太原五中 2014—2015 学年度第二学期阶段检测
第一部分 听力(共两节) 第一节：听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出 最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. Where is the man going? A. Lucky Street. B. Michigan Avenue. C. California Street. 2. What does the woman mean? A. Jeremy and she always eat meat for dinner. B. Jeremy always gets the opposite of what she orders. C. She usually has salad instead of steak. 3. What can we learn about the hat? A. The man doesn’t wear it very often. B. It was a Christmas present from the man’s grandfather. C. It was bought thirteen years ago. 4. Why is the woman upset? A. Because the man isn’t following her directions. B. Because the man is driving unsafely. C. Because the man won’t let her drive the car. 5. What did the woman want Eric to do? A. Give her a ticket to the game. B. Watch a basketball game on TV with her. C. Sell her a basketball ticket. 第二节：听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三 个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各 个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. What is wrong with Randle? A. He refuses to go to the bathroom. B. He is being violent with other dogs. C. He isn’t interested in playing at the park. 7. What is the woman’s suggestion? A. Be patient with Randle. B. Take Randle to see the vet. C. Read about some solutions online. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. What can we get about the man from the conversation? A. He is a big fan of baseball. B. He only watches the World Series. C. He doesn’t care about baseball at all. 9. What is the man’s attitude during the conversation? A. Interested and excited. B. Frustrated and annoyed. C. Confused and angry.
10. What is true about the man’s favorite childhood team? A. They play in a different city now. B. They never make it to the playoffs. C. They won a championship when the man was little. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. What are the speakers mainly talking about? A. The price of new cars. B. How to shop for a new car. C. What kind of car would suit the man’s needs. 12. What is most important to Freddie? A. Saving money. B. Being safe. C. Looking good. 13. What will the man probably do in the end? A. Buy a used sports car. B. Buy a new car with good gas mileage. C. Buy the woman’s SUV. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 17 题。 14. Where does the conversation probably take place? A. At a coffee shop. B. At a police station. C. At a crime scene. 15. How did Mr. Parker see what happened? A. He walked by on his way home from work. B. He drove by on his way to work. C. He was in that neighborhood during his lunch break. 16. According to Mr. Parker, what was the thief wearing? A. A brown jacket and blue jeans. B. A black shirt and a white baseball hat. C. A black jacket and white shoes. 17. How tall and heavy was the thief? A. Over six feet tall and over two hundred pounds. B. Over six feet tall and under two hundred pounds. C. Under six feet tall and over two hundred pounds. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 18 至 20 题。 18. Who is the man? A. The head flight attendant. B. The co-pilot. C. The captain. 19. When will the passengers arrive? A. Five minutes ahead of schedule. B. Fifteen minutes ahead of schedule. C. Ten minutes ahead of schedule. 20. How can people find out which movies are being shown? A. By looking in a magazine. B. By waiting for the man’s announcement. C. By looking in the pocket on the side of their seats. 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 60 分） 第一节 （共 15 题；每小题 3 分，满分 45 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项。 A 2015, the time has come for more creative China tours to be made, Shanghai Disney opens, more high-speed rail options. Insisting on high-quality services, we are proud to present our ever best-selling China tour packages, tour themes and the next popular destinations. Check out the optional activities and information making our Smart Travelers’ trips outstanding. China Highlights’ most popular private tour. Our private guide, driver and car are available all
times. You take the trip, we take the stress. Day 1-2 In Beijing Take a break on your arrival. Enjoy local people’s morning exercise at the Temple of Heaven before visiting the Great Wall, and then have a lifetime experience of visiting the Mutianyu section of the Great Wall on Day 2. Day 3-4 In Xi’an Still in Beijing in the daytime of Day 3. Visit the Forbidden City and the Tian’anmen Square to feel royal life in ancient China. After that pay a visit to hutongs which give full flavor of authentic experience. Catch a flight at night to Xi’an. Private guide and driver escort you to visit the highlights of Xi’an on Day 4. Day 5-7 In Guilin/Yangshuo Continue to see Xi’an and have more interacts with the local. Visiting a family in Xi’an