰语，要加 不定冠词。
(3)attend正式用语，指参加会议、仪式、婚礼、 上课、上学、听报告等，重在强调“参与”的动 作，不强调参加者的作用。
(1)Would you ______ join us ______ in the
(2)All the students
______________________ took an active part in school activities. attending the (3)There are many people __________ meeting. joined the army last year. (4)My brother ______
It upsets me that nowadays my deskmate ignores me on purpose and we are not good friends any longer
? 2我与我班一个女孩相处得很好，他以为我 们在谈恋爱，
I am getting along well with a girl in my class ?and he thinks that we have fallen in love.
He even set down a series of facts that we often stay together doing our homework , which made me begin to get tired of him.
5就我而言， 我不想失去一个好朋友， As far as I am concerned, I don’t want to lose a good friend.
6为了不再承受失去他的痛苦，昨天黄昏时刻 我不得不和他在户外进行了一次面对面的谈 话。 In order not to suffer the loss of him, I had got to talk with him face to face at dusk yesterday.
Tough I disagree with what he had said, I was grateful to him for his honesty.
? 幸运的是，我们都意识到了我们是在关心彼 此 Fortunately, we both realize that we were concerned about each other
最后我们解决了这个问题，重新获得了友谊。 Finally, we settled the matter and recovered friendship.
Bear them in your mind!
It upsets me that nowadays my deskmate ignores me on purpose and we are not good friends any longer. I am getting along well with a girl in my class and he thinks that we have fallen in love. He even set down a series of facts that we often do homework together, which made me begin to get tired of him. ? As far as I am concerned, I don’t want to lose a good friend. In order not to suffer from the loss of him, I had got to talk with him face to face at dusk yesterday. Tough I disagree with what he had said, I was grateful to him for his honesty. ? Fortunately, we both realize that we were concerned about each other. Finally, we settled the matter and recovered friendship.