【优化方案】(新课标,全国卷Ⅰ)高考英语二轮复习 第一部分 语法专题突破 7 并列句和状语从句课件_图文

专题7

并列句和状语从句

2016高考导航——适用于全国卷Ⅰ 考查点 2015 2014 2013 命题趋势 1.在今后高考中, 连词and,but,or 是考查的重点; while与when作并列 连词会是高考考查 的热点。 2.状语从句的考查 集中在时间状语从 句、让步状语从句、 条件状语从句等的 引导词上。

并列句

状语从 句

全国卷Ⅰ 短文改错 全国卷Ⅰ64 第三处 未考 题[or] [并列连 词and] 全国卷 全国卷Ⅰ短 Ⅰ短文 文改错第九 改错第 处[although 未考 九处 不与but连 [during 用] →when]

考点一

并列句

and 1.(2015· 河南洛阳第二次统考)Keep it in mind,__________ gradually we can gain this good learning habit and benefit from it. or 2.If your skin becomes red,sore____________very scaly, consult your doctor. 3.(2015·山东临沂二模)They can either choose to accept the or challenge ____________donate 100 dollars,or do the both.

4.(2015· 高考北京卷,单项填空,改编)He is a shy man, but ____________he is not afraid of anything or anyone.

1.表并列、递进或顺承关系:and,both...and..., neither...nor...,not only...but also...,as well as

?The earth is one of the sun’s planets,and the moon is our
satellite. 地球是太阳系中的一颗行星,月亮是地球的卫星。 2.表转折关系:but,yet,whereas,nevertheless ?It is often said that the joy of traveling is not in arriving at your destination but in the journey itself. 人们常说旅行的乐趣不在于你最终所到达的目的地,而是旅 行本身。

3.表选择关系:either...or,not...but...,or,otherwise,or else,rather than

?Now you can have a rest or you can go to the cinema.现在你
可以休息,或者去看电影。 4.表因果关系:for(表“由于”,一般不放在句首),so, therefore ?He found it increasingly difficult to read,for his eyesight was beginning to fail. 由于他的视力的下降,他发现读书越来越困难了。

5.when“就在这时,突然”,常用于以下句式: (1)sb.be about to do/on the point of doing sth.when... 某人正要做某事,突然??

(2)sb.be doing sth.when...
某人正在做某事,突然?? (3)sb.had done sth.when...

某人刚做完某事,突然??

?One Friday,we were packing to leave for a weekend away when my daughter heard cries for help.当我们周五在收拾行 李要去度周末时,我的女儿突然听到了呼救声。 ?She had just finished her homework when her mother asked

her to practice playing the piano yesterday.
昨天她刚完成家庭作业,她妈妈就让她练习钢琴。

名师指津 祈使句+and+陈述句,and 表顺承关系 祈使句+or+陈述句,or表 转折

and与or用于并 列句

?Find ways to praise your children often,and you’ll find they will open their hearts to you.

设法常常表扬你的孩子,这样你就会发现他们乐意向你敞开
心扉。

单句语法填空

1.(2015· 湖南岳阳一中检测改编)Stand where you are,
and ____________I will come and help you. 2.(2014· 高考天津卷,语法填空,节选)Give me a chance, and ____________I’ll give you a wonderful surprise.

but 3.There was a way to help him grow more,___________ his parents did not have enough money to pay for his medical
needs.

4.(2015· 河南顶级名校5月模拟)I went back inside and found but him,safe____________very frightened. 5.(2015· 河南省三门峡市二模)I was on my way to the

when Taiyetos Mountains.The sun was setting____________my car
broke down near a remote village.

考点二

常考的时间状语从句

since 1.(2015· 济宁模拟)It is nearly fifteen years____________I last saw her—she is the owner of a local restaurant where I briefly worked one summer as a waitress.

before 2.(2015· 石家庄二模)That morning I made sure I had enough to drink and went to the toilet about three times____________
we left.

