动名词语法解析(三)

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动名词语法解析(三)
六、动名词的逻辑主语 1. 基本原则 动名词的逻辑主语原则上是在动名词前用物主代词或名词所有格: His coming late made the teacher angry. 他迟到使老师生气了。 Would you mind my opening the door? 劳驾你打开窗户好吗? Please excuse my interrupting you. 请原谅我打断你的话。

2. 几个注意点 (1) 口语中通常用宾格代词或名词普通格用于动名词作逻辑主语: We’re all looking forward to your [you] coming. 我们都盼望你来。 Can you imagine Peter [Peter’s] saying such a thing? 你能想像他说出这样的话吗? (2) 当位于句首时,通常要用名词所有格或物主代词作动名词的逻辑主语: Mary’s going there is of no help. 玛丽去那儿没什么帮助。 注:即使用于句首的作主语的动名词移至句末而在句首使用形式主语 it,其逻辑主语也通常用物 主代词: It’s a waste of time you’re talking to him. 你和他谈是浪费时间。 It’s doesn’t make much difference my being there. 我在不在那儿没有什么影响。 (3) 当动名词的逻辑主语是没有生命的东西时,通常不用物主代词或名词所有格: I look forward to it getting warmer in spring. 我盼望春天天气变暖。

七、重点考点原创精练

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1. Please excuse me ______ your letter by mistake. A. to open B. to have opened C. for openingD. in opening

2. Certainly I posted your letter — I remember _______ it. A. posting B. to post C. to be posting D. have posted

3. They must be at home — there’s a light _______ in the bedroom. A. to shine B. to be shining C. shining D. having shined

4. If the car won’t start, ______ it. A. try push B. try pushingC. to try pushing D. to try to push

5. Mr. Smith dislikes ______ such clothes but his wife likes _____ them. A. to wear, to wear C. wearing, to wear B. to wear, wearing D. wearing, wear

6. _____ is a good form of exercise for both young and old. A. Walk B. Walking C. The walk D. To walk

7. When you’re learning to drive, _____ a good teacher makes a big difference. A. have B. having C. and have D. and having

8. _____ this report _____ in such a short time was quite a difficult exercise. A. Getting, done B. Get, done C. To get, to do D. Getting, to do

9. I regret _______what I said. I shouldn’t have said it. A. to say B. saying C. to be saying D. said

10. I shall never forget _______ the Alps for the first time. It was really beautiful. A. to see B. seeing C. sawD. being seeing

11. In the whole interview, he tried to avoid _______ their questions.

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A. to answerB. answeringC. to have answered 12. He was lucky and narrowly missed _______. A. to injure B. injuring C. to be injured

D. having answered

D. being injured

13. I understand _______ to discuss the matter. A. you’re not wanting C. you not to want B. not your wanting D. younot want

14. Don’t be late. No one would like ________. A. to be kept waiting C. to be kept to wait B. being kept waiting D. being kept to wait

15. He can’t make himself _______. His spoken English really needs ________. A. understand, improving C. understand, to improve B. understood, improving D. understood, to improve

参考答案 01—05 CACBC 06—10 DBABB 11—15 BDAAB


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