【走向高考】2016春高考英语一轮复习 专题11 主谓一致_图文

走向高考 ·英语 人教版(课标卷地区) · 高考总复习 路漫漫其修远兮 吾将上下而求索 第二部分 语法专项突破 第二部分 专题十一 主谓一致 原则 语法 一致 原则 主语 单数 谓语 单数 典句例示 The boy was struggling for a better life. 复数 复数 The students are working hard to go to college. 就近 一致 原则 由or,either...or..., neither...nor...,not only...but(also)...等 连接 由there, here引起的 主语不止一个时 ①Either the shirts or the 与最近的主语 sweater is worth buying. 在单复数上保 ②Not only the students but also their teacher is 持一致 enjoying the film. 和最邻近的主 There are two pencils and a pen on the desk. 语保持一致 原则 主语 由连词and连接的并列成分指的是同一 概念,兼具身份或匹配出现 no/each/every/many a+单数名词+ and(+no/each/every/many a)+单数名词 谓语 典句例示 ①The poet and writer has come. ②Truth and honesty is the best policy. Each boy and each girl has an apple. 意义 一致 原则 one/every one/each/either/the number+ of/the variety of+复数名词 clothing,furniture,traffic,jewellery, baggage,equipment,luggage等无生命 的集体名词 以-s结尾的表示学科、国家、机构、 书籍、报刊等名称的词 表示时间、重量、距离、价格、金钱、 体积等复数名词表达一个整体概念 由every-,any-,some-,no-和- one,-thing,-body等构成的不定代 词 The number of students from the north is small. Clothing is badly needed in this flooded area. 单数 Politics is often a topic for discussion. Ten years is a moment in history. Is everybody here today? ①Persuading him to join us seems really hard. ②Whatever was left was taken away. 动词-ing形式、动词不定式和名词性 从句 原则 主语 由and连接的两个并列成分表示 两个不同的概念 谓语 典句例示 A poet and a writer have come. People read for pleasure during their spare time. people,police,cattle等有生命 的集体名词 意义 一些常用作复数或只有复数形 一致 式的名词,如goods,stairs, 原则 arms等 山脉、群岛、瀑布、运动会等 以-s结尾的专有名词 复数 The goods are sold out. The Olympic Games are held once every four years. A number of students are from the south. a number of+名词 原则 主语 集体名词class,family,army, team,club,company, population,minority,enemy, party,crowd,crew,audience, committee,government, majority,group等强调整体时谓语 用单数,指个体成员时谓语用复数 谓语 典句例示 ①Our family has a reunion every year. ②His family are waiting for him. 单复 数视 情况 而定 ①Every means has been tried. ②All possible means have been tried. ①All is going on very well. ②All are present besides the professor. ①About one third of the books are worth reading. ②Only 60 percent of the work has been done. 意义 单复数同形的名词,如means, 一致 works,deer,fish,sheep等 原则 all,none,some,any等不定代词 “half/most/enough/part/the rest/the last/lots/plenty/分数/百分数+of+ 名词”作主语,谓语要和of之后的 名词单复数保持一致 what和whatever引导主语从句时谓语动词 的单复数根据从句所表达的意义上的数确 定 在定语从句中,关系代词作主语,其谓语 动词的数和先行词保持一致,但“one of +复数名词”后面的定语从句的谓语动词 用复数,而在“the(only/very)one of+复数 特 名词”后面所接的定语从句中,谓语动词 别 却用单数 提 醒 当主语后有介词with,together/alo

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