3.(2015· 龙口模拟)The restaurants are not“fast food”.They As/When/While are known as“fast casual”.________________McDonald’s is

struggling to get its customers back,Shake Shack is doing
well financially. 4.(2015· 青岛自主诊断)Some deep thought lets us know that when even a small mistake has been made,your feeling will until/till stay out of balance____________the mistake is acknowledged

and your regret is expressed.

when,while和as的用法
连词 含义及用法 例句 When you apply for a job,you must present your credentials. 当你申请工作时,你必 须递交你的有关证件。

“当??时候”,可 与延续性动词或短暂 性动词连用;从句动 when 作可以发生在主句动 作之前、之后或与主 句动作同时发生。

连词

含义及用法 “当??时候”,一 般只可与延续性动词 连用,从句动作与主 句动作同时发生。 “一边??一边??”, 常与延续性动词连用,从 句动作与主句动作同时 或几乎同时发生。

例句

while

Mary made coffee while her guests were finishing their meal. 客人们就要吃完的时候, 玛丽去煮咖啡了。
As he grew older,he became less active.随着 他逐渐长大,他变得不 那么活泼了。

as

单句语法填空
When 1.(2015· 山东省实验中学二模)____________Shirley was three years old,her parents sent her and her sisters to live with their grandmother in Barbados. 2.(2015· 高考重庆卷,单项填空,改编)If you miss this before chance,it may be years____________you get another one. 3.(2016· 济南高三针对性训练)Dr.Adam Goldstein has warned tobacco companies are trying to avoid and even weaken anti-tobacco laws,and the fight is going to be until/before difficult.But he added,“We should not give up_________ we make sure tobacco industry goes out of business.”

考点三

常考的地点状语从句、原因状语从句

1.(2015· 福州质量检测)The rent for my apartment was really because cheap____________it was in the middle of one of the busiest neighborhoods in town. 2.(2014· 高考重庆卷,单项填空,改编)Half an hour later,

where Lucy still couldn’t get a taxi ____________ the bus had
dropped her.

1.地点状语从句
地点状语从句表示地点、方位,通常由where,wherever引 导,可置于句首、句中或句尾。

?I cannot hear the professor clearly as there is too much
noise where I am sitting. 因为我坐的地方噪音太大,所以听不清教授在说什么。 易错警示 where引导的定语从句与状语从句的区别: 地点状语从句与定语从句的区别在于从句在句中所作的成分, 如果作状语,则是状语从句;如果作定语,则是定语从句。

?The little girl who got lost decided to remain where she was
and wait for her mother.那个迷路的小女孩决定待在原地等她 的母亲。(状语从句,其中remain为不及物动词) ?The little girl who got lost decided to remain in the place where she was and wait for her mother.(定语从句)

2.原因状语从句 原因状语从句可由because,as,since,now that等词引导: (1)because译作“因为”,表直接原因,语气较强,能回答由

why提出的问句。
?The old man asked Lucy to move to another chair because he wanted to sit next to his wife.那位老人让露西换坐到另一把

椅子上,因为他想挨着妻子坐。

(2)as(由于),since (既然),now that/in that(既然),表双方都 知道的原因,语气较弱。as,since和now that引导的从句多 位于主句之前。 ?Now that you have done that,stop blaming yourself.既然 你已经做了,就不要自责了。

单句语法填空 Now 1.___________that you have got a job,you should learn to be independent of your parents. 2.(2015· 陕西宝鸡质检)During the Spring Festival,there as/because fireworks were forbidden. was less air pollution __________ 3.—Coach,can I continue with the training? as/because you haven’t recovered —Sorry,you can’t ____________ from the knee injury.

考点四

常考的条件状语从句、结果状语从句和让步状语从句

1.(2015· 高考江苏卷,单项填空,改编)It is so cold that you unless can’t go outside____________fully covered in thick clothes. 2.(2015· 高考湖南卷,完形填空,节选)It’s simpler because, if ____________ you have a computer,you can find information you need by searching the Internet.