and learning how to make different shapes of dumplings give you an unforgettable time. Take a plane at night and arrive at Guilin on Day 5. Get on board to enjoy essence of Guilin, the Li River cruise to Yangshuo. Cycle to villages and meet friendly local people and learn more about Chinese agriculture. Day 8-10 In Shanghai Private transfer from Yangshuo to Guilin airport. Shanghai guide and driver are waiting for you with smiling faces. Highlights of the city on Day 9 show you the future of China as the end of the trip. You have free time on the last day before taking an international flight. Just let us know your travel style! We will then adapt this tour and create a unique quote based on your individual needs. For more information, please click here: http://www.chinahighlights.com/tour/. 21. How many night flights will the tourists take during this trip? A. One. B. Two. C. Three. D. None. 22. If a tourist is interested in Chinese food, which place will impress him/her most? A. Beijing. B. Guilin. C. Xi’an. D. Shanghai. 23. Where can you find this passage? A. In the newspaper. B. In a report. C. In a textbook D. On the Internet. B On the eve of our daughters’ weddings, I gave both of them what I considered to be excellent marital advice: never leave your husband unsupervised (无人监督的) with pruning shears (修枝剪). If only I had taken my own advice. I recently let my guard down. Thirty-some years of marriage can do that to a woman. Give a man pruning shears and electric trimmers (电动修剪器) and he will give new meaning to “armed and dangerous.” One day earlier this year, my husband said that the crab apple tree was dead. “Why do you think it is dead?” I asked. “Look at it. There’s not a leaf on it.” “There’s not a leaf on anything. It’s March,” I said. “It looked sick last fall and with this bitter winter we had, I’m convinced it’s dead.” The truth is he’s never liked the crab apple. Sure, it has beautiful blooms in the spring, but then it gets a disease, the leaves curl, and it drops those little apples that sit on the driveway. Each passing week he pronounced the tree dead. Eventually I began to believe him. Though he agreed it would be a regrettable loss, there was a twinkle in his eye. He armed himself a couple of
weeks ago and began trimming. A branch here, a branch there, a small limb, then a large limb. I watched and then decided to check the wood on some of the branches closer to the trunk. I broke one off and saw green. The crab apple was not dead. It just hadn’t had time to leaf out. The tree was now falling to one side, but it was not dead. I would have told him so, but he had moved on to a maple. Once the man starts, he can’t stop. One trim leads to another. “Please, stop!” I called. He smiled and nodded, but he couldn’t hear because he had started the hedge (树篱) trimmers and was getting ready to fix a line of hedges. Zip (飕飕声), zip, zip. “What do you think?” he shouted. “It’s supposed to be a privacy hedge; now all that will be private are our ankles.” He started the trimmers again. “Stop!” I called, “Come back!” “Why?” he shouted. “You’re in the neighbor’s yard.” 24. By saying “if only I had taken my own advice.” the author means that _____. A. she should have kept a closer watch on her husband B. she feels regretful about her marriage after many years C. she didn’t follow her own advice about pruning shears D. she shouldn’t have given that marital advice to her daughters 25. We can learn from the article that the author’s husband ______. A. has a great talent for gardening B. had never used pruning shears before C. mistook their crab apple tree for a maple tree D. nearly ruined their neighbor’s garden 26. What does the article mainly talk about? A. Why husbands shouldn’t be left to trim trees alone. B. Why the author’s husband insisted on trimming their crab apple tree. C. How the author has survived her “thirty-some” years of marriage. D. How the author’s husband killed their crab apple tree. 27. What is the tone of the article? A. Anxious. B. Humorous. C. Serious. D. Critical. C More than 2.25 billion cups of coffee are consumed across the globe each day, and it’s likely that many taste bitter. Now, a new study suggests that coffee fans can make their drink taste sweeter by simply changing the colour of their cups. Scientists claim that blue and glass mugs, which are popular in some coffee shops, can reduce coffee’s bitterness, without any need for sugar, and that coffee drunk from white cups tastes the bitterest. To prove their claims, the researchers invited 36 volunteers and used three different colored cups -- blue, white and transparent glass -- to do an experiment. In the experiment, coffee consumed from the white cup was found to taste less sweet when compared to the other two colored cups, while the blue cup made the coffee taste the sweetest.
