课标人教实验版 高一 Module 1 Unit 1
1. be concerned about / for ----be worried about 关心 担忧 关心; We ______________________ her safety. are concerned about / for 2. cheat v. 欺骗 骗取 作弊 欺骗; 骗取; cheat sb. ( out ) of sth. 骗取某人的某物 cheat sb. into doing … 骗某人做 骗某人做… cheat at … 作弊 作假 作弊;
It was foolish of him to be cheated ___________ ___________. (被骗了钱 被骗了钱) of his money 被骗了钱 He was cheated ___________. ( 吸烟） into smoking 吸烟） It is wrong _______________________. to cheat in an examination (考试作弊） 考试作弊） 考试作弊
3. should have done 本来应该做某事 (而 而 实际没做, 含有责备的意味) 实际没做 含有责备的意味 should not have done 本来不该做某事 (而实际已做 而实际已做) 而实际已做 He looks upset. I shouldn’t have told _________________ _______________. (本不该告诉他这个 him the bad news 本不该告诉他这个 坏消息） 坏消息） You are late. You ________________ should have come _________________. 早五分钟来 早五分钟来） five minutes earlier (早五分钟来）
e.g. I had waited for him for two hours before he came. 我等了他两小时他才来。 我等了他两小时他才来。 注意以下句型： 注意以下句型： It will be + 时间段 + before … 得过多久才 得过多久才…
It will not be + 时间段 before … 时间段+ 用不了多久就… 用不了多久就 It was + 时间段 before … 时间段+ 过了多久之后才…… 过了多久之后才 It wasn’t long before … 没过多久就 没过多久就…… It will be three years ____________________. before we meet again (才见面 才见面) 才见面 _____________ (没过多久）before we got 没过多久） It wasn’t long 没过多久 together.
Scientists say it may be five or six years___ it is possible to test this medicine on human patients. (2004 福建 福建) A. since B. after C. before D. when
since自从 自从……以来 after 在……之后 以来; 之后; 自从 以来 之后 when当……时候 只有 可以构成 is + 时 时候; 可以构成It 当 时候 只有C可以构成 间段+before+从句 意为 “……之后才 从句, 之后才……” 间段 从句 之后才
5. 强调句型： 强调句型： It is / was +被强调部分 + that/ 被强调部分 who(被强调部分是人时 可用who替 被强调部分是人时, 可用 替 被强调部分是人时 代that) … 注意被强调部分的人称代词和从句 中的时态。 中的时态。
对下列句子的划线部分进行强调: 对下列句子的划线部分进行强调 I came across them in the club two days ago. It was I who came across them in the club two days ago. It was them that I came across in the club two days ago.
It was in the club that I came across them two days ago. It was two days ago that I came across them in the club. 被强调部分也可以是从句。 被强调部分也可以是从句。 e.g. He went back to his hometown when the war was over. It was when the war was over that he went back to his hometown.
6. keep sb. / sth. + a. / ad. / doing / done 使……保持某种状态 保持某种状态 I’m sorry to have kept you waiting (wait) ______ for so long. We will keep you ________ ( inform ). informed 7. stay ---- keep系动词 意为“保持”, 表 系动词, 系动词 意为“保持” 示状态,后多跟形容词或名词 后多跟形容词或名词, 示状态 后多跟形容词或名词 不用于被 动语态和进行时。 动语态和进行时。
The weather has stayed warm (一直暖 ______________ 一直暖 和)all this weak. The shop stays open (一直营业 twenty _________ 一直营业 一直营业) four hours a day. They stayed friends for years until Li ____________ died.
8. too much 修饰不可数名词、不及物动 修饰不可数名词、 词或单独使用；若修饰可数名词复数,则 词或单独使用；若修饰可数名词复数 则 用too many ; much too + a. / ad. 实在太 实在太……, 用来修 饰形容词和副词。 饰形容词和副词。 I had to call a taxi because the box was ___ to carry all the way home . A. much too heavy B. too much heavy C. heavy too much D. too heavy much
I won’t go to the cinema with you, because I have ____ work to do. A. too many C. much too B. too much D. far much too
I am not in good health, so the work is ________ for me to do. too much
9. happen to do …; It happens(ed) that … 碰巧…… 碰巧 I _________________________ (恰好 happened to be at the station 恰好 在车站) when he arrived. 在车站 It happened that I was at the station _________________ when he arrived .
