高中英语 Unit2 The United Kingdom课件3 新人教版必修5_图文

Unit 2

The United Kingdom

Section Ⅲ

Grammar & Writing

过去分词作宾语补足语 [ 语法精讲] 过去分词作宾补时,(此时的过去分词一般是及物动词)表被 动意义或完成意义,有时两者兼而有之。作宾补的过去分词与宾 语有逻辑上的动宾关系,即宾语是过去分词动作的承受者。

一、常见的过去分词作宾补的情况有: 1.使役动词have,get,make,leave,keep等后可用过去 分词作宾语补足语。 She raised her voice to make herself heard by all the people in the hall. 她提高了嗓音让大厅里的人都能听得见她说的话。

[ 点拨] 1.“have+宾语+过去分词”的三种情况: (1)表示“让某人做某事/让某事(被别人)做”。 I have my hair cut once a month. 我每个月理一次发。 (2)表示“遭遇到某种不幸,受到打击/受……影响,蒙 受……损失”。 He had his hat blown away on his way home. 在回家的路上他的帽子被吹掉了。

(3)完成某事(自己也可能参与)。 I have had all my spelling mistakes corrected. 我把所有的拼写错误都改正了。

2.“make+宾语+过去分词”,在这种结构中,过去分词 的动作必须是表示结果含义的。 He was trying to make himself understood. 他正努力使别人理解自己。

2.过去分词可作表示感觉和心理状态的动词的宾语补足 语,这类动词包括see,hear,feel,find,think,suppose, consider等。 I have never heard him spoken ill of. 我从未听过有人说他的坏话。 He felt his face lost before his friends. 他觉得在朋友面前丢面子了。 When he got there,he found the car stolen. 当他到达那里时,他发现车子丢了。

3.过去分词在want,like,wish,order,would like等表示 “希望”“要求”“命令”意义的动词的宾语后面作宾语补足 语。 The boss wouldn't like the problem discussed at the moment. 老板不希望现在讨论这个问题。

4.在“with+宾语+过去分词”结构中,过去分词用作介 词with的宾语补足语,过去分词与宾语之间为动宾关系。这一 结构通常在句中作时间、方式、条件、原因等状语。 She usually works in her study with the door locked. 她通常锁着门在书房工作。 The murderer was brought in,with his hands tied behind back. 凶手被带进来了,他的双手被绑在背后。

二、过去分词作宾补与其他非谓语动词作宾补的区别: 1.及物动词的过去分词作宾补时,表被动,说明宾语是过 去分词动作的承受者;不及物动词的过去分词作宾补时,表动 作的完成,说明分词的动作发生在谓语动词之前。 We have our classroom cleaned after school every day. 每天放学后我们把教室打扫干净。(classroom与clean之间为 逻辑上的被动关系) When I got home,I found my wallet gone. 当我回到家,我发现我的钱包丢了。(“丢”这一动作已经 完成)

2.用现在分词作宾语补足语,表示动作正在进行且与宾语 构成主谓关系。 When I came here,I saw Li Lei reading an English book. 当我来到这儿,我看到李蕾正在读一本英文书。(“读书” 这一动作正在进行)

3.不定式作宾补时,一般表示不定式的动作在谓语动词之 后发生,但动词feel,see,hear,watch,notice,observe后的不 定式作宾补时(不定式的to须省略),表示不定式动作的全过程。 The teacher will have Li Lei clean the classroom today. 今天老师将让李蕾打扫教室。(Li Lei与clean之间为逻辑上

的主动关系,clean这一动作发生在have之后) I heard Wei Fang sing this song. 我听到魏芳唱了这首歌。(“我”听见了“唱”的整个过程)

[ 活学活用] 1.用所给词的适当形式填空 ①I saw her________(take)out. ②You should make your voice________(hear). ③Please get the work________(do)as soon as possible. ④I don't want any bad words________(say)about him behind his back. ⑤With water________(heat),we can see the steam. ⑥The rent sounds reasonable.How would you like

it________(pay)?

⑦I want you to keep me________(inform)of the things that are going with you. ⑧I'll have the materials________(send)to you next Monday morning. ⑨She won't have her long and beautiful hair_______(cut)short. ⑩At last I succeeded in making myself_______(understand)by the foreigners.