The scientists believe that the colour brown may be associated with coffee’s bitterness because coffee in a white cup appears the brownest and tastes the bitterest. “Our study clearly shows that the colour of a coffee cup does influence the perceived (感受到 的) taste and flavor of coffee,” said Dr George Doorn of Federation University Australia, “but the potential effects may be different between a one-time purchase and a return customer.” “Anyhow, the effect of the colour of the cup on the flavor of the coffee suggests that café owners, baristas (服务员), as well as coffee cup manufacturers should carefully consider the colour of their cups, ” he added. However, the idea that colour can alter the taste of food and drink is not new. A study published last year revealed that red, strawberry-flavored mousse (慕斯蛋糕) served on a white plate was rated as 10 percent sweeter and 15 percent more flavorous than the same food presented on a black plate. 28. What color of the cup can best reduce coffee’s bitterness without adding sugar? A. Blue. B. Brown. C. White. D. Transparent. 29. The scientists used ________ to do the experiment to prove their claims. ① different brands of coffee ② different colored coffee cups ③ several volunteers ④ several manufactures A. ① ② B. ② ③ C. ② ④ D. ③ ④ 30. Why does coffee in white cups taste the least sweet? A. Because white cups are not as beautiful as other cups. B. Because white cups are better used to serve cakes. C. Because white cups reduce the sugar in them. D. Because white cups make coffee appear the brownest. 31. According to the article, which of the following statements is TRUE? A. Black plates increase the sweetness of food and drink. B. Strawberry-flavored mousse is 10 percent sweeter than coffee. C. People consume more than 2.5 billion cups of coffee across the globe every year. D. People can make coffee taste sweeter by changing the color of their coffee cups. D It’s the dieting fashion that is sweeping the world, and encourages fasting (禁食) for two days of the week. But does it work? People are starving themselves to lose weight, with a dieting trend known as the “fast diet” growing in popularity. The method is also known as the 5:2 diet, and consists of eating normally for five days of a week and cutting calories to about 25 percent of normal intake during other two days. Men consume just 600 calories on the two fast days, while women are limited to 500 calories. Notably, the two fasting days should not be back-to-back. The dieter should have at least one normal eating day in between. In the best-selling book The Fast Diet: Lose Weight, Stay Healthy, and Live Longer with the Simple Secret of Intermittent (断断续续的) Fasting by Dr. Michael Mosley and Mimi Spencer, the two authors claim that the 5:2 diet not only promotes weight loss, but also benefits health, offering protection from disease, improved cognitive (认知的) function and increased lifespan. The diet originated in the United Kingdom and became popular in the United States. Now, it is gaining popularity among the Chinese middle-class.
