高考英语一轮复习 Unit2 Healthy eating课件 新人教版必修3(福建专用)_图文

2013届高考英语一轮复习课件
新人教版福建专用

Unit 2

Healthy eating

① diet n. 根据语境猜词义 (1)She is on a diet in order to lose weight.

B

(2)It's important to have a balanced, healthy diet. A
根据语义找匹配 A.日常饮食

B .(病人或减肥者的)特种食品

① diet n. 短语 be / go on a diet 节食

put sb. on diet 让某人节食
a balanced diet 均衡饮食

① diet n. 辨析 diet/food diet 特指维系健康的定量或定质的食品,常用

于病人、减肥者等的食物,是可数名词。
They are seeking the most reasonable diet Which

will do good to their health.

① diet n. 辨析 diet/food food是一般用法。指能维系生命的、能充饥的、

能吃能喝的东西。作为食物,是不可数名词;作为食
物种类,是可数名词。

We must have food to eat and clothes to wear.
The children jumped with joy at sight of all kinds of foods on the table.

① diet n. 用food/diet填空

The sick man must not go without (1)______, but he
must have a (2)______ without sugar. 答案 (1)food (2)diet

② balance n. & vt. 根据语境猜词义 (1)John lost his balance and fell off the ladder.

(2)My bank balance isn't very large any more.
(3)Weigh that side of beef on the balance.

(4)He completed the balance of the work later.

② balance n. & vt. 根据语义找匹配 A. 剩余的(工作)

B. 天平(可数)
C. 平衡(多作不可数名词)

D. (收支)差额;余额;尾数(可数,通常作单数)
答案 (1)C (2)D (3)B (4)A

② balance n. & vt. 短语 keep the balance of sb./keep one's balance 保持平衡 lose one's balance 失去平衡 out of balance 失去平衡 balance of trade 贸易差额

balance of power

均势
达成平衡;把两者安排得当

strike the balance of

② balance n. & vt. 完成句子

(1)你必须处理好工作与休息的关系。
You should _________ work and rest.

(2)当我向后仰时,失去了平衡。
When I bent back, I ________________. 答案 (1)strike the balance of (2)lost the balance

③ get away with
根据语境猜词义 (1)Don't be tempted to cheat in the exam — you will

never get away from it.
(2)He can't get away from the office before 7 o'clock.

(3)Thieves got away with computer equipment worth $
20,000.

③ get away with
根据语义找匹配 A.离开,脱身

B .(因做坏事而)逃避或不受责备惩罚
C.携某物潜逃,偷走 答案 (1)B (2)A (3)C

③ get away with 单项填空 (1) — Did you make sense of what I said at the meeting? — No. Your meaning didn't ______. B Would you like to explain it a second time? A. get in B. get across C. get over D. get through

③ get away with 单项填空 解析 句 意 : —— 你 明 白 我 在 会 上 讲 的 东 西 了

吗?—— 我没明白会上你说的意思,你能再解释一 次吗? get in 进去、收获;get across 使……被理解, 把……讲清楚;get over 克服、恢复;get through通 过、完成、打通,所以答案是B。

③ get away with 单项填空
(2) (2010·四川)Jenny was looking for a seat when,

B and left. luckily,a man ______
A. took up B. got up

C. shut up
解析

D. set up

句意为: Jenny 正在找一个座位,正在那时,

很幸运地,一个人站起来离开了。故选B。

④ lie n. & v.
根据语境猜词义

(1) Believe him. He never tells a lie.

C B

(2) He lied that he had been to the moon.

(3) West of the hill lie two chemical plants.
(4) He lied on his back on the playground. 根据语义找匹配 A. 位于 C. 谎话 B. 撒谎 D. 躺卧

A
D

④ lie n. & v.
链接

巧记一:撒谎(lie)的规则,不规则的是躺 (lie),躺

下来(lay) 就下蛋 (lay), 下蛋 (laid) 不规则。

原形 词性
lie

语义 撒谎
躺卧 产卵、下蛋; 摆放

过去式 lied
lay

过去 分词

现在 分词 lying

vi.
vi.

lied
lain

lay

v.

laid

laid

laying

④ lie n. & v.
链接

巧记二: He lied that he lay in bed and laid a hen in a box

and saw her laying an egg.
他撒谎道他躺在床上把母鸡放在盒子里看着她

下蛋。

④ lie n. & v.
短语 tell a lie=tell lies 撒谎;讲谎话

a big lie 弥天大谎
a black lie 用心险恶的谎言

a white lie 善意的谎言

④ lie n. & v.
单项填空 (1) The manager had fallen asleep where he ______ B , without undressing. A. was laying B. was lying

C. had laid

D. had lied

④ lie n. & v.
单项填空 解析 本题考查的是lie有关时态词形的变化和语义

辨析。在处理这一问题时,首先我们要搞清楚它在
语境中的语义,本句的语义是:经理穿着衣服就在 他躺着的地方睡着了。通过had fallen asleep可知它 是“躺卧”的意思,排除A和C。从时态意义出发,睡 着时,躺卧的动作正在发生,所以答案是B。

④ lie n. & v.
单项填空 (2) At the foot of the hill ______ C a big lake surrounded by trees. A. lays B. is laying C. lies D. lying
解析 本题考查的是lie有关词形的变化和语义辨析。在
处理这一问题时,我们首先要搞清楚它的句式结构。这 是地点状语放在句首的一个完全倒装句,其主语是 a big lake。它的语义是:山脚下有个被树环绕着的大湖。

⑤ win back 赢回,重新获得 根据语境感悟用法

How can I win back her trust?
我怎么才能重新赢得她的信任?

⑤ win back 赢回,重新获得 辨析 win/beat/defeat

win 表示“(在竞赛、游戏、选举等中)获胜,赢
” 时是不及物动词,也是及物动词。表示 “ 赢得 ( 奖

品)”时是及物动词。
Slow and steady wins the race. beat 是及物动词,它的宾语是人,不能是事物。 一般指小型的活动。 We beat Class 1 in the school sports meeting.

