高一英语必修二 UNIT II---1 Cultural relics
一、知识点 1. cultural relics 文化遗产
Many unearthed cultural relics were exhibited at the museum. 博物馆展出了许多出土文物。By definition the capital is the political and cultural center of a country. 根据定义,首都是一个国家的政治文化中心。 2. rare and valuable 珍贵稀有 3. in search of 寻找，寻求 = in search for He went to the south in search for a better future.他为了寻找更好的前途到南方去。 4. in the fancy style 以别致的风格 in … style/ in the style of ……以……风格 These clothes are too fancy for me, I prefer plainer ones. 这些衣服对我来说有些花哨，我还是 喜欢素净些的。 5. …a treasure decorated with gold and jewels, which took the country’s best artists about ten years to make. 用金银珠宝装饰起来的珍品，一批国家最优秀的艺术家用了大约十年的时间 才把它完成。 decorate with 以...装饰 6. be designed for …为……而设计 by design 故意地 This room was originally designed to be my study. 这间屋子原预定做我的书房。 His parents designed him for the army, but he preferred the navy. 他父母打算要他当陆军，但是 他却喜欢当海军。 7. belong to 属于 We belong to the same generation. 我们属于同代人。 8. in return 作为回报/报答/交换 9. serve as 作为，用作，充当，起作用 in turn 依次地，轮流的；转而，反过来
The room can serve as a study. 这间房子可作书房用。 10. Later，Catherine II had the Amber Room moved to a palace outside St Petersburg where she spent her summers. 后来， 叶卡捷琳娜二世派人把琥珀屋搬到圣彼得堡郊外她避暑的宫殿中。 have sth done 请/让别人做某事，使得，蒙受某种损失 我们请人把机器修好了。
We had the machine repaired.
11. In 1770 the room was completed the way she wanted. Police are combing the woods for the missing children.警察搜遍树林以寻找失踪的孩
12. be at war 处于战争状态,交战 13. remove some furture and small art objects 把一些家具和小件艺术品搬走 He removed the mud from his shoes. 他去掉鞋上的泥。 This old table is a valuable piece of furniture. 这张旧桌子是一件很珍贵的家具。 14. in less than two days 在不到两天的时间里 15. There is no doubt that the boxes were then put on a train for…There is no doubt that she will keep her word.毫无疑问她会遵守诺言的. There is no doubt that Taiwan belongs to China. 这是毫无疑问的,台湾属于中国。 .without doubt 无疑地，确实地 He is without doubt the cleverest student I've ever taught. 他确实是我所教过的学生中最聪明的. 16. rather than 胜于，而不是
Tom rather than Jack is to blame. 该受责备的是汤姆，而不是杰克。 I prefer to read rather than sit idle. 我宁愿读书而不愿闲坐着。 We aim at quality rather than quantity. 我们的目的是重质不重量。 17. Nor do I think they should give it to any government. 我也不认为他们会把它交给任何政 府。 18. do with 处理，忍受，对付 I can't do with his insolence. What do they do with the coin? II---II The Olympic Games 一、知识点 1. the ancient Olympic Games 古代奥运会 2. compete in …compete with other countries for world market 与其它国家竞争国际市场 compete in a race 参加赛跑 compete with [against] sb. for sth. 与某人竞争而获得某物 Our Greek cities used to compete against each other just for the honour of winning.我们希腊各个 城市之间曾经为了荣誉而彼此之间相互竞争。 3. take part in 参加 We all had to take part in the training run, with nobody excepted. 我们大家都得参加跑步训练, 无人例外. 4. What do the five rings on the Olympic flag stand for? 奥运旗帜上的五环代表什么？ stand for 代表；表示；主张；支持；拥护；容忍；允许 What does "ESL" stand for? "ESL"代表什么? I won't stand for his insults any longer. 我再不能容忍他的污辱了。 5. （a） volunteer for (……志愿者)志愿做……。 我忍受不了他那傲慢无礼的态度 他们是怎样处理这枚硬币的?。