2.完成句子 ①He__________________________________________. 他发现这个地方有了巨大的变化。 ②As soon as the boy________________,he went out. 男孩一穿好衣服,就出去了。 ③Although he had finished his meal,he______________. 尽管他已吃完饭,但是所有的菜都没有动。 ④He is waiting to_______________________________. (主语请别人做某事)他正等着修车。

⑤When he got home,he found that he________________. (主语遭受、遭遇某一不愉快的事情)当他到家时,他发现他 的钱包被偷了。 ⑥________________,he began to think of a journey. 每一个问题解决后,他开始考虑旅行。 ⑦He expected________________(do)before dusk. 他期望着黄昏之前完成这份工作。 ⑧With________________(build),the connected now. 由于建了这座桥,这两个村庄现在被连了起来。 two villages are

⑨The

papers

were

is

great

need,so

the

workers__________(run)all day long. 急需讲义,所以工人们让机器运转了一整天。 ⑩________________(settle),he was in a dilemma. 很多问题有待解决,他处境艰难。

3.根据语境用所给词的适当形式填空 ①When we saw the road________(block)with snow,we decided to spend the holiday at home. ②Let those in need________(understand)that we will go all out to help them. ③Wherever we go,we will see this kind of

products________(advertise). ④Nowadays,more and more people like to hunt for what they want at www.taobao.com and have them________(deliver)by the express company.

⑤He

tried

in

vain

to________(himself

understand)in

Japanese,because most of them came from Europe. ⑥I noticed my little son________(read)the

words________(write)on his small blackboard. ⑦Before driving into the city,you are required to get your car________(wash). ⑧The old couple often take a walk after supper in the park with their pet dog________(follow)them.

⑨I looked up and noticed a snake________(wind)its way up the tree to catch its breakfast. ⑩Even the best writers sometimes find

themselves________(lose)for words.
答案:1.①taken ⑥paid ②heard ⑧sent ③done ⑨cut ④said ⑤heated

⑦informed

⑩understood

2.①found the place much changed

②got himself dressed

③left all the dishes untouched ④get/have his car repaired ⑤had his wallet stolen ⑥With every problem settled ⑨kept the machines 3.①blocked ⑤make himself

⑦the work done ⑧the bridge built running ⑩With a lot of problems to settle ②understand ③advertised understood ⑥read;written

④delivered

⑦washed

⑧following

⑨winding ⑩lost

如何写好导游词 [ 写作指导] [ 技法讨论] 一篇完整的导游词,一般包括下面三个部分。 1.见面时的问候语。主要是表达对游客的问候、欢迎、游 览注意事项和对游客的希望等方面,放在导游词的最前面。

2.景点介绍包括旅游景点的位置、范围、地位、意义、历 史、现状和发展前景等,目的是帮助旅游者对景点有个总体了 解,引起游览兴趣。 ①介绍景点时,如景点的历史、地理位置、面积、气候、 自然资源和居民等,要客观、科学,使用的语言要简单明了、 准确、生动,不能随意加上自己的评论。 ②写作时要抓住景点的主要特征,注意安排好说明顺序, 选择合适的说明方法,描述要详略得当、重点突出。

③由于说明文多是对客观事物的描述,所以并不需要用过 于复杂的时态,通常用一般现在时。 ④要注意行文的连贯性,恰当地使用过渡词,采用多种表 达方式,以免让人感到乏味。要做到措词准确,要点齐全,行 文流畅,条理清晰。 3.结束语包括感谢语、惜别语、征求意见语、致歉语和祝 愿等方面,放在导游词的最后面。

[ 常用句型] Hello,my dear visitors,Welcome to...First of all,please allow me to introduce myself... It is convenient for you to...做……很方便 There is/stands/lies...那里坐落着…… ...lies/is located/is situated on/to/in...它位于…… In/On/To the west/north...is/lies/stands...在它的西边/北边…… take on a new look展现新气象/a place of interest名胜/be rich in富有/be famous/wellknown for以……闻名/be dotted with点缀 /be covered with覆盖/be surrounded by环绕着

It looks as if...看起来好像…… One of the most...attractions is.../another attraction is...最吸引 人的景点/另一个景点 It plays an important part in...它在……起重要作用 I hope you will have a good time.我希望你们过得愉快。 During the tour,I hope we can care for each other and pay attention to safety.在旅游的过程中希望大家能相互照顾并注意安 全。

[ 写作练习] 假设你是导游,请根据以下内容,用120个词左右向游客简 单介绍河源市的情况。 [ 写作内容] 1.位于广东的东北部,离广州198千米。 2.由四个县(county)组成,人口约324万。 3.历史悠久,名胜众多;万绿湖(Wanlu 湖水清澈;鱼类繁多。 4.博物馆中有各种恐龙蛋化石(fossil),吸引了来自全世界 的游客。 Lake)景点优美;

[ 写作要求] 1.不要逐句翻译,行文要连贯; 2.字数120个左右。

[ 写作分析] 第一步:认真审题 一审体裁:本次写作要求向游客介绍河源市,故属说明文 写作范畴。 二审格式:因为是导游身份来写,故为导游词。 三审时态和人称:用一般现在时,第三人称。

第二步:提炼要点 1.have a long history 2.lie to/in 4.consist of 5.have a population of... 7.be one of/among...8.a variety of 9.be 3.be...away from...