⑤ win back 赢回,重新获得 辨析 win/beat/defeat

defeat 也是及物动词,它的宾语是人,也可以
是辩论活动。比较正式,一般指大型活动。

We will defeat them in the Olympic Games.

⑤ win back 赢回,重新获得 完成句子 (1)Our teachers have ________(赢得了爱戴和尊重)of

the students.
答案 won the love and respect

⑤ win back 赢回,重新获得 单项填空 (2)The Huston Rockets _____ C the Los Angeles Lakers

108-89 in the NBA on Sunday.
A. hit B. won

C. beat

D. defeat

⑤ win back 赢回,重新获得 单项填空

解析

句意:在周日的NBA比赛中,休斯敦火箭队

以 108 - 89 战胜了洛杉矶湖人队。 hit“ 打、撞击 ” 明 显不合题意; win 后不能跟人,这里的洛杉矶湖人 队指的是人;而beat和defeat可以,但从时态考虑, 这件事发生在过去,要用一般过去时,beat 的过去

式和原形是一致的, defeat 的过去式是 defeated ,所
以答案是C。

⑥ strength n. 根据语境猜词义 (1)I don't have the strength to climb any further.

B

(2)Where did you find the strength to keep trying? A (3)The great strength of our plan lies in its simplicity. C
根据语义找匹配 A.意志力

B.体力,力量
C.优势,长处

⑥ strength n.

链接
the strength to do sth. 做某事的体力/意志力 inner strength 精神力量 strengthen v. 使变强,加强

⑥ strength n. 辨析 energy/force/power/strength energy 物理学意义上的“能、能量”;生理学上的 “ 精力、活力 ” 。其侧重于人的精神和大自然的能量。 Though he is very thin and small, he is full of

energy.
force 指外在的“力量、武力”;也指自然界的力

量。复数常指“兵力、军队”。其侧重于强迫性。
the air forces 空军

⑥ strength n. 辨析 energy/force/power/strength power 指“能力、权力”或内在的“力”;也指人 或机器等潜在的或能发出的力量。其强调动力或潜 在的力量或人的权力。

I shall do everything in my power to rescue.
strength 指人的“体力、力气”和“长处”;指物的 “强度”。其强调力气。 He pulled the injured person from the ruins with all his strength.

⑥ strength n. 单项填空

D Can you tell me (1)— You are always full of______.
the secret? — Taking plenty of exercise every day.

A. power
C. force

B. strength
D. energy

解析

本题考查名词词义辨析。句意:——你总是

精力充沛,能告诉我其中的奥秘吗?——每天进行 大量的锻炼。

⑥ strength n. 单项填空 (2)Our country is performing reforms in many fields,

one of ______ D is electric ______.
A. that; force B. those; strength

C. them; energy
解析

D. which; power

句意:我们国家在许多领域在进行着改革,

其中的一项就是电能改革。

⑥ strength n. 单项填空 (3)Some countries are increasing their use of natural

B gas, and other forms of ______.
A. source B. energy

C. power
解析

D. material

本题考查名词辨析。句意:一些国家在提高

对天然气和其他形式的能源的利用。通过上文中的 their use of natural gas,我们便可知道它所指的是: 大自然的能量,所以答案是B。

⑦ in debt 负债
bb 根据语境感悟用法 (1)I always try to avoid being in debt to anyone.

我总是尽量避免欠任何人债。
(2)You saved my life; I am in debt to you forever.

你救了我的命,我永远都欠你的。

⑦ in debt 负债
链接 in heavy debt=heavily in debt 负债累累

be in debt to sb. 欠某人的债
pay off all the debt 还清债务

get/ be out of debt 不欠债了
get/ run into debt 陷入债务

⑦ in debt 负债
短语 in debt 中in 表示“处于……状态中”。类似的短 语还有:

in trouble 处于困境
in danger 处于危险中

in need 需要
in peace 和平地

in surprise 惊讶地
in common 相同地 in charge 管理;负责

in sorrow 悲痛地
in detail 详细地

⑦ in debt 负债
完成句子 (1)他死时负债累累。 in debt He died heavily ________. 单项填空 (2)He was _____ D when he was poor, but has been out of debt since he got rich. A. in truth C. in common B. in general D. in debt

⑧ limit v.
根据语境猜词义

(1) We should take efficient activities to limit high
school students to surfing the Internet.

B
A

(2) He has reached the limit of her patience.
根据语义找匹配 A. 极限 n.

B. 限定,限制 v.

⑧ limit v.
链接 limitation [U]“限制、限定”。强调能力的局限性或缺陷。 limited adj. limitless adj. 有限的 无限的

⑧ limit v.
用limit的正确形式填空 (1) My life is ________ limited , but learning is ________. limitless

(2) The _________ limitation of speed is for the safety of each
driver. 解析 (1) 吾生有涯,学无涯。

(2) 对时速的限制是为了每个司机的安全。

⑨ benefit n. & v. 根据语境猜词义 (1) Smoking has little benefit on our health.

(2) I have had the benefit of good education.
(3) The expressway will benefit us all and we will

certainly benefit from it.
(4)How much unemployment benefit do you get?

⑨ benefit n. & v. 根据语义找匹配 A.救济金,津贴 n.

B.有益于,对……有好处 vt.
C.获益,受益 vi.

D.好处,益处 n.
答案 (1)D (2)D (3)B; C (4)A

⑨ benefit n. & v. 短语 have benefit on… sth. benefits sb. … be of benefit to… 对……有益 得益于…… ……有益于某人 对……有益 have the benefit of…

for the benefit of sb./for sb.'s benefit

为了某人的利益
sb. benefits from sth. 某人得益于……

⑨ benefit n. & v.
完成句子 (1) 为了人民的利益,我们要不惜一切代价保护大坝。

We should make every effort to protect the dam
_______________ for the benefit of the people.

