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英 语 科 试 卷
本试卷共三部分，共 8 页，满分 120 分。考试时间 120 分钟。 注意事项: 1、答卷前,考生务必将自己的班级、姓名、座位号填写在答题卡上。 2、选出每小题答案后，用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动，用橡 皮擦干净后，再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在本试卷上，否则答案无效。
第一部分：阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分）
第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分）
阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的四个选项(A、 B、 C 和 D)中, 选出最佳选项并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。
If you are looking for something fun and educational to do in Maryland, why not visit the Maryland Science Center? It is located at 601 Light Street, Baltimore, MD 21230. The ticket prices vary depending on ages, groups and the exhibits you choose. Introduction The Maryland Science Center is basically a museum, but it gives everyone a chance to learn through experience and play, rather than just glance at an exhibit. Activities You can learn about various topics, including outer space, the human body, dinosaurs, electricity, marine（海洋的） biology, energy, and much more. You can also take part in the interactive activities, such as racing bubbles, digging for dinosaur fossils, using puzzle pieces to construct cars, and so much more. The Davis Planetarium（天文馆） At the Davis Planetarium, you can lie back in a chair and look at the stars while still inside the Science Center. The stars will appear on the ceiling of the theatre as you watch them. There are different shows to catch at the Davis Planetarium. You can learn about the galaxy and astronomy during the Dark Matters show. Learn about the stars and planets during the Sky Live show. The One World One Sky show allows children to explore the stars. The Live from the Sun show will teach you all about the hot sun. The Kids Room For children, they can’t miss the Kids Room. They will be able to play in a water area, construct dams and water towers, push buttons, ring doorbells, build with blocks, and more, and definitely they will learn a lot. In addition, there is also an area for kids of two years old and under, where they can crawl, walk and explore safely with soft toys.
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1. What do we know about the Maryland Science Center? A. It charges different prices for parents and children. B. It is regarded as the most popular museum in Maryland. C. It is a museum where there are many famous exhibitions. D. It is mainly designed for children and their families to play together. 2. Which activity is not available in the Maryland Science Center? A. Taking part in bubble competitions. B. Learning the structure of the human body. C. Watching famous science fiction films. D. Gaining knowledge of marine creatures. 3. If you want to know why the sun shines, which show should you choose? A. Dark Matters. B. Live from the Sun. C. One World One Sky. D. Sky Live. 4. What can we learn about the Kids Room from the passage? A. It is designed for parents who have children. B. It provides a good opportunity for parents to relax. C. Children there need to be accompanied by their parents. D. It is a good place for children to learn and play at the same time.
Tiny Device Allows You To Track Your Car Using Your Smartphone Have you ever lost your car on a parking lot? It happens. You park and go shopping. When you get back, you don't have a clue where your car is. Then you start roaming around clicking on the panic button on your car keys so the alarm goes off. It can be frustrating, especially on a hot, sunny day. Now, you don't need to turn to a GPS system or tracking service. Nobody wants to pay expensive monthly subscription fees. A California-based startup company has created a tiny device, TrackR, which works with your smartphone. It could track your vehicle without costing you a fortune. It's easy! Install the free TrackR app on your smartphone, connect the app to your device(设备) and you're ready to go! Simply attach TrackR to whatever you want to keep tabs on. The entire process of setting it up only takes 5 minutes or less. Then use the TrackR app to locate your missing item in seconds. You're probably thinking that this device is very expensive... False! TrackR only costs $29! You can buy it directly from the company’s website. They ship worldwide and you'll receive your TrackR within a week. As we said before, TrackR has unlimited possibilities. The device is small and unobtrusive (不
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引人注目的) enough that you can attach it to your pet, your keys, your briefcase and anything else you don't want to lose. TrackR even comes with a double-sided adhesive (胶) so you can stick it to your laptop or under your bike seat. Track down and punish the thieves who steal your expensive things! 5. Why does the author mention the lost car in the first paragraph? A. To introduce TrackR B. To tell you not to be worried about it. C. To warn you not to park your car casually. D. To stress the importance of protecting your car. 6. What do we know about TrackR? A. TrackR is free of charge. B. TrackR app costs you only $29. C. TrackR is sold to people throughout the world. D. TrackR helps you find anything you lose within a week. 7. What does the author mean by “keep tabs on” in paragraph 3? A. lose sight of B. keep track of C. come across D. take charge of 8. The text probably comes from ______. A. a book review B. an official document C. a science fiction D. a popular science magazine