Zhong Minghui, who is 178 cm tall and used to weigh 100 kilograms, finds fasting effective in weight control. He works in the sales department of a trade company and used to drink and eat a lot after work. After sticking to the fasting diet for five months, he managed to lose about 20 kilograms. “Actually I did not exactly rely on the 5:2 diet to lose weight. My fasting was more extreme. I almost completely cut off my supper every day and only ate some fruit. I also used an app to calculate the calories in the food I ate and was cautious of not eating any high-calorie food. I did about an hour’s aerobic exercise (有氧运动) every day. Fasting is definitely effective, but I think sports also help,” he says. “I do not really believe that fasting is the magical cure-all (灵丹妙药), but my high blood sugar has improved,” he adds. The US Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics says that although there is evidence that intermittent fasting diets may help prevent chronic disease, more research is needed. Han Ting, a clinic nutritionist of Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital, says that people who suffer diabetes (糖尿病) or eating disorders, pregnant women, kids, teens and frail seniors should not try fasting. She recommends a regular low-calorie diet, which is safer and less risky for health. When on a fasting diet, on the weekly fasting days, Han recommends low-fat, low-sugar, and low-protein food, such as vegetables, yogurt, non-fat milk, shellfish and fruits with high dietary fiber (食用纤维). 32. What does the underlined word “back-to-back” in paragraph 4 mean? A. Continuous. B. Different. C. Vegetarian. D. Fatty. 33. What can we infer from what Zhong Minghui said in paragraph 8? A. He strictly relied on the 5:2 diet to lose weight. B. He used an app to calculate how much sport he played. C. Fasting and sports helped him a lot when he lost weight. D. In order to lose weight he used to do gymnastic exercise. 34. What is the main idea of the last paragraph? A. Han thinks people who suffer diabetes should try a fasting diet. B. A clinic nutritionist says that it’s safer to have a low-calorie diet. C. Han Ting recommends that everyone should have a fasting diet. D. Hang Ting says only a fasting diet can help people keep healthy. 35. Which is the best title of the passage? A. Fast diet B. How to stay thin C. Eating to stay healthy D. The magical cure-all 第二节 （共 5 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 15 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Question: My 14-year-old son is very disrespectful to my husband and me, and we don’t know what to do about it. We tell him to get home before dark, but he is often late, and then we wait, worry and sometimes get close to calling the police. And so what happens when he does come home? We have a big argument. Can you help us? Answer: Your son should, of course, come in before dark, not because you say so, but because it is his responsibility and because you would worry about him if he didn’t come home when he promised. 36________________ Just tell him that he has to be home on time if he wants to go out next time — and that this is his choice, not yours. His disrespect is part of a bigger issue. Your son desires independence because the young
always do when they hit puberty (青春期), somewhere between 13 and 16. New hormones (荷尔蒙), a new ability to think in abstractions and a new need to pull away from their parents all contribute to this desire. 37_________________ Your son may also be acting up because your discipline hasn’t kept up with his growth. A child hates to be corrected when his parents use the same words and same tone of voice they used when correcting him a year ago. 38___________ He won’t even argue with you too much, as long as you listen to his rants (咆哮) and consider his reasons when you have to say no. These are all signs that you know that your respect is as important to him as his respect is to you. 39__________ This doesn’t accomplish anything and is bound to worsen your relationship. Your child not only needs your respect, he also needs you to encourage his dreams, no matter how strange they are. 40___________ Now is the time to lower your expectations, give as few orders as possible (but stick to the ones you give), pay more attention to your son’s good behavior than his bad, and give twice as many smiles as you get. A. But don’t worry. B. He wants you to react to him at the age he is today. C. But don’t argue about it. D. If you don’t listen and consider, he won’t hear a word you say. E. So boys and girls are so eager to spread their wings. F. They need your sympathy for him when things go wrong, rather than fix them or tell him what he should have done. G. He is growing physically, mentally, emotionally and even morally. 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 55 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下面短文， 从短文后所给各题的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白处的 最佳选项。 