(2) 教育事业是有利于人民的事业,我们要把它办好。

of benefit to the people The cause of education is ____________________.
We should operate it well.

⑨ benefit n. & v.
完成句子

(3) 公益活动恩泽于千家万户,我们非常支持。 the benefit of public welfare. All of Everyone has ____________ us will support it.

⑩ cut down 根据语境猜词义 (1) When I climbed up the mountain, an old man was cutting down a tall tree. When I climbed down the mountain, he had cut it up.

B
A

(2) They have decided to cut down the household
expenses to devote money for the disaster area. 根据语义找匹配 A. 减少 B. 砍倒

⑩ cut down 短语 cut across 抄近路穿过

cut in
cut off

插嘴,打断
停止供应,切断,隔开

cut out

删去、戒除
凿穿

cut through cut up 切碎

⑩ cut down 单项填空 (1)When Jason failed to pay his bill, the network

company ______ A his Internet connection.
A. cut off B. cut out

C. cut up
解析

D. cut down

句意:当杰森没付账时,网络公司终止了他

的网络连接。通过语境语义,我们体会出的是“终止、

切断”的意思,所以答案是A。

⑩ cut down 完成句子 (2) 老大爷把树砍倒然后把它劈开。 cut down the tree and cut it up The old man _________________________. (3)别人在说话时插嘴是不礼貌的。

It's bad manners to ______ cut in while others are talking.

? before long 辨析 相当于 soon。 Before long, the army will be sent to rescue us by before long/long before before long 副词短语,表示“不久”的意思,

the government.

? before long 辨析 before long/long before

long before 既是副词短语,表示“很久以前”;
也是连接词,引导时间状语从句,表示“在……以

前很久”。
I had been there long before when it was bare and

deserted mountain.
It wasn't long before he realize his mistakes.

? before long 单项填空

(1) — Has Bob returned from the USA?
— Yes, he arrived two months ago, but it wasn't

B he went to Beijing. ______
A. before long C. long after 解析 B. long before D. long ago

句意:——鲍勃从美国回来了吗?——两个

月前就回来了。没过多久就去北京了。它所体现的 是“没过多久就……”的意思,所以答案是B。

? before long 单项填空 (2)Please wait with patience. He will return ______. B

A. long before
C. long ago

B. before long
D. not long

解析 句意:请耐心等待。不久他就会回来的。long ago表示“很久以前”,更多地用在寓言、神话故事开

头,以提起故事; not long是汉语式的表达。

? put on weight 发胖,增加体重 根据语境感悟用法 Rosie's put on weight/five kilos since she quit smoking.

罗齐戒烟以来发胖了/体重增加了5公斤。

? put on weight 发胖,增加体重 短语 put up 挂起、张贴;举起、抬起;建造、搭起、投宿

put up with 忍受
put down 放下;记下;平息

put aside 忽视;不理睬;攒钱;放到一边
put away 放好;把……收起来

? put on weight 发胖,增加体重 短语 put back 放回;延期

put off 推迟
put out 伸出;拿出;灭火

put on 穿上;戴上;播放;上演,展出
put an end to 结束……

? put on weight 发胖,增加体重 单项填空 (1)You can take anything from the shelf and read, but

please ____ C the books when you've finished with them.
A. put on B. put down

C. put back
解析

D. put off

句意:你可以拿书柜里的所有的书看,但看

完后请放回原处。put on穿上,上演;put down放 下,记下; put back放回原处; put off推迟,所以 答案是C。

? put on weight 发胖,增加体重 单项填空 (2)(2010·全国Ⅱ)My mother opened drawer to _____ A the knives and spoons. A. put away B. put up

C. put on
解析

D. put together

考查动词词组辨析。put away 放好,收拾起

来;put up举起,搭建,张贴,挂起; put on 穿上, 戴上;put together 组装,装配,把……凑合起来。

? Nothing could be better…(P10) 再没有比这些更好吃的了…… 当比较级与not, never, nothing等否定词连用时,

表示“再也没什么比这更……的了”。
What an interesting novel! I have never read a more moving story. = It's the most moving novel that I have ever read. 多么有意思的小说!我从来没看过比这更动人

的故事了。(言外之意,这是最动人的)

more…than any other+n.是比较级的句式,却 表达最高级的含义。比较的主体和比较范围不能相 互包容。如果是包容关系,我们一定要在比较范围 内把它排除掉。常见的句式有:

(1)any other +单数名词
(2)all other + 复数名词 (3)比较级+ than + anyone else (4)any of the other + 复数名词 (5)the rest of + 复数名词或不可数名词

上海比中国任何一个城市都大。

Shanghai is larger than any other city in China.
Shanghai is larger than all other cities in China. Shanghai is larger than any of the other cities in China. 注意: 如果不是包含关系,就不能用排除关系的词。

温馨提示: “否 定 式 与比较级 ” 这一现象频频出现在现 代的高考中。对它的考查主要以对话形式出现,带 有明显的交际特色。在很多情况下,命题人通常把

它与冠词的问题与分词形式放在一起进行综合考查。

单项填空
(1) — What do you think of the boy's painting?

B sense of art. — I've never seen a person with ______
A. the better C. a good 解析 B. a better D. the best

本题考查的是“否定词与比较级”连用的句式。

表示“从来都没见过比他更有艺术感的人”,不定冠 词修饰sense, 所以答案是B。

单项填空 (2) — Are you satisfied with what he has done?

