[配套K12]2019版高考英语一轮复习 Unit 1 Cultural relics语篇解题微技巧 新人教版必修2

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段落标题和段落主题句题(七选五)

Book 2 Unit 1 Cultural relics

方法指导 1)在确定段落标题时首先阅读整段内容,提炼中心思想,阅读选项寻找体现中心思想的词,然后浏览
其他段落标题,观察它们的表达形式,从而确定最终答案。 2)在确定段落主题句时,根据段落一致性原则,查找同义词、近义词或主题词,推断主题句。
典例引领 (2017 课标全国Ⅱ) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Interruptions are one of the worst things to deal with while you’re trying to get work
done. 1 , there are several ways to handle things. Let’s take a look at them now. 2 . Tell the person you’re sorry and explain that you have a million things to do and
then ask if the two of you can talk at a different time. When people try to interrupt you, have set hours planned and let them know to come back
during that time or that you’ll find them then. 3 . It can help to eliminate(消除)future interruptions.
When you need to talk to someone, don’t do it in your own office. 4 , it’s much easier to excuse yourself to get back to your work than if you try to get someone out of your space even after explaining how busy you are.

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If you have a door to your office, make good use of it. 5 . If someone knocks and it’s not an important matter, excuse yourself and let the person know you’re busy so they can get the hint(暗示)that when the door is closed, you’re not to be disturbed. A.If you’re busy, don’t feel bad about saying no B.When you want to avoid interruptions at work C.Set boundaries for yourself as far as your time goes D.If you’re in the other person’s office or in a public area E.It’s important that you let them know when you’ll be available F.It might seem unkind to cut people short when they interrupt you G.Leave it open when you’re available to talk and close it when you’re not
方法运用 [语篇解读] 工作时最糟糕的事情之一就是受到干扰。本文介绍了在工作中避免被干扰的几种方法。 1.B 细节句。空格处为从句,空格后的句子为主句,只有 B 项和 D 项符合要求。主句指出“有几种可以 解决问题的方法”,B 项意为“当你想在工作中避免受到干扰时”,符合语境要求。D 项意为“如果你在 别人的办公室或者公共场所”,与主句所述内容不一致。 2.A 主旨句。下文表达的是“向他人道歉,并向他解释你有很多事情要做,然后问一问你们两个人能否 在别的时间再谈”,由此可知 A 项“如果你很忙,不要因为拒绝别人而感到愧疚”符合语境。 3.E 过渡句。上文指出,别人想干扰你时,要设定好时间,让别人知道什么时候再来找你或你什么时候去 找他们。下文指出,这样有助于消除后续的干扰。结合上下文可知,E 项“让他们知道你什么时候有空很 重要”符合语境。 4.D 细节句。上文指出,你需要和他人谈谈时,不要在自己的办公室做这件事。下文对此进行解释说 明:“在别人办公室或者公共场所,更容易找借口回去工作”。D 项符合语境。 5.G 过渡句。door 为关键词。上文指出,如果办公室有一扇门的话,要充分利用。G 项意为“有空交谈 时就开着门,反之则关上门”,下文对此做法进行了解释说明。故 G 项符合语境。
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