It was a freezing cold evening in northern Virginia many years ago. An old man was waiting for a 41 across the river. At last he heard some hooves 42 along the frozen path. Anxiously, he watched as several horsemen came around the bend. 43 , he let them pass by one after another. Finally, as the 44 rider was drawing near, the old man 45 the rider’s eye and asked whether he would 46 giving him a ride to the other side. The rider agreed 47 . Seeing the old man was unable to 48 his half-frozen body from the ground, the horseman 49 and helped the old man 50 the horse. The horseman took the old man not just across the river, but to his 51 , a tiny but cozy cottage. Before leaving, out of 52 , the horseman asked the old man why on such a bitter winter night he would wait and ask the last rider and 53 he had refused. The old man replied, “I looked into the eyes of the other riders and immediately saw there was no 54 for my situation. But when I looked into your eyes, I was certain that your gentle spirit would give me 55 in my time of need.” Those 56 comments touched the horseman deeply, who 57 the old man, “May I never get too busy with my own affairs that I 58 to respond to the needs of others with
kindness and compassion.” 59 these words, Thomas Jefferson, president of the United States, turned his horse around and 60 his way back to the White House. 41. A. horseman B. horse C. ride D. friend 42. A. attacking B. running C. entering D. approaching 43. A. However B. Therefore C. Thus D. Moreover 44. A. coming B. leaving C. next D. last 45. A. kept B. caught C. looked D. saw 46. A. mind B. avoid C. prefer D. try 47. A. seriously B. doubtfully C. willingly D. strangely 48. A. lift B. push C. feel D. stand 49. A. went off B. turned around C. set out D. got down 50. A. onto B. over C. off D. above 51. A. hometown B. apartment C. destination D. village 52. A. courage B. curiosity C. enthusiasm D. honesty 53. A. what about B. if only C. how come D. what if 54. A chance B. doubt C. concern D. reason 55. A. strength B. comfort C. generosity D. assistance 56. A. heartwarming B. impressive C. pessimistic D. optimistic 57. A. persuaded B. told C. reminded D. suggested 58. A. manage B. fail C. disagree D. remember 59. A. In B. On C. With D. At 60. A. made B. struggled C. felt D. fought 第二节 语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料， 在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 Scientists have discovered that 61 (stay) in the cold could help us lose weight. Researchers at the University of California found that exposure to the cold increases levels of a protein that helps form brown fat -- the type of fat that produces heat and keeps us warm. Brown fat burns energy, 62 helps us lose weight. White fat stores extra energy, which results 63 weight gain. The researchers said that because air conditioning and heating give us constant, 64 (comfort) temperatures, our body’s need for brown fat has decreased. They found that outdoor workers in northern Finland who 65 (expose) to cold temperature have 66 significant amount of brown fat when 67 (compare) to same-aged indoor workers. The research was conducted on two different control groups of mice. 68 group was injected with the protein that helps create brown fat. This group later gained 30% less weight after both groups were fed high-fat diets. The researchers say this could be good news in the fight against obesity. People who are obese have 69 （low) levels of brown fat than thinner people. If you can somehow increase levels of this protein, you could 70 (possible) lose more weight even if eating the same amount of food. 第四部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定在英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文。请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误, 每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧)，并在其下面写出该加的词。删除：把多余的词用斜
线(＼)划掉。修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1．每处错误及其修改均仅限一词；2．只允许修改 l0 处，从第 11 处起不计分。 第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 暑假国外旅行时同团的一个小女孩于上午 10 点左右在机场咖啡厅附近走失，请你替她焦 急的父母写一份广播稿通知找人，要点如下：女孩名叫玲玲，4 岁，身高 110cm 左右，长发大 眼，身穿红裙白鞋。如发现任何线索请将小孩送到机场广播站或拨打电话 677-852-4523。对提 供帮助的人表示感谢。 注意：1. 词数 100 左右； 2. 可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3. 开头和结尾已为你写好。
答案： 听力部分 1—5 BCABA 6—10 CBABC 11—15 CABBA 16—20 ACCBA 阅读理解： (A) 21~23 BCD (B) 24~27 CDAB (C) 28~31 ABDD (D) 32~35 ACBA 36~40 CEBDF 完形填空： 41~45 CDADB 46~50 ACADA 51~55 CBDCD 56~60 ABBCA 语法填空： 61. staying 62. which 63. in 64. comfortable 65. are exposed 66. a 67. compared 68. One 69. lower 70. possibly
书面表达： Announcement Ladies and Gentlemen, Attention, please! Here is something urgent! A four-year-old Chinese girl named Lingling is missing. She is about 110cm tall with long straight black hair as well as a pair of big eyes. She is wearing a red dress and white shoes. She was last seen at ten o’clock nearby the cafe at the airport. Lingling’s parents are very anxious as she can only speak Chinese Putonghua. If any of you see her or get any clue about her, please take her to the broadcasting station of the airport or call at 677-852-4523. We’d show our sincere gratitude to anyone who offers related information or who helps find the
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