冲刺2013年高考高三英语期末备考复习策略

京翰教育一对一家教辅导-全国中小学课外辅导专家

高三英语期末备考复习策略
内容由京翰教育一对一家教辅导(http://www.zgjhjy.com)整理 高三英语期末考试考察的词汇量大,语法规则多,并且更注重通过听、说、读和写来考察学生对英语 的综合运用能力。所以,在考试前做好复习是很有必要的。然而,在高三学习时间紧迫的情况下,如何进 行快速且有效的复习,就需要使用正确的复习策略。 一、重视基础词汇和语法规则 1.整理复习词汇 结合平时对词汇表听写的实际情况,考前对词汇表以及平时词汇积累本上的词汇进行整理,既能复习 词汇又能巩固短语,为答单项填空、短文改错、书面表达等直接考查词汇的试题打下坚实的基础。整理词 汇表时学生可按字母表一一落实单词的用法。主要从拼写、词性、词性的变化、词义、同义近义词、易混 词汇区别、短语来落实单词用法,这样既能掌握当前词汇的用法,又能把握当前词和其他关系词的区别, 从而增加词汇量,扩充知识面。 2.清理语法重点难点 考试前夕的语法复习也很重要,考试中单项填空题、书面表达题就是通过语境的形式对语法进行高难 度的考查。这阶段的语法复习不必面面俱到,应围绕重难点和常考点进行清理。在复习这些重难点及考试 常考考点用法时,也可将其用法与高考考点联系起来进行,通过对常考题型的训练,从而把握期末试题的 考查规律。 二、认真对待每一次练习,分析错误原因并养成记录错题本的习惯 做太多的题,不如整理复习自己的错题。所以,从现在开始要认真对待每天的课后作业及课内定时训 练,老师讲评试卷时,看看老师的分析和自己有什么不同,及时分析错误的原因并做出特殊符号并且记入 自己的错题本,以便考前回顾时有据可查,并且避免下次出现同样的错误。 三、适当做做近几年本校的高三期末考试模拟题 考试题愈来愈趋向于能力考查,命题方式更是灵活多变不但检验学生对知识点的掌握,更是对考生学 习方法和学习能力的一次全面考查。因此,在距考试还剩一个月的时候,应利用这段时间试着做做近几年 的模拟试题。但要注意,做考试题不是单纯的硬记每到试题的语境,更不是机械地死记答案,而是要学会 找出每道试题的切入点,从中总结命题立意和命题手法。 四、适当背诵一些短文和范文 英语学习的重点是模仿,而不是理论分析。而背诵和模仿是密不可分的,对提高写作水平很有效, 尤 其是对篇章结构和常用句式应多留心和思考,切忌对范文死记硬背和考试时生搬硬套。 五、每天坚持做 1—2 篇阅读理解 在高三英语试题中,阅读理解是整套试卷所占分值最高的部分。其他试题如完形填空、短文改错甚至 写作都和阅读有关,因此在冲刺阶段每天坚持做 1—2 篇文章,熟悉不同的题材、体裁文章的写作思路, 提高阅读速度,掌握一些答题技巧,同时也对学过的词汇进行复习。