B — Not a little. It couldn't be ______.
A. any worse
解析

B. any better C. so well

D. so bad

本题考查的是“否定词(couldn't)+ 比较级”的

基本句式。从题干中的not a little体会出的语义是“

非常( 满意)”。其语义是: —— 你对他的所作所为
感到满意吗? —— 非常满意。 再没有比这更好的 了。所以答案是B。

单项填空 (3) — Who's your favorite basketballer in China?
— Yao Ming, of course. No one plays ______. A

A. better
C. good 解析

B. best
D. well

句 意 : —— 谁 是 中 国 你 最 喜 欢 的 篮 球

手? —— 当然是姚明喽。没有人比他打的还好了。

单项填空
(4)AIDS is the biggest killer in the world, taking _____ D lives each year than ______disease. A. more; any C. many; other 解析 B. most; any other D. more; any other

考查比较级的句式问题。语义是:艾滋病是

世界上最大的杀手,每年所夺去的生命比任何疾病
都多。根据语境所表达是在同一范围内比较,所以 答案要有排除关系的词,答案是D。

? I wish I could see things clearly in the dark.(P13) 我多么希望能够看清黑暗中的东西。 wish后接宾语从句时,它所表达的是虚拟语气,

即不太能实现的愿望。
sb. had done sth. (过去) wish that sb. did /were (现在) sb. would do sth. (将来)

What a pity! The boy died. I wish that I had been a

doctor.
真可惜!小男孩死了。我要是医生该多好啊!

We will go hiking tomorrow. I wish it wouldn't rain.
明天我们要远足。但愿天别下雨。

在语言运用中,我们要注意: 1) 从句中的虚拟语气的形式是有时间限制的。 但它的时间不受wish 的影响。而取决于从句动作所 发生的时间。 2) 因为这一结构是虚拟语气,表达了不太能实 现的愿望,所以在表示祝愿时,我们一定注意不能

使用这一句式,否则给人带来的是虚情假意,不情
愿的愿望,尽管语法你没用错。

I wish you would come here for a play if you are free. (×) I wish you to come here for a play if you are free. (√) I hope you will come here for a play if you are free. (√)

温馨提示:
wish 作为动词,它有3个重要句式: (1) “wish sb. +名词” 表示祝愿,意为“祝某 人 ……”。 Wish you success/good luck/a good trip.

祝你马到成功。 / 祝你吉星高照。 ( 祝你鸿运大
发。)/祝你一路顺风。 (祝你一帆风顺。) 此处不能用“hope sb. + 名词”这一句式。

温馨提示:
(2) wish to do sth. 希望做某事

I wish to pass the entrance exam, so I'll keep on
trying. 我希望能考上大学,因此我会不懈地努力。 (3) wish sb. to do sth. 希望某人做某事 You are sure to succeed in science. I wish you to

be a scientist in the future.
在理科方面你定能成功。我希望你将来当个科 学家。

温馨提示:
不能使用hope sb. to do sth. 句式。 I hope you to lend your hand to her. (×)

I wish you to lend your hand to her. (√)
I hope you will lend your hand to her. (√)

翻译句子 (1) 我要是教授该多好啊! 答案 How I wish I were a professor!

单项填空 (2) How I wish every family_____ B a large house with a pretty garden! A. has B. had C. will have D. had had 解析 在处理本题的过程中,我们极易误认为它考 查的是时态问题。从语句的语境分析,它是wish 宾

语从句中的虚拟语气问题。其语义是:我多么希望
每个家庭都有一座有着玲珑别致花园的大房子。体

现的是对现在的虚拟,用did形式,所以答案是B。

?According to my research , neither your
restaurant nor mine offers a balanced diet… (P15)

根据我的研究 ,你我两家所提供的都不是均
衡膳食。

neither…nor… 并 列 连 词 , 表 示 “ 既 不 …… 也 不……”的意思。在使用中,注意以下问题:

(1)连接相同的句子成分。
I think he is neither in the classroom nor on the playground by now. 我认为他此时此刻既不在教室里也不在操场上。

(2)连接两个主语时,主谓一致原则是近邻原则,
即和最近的主语在人称和数上保持一致。 Does neither he nor you often help him clean the room? 你和他经常帮他打扫房间吗?

链接
both…and… 既……又……;又……又……。连 接主语时,谓语动词用复数形式。 either … or … 要么 …… 要么 …… ;或 …… 或……。连接主语时,谓语动词形式遵循就近原则。

完成句子

(1) 中国和印度都不是发达国家?
Neither nor India___ is a developed country. ________China_____

(3)两个答案都不对。
_________of the answers____ Neither is right. (3)汤姆和他的朋友在汉语学习上都不需要什么帮助。 ________ Neither Tom ______ nor his friends _______ need any help in Chinese.

并列连词的意义与作用 1 .由两个或两个以上的简单句并列连接起来 的句子叫并列句。 2 .并列句的基本句型:简单句 + 并列连词 (或连接副词)+ 简单句。 3 .常用并列连词 ( 或连接副词 ) 的归类与功能 概括如下:

(1) 表示连接两个同等概念,常用的连词有 and,

not only…but also…, neither…nor…, then等,表
示并列或递进。 The teacher's name is Smith, and the student's name is John. (2) 表示选择,常用的连词有 or, either…or… ,

otherwise等,表示选择,基本词义为:或者,否则,
不然的话。 Hurry up, or you'll miss the train.

(3)表示转折,常用的连词有but, still, however, yet,

while, nevertheless, in contrast 等,表示对比,基本词
义:但是,然而。

He was a little man with thick glasses, but he had a
strange way of making his classes lively and interesting.

(4)表示因果关系,常用的连词有 for( 因为), so, therefore, consequently, thus, accordingly等,表示结 果,基本词义:因此,所以。

August is the time of the year for rice harvest, so
every day I work from dawn until dark.

选择恰当的并列连接词填空 1. Mr. Smith is an English teacher _______ he teaches

us English.
2. When you are learning English, use it as often as

possible, _______ you might drop it.
3. It's a long story, ______ there are few new words in it, _______ it will be easy for children.

答案

(1) and

(2) or

(3) but; so

选择恰当的并列连接词填空 4. It must have rained last night ________ the ground is still wet.

5. He broke the rules of the school; ________ he had to
leave.

6. I don't know anything against the man; ________, I
trust him. 答案 (4) for (5) therefore (6) however

选择恰当的并列连接词填空 7. Jane was dressed in green ______ Mary was dressed

in blue.
8. _______ is your answer wrong _______ mine is. 9. You must work harder; _______ you will be put into another class. 10. He doesn't talk much, ________ he thinks a lot. 答案 (7) while (9)otherwise / or (8) Not only; but also (10) but

1

哪些是动词的谓语形式?