Nepal is one of the poorest countries on globe so volunteers get every reason to volunteer in Nepal. The people of Nepal are welcoming, warm and friendly, the landscapes here are beautiful, and since the country financial situation is not so well thus we operate from grassroots community level to improve the situation. Nepal is also considered to be one of the safest volunteering destinations in Asia. We never ever had any misbehaving activity in Nepal with our volunteers. Traveling across Nepal is also very easy and our programs are based in the capital city Kathmandu. Nepal is blessed with amazingly diverse landscapes. From the highest mountain in the world, you can reach almost up to sea level in just 10 kilometers. Volunteering Solutions offers volunteering opportunity in 5 different program choices in Kathmandu, Nepal, namely: Language & Orientation Week (迎新周); Summer Volunteer Program, Kathmandu; Healthcare / Medical Program; Teaching English Program; Orphanage Program. Our program is open all year around so we receive quite a lot number of volunteers throughout the whole year from all over the globe. Our main volunteers are from America, United Kingdom, Australia, European countries. Considering it is one of the safest program locations, we even allow 17-years-old to volunteer in our program. Language and Orientation Week offers the opportunity to learn about the Nepalese culture and history along with local Nepalese language which is very famous among volunteers as it is always good to learn more about the country where you would be starting your work soon. Orientation
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week also takes you to different beautiful trips on weekends such as Monkey Temple and Bhaktapur Durbar Square. Volunteering Solutions offers one of the most affordable program choices worldwide with best value for money. We provide accommodation with the local host family along with 3 times meals as you tend to see how local people in Nepal spend their life on daily basis. So be a part of our exciting programs in Nepal today. 9. What can we learn from Paragraph 2? A. Nepal is the safest country in the world. B. People can reach the highest peak from Nepal. C. Volunteers have ever met misbehaving activities in Nepal. D. The natural features of Nepal’s land are quite similar. 10. What should volunteers do first in Nepal? A. Get acquainted with Nepalese circumstances. B. Visit the most famous attractions. C. Meet the leaders of communities. D. Collect the data of local residents. 11. What is volunteers’ aim to live in local host family? A. To keep themselves safe. B. To reduce the cost of volunteering. C. To offer better volunteering work. D. To know about local people’s life.
The cash machine is 47 years old, but where was the birthplace of this world-beating invention? New York? Tokyo? No. The first ever cash machine was born in Enfield Town, north London. It was a Scottish inventor, John shepherd Barron, who realized the concept of a self-service machine that could be used 24 hours a day, seven days a week, to withdraw cash from one’s own bank account. It struck the inventor while he was in the bath. He hit upon the idea of a chocolate bar dispenser, replacing chocolate with cash. On September 2 in 1969, America’s first automatic teller machine (ATM) appeared in public, giving out cash to customers at Chemical Bank, New York. It was only able to give out cash, but in 1971, an ATM that could handle many functions, including depositing( 存 款 ) money, was introduced. Today there are over one million ATMs around the world, with a new one added every five minutes. It is reported that Americans over the age of 18 use their ATM card six to eight times a mouth. Not surprisingly, ATMs get their busiest workouts on Fridays. In the 1990s, banks began charging fees to use ATMs, a profitable move for them and an annoying one for consumers. Consumers were also faced with an increase in ATM crimes. Robbers preyed(抢夺) on people using money machines in poorly lit or otherwise unsafe locations, and criminals also thought up ways to steal customers’ PINs (personal identification numbers), even setting up fake money machines to capture the information. In response, city and state governments passed laws such as New York’s ATM Safety Act in 1996, which required banks to install such things as surveillance cameras (监控摄像头), reflective mirrors and locked entryways for their ATMs. 12. What does the underlined word, “It”, in the first paragraph, probably refer to?