京翰教育高考辅导——专业对高中学生的英语进行高三英语辅导

京翰教育一对一家教辅导-全国中小学课外辅导专家

难点精析
一、定语从句
【误区】见了时间就填 when, 见了地点就填 where, 见了 reason 就填 why. 非时间不填 when, 非地 点不填 where. 【例题】 1. The city _____ we visited last year is the one ____ the famous writer was born. A. where , which B. which, where C. in which, that D. where, where 解析:通读句子,提取主干。 The city is the one. 判定有两个从句,先行词分别为 the city, the one( 即 the city). 那么,通过分析从句成分,判定先行词在第一个从句中做动词 visited 的宾语,在第二个从句中 做事情发生的时间状语。因此答案为 B. 2. The reason ______ he was absent from the meeting was the traffic jam. The reason _______ he told us just now proved to be unreasonable. 解析: 先找出两个句子的主干, 分别判定从句部分。第一句话中从句为 he was absent from the meeting. 先行词 the reason 在从句中做原因状语 “因为那个原因而缺席会议” 第二句话中从句为 he told us just now , 。 先行词在从句中做动词的宾语“他告诉我们那个理由” 。因此答案为 why; that 或不填或 which. 3. Life is like a long race______ we compete against each other to improve ourselves. A.when B. where C. which D. that 解析:通读全句,大意为生活就像长途比赛,我们彼此竞争以提高自我。一般在比赛中才有竞争,因 此先行词为 race, 在从句中做抽象的地点状语。答案为 B. 延伸:常见的抽象时间名词,地点名词有 occasion, journey, case, stage, condition 等。 【小结】为了避免陷入误区,要求我们选择关系代词、关系副词之前,先通读大意,抽取原句主干, 再判定先行词及在从句中充当什么成分。

二、非谓语动词
非谓语动词为高二高三学生语法学习的重难点,也是易错点,易混点。现以分词短语作后置定语做实 例剖析。 比较 done, being done, to be done, doing 的区别与联系 1. Many buildings in the city need repairing, but the one ______first is the library. A. repaired B. being repaired C. repairing D. to be repaired

2. People are talking about the new play _______in two weeks. A. to be put on B. to put on C. being put on D. put on

3. It’s reported that the bridge _______ next year will be very long.

A. being built

B. building

C. to be built

D. built

4. Many things _______impossible in the past are common today. A. considering 5. His first book A. published B. to consider C. considered D. being considered

next month is based on a true story. B. to be published C. to publish D. being published

京翰教育高考辅导——专业对高中学生的英语进行高三英语辅导

京翰教育一对一家教辅导-全国中小学课外辅导专家
6. I'm calling to enquire about the position A. advertised B. to be advertised in yesterday's China Daily. C. advertising D. having advertised

7. The club,_____ 25 years ago, is holding a party for past and present members. A. founded B. founding C. being founded D. to be founded 解析:观察 1--7 每道题选项,反复出现有 to be done, being done, done;再观察 1-7 题干空格后面, 均有表示时间的词出现如 first, in two weeks, next year, in the past, next month, yesterday, 25 years ago.所以 他们有相似的做题步骤:首先要找到选项中非谓语动词的逻辑主语,其次判定主语与动词的主被动关系, 再次判断时间关系。1-7 题逻辑主语均为空格前面名词,这些名词与选项中动词均为被动关系,分别译为 “大楼被修建,演出被上映,桥被建造,事情被认为可能,书被出版,职位被刊登,俱乐部被创立。 ”最 后参照空格后时间选定答案。To be done 表示将要被,done 表示已经被,being done 表示正在被。 答案:DACCBAA
8. The man _______in the chair asked me to _______. A. seated; seated B. sitting; sitting C. seating; seat D. seated; be seated

9. There is a big dog _______to a fence outside the house. A. tying B. tied C. to tie D .ties

10. "Genius" is a complicated concept, _ A. involved B. involving

_ many different factors. C. to involve D. being involved

解析:做题步骤相似于 1-7 题。先找到选项中动词的逻辑主语,判定主被动关系即可。 第 8 题中人就坐在椅子上,第 9 题中狗被栓到门外篱笆上。所以用动词过去分词表被动。比较: seat, sit 用法。 seat 为及物动词, seat sb somewhere 使某人就坐在某地, 习惯用 be seated in, on…表状态。 又如, Can those seated in the corner hear me? 但 sit 为不及物动词,没有被动形式。第 9 题判定及物动词 involve 与逻辑主语间是主动关系,用现在分词。 答案:DBB 【小结】非谓语动词的做题步骤:①判定是否用非谓语形式。方法:提炼句子主干,看看句子中是否 已有谓语动词了;②找非谓语动词的逻辑主语。方法:非谓语动词的逻辑主语一般是句子的主语或其前面 的名词;③判断主被动关系。用 doing, having done 表主动;用 done, to be done, being done, having been done 表被动,特定情况用不定式表被动。方法:非谓语动词与其逻辑主语的主动还是被动关系。当心不 及物动词如 rise;④判断时间关系。Having done, having been done 翻译为已经做过,已经被;to do, to be done 翻译为将要做,将要被;being done 译为正在被。