找出各句的谓语动词并指出其具体形式
1. Don't teach fish to swim.

不要班门弄斧。
2. He had a good memory like an elephant. 他以前有很好的记忆力。 答案 1. don't teach,否定式 2. had,过去式

1

哪些是动词的谓语形式?

3. It would be a waste of money building such a

luxurious villa.
建这么豪华的别墅太浪费钱。

4. Light travels much faster than sound.
光比声音传播速度快得多。 答案 3. would be,附加情态动词的动词原形

4. travels,单数形式

1

哪些是动词的谓语形式?

5. When asked why, please just keep silent. 当问到原因时,就保持沉默。 6. The president was warmly welcomed by the residents.

总统受到了居民的热烈欢迎。
答案 5. keep,动词原形 6. was welcomed,动词的被动形式

1
谓语动词的形式包括主动句各种时态下的谓语
形式和被动句各种时态下的谓语形式以及情态动词 与动词连用的各种形式。

2

哪些是动词的非谓语形式?

指出下列动词形式是谓语动词形式还是非谓语动词形式
1. teaches 2. teaching 3. taught 4. being taught 5. will teach 6. having taught ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________

2

哪些是动词的非谓语形式?

指出下列动词形式是谓语动词形式还是非谓语动词形式
7. has taught 8. was taught 9. teach 10. are teaching ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________

2
答案

哪些是动词的非谓语形式?

指出下列动词形式是谓语动词形式还是非谓语动词形式

非谓语动词形式:2,3(此处理解为过去分词), 4,6, 9

(此处理解为省略to的不定式);
谓 语 动 词 的 形 式 : 1,3( 此 处 理 解 为 过 去 式 ) , 5,7,8,9,10。

2
动名词,现在分词,不定式与过去分词以及

它们相应时态与语态下的各种形式叫作动词的非
谓语形式。换言之,不能作谓语的动词形式叫非 谓语动词。

3

非谓语动词的否定式怎么表达?

根据汉语提示完成句子(每空一词)
1. 因为不按时上学,他经常受到老师批评。 He is often criticized by the teacher because of _____ not going to school on time. _______ 2. 因为不知道真相,这些村民抗议修建高速公路。 Not _______ having ________ known the truth, the villagers ______ protested against building an express way.

3

非谓语动词的否定式怎么表达?

3. 为了不让公众认出来,这个明星戴了副墨镜。

In order _____ _____ ______ _______ by the public,
the star wore a pair of sunglasses.

4. 没人告诉你怎样做,你就先休息一会儿吧。
_______ ______ how to do it you can, take a rest first. 答案

3. not to be recognized

4. Not told

3
非谓语动词的否定式为 not + 非谓语动词

4

非谓语动词有时态和语态吗?

翻译下列句子,指出画线部分的语法术语名称 1. Bell is generally considered to have invented the phone. 2. The building being built is a conference center. 答案 1.人们一般认为贝尔发明了电话。to have invented: 动词不定式的完成式。 2 .正在修建的建筑是个会议中心。being built :现 在分词的进行式。

4
English.

非谓语动词有时态和语态吗?

3. Having lived abroad for two decades, he speaks good 4. All the citizens around were praised for having made great contributions to the development of the city. 答案 3 .在国外生活了 20 年,他讲一口流利的英语 。 having lived:现在分词的完成时。 4 .所有市民受到了表彰,因为他们为城市发展作 出了重大贡献。having made:动名词的完成式。

4

非谓语动词有时态和语态吗?

5. I have a lot of letters to be typed and you have to work overtime. 答案 我有许多信要打印,你得加班了。to be typed:动

词不定式的被动式。

4

非谓语动词有时态和语态吗?

6. His having been given help all the time encourages him to be brave enough to face the difficulties. 答案 一直得到别人的帮助,这让他有了面对困难的足够

勇气。his having been given:动名词完成式的被动
式的复合结构。

4
非谓语动词不仅有时态,而且有语态,具体形式见下表 语态 时态 一般 完成 进行 不定式 to do to have done to be doing doing having done 主 动名词 动 现在分词 doing having done 过去分词

4
语态


不定式 to be done 动名词 being done


现在分词 过去分词

时态 一般
完成

being done
having done

to have done
to be doing

having done

进行

4
语态 主 不定式 动 被 动 现在分词 过去分词

时态
否定式

动名词

not +非谓语动词(含各种时态)

注意: 过去分词无所谓主动和被动式,有且只有一般式done

5

动名词,现在分词,动词不定式及过去分词

在句中作什么成分? 翻译下列句子并指出非谓语动词在句中充当的成分
1. The HR manager hurried to the airport only to be told

the plane had taken off.
答案 那位人事经理急匆匆赶到机场想不到被告知飞机已 经起飞。to be told作结果状语。

5

动名词,现在分词,动词不定式及过去分词

在句中作什么成分?
2. Talking to such a man is just like talking to a wall. 3. He came running.

答案
2.与这样的人谈话等于对牛弹琴。第一个“talking”

短语作主语;后一个talking短语作宾语。
3.他跑着来了。running作方式状语。

5

动名词,现在分词,动词不定式及过去分词

在句中作什么成分?
4. Taken as a whole, the 16th Asian Games are well organized. 答案 整体来看,第十六届亚运会组织得很好。taken作条 件状语。

5
非谓语动词动名词,现在分词,动词不定式及 过去分词在句中可充当除谓语以外的各种成分,具

体用法见下表(一般情况下)
主语 谓语 宾语 定语
动名词 √ × √ √

状语
×

独立 补语 表语 成分 × √ ×

5
主语 谓语 宾语 定语 现在 分词 不定 式 过去 分词 状语 补语 表语 独立 成分

×


×
×

×

















×

×

×











6
断其类别

现在分词和动名词作定语有何区别?

