必修五Unit 3 Section Ⅲ Grammar——过去分词作状语_图文
1．①Worried about the journey, I was unsettled for the first few days. ②Given better attention, the trees could grow better. ③Described as an enormous round plate, it spins slowly in space to imitate the pull of the earth’s gravity.
2．①Hit by a lack of fresh air, my head ached. ＝ Because I was hit by a lack of fresh air, my head ached. ②I stared at the moving model of the waste machine, absorbed by its efficiency. ＝ I stared at the moving model of the waste machine, and was absorbed by its efficiency.
3．①When offered help, one often says “Thank you” or “It’s kind of you.” ②The research is so designed that once begun nothing can be done to change it.
被动 关系。 宾关系，或称为_______ 原因 状 (2)第一组句子中的过去分词(短语)分别在句子中作：①_____ 条件 状语；③伴随情况或方式状语。 语；②______
状语 从句或并列句。 成相应的_______
从属连词＋过去分词 ”结构。可用于该结构 的状语，可用“___________________
中的从属连词有：when, once, while, if, unless, as if, as, than, though, although 等。
一、过去分词作状语 过去分词作状语，可以表示时间、让步、条件、原因、方 式和结果，相当于一个状语从句。其逻辑主语为主句的主语， 且与主句主语构成逻辑上的被动关系。
1．作时间状语 相当于时间状语从句。可在过去分词前加上连词 “when, while, until”等，使其时间意义更明确。 Seen from the top of the hill, the town looks more beautiful. ＝When it is seen from the top of the hill, the town looks more beautiful. 从山顶往下看，这座城镇看起来更加漂亮。
2．作原因状语 相当于原因状语从句或并列结构。 Deeply moved by the story, the children began to cry. ＝ Because they were deeply moved by the story, the children began to cry. 由于被故事深深地感动，孩子们开始哭了起来。
3．作条件状语 相当于条件状语从句。可加连词 if, unless 等转换成条件 状语从句。 Given more time, we could do it much better. ＝If we were given more time, we could do it much better. 多给我们点时间，我们会做得更好。
4．作让步状语 相当于让步状语从句。 有时可加 although, though, even if, even though, whether ... or 等连词转换成让步状语从句。 Defeated by his opponent, he never gave up any hope. ＝Although he was defeated by his opponent, he never gave up any hope. 尽管被对手击败，但是他从没放弃希望。
5．作方式、伴随状语 相当于 and 连接的并列结构。 The president of the company came to the factory, followed by some workers. ＝The president of the company came to the factory, and he was followed by some workers. 公司总经理在几位工人的陪同下来到工厂。
名师点津：值得注意的是，有些过去分词及短语因来源于 系表结构，作状语时不强调被动而重在描述主语的状态。这样 的过去分词及短语常见的有：lost (迷路)；seated (坐)；hidden (躲)；lost/absorbed in (沉溺于)；dressed in (穿着)；tired of (厌 烦 )。 Lost in thought, he didn’t hear the bell. 由于陷入沉思之中，他没有听到铃声。
[即时演练 1] (1)用所给词的适当形式填空
Founded (found) in the early 20th ①(安徽高考改编)__________
century, the school keeps on inspiring children’s love of art.
asked (ask) for his views about ②(安徽高考改编)When ________
his teaching job, Philip said he found it very interesting and rewarding.
Used (use) with care, one tin will last for ③(北京高考改编)_______
(2)同义句转换 ①United, we stand; divided, we fall.
If we are united , we stand;_________________, if we are divided we fall. →_________________
②Seriously injured, he had to be taken to the hospital.
Because he was seriously injured , he had to be taken to the →_____________________________
hospital. ③Though he was wounded, the brave soldier continued to fight.
Wounded , the brave soldier continued to fight. →__________
④When he was asked about his family, he made no answer.
When asked about his family , he made no answer. →___________________________
⑤The president entered the hall, and he was accompanied by a group of leaders.
accompanied by a group of →The president entered the hall,_________________________ leaders _______.