10. dare (1) 用做情态动词 多用于否定、疑问、 用做情态动词,多用于否定、疑问、 多用于否定 条件状语从句和weather/ if 引导的 条件状语从句和 从句, 后接动词原形，没有人称和数 从句 后接动词原形， 的变化。现在时为dares, 过去时为 的变化。现在时为 dared, 否定式为 否定式为dare not 或daren’t. (2) 用做实意动词 有人称、数和时态的 用做实意动词, 有人称、 变化, 否定句中的to可省略 可省略。 变化 否定句中的 可省略。
I dare say 我敢说 我相信 我认为 我敢说; 我相信; e.g. I dare say he will come later. 我敢说他过些时候会来的。 我敢说他过些时候会来的。 There is something wrong with the tape, I dare say. (作插入语 作插入语) 作插入语
1. I wonder how he____ that to the teacher. A.dare to say C. not dare say night. A. dares not to C. dare not to B. dares not D. dare not B. dare saying D. dared say
2. The little girl ___ go downstairs alone at
3. She is shy and ___ stand up and answer the teacher’s questions. A. dares not C. dare not to B. doesn’t dare to D. dares not to
Dare即可作情态动词又可作实意动词， 即可作情态动词又可作实意动词， 即可作情态动词又可作实意动词 区别如下： 区别如下： 情态动词dare+动词原形 动词原形 情态动词 肯定句 实意动词 dare + to do 情态动词dare+主语 动词原形 主语+动词原形 情态动词 主语 动词原形…? 疑问句 实意动词 Do+ 主语 + dare + to do 情态动词dare+动词原形 动词原形 情态动词 否定句 实意动词 dare + to do
11. It / This is the first / second …time that +主语 主语+have / has done. 主语 It / This was the first / second / third … time that + 主语 had done. 主语+ 意为“某人第几次做某事” 意为“某人第几次做某事”
I’m not familiar with the town. It is the first time that I ______________. have come here He told me it was the fourth time that he ________________________ (犯同 had made the same mistake 犯同 样的错误). 样的错误
12. face to face 面对面地 (在句中作状语 在句中作状语) 在句中作状语 face-to-face a.面对面的 (作定语 面对面的 作定语 作定语) 类似的还有heart to heart 坦诚地 类似的还有 shoulder to shoulder 肩并肩地 back to back 背对背地
face to face 面对面地 She stood __________ (面对面地 with him. 面对面地) We had ________________ (面对面的交谈 a face-to-face talk 面对面的交谈 面对面的交谈).
That night they talked heart to heart ____________ (坦诚地 with each other. 坦诚地) 坦诚地
13. get on / along ( well/nicely/badly/) with sth. 进展 get on / along (well/nicely/badly) with sb. 与某人相处 He asked me _______________________ how I was getting along/on _______________ 我的英语进展如何). with my English ( 我的英语进展如何
I told him that I ________________ was getting along well with it ( 进展得很好). __________ 进展得很好 He is a pleasant person who is easy ____ . A. to get along with B. to get along C . to be getting on D. getting along with
14. fall in love (with sb.) “爱上某人” , 爱上某人” 爱上某人 表动作 be in love ( with sb. ) “与某人相 与某人相 爱”, 表状态 Marry has been in love with Bill for _____________ three years.
15. advice (1) n. [U] 劝告 忠告 劝告,忠告 give / offer sb. some advice ( on …) (就…)给某人提建议 就 给某人提建议 follow / take one’s advice 接受某人的建议 ask sb. for advice (=ask advice of sb.)
(2) advise v. 建议 劝告 建议, advise sb. to do; advise doing advise that sb. (should) do Father went to his doctor for ___ about his heart trouble. A. an advice C. advices B. advice D. the advices
The teacher gave me ___ studying maths. A. some advice on B. advices on C. advice D. some advices for He was advised _____ smoking. A. stopping B. to stop C. stop D. to be stopped He advised that we ___________________ (should) start at once (立刻出发 立刻出发). 立刻出发
15. make an effort / every effort / efforts to do sth. --- try to do 努力 尽力 努力, Please make an effort ____________ to come early (早到 (早到). 早到). I will _______________ (尽力 to 尽力) make every effort 尽力 help you.
16. find / think / feel / make + it + a. ( for sb. ) + to do I don’t think ____ possible to find so much work within so short a time. A. this B. that C. its D. it
We have made ___ a rule __ in the office. A. this ; not to smoke B. it ; smoking C. it ; to not smoke A. to help C. helped D. it ; not to smoke B. helping D. will help I feel it my duty ______ him.