翻译下列句子,指出 ing 形式的不同含义并判 1. Let the sleeping dog lie.

2. A sleeping car is expensive.
答案 1 .不要自找麻烦 ( 让正在睡觉的狗躺着 ) 。 dog 与

sleeping 有 逻 辑 上 的 主 谓 关 系 , 即 “ 狗 睡 觉 ” 。
sleeping 是现在分词。

6
断其类别

现在分词和动名词作定语有何区别?

翻译下列句子,指出 ing 形式的不同含义并判 1. Let the sleeping dog lie.

2. A sleeping car is expensive.
答案 2.卧车是很昂贵的。sleeping表示car 的用途,即“

用来睡觉的车”。sleeping是动名词。

6
动名词和现在分词均可作定语,动名词作定语
时,动名词表达被修饰词的用途。现在分词作定语

时表达被修饰词与该分词逻辑上的主谓关系。

7
断其类别

现在分词和动名词作表语有何区别?

翻译下列句子,指出 ing 形式的不同含义并判 1. My job is teaching. 答案 我的职业是教书。 teaching 与 my job 是等同关系,

teaching 表达 my job 的具体内容。表语 teaching 和主
语my job可交换位置,即可表达为:Teaching is my job. teaching是动名词。

7
断其类别

现在分词和动名词作表语有何区别?

翻译下列句子,指出 ing 形式的不同含义并判 2. My job is interesting. 答案 我的职业很有趣。interesting与my job是修饰与被修

饰关系,interesting表达my job的特征、性质。表语
interesting和主语my job不可交换位置。interesting是 现在分词。

7
动名词作表语表达主语的具体内容,此时表语

与主语可交换位置。现在分词作表语表达主语的性
质与特征,一般情况不可与主语交换位置。

8
及其含义

现在分词和不定式作结果状语有何区别?

翻译下列句子,指出句中画线部分充当的成分 1. The old lady hurried to the bus station to see her son

off only to be told the bus had left.
答案

老太太匆匆赶到车站给儿子送行,想不到被告知车
已开走。不定式短语to be told the bus had left作结果

状语,表达出人意料或不情愿看到的结果。

8
及其含义

现在分词和不定式作结果状语有何区别?

翻译下列句子,指出句中画线部分充当的成分 2. We reached the top of the mountain, breathing hard. 答案 我们到达了山顶,上气不接下气。分词短语

breathing hard 作结果状语,表达合乎情理的自然的
结果。

8
不定式(短语)作结果状语时,前面往往有 only/just 修饰,表达出人意料或不情愿看到的结果;

现在分词 (短语) 作结果状语,表达合乎情理的自然
的结果。

9

什么是不定式和动名词复合结构?

翻译下列句子,并指出复合结构在句中充当的成分 1. It was very cruel of them to eat rare wild animals. 2. I don't think it advisable for him to learn medicine.

答案
1.他们吃稀有野生动物真够残忍的。不定式的复合 结构作主语。 2.我认为他学医不合适。不定式的复合结构作宾语。

9

什么是不定式和动名词复合结构?

3. This is for you to decide.

4. The article is too difficult for a child of ten to
understand. 答案 3.这得由你决定。不定式的复合结构作表语。 4.这篇文章太难,是一个10岁的孩子理解不了的。

不定式的复合结构作状语。

9

什么是不定式和动名词复合结构?

5. The order for them to climb the mountain was given. 6. John's/John coming here will get us out of trouble. 答案 5.让他们登山的命令已经发出。不定式的复合结

构作定语。
6.约翰的到来将会使我们脱离困境。动名词复合

结构作主语。

9

什么是不定式和动名词复合结构?

7. I don't remember him/his giving me that book. 8. I insist on Mary's going there. 答案 7 .我不记得他给过我那本书。动名词复合结构作 动词宾语。

8 .我坚持要玛丽到那儿去。动名词复合结构作介
词宾语。

9
答案

什么是不定式和动名词复合结构?

9. What is most important is Tom's going there at once.

最主要的问题是Tom得马上去那里。动名词复合结 构作表语。

9
当不定式和动名词的逻辑主语不是句子主语,

且又需要指出来时,就在它们的前面加上逻辑主语,
就构成了复合结构,即 “ 逻辑主语+不定式或动名 词”。 不定式的复合结构有两种: “for + 名词(或代 词宾格)+ 不定式”;“of + 名词(或代词宾格)+ 不

定式”。不定式的复合结构在句中可以充当主语、
宾语、表语、状语和定语。

9
动名词的逻辑主语在正式文体中用名词的所有

格或形容词性物主代词,在口语或非正式文体中用
名词普通格或人称代词的宾格。动名词复合结构在 句中可以充当主语、动词(短语)宾语、介词宾语和 表语。

9
注意: 1. 动名词复合结构作主语时一般用名词所有格 或物主代词。 2. 在口语或非正式语体中,只要不是作主语, 动名词复合结构中的逻辑主语常采用名词通格或人 称代词宾格。如: The doctor does not mind me /my eating a little meat occasionally. 大夫并不反对我偶尔吃一点肉。

9
3.如果逻辑主语是一个短语或有修饰语, 一 般用名词通格或人称代词的宾格的形式。如: I insist on both of them coming in time. 我坚持要他们两人准时来。 4 .无生命的事物名词作逻辑主语时一般采用 通格形式。如: The suggestion of the meeting being put off was not adopted by the chairman. 延期召开会议的建议没有被主席采纳。

10 “动词+宾语+宾补”结构中宾补由哪些
非谓语动词充当?
用括号中动词的非谓语形式完成句子,总结各 组句子宾补的用法

1. (1) Though he is unwilling to give up his choice, I'll
have him________(do) so.