三、动词及动词短语
1. It is reported that the police will soon ________ the case of the two missing children. A. look upon B. look after C. look into D. look out 解析:C 考查动词短语含义辨析。句意:据报道警察不久将调查两名失踪儿童的案件。此处 look into 意为:调查。look upon 尊敬; look after 照看; look out 小心。 2. Children under six are not ______to school except those of extraordinary intelligence. A.permitted B.admitted C accepted D.received 解析:B 考查动词词义辨析。此处解题关键:掌握短语 be admitted to 意为:被允许进入,录取。句意:

京翰教育高考辅导——专业对高中学生的英语进行高三英语辅导

京翰教育一对一家教辅导-全国中小学课外辅导专家
六岁以下的孩子不允许上学除了那些具有超凡智力的孩子。 3. —Jack, this is the third time that you have been late this week. —Sorry, sir, but I was_____ for 15 minutes on the way here in the traffic jam. A.held up B.put up C.taken up D.given up 解析:A 考查动词短语的含义。此处 hold up 意为:阻塞。语境:杰克,你这是第三次迟到。---对不 起,先生。在来这儿的路上交通阻塞了 15 分钟。 4. He has left out the most important reason why he _____last night . A.stayed up B.put up C.picked up D.kept up 解析:A 考查动词短语的用法。句意:他遗漏了他昨晚为什么熬夜这一最重要的原因。stay up 熬夜; put up 张贴;支起;pick up 捡起;接收;加速;习得等;keep up 保持。

四、阅读理解
1.According to the passage, which of the following is right?( ) A.Students who never use dictionary can speak well and write well. B.Whatever new words you meet while reading, just look them up in the dictionary. C.Small two- language dictionaries are bad for learning English. D.An English word only has one translation. 解析:从选项分析,提炼可疑点。A 选项中注意关键词 who 引导定语从句里 never, 主句中 speak well and write well. B 选项中注意关键词 whatever. C 选项中注意可疑点 are bad for. D 选项中注意可疑点 only …one . 接着将选项与原文匹配,就能快速选定。 2.Which of the following is not true?( ) A.during the war, Tim was a surgeon in the Navy. B.He taught the country people simple facts about medicine in California. C.After the war, he married the old doctors’ daughter. D.Tim worked as a life-saver after war. 解析: 从选项分析, 每个选项分别带有时间状语, 分别为 during the war, in California, after the war, after war. 因此,根据这些时间标志,能快速锁定各选项在文中位置。 【小结】从以上两小题来看,此类判定句子正误的题目,从选项当中提炼关键词、主干、可疑点有助 于快速定位。一般错误的选项句子会犯以下毛病:无中生有、以偏概全、绝对化、片面化等

京翰教育高考辅导——专业对高中学生的英语进行高三英语辅导

京翰教育一对一家教辅导-全国中小学课外辅导专家

英文写作指南
纵观近六年的高考作文,介绍类文章在基础写作中所占的比例已达到 50%,包括 2008 年的比赛项目 介绍,2011 年的图书介绍及 2012 年的人物介绍。因此,写好介绍类的文章十分重要。在此,就如何介绍 一个城市,地区或国家的写作中遇到的问题进行如下说明:

1.常见问题 ①词汇不过关,没有掌握特定词汇,如沿海地区写成 coastside,潮湿气候写成 wet climate 等。 ②虽然有一定的词汇量,但是无法用所掌握的词汇进行正确的表达。如“中国东临黄海”写成“China next to Huanghai in the east”等。 ③写作顺序不恰当。如先介绍气候,后介绍地理位置等。 因此,要想写好地区描述类的文章就必须掌握相关词汇及句式,安排好写作顺序,才能够进行正确 表达。 2.相关词汇及表达 写作要点及顺序 ①地理位置 常用词语及表达 lie,stand,be located / situated in, inland city,coastal city/area,port city ②人口面积 with a (total) area/size of , with a population of,cover an area of,has an area/ size of,take up ③周边环境 be surrounded by, face, neighbour, with…on the east/ west/left, in/ on/ to the north/ south/ east/ west of 例句 Located in Fujian Province, Xiamen is the most beautiful coastal city in China. The geographical position is superior. Tongli town is 63 square kilometers in

area and has a population of over 33 thousand. The Americas face the Pacific Ring of Fire to their west Zigong City is located in the south part of Sichuan Province, neighboring Leshan City in the east and Yinbin City in the south

④气候特征

humid/arid climate , cold , stormy ,

Warm weather prevails in the region. has a humid subtropical climate,

northwest wind, rainy season, rainfall, It snowfall,moderate climate,plentiful rainfall , tropical climate , sunny,

characterized by warm winter, hot summer, little frost and snow, heavy fog and

warm,average temperature,weather, less-than normal sunshine. frost,fog,be characterized by

京翰教育高考辅导——专业对高中学生的英语进行高三英语辅导

京翰教育一对一家教辅导-全国中小学课外辅导专家
⑤区域特色 with a long history, tourist attraction, Australia is famous for its bright sunshine, the special character, wildlife, unique, countless sheep and cattle and its unique places of interest,noted historic and cultural city,local food be famous/ known as,be famous for,feature,be rich in 3.例文分析: 广州,面积 7434.4 平方公里,人口 1270 万。气候特点是:亚热带气候,气温高、降水多。 广州,广东省省会,中国第三大城市,地处广东省南部,珠江三角洲的北缘,濒临珠江入海口,是中 国最大、历史最悠久的对外通商口岸,被称为中国南大门。2010 年第 16 届亚洲运动会在广州举办。 参考词汇:珠江三角洲 the Pearl River Delta 亚热带气候 subtropical climate 学生习作: Located in the south of Guangdong, Guangzhou is the capital of Guangdong. It lies in the north of the Pearl River Delta and next to the Pearl River’s entrance to the sea and ∧the biggest and oldest trade port. It has an area of 7434.4sq km and a population of 12.7 million. It has high temperature and plenty of rainfall∧. It is called the South Gate of China and holds the sixteenth Asian Games. 【点评】 材料所给信息基本包含在内, 句子数没有超过 5 句话。 存在问题: 亚热带气候没有表达出来, 珠江入海口翻译不准确,句式单调,第二句话有语病 and 后缺少谓语动词,最后一句话时态不正确,亚 运会举办需用过去时。另外,句子整合不恰当,把中国最大,历史最悠久的通商口岸与地理位置放在一句 话中表述很牵强。 分析: 该段材料包含的介绍信息较多, 划分句子时要注意整合, 将人口面积与第三大城市划分在一起。 将地理位置与周边环境结合,运用适当的非谓语动词将意思完整的表达出来。 参考范文: Guangzhou, the capital city of Guangdong Province, is located in the south of Guangdong , lying in the north of the Pearl River Delta and neighboring the estuary of Pearl River. With a total area of 7434.4 sq km and a population of 12.7 million, Guangzhou is the third biggest city in China. It has a subtropical climate, characterized by high temperature and abundant rainfall. Besides, as the biggest and oldest trading port, Guangzhou is also known as the Chinese South Gate. In 2010, the sixteenth Asian Games were held in Guangzhou. 【小结】地点描述看似简单,但很容易丢分,考生丢分后常常莫名其妙。辅导老师要提醒考生注意到 上述关键点,适当训练,就不难得高分了! wildlife, which attract tourists from all over the world .

京翰教育高考辅导——专业对高中学生的英语进行高三英语辅导


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