二、过去分词作状语时在句中的位置 过去分词作条件、原因及时间状语时，通常放在句首； 作伴随、结果状语时，通常放在句末；作方式状语时，一般 放在句末，有时也放在句首；作让步状语时，一般放在句首， 有时也放在句末。 Told that his mother was ill, Li Lei hurried home quickly. 得知母亲生病了，李雷迅速赶回了家。 The old man walked into the room, supported by his son. 老人在儿子的搀扶下走进了房间。
三、过去分词的独立结构作状语 过去分词作状语时，有时在分词前加上自己的主语，这种 带有自身主语的过去分词被称为过去分词的独立结构， 过去分 词的独立结构通常在句中作状语， 可表示时间、 原因、 条件等。 Extra money given to the poor, he felt very happy. ＝Because extra money was given to the poor, he felt very happy. 又给了穷人一些钱后，他感到很高兴。
①The plan was successfully carried out, and everything worked out perfectly. The plan successfully carried out , everything worked out →________________________________ perfectly. ②The boy was knocked over, and blood streamed down his head.
The boy knocked over , blood streamed down his head. →______________________
③After the task had been completed, we had a global travelling.
The task completed , we had a global travelling. →_________________
四、过去分词与现在分词作状语的区别 过去分词与句子的主语之间存在逻辑上的动宾关系，即 表被动；现在分词与句子的主语之间存在逻辑上的主谓关 系，即表主动。
分词作状语，主语是问题。 前后两动作，共用一主语。 主语找出后，再来判关系。 主动用 ing，被动用 ed。 Asked why he was late, he cried. 被问到他为什么迟到时，他哭了。 Looking out of the window, I saw some students playing there. 我朝窗外望去，看见几个学生正在那边玩耍。
名师点津：无论是现在分词还是过去分词，其逻辑主语必 须和句子的主语一致。如果不一致，则必须用状语从句、独立 主格结构等其他表达形式。 If caught, the police will punish the thief.(×) If caught, the thief will be punished by the police.(√) If the thief is caught, the police will punish the thief.(√)
Finding (find) the course very difficult, she ①(北京高考改编)__________
decided to move to a lower level.
used ②(湖南高考改编)Time, ______(use) correctly, is money in the
bank. Using (use) the book, I find it useful. ③_______
Worried (worry) about his son’s safety, he didn’t sleep well. ④________ Hearing (hear) the joke, I couldn’t help laughing. ⑤_________
Compared (compare) with the size of the whole earth, 1．____________
the highest mountain does not seem high at all.
Followed (follow) by some officials, Napoleon inspected 2．_________
Heated (heat), liquids can be changed into gases. 3．________
Seeing (see) the house on fire, he dialed 119. 4．_________
Driven (drive) by the rising price of gas, many car 5．__________
owners use their cars less frequently.
invited (invite) to speak, you should remain 6．Unless _________
silent at the conference.
lost (lose), such a chance might never come again. 7． Once ______ Being (be) poor at English, I’m afraid I can’t make 8．_________
Settled (settle) in a friendly way, their fierce quarrel 9．_________
finally came to an end.
Lost (lose) in thought, he almost ran into the car in front 10．______
Reminded (remind) not to drive after drinking, some 11．____________
drivers are still trying their luck, which is really dangerous.
Offered (offer) an important role in a 12．(四川高考改编)__________
new movie, Andy has got a chance to become famous.
Ⅱ.句型转换 1．Aunt Wu came in and she was supported by her daughter.
supported by her daughter →Aunt Wu came in,__________________________.
2．Don’t speak until you are asked to.
asked to →Don’t speak until ___________.
3． Because it was written in a hurry, this article was not so good.
Written in a hurry , this article was not so good. →_________________
4．Even if I’m invited, I won’t take part in the party.
Even if invited , I won’t take part in the party. →_______________
5．Heated to a high temperature, water will change into vapor.
If the water is heated to a high temperature , it will →________________________________________
change into vapor. 6．Everything had been prepared, and I felt relieved.
Everything prepared , I felt relieved. →_______________________