6.places of interest

on show 10.from all over the world

第三步:扩点成句 1.Heyuan,with a long history,lies in the northeast of Guangdong,198 kilometers away from Guangzhou. 2.The city of Heyuan,consisting of 4 counties,has a population of 3,240,000. 3.There are many places of interest in Heyuan,one example of which is Wanlu Lake. 4.So clean is the water there that there are a variety of fish in it.

5.There are many dinosaur egg fossils displayed in the local museum,attracting visitors from all over the world. 6.They attract visitors from all over the world. 请根据所给词句连句成文 _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________

参考范文: Ladies and gentlemen, It is a great honour for me to be your guide.Now let me introduce our city to you.

Heyuan,with a long history,lies in the northeast of Guangdong,198 kilometers away from Guangzhou.The city of Heyuan,consisting of 4 counties,has a population of

3,240,000.There are many places of interest in Hayuan,one example of which is Wanlu Lake.So clean is the water there that there are a variety of fish in it.Besides,there are many dinosaur egg fossils displayed in the local museum,attracting visitors from all over the world. I hope you can enjoy yourselves here.Thank you!

完成第二单元综合微评

[教材习题解答]

Unit 2

The United Kingdom

Warming Up(原题见教材p.9) 1~5 CBBAB

Comprehending(原题见教材p.11) Answer key for Exercise 1: 1 England,Wales and Scotland 2 England and Wales

3 England,Wales,Scotland and Northern Ireland 4 Republic of Southern Ireland 5 England/Great Britain/the UK

Answer key for Exercise 2: 1 The country left out is Wales. It is usually assumed to be part of England. 2 England,Scotland and Wales. 3 The Vikings did not influence London. Answer key for Exercise 3: North:Leeds, York, Sheffield, Manchester Midlands:Coventry,Birmingham. South:Reading, London, Brighton, Plymouth

Answer key for Exercise 4: Part 1:(Para.1,2 & 3) Britain ; the UK Part 2:(Para.4) the geographical division of England into zones;their similarities and differences Part 3:(Para. 5 & 6) the cultural importance of London what England includes; about Great

Possible summary:The writer examines how the UK developed as an administrative unit.It shows how England is also divided into three zones.It explains why London became the cultural capital of England.

Learning about Language(原题见教材p.12) Discovering useful words and expressions(原题见教材p.12) Answer key for Exercise 1: unwilling;countryside;conveniences;clarify; constructing;Kingdom;administration;accomplish;enjoyable Suggested answers to Exercise 2: 1 currency 2 The Union Jack. 4 broke away 5 institutions 3 United;consist of 6 conflicts 7 provinces

Answer key for Exercise 3: 1 asked 2 whispered 7 shouted 3 screamed 4 begged 8 complained 5 agreed

6 answered

9 suggested/advised

Discovering useful structures(原题见教材p.13) Answer key for Exercise 1: 1 ...to form the United Kingdom by getting Ireland connected in the same peaceful way. 2 You find most of the population settled in the south...

Suggested answers to Exercise 2: 1 have got the house mended developed 5 found it closed 8 have it divided 2 Have you had your hair cut 4 haven't had the film 7 got all their

3 have the dictionary delivered money stolen

6 get it repaired

9 had some of his points clarified

10 had/got some flowers sent,had it announced,had it organized

Using Language(原题见教材p.14) Reading(原题见教材p.14) Suggested answers: Day 1 1 The Tower of London 2 St Paul's Cathedral 3 Westminster Abbey 4 Buckingham Palace Comments 1 delight,fancy 2 splendid and interesting 3 interesting,full of statues of dead poets and writers 4 the Queen's house in London Day 2 1 Greenwich with old ships 2 clock(GMT) 3 the longitude line Day 3 1 Karl Marx's statue 2 British Museum

Listening(原题见教材 p.15) LISTENING TEXT CAN A ROYAL PALACE ALSO BE A PRISON? Zhang Pingyu(ZP)is trying to find out more about the history of the Tower of London from a guide(G).

Part 1 G:The Tower was the home of the King but also a prison.Many important people were kept there. ZP:I beg your pardon? Can you speak more slowly,please? G:Of course.Have you heard of “The Princes in the Tower”? ZP:No,I'm afraid not. G:These two princes were brothers, called Edward and Richard and they lived six hundred years ago.They came to London, for the older boy to become Edward V, after his father, King Edward IV, died.

ZP:I see. How old was he? G:He was only thirteen years old. His cruel uncle, also called Richard, was supposed to look after them both, but instead he had them killed while they were asleep. ZP:What do you mean? He killed them himself? G:No.He sent his men to kill them because he wanted to become King Richard III.There is a story that on a dark night you can sometimes hear those princes crying.

