2015春高考英语一轮复习 专题12 非谓语动词

【2015 春走向高考】高三英语一轮复习 专题 12 非谓语动词 Ⅰ.语法单句填空 1.Even on a cold day he prefers ________(go) out to play football rather than________ stay) at home. 答案:to go;stay 句意为:甚至在大冷天,他也喜欢出去踢足球而不是呆在家里。prefer to do...rather than do...为固定短语,意为“宁愿做……而不愿做……”。 2.Apple now gets about 11% of its income from China,________(compare) with 1.1% in 2009. 答案:compared 句意为:苹果公司现在收入的 11%是从中国市场获得的,而 2009 年仅有 1.1%。compared with 1.1% in 2009 相当于定语从句 which is compared with 1.1% in 2009 的省 略形式。 3 . Every afternoon a group of old women pass down the road outside my house, each________(carry) a load of firewood. 答案:carrying 句意为:每天下午一帮老太太从我家门外经过,每人都背着很多柴。此题 考查独立主格结构。each 与 carry 在逻辑上是主谓关系,在句中作伴随状语。 4.________(gain) necessary experience for my future career, I take an active part in social activities in college. 答案:To gain 句意为:为了给未来的职业积累必要的经验,我在大学积极参加社会活动。 不定式短语在句中作目的状语。 5.He had never expected there ________(be) a woman calling herself his mother on his 20th birthday. 答案:to be 句意为:他从来没有想到在他 20 岁生日时会出现一个女人自称是他的妈妈。 动词 expect 后常接不定式或不定式的复合结构。此处是 expect to do sth.和 there be 非谓语结 构的结合。 6.The scientist spent years alone in the forest, ________(survive) by eating wild fruit and small animals. 答案:surviving 句意为:那位科学家在森林里独自度过了几年时间,靠吃野果和小动物活 了下来。the scientist 与 survive 是逻辑上的主谓关系,谓语动作与非谓语动作同时发生,因 此用现在分词作伴随状语。 7.________(determine) to carry out the plan in time, they will make careful preparations. 答案: Determined 句意为: 因为决心要按时实施计划, 他们将作充分的准备工作。 determined 表示被动和完成,强调状态。 8.—Can those ________(seat) at the back of the classroom hear me? —No problem, sir! 答案:seated 句意为:——那些坐在教室后面的人能听到我的话吗?——没问题,先生。 动词 seat 用法如下:be seated;seat oneself。作定语时用现在分词短语 seating oneself 或过去 分词 seated。 9. ________(complete) all the homework assigned by the school the students have to work at it till midnight. 答案:To complete 句意为:为了完成学校布置的所有作业,学生们不得不努力学习到午夜 时分。不定式短语作目的状语。 10.—How is the man injured in the accident? —The doctor said if ________(treat) in a proper way, he was likely to be saved. 答案:treated 句意为:——那个在事故中受伤的人怎么样了?——医生说如果治疗得当有 1 可能获救。 if treated 相当于 if he was treated 省略形式。 11.Lucy's cellphone was left in a taxi accidentally, never ________(find) again. 答案:to be found 句意为:露西的手机不小心落在出租车上,再也没有找回来。 Lusy's cellphone 和 find 在逻辑上是动宾关系, 且“找”是在“落在出租车上”之后, 因此用不定式的被 动式。 12 . XiamenShenzhen High Speed Railway opened to traffic on Dec. 28th last year , ________(link) the two of China's economic zones. 答案:linking 句意为:厦门至深圳高铁于去年 12 月 28 日开放通车,连接了中国的两个经 济特区。high speed railway 与非谓语动词是逻辑上的主谓关系,应用现在分词。 13.________ finished the painting intended to

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