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A. The opening time of the bank. B. Ordinary banking service. C. The concept of an ATM. D. The act of withdrawing cash. 13. Which of the following is true about ATM? A. It appeared earlier than the chocolate bar dispenser. B. It was at first free of charge for its consumers. C. It was invented by a Scottish man in 1971. D. It was originally designed to deposit money. 14. What can we learn from the text? A. Americans under the age of 18 are not allowed to have an ATM card. B. The ATM crime rate in New York is much lower than that in other state C. Criminals usually choose unsafe locations to steal customers' PINs. D. People are more likely to turn to ATMs on Fridays. 15. Which of the following might be the best title for the text? A. How to Operate on an ATM B. What is Waiting for ATMs in the Future? C. The Unknown Truth about ATM D. The First ATM Opened for Business
第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分）
根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项是多余 选项。 Some jobs require employees to work night shifts (值夜班). Working the night shifts often means better money, but that also comes negative side effects. The human body is naturally inclined (倾向于) to work during the day and sleep at night. 16 Your body will be able to fully adjust to this new style of rest and work. However, according to the National Sleep Foundation, constant exhaustion（疲倦） may be part of the lifestyle of working the night shift. In addition to exhaustion from working the night shift, sleep disturbances (障碍) can occur, even when your body has the opportunity to get some shut-eye during the day. 17 Instead of getting a full eight hours of sleep, which is what most people need, it’s typical for night shift workers to only take a long nap after their shift. Working night shifts can also cause social and relational problems. Because many social events happen during the evening, people who work the shift miss out on important relationship-building opportunities. 18 When husbands or wives rarely see one another or rarely go to bed together, this will affect their communication and their marriage life. 19 Exhaustion, sleep problems, personal and relational issues and other health issues, over time, can lead to depression if not taken care of properly. 20 According to the National Sleep Foundation, you can avoid these problems by working with others during your shifts, taking naps during your shifts and setting up a support group with other employees to discuss the problems you’re facing. A. Working night shifts can help us a lot. B. So working the night shift will take an adjustment.
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C. Doctor and nurses often work night shifts to care for their patients. D. In the long run, this can be harmful to relationships, especially marriage. E. What’s worse, depression is likely to occur with all of these factors. F. Of course, you can do something to reduce the side effects of working night shifts. G. Many people have trouble getting to sleep and staying asleep during daytime hours.
第二部分：语言知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分）
第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分）
阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I was on a plane that was about to take off when my phone rang. I felt something 21 had happened. It was my neighbor saying I needed to get to the 22 at once. She explained that she’d 23 my two boys, George, then five, and Mickey, then four, crying. At first, she had 24 it, but when the crying continued for a long time, she 25 something was wrong. So she came round and discovered my wife, Mary, lying on the 26 floor. She had been emptying the dishwasher 27 a live wire fell and touched her. Mary was taken to hospital. When I arrived, doctors were trying to rescue her, but there was no 28 . I explained to the boys that Mum had died; I felt it was important to be 29 with them. For a year I was in a suffering 30 of mind. I went through the activities of a father but inside I felt 31 . Later, I felt I had to honor my love for Mary by not breaking 32 . She married me because I was a 33 man and I knew I had to carry on and actively chose to swim rather than 34 . We moved to another city but two years later, I was diagnosed with cancer. The anxiety that had been gone came 35 back—would my boys be left with no parents? 36 , the disease was in its early stage and doctors could treat it in time. 37 everything happening to me, I realized merely thinking “why me” doesn’t 38 . We have to learn to accept and adapt to the 39 it has brought about. It is no use thinking about the past or being worried about the future. Instead, just focus on the 40 . 21. A. amazing B. strange C. awful D. exciting 22. A. house B. exit C. entrance D. hospital 23. A. seen B. sensed C. recognized D. heard 24. A. hesitated B. ignored C. imagined D. confused 25. A. wondered B. realized C. expected D. predicted 26. A. bathroom B. bedroom C. toilet D. kitchen 27. A. while B. when C. until D. as 28. A. sign B. doubt C. point D. breath 29. A. clear B. familiar C. strict D. pleased
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30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40.