Although/Though 3.(2015· 高考安徽卷,单项填空,改编)__________________ /While ________scientists have learned a lot about the universe, there is much we still don’t know. so 4.(2015· 南阳一中二模)You are falling ____________fast that just turning your head can send you off in a different direction.This is the wild side of a sport that has not found its

limit—freeflying.

1.条件状语从句 (1)条件状语从句的常见引导词 if,unless(=if...not),so/as long as(只要),on condition that (条件是),so/as far as,if only(=if),provided that(如果),

in case(万一,如果),suppose/supposing that(假设,如果)等
均可引导条件状语从句。 ?We will have a picnic in the park this Sunday unless it rains

or it’s very cold.除非下雨或天很冷,否则我们将在本周日去
公园野餐。

?My parents don’t mind what job I do as long as I am
happy.我的父母不在意我从事什么工作,只要我高兴就好。 (2)条件状语从句的时态 在条件状语从句中,常用一般现在时表将来含义;现在完成 时表即将完成之后的情况;一般过去时表过去将来的含义。

?If everyone does his part,the project will surely be a
success.如果大家都尽责,这个项目肯定会成功。

2.结果状语从句 结果状语从句由so...that...,such...that...,so that引导。 ?There is so little time left that I don’t think I can finish it as scheduled. 剩下这么少的时间,我想我不能按时完成。 3.让步状语从句 (1)although,though,while引导的让步状语从句 ?Though/Although/While regular exercise is very important,it’s never a good idea to exercise too close to

bedtime.尽管有规律的锻炼很重要,但临睡前锻炼不是个好
主意。

(2)as,though引导让步状语从句常倒装 ?Hot as/though the night air was,we slept deeply because we were so tired after the long journey. 在长途跋涉之后,尽管夜晚的空气很热,我们还是因为累睡 得很熟。 (3)“疑问词+-ever”引导的让步状语从句,意为“无论 ??”的结构 ?However hard you try,it is difficult to lose weight without cutting down the amount you eat.

不管你多么努力,如果不减少饭量,减肥很难。

(4)whether...or...引导的让步状语从句,意为“不论??还是
??”,提供两种对比情况。 ?We’ll go on with the work,whether we can find the necessary tools or we cannot.不管我们能否找到所需的工具, 我们都要把这件工作做下去。

单句语法填空 1.(2015· 河北五个一名校联盟监测二)Mike:How about computers with a P3? though/although Rose:Oh,very good,_________________they don’t work as fast as P4 computers,yet they are much cheaper. 2.(2015· 南昌十所重点中学二模)It can help us to develop the If habit of thinking in English.____________we persist in this practice,gradually we’ll learn how to express ourselves in English. 3.(2014· 高考湖南卷,单项填空,改编)You will never gain unless success____________you are fully devoted to your work.

技法1 观察题干,弄清句式之间的关系 (1)先分析句式,弄清句式之间的关系是解题关键。

(2)并列连词的考查集中在“祈使句+and/or+陈述句”结
构;and表并列;yet/but表转折;or表选择;so表因果; while表对比;when表“突然,这时”等方面。

(2014· 高考大纲全国卷,单项填空,改编)Call me and tomorrow ____________ I’ll let you know the lab result.

【解析】

句意:明天给我打电话,我会让你知道实验结果

的。由语境可知,此处是“祈使句+and+简单句”这一固 定句式结构。

技法 2

熟记固定句式,巧解题

(1)so/such...that, so that 等引导结果状语从句,可能会给出 so 或 such,让考生填写 that。

? ?be about to do sth.when... (2)熟记句式? It is+ some time since... ? ?It won’t be long before...
be doing sth.when...

(2015· 河南顶级名校5月模拟)Seven others were so that badly damaged____________their owners had to leave them, and fifteen others had broken windows or roofs. 【解析】 解题时要分析句子结构,确定思维切入点,本句 考查so...that引导的结果状语从句,故答案为that。


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