6. I lived in what you call “Ancient Greece” and used to write about the Olympics a long time ago We used to keep in touch with each other by writing letters.我们过去常写信联系对方。 I am used to reading stories to my daughter every night and she enjoys it.我习惯了每天给女儿讲 故事，她也非常喜欢这样做。 Wood can be used to make furniture. 木头能用来做家具。 There used to be a temple at the place where our school stands now.在我们学校所在之处过去有 一座庙。 7.on a regular basis 定期地 He comes to visit us on a regular basis.他定期来看望我们。 7. Only atheletes who have reached the agreed standard for their event will be admitted as competitors. 只有达到他们各自项目统一标准的运动员才会被接受参见奥运会。 I am sure that he will be admitted to Beijing University this summer. 我肯定他今年夏天将被北 京大学录取。 This ticket admits two people to the football match. 这张票可供两人入场看足球赛。 The cinema admits about 2000 people.这座电影院大约可坐 2000 人。 He never admits that he is wrong. 他从不承认自己错了。 John has admitted breaking the window. 约翰已承认打碎了窗子。 8. No other counries could join in, nor could slaves or women. 9. Women are not only allowed, but play a very important role in gymnastics…妇女不仅允许参 加，而且她们还在体操比赛项目中起着非常重要的作用。 10. as well 也；又；同样 as well as (除...之外)也,既...又 我唱自己谱曲的歌，也弹吉他。
I write my own songs and I play the guitar as well.
A teacher should entertain as well as teach.教师不仅要教书，也要激起学生的兴趣。 11. So even the olive wreath has been replaced. 就连橄榄枝花环也被取代了。 12. be in/under sb’s charge 管理 in charge of 负责
These books were left in your charge. 这些书由你管理。 I was in charge of my sister. 我在照看我妹妹。 This ward is in [under]the charge of Dr Green. 这间病房是由格林大夫负责的。 How much did he charge you for repairing the bicycle? 他修理自行车收了你多少钱? Do you charge for the use of the office telephone at off-duty time? 下班时间打办公电话你们收 不收费? The boy charged into the room. 男孩冲进屋里。 13. take responsibility for…对……负有责任，负起对……的责任 23. If you are discovered, you will be fined. 如果被发现，你将被罚款。 He was fined 200 dollars for violation of traffic regulation. 他因违反交通规则被罚款 200 美元。 14. make a bargain with sb. 与某人成交 15. promise to do sth. 答应做某事
She promised her brother that she would write to him. 她答应弟弟将给他写信。 Remember to carry out your promise . 记住要履行诺言。 16. one after another 一个接一个地 Difficulties arise one after another.困难相继出现. 17. deserve to do sth 理应做，值得做 deserve attention [sympathy] 值得注意[同情]
deserve to be rewarded [punished] 该奖[罚] If you do wrong, you deserve punishment. 你如做错事, 应当受罚。 18. be active in 积极于
1. common adj. 普通的， 常见的 n. 普通； 平民 have nothing/ little/ something/ a lot in common 有??共同之处 2. compare ?with 把??与??相比较 compare to 把?? 比作?? 3. “ 多久才” It took/was+一段时间+before It takes /will be+一段时间 +before It takes/took sb. sometime to do sth. 花费某人??时间去做某事 4. work as 担 任；以?身份而工作 5. from then on 从那时起 from now on 从现在起 6. by 介词， “不迟于，到??为止” 常用于完成时态。 since+时间点 “自从?以来” 7. as time goes by 随着时间流逝 8. as a result 结果 9. so? that 如 此?以致 10. so+ adj. +a(n)+单数可数名词+that 句 子 such+ a(n)+ adj.+单数可数名词+that 句子 11. alone adj.“单独的” adv. 单独；独自地 （客观） lonely adj.“孤独的” 、 “偏僻的” （主 观） 12. as well as “还有” 、 “不但?而且?” as well “也” 13. be filled with = be full of 充满； 装满 14. in a way 在某种程度上 15. make up 编造,补足,化妆 16. after all 毕竟 17. with the help of 在?的帮助下