ZP:You can hear them crying? Really? I thought you said they were killed many years ago. G:Yes,but it's only a story!

Part 2 ZP:Who else came to the Tower as a prisoner? G:A future queen.In the 1550s Queen Mary sent her sister, Princess Elizabeth,to the Tower as a prisoner. ZP:Strange! Why did she do that? G:She thought Elizabeth was a traitor. So she sent Elizabeth through a special gate called “Traitors' Gate”.That only happened to very bad people.

ZP:I'm sorry I don't understand. How did Elizabeth become Queen if she was a prisoner? G:Easy. Her brother and sister both died without children so Elizabeth became Queen Elizabeth I. She tried not to be unfair to others when she was queen. ZP:I'm glad to hear that.

Answer key for Exercise 1: 1 Elizabeth (later Queen Elizabeth Ⅰ). 2 King Henry Ⅷ. 3 Richard Ⅲ. 4 Edward Ⅴ and Richard.

Answer key for Exercise 2: Ticks for brothers Edward Ⅴ and Richard (sons of King Edward Ⅳ);King Edward Ⅳ; Richard (later King Richard Ⅲ); Queen Mary;Elizabeth (later Queen Elizabeth Ⅰ)

Answer key for Exercise 3: 1 Prince Edward(later Edward V)was one of the princes murdered in the Tower.We know because: ● both were princes ● both were young boys ● their uncle was Richard who later became King Richard Ⅲ. 2 Richard killed the princes because he wanted to become King Richard Ⅲ.

Answer key for Exercise 4: came; future; Mary; Princess; Tower; Strange; thought; through;Traitors' ; happened

Speaking and writing(原题见教材 p.15) Sample dialogue: S1:Excuse me.Are you a guide? S2:Yes,I am. Can I help you? S1:Can I ask you a question about the Temple of Heaven? S2:Of course.What do you want to know? S1:What's this Temple for?

S2:The Emperor came to pray for good crops and a good harvest for the country. He made offerings to the God and asked him for help. S1:Please can you speak more slowly? I'm afraid I can't follow you. S2:I'm sorry. I'll speak more slowly.This is the Hall where the Emperor made his sacrifices to the Gods. You may not go in but just look through the door. S1:What did you mean by making sacrifices?

S2:He killed many animals after making prayers. He was also dressed in special clothes. S1:I beg your pardon? Special clothes! I thought his

clothes were always special! What were they? S2:They were clothes kept just for this occasion.He changed in a special yellow room and came out to go to pray to the Gods. S1:I see. When did this stop? S2 :When the Emperors stopped ruling China. S1:Thank you. You have been most helpful.

Workbook(原题见教材p.48) USING WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS(原题见教材p.49) Answer key for Exercise 1: 1 unfriendly 2 impatient 7 misunderstood 3 dishonest

4 impossible 5 redo 6 underground 8 overslept 9 disagree 12 inconsistent 10 reopen 11 unwilling

Answer key for Exercise 2: consists of; break away from; take the place of; broke down; left out; divided;into; delighted with Suggested answers to Exercise 3: 1 Thrilled fans rushed to meet David Beckham as he arrived in Japan. 2 In order to celebrate my cousin's wedding,my uncle and aunt have arranged a party.

3 Karl Marx wrote some of his books on communism in the British Library,which has a splendid collection of books. 4 The ancient pots at the museum attract artists nationwide with their beautiful colours and excellent workmanship. 5 “Do not treat your clothes roughly,” said my mother. “They will last longer if you wash them carefully and fold them up neatly.” 6 The race was getting tenser all the time.

7 The possibility of my renting that furnished flat is very small—the owner of the flat is asking for too much money. 8 Royal families and ordinary families are alike. They often have disagreement and sometimes quarrel.

USING STRUCTURES(原题见教材 p.50) Suggested answers to Exercise 1: 1 When I got home I found the flower pots broken. 2 When the paths were covered in snow I got them cleared. 3 As my computer is broken I get it repaired/mended. 4 When I was away I had the trees planted in my garden. 5 When I came back I found the street flooded after the storm. 6 He said he would get the work finished by Monday. 7 I found Shanghai changed a lot after such a long time. 8 I am going to have my hair cut at the hairdresser's tomorrow.

Answer key for Exercise 2: disconnected;broken;opened;cleaned;repaired; washed;examined;locked;checked;mended;stolen;insured

READING TASK(原题见教材 p.51) Answer key for Exercise 1: 10 October 27 28 Catesby asked Guy Fawkes to join a plot to blow up the government. The two bought a house close to the Houses of Parliament. They stored gunpowder in the cellars for the next three days.

King 5 November 6

James

had

the

cellars

searched when he heard about the plan.He found Fawkes. Parliament was opened and there were celebrations because the plot had failed.


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