(2) It's a waste of water having the tap _______(run)
while washing clothes. 答案 (1) do (2)running

10 “动词+宾语+宾补”结构中宾补由哪些
非谓语动词充当?
(3) Unfortunately, the basketball player had had his leg_______(break) just before the match began. 2. (1) I saw her ______(dance) with her partner when I passed by the dancing room. 答案

(3)broken

2. (1)dancing

10 “动词+宾语+宾补”结构中宾补由哪些
非谓语动词充当?
(2) The CCTV camera saw the two masked men ________ (enter) the bank and ________(run) out with a black bag.

(3) Young people are advised not to reply when they
hear their names________ (call) at night. 答案 (2)enter; run (3)called

10 “动词+宾语+宾补”结构中宾补由哪些
非谓语动词充当?
3. (1) If caught _______(steal) in the supermarket, the employee will be severely punished. (2) When arriving at home, the host found all the

drawers _______(make) upside down.
答案 (1) stealing (2)made

10 “动词+宾语+宾补”结构中宾补由哪些
非谓语动词充当? 4. (1) He was online chatting, leaving his homework
________(finish).

(2) The manager went into the meeting room and
left his driver ________ (wait) in the car. (3) The director left his secretary _______(attend) to the matter. 答案 (1)unfinished (2)waiting (3) to attend

10
从非谓语动词角度看,英语中动词不定式,现

在分词,过去分词都可充当宾补。

11

什么是with复合结构?

根据提示,用with复合结构完成下列句子
1.有如此多的工作要做,新秘书感到很紧张。 ______ so much work________ _______, the new secretary felt stressed. 2. 让灯通宵亮着,这个男孩早早睡觉了。

_______ the light _______ all night long, the boy went
to sleep early. 答案 1.With; to do 2. With; burning

11

什么是with复合结构?

根据提示,用with复合结构完成下列句子 3.所有的书都标注了字母,我们很容易找到要看的 书。 ______ all the books _______ with letters, we can find a book easily.
答案 With; marked

11
“with + 宾语+宾补”结构叫with复合结构,在
句中主要作状语,有时可作定语。其结构为: with+ 宾语+ adv./prep./adj./to do(表将要发生的动作)

doing(主动,同时)/being(正在被……)
done(被动或完成)

12

非谓语动词的主动表被动用法有哪些?

翻译下列句子,指出画线部分非谓语动词的用 法特点 1. I have much to do and I can't go shopping with you. 答案 我有许多事要做,我不能同你去买东西了。
do 与被修饰词 much 有逻辑上的动宾关系,此处 to

do为主动表被动用法。

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非谓语动词的主动表被动用法有哪些?

2. Many people have caught a bad cold. The weather is to blame. 答案 许多人得了重感冒,都怪这天气。blame与

weather 有逻辑上的动宾关系,此处to blame为主动

表被动用法。

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非谓语动词的主动表被动用法有哪些?

3. The Great Wall is worth visiting another time, I think. 答案 我认为长城值得再游览一次。 visit 与 The

Great Wall 有逻辑上的动宾关系,此处visiting为主 动表被动用法。

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非谓语动词的主动表被动用法有哪些?

4. With a lot of problems to settle, I am as busy as a bee. 5. The plant needs watering. 答案 4. 有许多问题要解决,我忙极了。settle与problems有 逻辑上的动宾关系,此处to settle为主动表被动用法。

5. 这棵植物需要浇水了。water与the plant 有逻辑上的
动宾关系,此处watering为主动表被动用法。

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非谓语动词的主动表被动用法有哪些?

6. The problem is hard to solve.

7. The man hung around, for there was nothing to do.
答案 6. 这个问题很难解决。solve与problems 有逻辑上 的动宾关系,此处to blame为主动表被动用法。

7. 这个人逛来逛去,无事可干。 do 与 nothing 有逻
辑上的动宾关系,此处to do为主动表被动用法。

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答案

非谓语动词的主动表被动用法有哪些?

8. Give me a book to read, please.

请给我一本书看。 read与a book 有逻辑上的动宾关

系,此处to read为主动表被动用法。

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非谓语动词主动表被动的句型有:

1. 主 + has/ have/had (有) +宾语to do
此时“do”的动作由主语发出。

须注意

2. 主 + be + to blame
3. 主 + be (是) +worth + doing 4. With + 宾语+ to do 5. 主 + needs/need/needed (实义动词) +doing

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6. 主 + be (是) +形容词+ to do

7. There is nothing to do(There is nothing to be done
意为“毫无办法”)

8. Give/Show/Reach/Pass/Get/… sb./sth.…to do

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动词在接动名词和不定式作宾语方面有何规律?

根据汉语提示,用括号中所给单词的适当形式 完成句子

1. 你认识那个练钢琴的女孩吗?
Do you know the girl practicing_____(play) the piano?

2. 出门时记得关灯。
Remember_____ (turn) off the lights before you leave. 答案 1. playing 2. to turn

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动词在接动名词和不定式作宾语方面有何规律?

3. 我喜欢打篮球而我哥哥的爱好是游泳。 I like __________(play) basketball while my elder brother's hobby is swimming. 4. 当协议送达时,经理拒绝签字。 When the agreement arrived, the manager refused ________(sign) up. 答案 3. playing 4.to sign

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英语中部分动词只能接动名词作宾语,如 excuse , suggest , advise , mind, consider, admit ,

enjoy,appreciate,imagine,fancy,resist,practise,
finish,postpone, delay, miss, risk,permit, allow等;

少数动词既可以接动名词作宾语,又可以接不定式
作宾语,但意义区别很大,如:

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remember to do sth. 记得要做某事;
remember doing sth. 记得做过某事。

forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事;
forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事。

regret to do sth. 对要做某事感到遗憾;
regret doing sth. 对做过某事感到后悔。

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mean doing sth. 意味着;
mean to do sth. 想要做某事。

try doing sth. 尝试做某事;
try to do sth. 努力做某事。

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少数动词既可以接动名词作宾语,又可以接不 定式作宾语,但意义区别不大,接动名词作宾语时

表达习惯性动作,接不定式作宾语时表达一次性动
作,如:like doing sth.表示一贯的爱好,like to do

sth. 表示说话者即将去做感兴趣的事情。英语中有
的 动 词 只 能 接 不 定 式 作 宾 语 , 如 hope , wish , expect, refuse, pretend, decide, choose, determine, ask 等。

14

现在分词和过去分词用法上有何区别?

