高中英语 unit5 section2 Learning about Language课件 新人教版必修2_图文

成才之路 ·英语 人教版 ·必修2 路漫漫其修远兮 吾将上下而求索 Unit 5 Music Unit 5 Section Ⅱ Learning about Language “介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句 1 课前新知预习 3 课堂达标验收 2 课堂要点探究 4 课 时 作 业 课前新知预习 ? 用适当的关系词填空。 ? 1.However, the next King of Prussia, Frederick William Ⅰ, to ________ the amber room belonged, decided not to keep it. ? 2.They may start as a group of high-school students, for ________ practising their music in someone's house is the first step to fame. ? 3.Later they may give performances in pubs or clubs, for ________ they are paid in ? 4.The musicians were to play jokes on each other as well as play music,most of ________ was based loosely on the Beatles. ? 5.They produced a new record in 1996, with ________ they celebrated their former time as a real band. ? 答案:1.whom 2.whom 3.which 4.which 5.which 课堂要点探究 ? 一、关系代词的选择 ? 先行词是物时,用“介词+which”;是人 时,用“介词+whom”。介词后面的的关系 代词不能省略。which和whom通常作介词的宾 语。 ? ①He bought a beautiful house on which he spent all his money. ? 他花掉所有的积蓄买了一套漂亮的房子。 ? ②The gentleman about whom you told me yesterday proved to be a thief. ? 昨天你告诉了我有关那个绅士的事,这位绅 士原来是个贼。 ? 名师点拨 ? that前不能有介词。 ? We depend on the land from which we get our food. ? =We depend on the land that/which we get our food from. ? 我们依赖土地获得食物。 ? 二、介词的选择 ? 1.根据定语从句修饰的先行词确定介词,其 先行词往往是表示时间、地点、原因、方法、 工具等的词,它们与介词之间有一定的联系。 ? This is the way in which we worked out the problem. ? 这就是我们做出那道题的方法。(先行词way 意为“方法”,和介词in连用。) ? 名师点拨 ? 当先行词是way的时候,我们可以使用in which或that引导定语从句。在这种情况下, in which或that也可以省略。 ? I did not like the way (in which/that)she talked to me. ? 我不喜欢她和我说话的方式. ? 2.根据定语从句中的形容词确定介词,其形 容词与介词搭配,构成be动词之后的表语。 ? The two things about which he was not sure were the grammar and some of the idioms. ? 3.根据定语从句中的谓语动词确定介词,其 动词与介词搭配,构成动词短语。 ? He's the model from whom we should learn. ? 他是我们学习的榜样。(learn from...向??学 习) ? The problem about which you argued just now has been solved. ? 你们刚才争论的问题已经解决了。(argue about sth. 争论某事) ? 名师点拨 ? 此时的介词也可以放在从句中的动词之后, 关系代词which也可用that代替,也可以省略, who可以代替whom或省去。但非限制性定语 从句中的whom, which不可省。如上面的例 句可写成:He is the model (who/whom) we should learn from. The problem (which/that) you argued about just now has been solved. ? 4.根据句子的意思确定介词。关系代词前的 介词和从句的动词无搭配关系,只能根据上 下文取其意义,再决定介词。 ? ①This is the pilot for whom I bought a camera. ? 这就是我给他买相机的那位飞行员。 ? ②The scientist made a special telescope through which he could study the space and stars. ? 那位科学家制作了一架特殊的望远镜,通过 ? 5.表示所属关系时,介词应用of,关系代词 为which/ whom,即“the+n.+of+ which/whom”,表示“整体中的一部分”或 “??中??的”,介词一般也用of。另外 “不定代词或数词+of+which/whom”也可 引导定

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