2017-2018学年高中英语北师大版版必修3教学案:Unit 7 Section 5 Word版含答案

Section_Ⅴ Grammar 单元语法项目(一)——定语从句(Ⅱ) ?语法图解 ?探究发现 ①Ancient China was a placewhere states were often at war with each other. ②But it was also a time when there are many great philosophers. ③Do you know the reason why he has been late? ④For example, it is the country in which silk was first invented. ⑤He is a man of whom China can be proud. [我的发现] (1)①②③句中黑体部分的引导词是关系副词,分别在定语从句中充当地点、时间、原 因状语。 (2)④⑤句中, “介词+which/whom”引导的定语从句中的介词多与从句的谓语动词搭配 以及具体语境有关。同时,which 用于指代物,whom 用于指代人。 一、关系副词(when, where, why)引导的定语从句 1.when 引导定语从句时,从句的先行词为表示时间的名词,在从句中作时间状语。 I can never forget the day when I first saw you. 我永远不会忘记第一次见到你的日子。 2.where 引导定语从句时,从句的先行词为表示地点的名词,在从句中作地点状语。 After living in Paris for fifty years he returned to the small town where he grew up as a child. 在巴黎生活了 50 年后,他回到了儿时成长的那个小镇。(先行词是 town) [名师点津] 关系副词 where 表示“地点的模糊化” 。当先行词表示某人/物的 situation, 或某事发展的 stage,或表达某事的某个方面时都可用关系副词 where。常见的先行词还有 point, case, position, condition 等。 The accident has reached to the point where both their parents are to be called in. 事情发展到如此地步,不得不请双方家长来一趟了。 3.why 引导定语从句时,从句的先行词通常是 reason, 在从句中作原因状语。 Unsuccessful people can always find reasons why they're not doing well. 不成功的人总能找到自己表现不好的理由。 [名师点津] 先行词是 the reason 时,定语从句的引导词需根据定语从句缺少的成分而 定,如果缺少状语,用 why;如果缺少主语或宾语,则用 that/which。 I don't believe the reason (that/which) he gave me for his being late. 我不相信他给出的迟到的理由。 [即时演练 1] 用适当的关系副词填空 ①(2016· 天津高考改编)We will put off the picnic in the park until next week, when the weather may be better. ②(2015· 天津高考改编)The boss of the company is trying to create an easy atmosphere where his employees enjoy their work. ③(2015· 陕西高考改编)As the smallest child of his family,Alex is always longing for the time when he should be able to be independent. ④ Students should involve themselves in community activities where they can gain experience for growth. ⑤The village where I was born has grown into a town. ⑥The reason why he resigned is known to us. 二、 “介词+which/whom”引导的定语从句 1. “介词+关系代词” 结构引导定语从句时, 关系代词只能用 which (指物) 或 whom (指 人),即:介词+which/whom,并且不能省略。 If you have anything on which you want my opinions, feel free to see me. 如果你们有什么事需要征求我的意见的话,随时来找我。 I took a photo of the students, among whom was seated a teacher. 我给这些学生拍了一张照片,他们中间坐着一位老师。 2. “介词+which” 在定语从句中作时间、 地点、 原因状语时, 相当于关系副词 when, where, why。 She still remembers the day on which (=when) she won the prize. 她仍然记得自己获奖的那一天。 This is the house in which (=where) I lived two years ago. 这是我两年前住过的房子。 We didn't know the reason for which (=why) he refused our help. 我们不知道他拒

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