A. situation A. curiously A. up A. rich A. dive A. flooding A. Gradually A. For A. matter A. changes A. present
B. state B. lonely B. down B. considerate B. sink B. returning B. Personally B. With B. affect B. experiences B. honor
C. condition C. coldly C. away C. handsome C. fall C. looking C. Thankfully C. As C. count C. disabilities C. activity
D. occasion D. lively D. off D. strong D. float D. calling D. Eventually D. Through D. help D. decisions D. life
第二节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分）
阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式（不多于 3 个单词） 。 It is common that more and more high school students open 41 (them) own micro blogs on the Internet. For one thing, it can provide a colorful platform to show their talent. For another, it is a useful way 42 (reduce) their pressure. And all these make it more and more popular 43 high school students. But many parents and teachers hold a different view. They think that managing one’s micro blog takes a lot of time and energy, 44 should be used to study. In my view, I am 45 (great) in favor of this activity. Today the Internet is playing 46 important and essential role in our life. Therefore, as high school students of the Information Age, we need to learn to make use of this 47 (value) tool to communicate and display ourselves. What’s more, managing micro blogs 48 (need) various abilities such as writing, designing, being skillful at computer and so on. Only if we master those abilities can we make a successful micro blog. As a result, we improve ourselves while 49 (organize) our micro blogs. In fact, micro blog 50 (it) is of little harm. It is your attitude towards it that matters. We should take the advantages and avoid some bad effects.
第三部分：写作（共两节，满分 35 分）
第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除: 把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉。 修改: 在错词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 In the summer holiday following my eighteen birthday, I took driving lessons. I still remember
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how hard first day was. Before getting into the car, I thought I had learned the instructor’s orders, so once I started the car, my mind goes blank. I forgot what he had said to me altogether. The instructor kept repeating the word, “Speed up!” “Slow down!” “Turning left!” I was so much nervous that I could hardly tell which direction was left. A few minutes late, the instructor asked me to stop the car. It was a relief and I came to a suddenly stop just in the middle on the road.
第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分）
假如你叫李明，在伦敦学习期间，你呆在 Jonathan 的家里。请你给 Jonathan 写一封电 子邮件表示感谢，并邀请他明年暑假来你家。 内容要点： 1. 感谢 Jonathan 让你住在他家; 2. 他们给你创造了一个很好的家庭氛围； 3. 明年你将中学毕业，届时你将有两个月的假期，你和家人诚邀 Jonathan 暑期来西安度假。 注意： 1．词数：100 词左右。 2．内容应包括以上要点，并适当增加细节，以使内容连贯 3．短文开头已写好，但不计入总词数． 4．提示词汇： 氛围：atmosphere Dear Jonathan, I can’t tell you how much I appreciated your kindness in letting me stay at your home when I was in London. _______________________________________________________________________________ Yours, Li Ming
第一部分 阅读理解 1-4 ACBD 4-7 ACBD 8-11 BAD 12-15 CBDC 16-20 BGDEF
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第二部分 完形填空 21-25 CDDBB 26-30 DBCAB 31-35 BBDBA 28. There is no point in doing sth 做某事已没有意义。 36-40 CBDAA
第二节 41. their 42. to reduce 43. with/among 44. which 45. greatly 46. an 47. valuable 48. needs 49. organizing 50. itself 第三部分 短文改错 In the summer holiday following my
eighteen birthday, I took driving lessons. I still eighteenth
remember how hard
? first day was. Before getting into the car, I thought I had learned the/my
the instructor’s orders,
so goes once I started the car, my mind blank. I forgot what he went but / yet
word , “Speed up!” “Slow down!” words
had said to me altogether. The instructor kept repeating the “
Turning left!” I was so much nervous that I could hardly tell which direction was left. A Turn late few minutes , the instructor asked me to stop the car. It was a relief and I came to a later suddenly on stop just in the middle the road. sudden of
写作 Dear Jonathan, I can’t tell you how much I appreciated your kindness in letting me stay at your home while I was in London. It was a delight to see a loving family. You kept me company and created a great home atmosphere for me. I shall always treasure the time when we were together. Next summer, I will graduate from senior high school and it will be about two months before I go to university, so my parents and I would really like you to come here on vacation. There are a lot of beautiful and historic places in Xi’an. I’m sure you will like it. Meanwhile, we will have a nice time and enjoy ourselves again. I’m looking forward to your reply. Please send my best regards to your parents! Yours, Li Ming
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