翻译各组句子,指出现在分词与过去分词的区别
1. (1) When spoken to, please fix your attention.

(2) When speaking, please speak clearly.
答案 (1)别人对你说话时,你要专心听。

(2)你说话时,口齿要清晰。spoken(to) 与speaking
语态不同,前者表被动,后者表主动。

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现在分词和过去分词用法上有何区别?

2. (1) Drinking boiled water helps you recover.
(2) Make sure the boiling water is out of children's reach. 答案 (1)喝开水有利于你康复。 (2)要确保把开水放在孩子够不着的地方。boiled 与 boiling 由不及物动词转化而来,现在分词表进行(即 水正在沸腾 ) ;过去分词表完成 ( 水开过,但已凉下 来) 。

14

现在分词和过去分词用法上有何区别?

3. (1) There is no milk left in the bottle.
(2) There is no milk remaining in the bottle. 答案 (1)瓶子里没剩下牛奶了。 (2)瓶子里没剩下牛奶了。 remaining与 left形式不同, 但表达相同的意思,前者由不及物动词变来,后者

由及物动词变来。

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区别现在分词与过去分词要注意三点:现在

分词与过去分词语态上的区别(现在分词表主动,
过去分词表被动);现在分词与过去分词时态上的 区别 ( 现在分词表进行,过去分词表完成 ) ;现在 分词与过去分词语义上的竞合(形式不同,意义基 本一致)。

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非谓语动词与从句间该怎样相互转化?

把下列句子变为从句

1. When and where to hold the meeting is unknown yet.
2. I don't know what to do with the matter. 答案

1. When and where we will hold the meeting is
unknown yet.

2. I don't know what I should do with the matter.

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非谓语动词与从句间该怎样相互转化?

3. I have many letters to type.

4. I have many letters to be typed.
5. My wish is to become a pilot after graduation. 答案 3. I have many letters which I should type. 4. I have many letters which are to be typed by others.

5. My wish is that I can become a pilot after graduation.

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非谓语动词与从句间该怎样相互转化?

6. The meeting to be held tomorrow is of great

importance.
7. Mother got up early in order to/so as to catch the early bus. 答案 6. The meeting that/which will be held tomorrow is of great importance. 7. Mother got up early so that (in order that) she might catch the early bus.

15

非谓语动词与从句间该怎样相互转化?

8. Tom's knowing English helps him in learning French.

9. I remember having paid him for his work.
10. Our worry is your depending too much on him. 答案 8. That Tom knows English helps him in learning French. 9. I remember that I have paid him for his work.

10. Our worry is that you depend too much on him.

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非谓语动词与从句间该怎样相互转化?

11. The man talking to my teacher is my father.

12. While waiting for the bus, I caught sight of her.
13. I found him waiting for a bus at the station. 答案 11. The man who/that is talking to my teacher is my

father.
12. While I was waiting for the bus, I caught sight of her.

13. I found that he was waiting for a bus at the station.

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非谓语动词与从句间该怎样相互转化?

14. Seeing those pictures, he couldn't help thinking of

the unforgettable days in New York.
答案 14. When he saw those pictures, he couldn't help thinking of the unforgettable days in New York.

15

非谓语动词与从句间该怎样相互转化?

15. All the tickets having been sold out, they went away

disappointed.
16. All things considered, her paper is better than yours. 答案 15. As all the tickets had been sold out, they went away disappointed.

16. If all things are considered, her paper is better than
yours.

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非谓语动词作句子成分时与相应的从句有着千
丝万缕的联系,它们之间可以有条件的进行相互转

换。
一、非谓语动词与从句之间的转换: (一)不定式与从句之间的转换 1.不定式作主语可转换成主语从句。 2.不定式作宾语或宾补可转换成宾语从句。

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3.不定式作表语可转换成表语从句。 4.不定式作定语可转换成定语从句。 5 .不定式作目的、结果、原因状语可转换成 相应的状语从句。

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(二)动名词与从句之间的转换 1.动名词作主语可转换成that引导的主语从句。

2.动名词作宾语可转换成that引导的宾语从句。
3.动名词作表语可转换成that引导的表语从句。

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(三)分词与从句之间的转换 1.分词作定语可转换成that, who, which引导的 定语从句。 2.分词作状语可转换成相应的状语从句。 3.分词作宾补可转换成宾语从句。 4 .分词在句中作伴随或结果状语时,相当于 一个并列句。如: He died, leaving his daughter much money. →He died, and he left his daughter much money.

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二、分词的独立主格结构与从句的相互转换 (一)独立主格结构转换为从句 1 .表示时间的独立主格结构可转换为时间状 语从句。 2 .表示理由的独立主格结构可转换为原因状 语从句。 3 .表示条件的独立主格结构可转换为条件状 语从句。

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二、分词的独立主格结构与从句的相互转换 (一)独立主格结构转换为从句

4 .表示伴随状态的独立主格结构可转换为并
列句或两个独立的句子。如: He went to the front door, his students following him/followed by his students. →He went to the front door, and his students followed him.

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(二)从句转换为分词的独立主格结构 1 .从句变为分词的独立主格结构时,要去掉

连词,保留自己的主语。然后把从句的谓语变换为
分词结构。试比较下面的句子。

Mother being ill in bed, I can't go to school.
→As Mother is ill in bed, I can 't go to school.

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2 .表示伴随状态的独立主格结构有时可在其 前面加用with或without。如:

He went away, and not a word was spoken.
→He went away, without a word spoken.

3.当分词的独立主格结构的含义表示“一般人”,
如we, one, you时,主语可以省略。如: Judging from his face, he must be ill. →If we judge from his face, he must be ill.


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