高一英语任务型阅读专项训练__牛津版

高一英语任务型阅读专项训练

请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后图表中的空格里填入最恰当的单词。 注意:每空不超过 1 个单词。

Oh, the things that I should see if I had the power of sight for just three days! The fast day would be a busy one. I should call to me all my dear friends and look long into their faces, imprinting(刻上) upon my mind the outward evidences of the beauty that is within them, I should let my eyes rest, too, on the face of a baby, so that I could Catch a vision of the eager, innocent beauty which precedes the individual's consciousness of the conflicts which life develops. And I should like to look into the loyal, trusting eyes of my dogs--the serious, clever little Scottie, Darkie, and the strong, understanding Great Dane, Helga, whose warm, tender, and playful friendships are so comforting to me. On that busy first day I should also view the small simple things of my home. I want to see the warm colors in the carpets under my feet, the pictures on the walls, the lovely small furniture that transforms a house into home. My eyes would rest respectfully on the books in dot-raised type which I have read, but they would be more eagerly interested in the printed books which seeing people can read, for during the long night of my life the books I have read and those which have been read to me have built themselves into a great shining lighthouse, showing me the deepest channels of human life and the human spirit. In the afternoon of that first seeing day, I should take a long walk in the woods and intoxicate (使陶醉) my eyes on the beauties of the world of Nature trying desperately to absorb in a few hours the vast brilliance which is presenting itself to those who can see. On the way home from my woodland trip, my path would lie close to a farm so that I might see the patient horses ploughing in the field and the peaceful content of men living close to the soil. And I should pray for the glory of a colorful sunset. When dusk had fallen, I should experience the double delight of being able to see by artificial light which the genius of man has created to extend the power of his sight when Nature brings darkness. In the night of that first day of sight, I should not be able to sleep, so full would
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be my mind of the memories of the day! (by Helen Keller) The first day what Helen Keller would do (1) _________ given three days to see ● ● ● ● ● Look long into the faces of all her dear friends so that she would never (2) _______ the evidences of their beauty Catch a vision of the eager, innocent beauty of a baby by resting her eyes on his face. In the morning Look into the loyal, trusting eyes of her (3) _________ View the small simple things of her home such as warm colors, pictures, trifles. Fix her eyes with (4)_____ on the books in raised type she has read and the printed books for seeing people with interest. ● (5) _________ in the woods; intoxicate her eyes on the beauties of the world of Nature and absorb in a few hours the vast brilliance of the world. In the afternoon ● Walk (6) ________ a farm, see the patient horses ploughing in tile field and the peaceful content of men living close to the soil. ● In the (7)_______ At night Pray for the glory of a colorful sunset. delight of being able to see, Experience the double

(8)___________ by man-made light. (9) _________ to sleep, so full would be her mind of the memories of the day!

From the passage we know in spite of her (10)____________ Helen Keller' was still full of love for life.

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二 请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后图表中的空格里填入最恰当的单词。 注意:每空不超过 1 个单词。

Make the benefits most, reduce the drawbacks least Hosting the Olympics successfully is, perhaps, the greatest glory for a city. However, before transforming the dream into reality, the benefits and drawbacks of hosting the Olympics should be considered carefully. Hosting the Olympics surely would bring about much gain to a city. Boom of the local economy, more jobs, and the possibility of generating income all sound extremely attractive to the municipal government. At the same time, better infrastructure (基础设施), cleaner environment, enjoying the wonderful game with hundreds of sports elites (精英) and entertainment stars, and the opportunity of contacting people from all over the world also seem exciting to the citizens. Besides, the hosting will definitely promote the patriotic emotion and pride, as well as the moral behavior in local people. In most cases, hosting the Olympics is well supported by both the public and the central government. But this is not the entire view of the pretty picture. If we look from another angle, the Olympic hosting might bring about some side-effects to a city. First, the environmental impacts, including the increasing exhaust smoke of cars, more pressure on water resources, huge amount of wasted leaflets and other materials used for public activities, are most probably neglected. In order to broaden the streets, some trees may have to be cut. Near the construction site, the tiny dust may float in the air for a long time. Reduction of farmland may be caused by the need of setting up new sports centre or accommodation facilities. These environmental consequences can be especially serious in a resource-limited and thickly-populated city in a third-world country. Second, if talking about the economic benefit, it should not be forgotten that a quick increase may lead to bubble
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(泡沫) growth, which may easily crash. If not well managed and organized, the big event may not be so profitable, and the new facilities may be forever empty after the games. Yes, there have been cases that host cities ended up with enormous debts. No one stops eating merely because too much food might hurt his stomach and make him ill. Since we have bid for it, what we can do is to make the benefits most and reduce the drawbacks least.

Title: Make the benefits most, reduce the drawbacks least Two (71) _______ of the coin. The Olympics may become a glory if (72) _______ successfully. Drawbacks may be (73) _______ about as well. They city’s infrastructure gets (75) _______ and its economy, education, employment may benefit a lot. The (74) _______ of hosting the Olympics. There are more chances to get in (76) _______ with the people from all over the world. People are (77) _______ of their country. The games may lead to environmental (78) _______. The disadvantages of Too quick increase in economy gets crashed after the event. The facilities may get (79) ______ after the games. We should think about the (80) _______ drawbacks while preparing for the Olympics so as to make the event a really beneficial one.

hosting the Olympics.

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请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后图表中的空格里填入最恰当的单词。 注意:每空不超过 1 个单词。

Teamwork is just as important in science as it is on the playing field or in the gym. Scientific investigations (调查) are almost always carried out by teams of people working together. Ideas are shared, experiments are designed, data are analyzed, and results are evaluated and shared with other investigators. Group work is necessary, and is usually more productive than working alone. Several times throughout the year you may be asked to work with one or more of your classmates. Whatever the task your group is assigned, a few rules need to be followed to ensure a productive and successful experience. What comes first is to keep an open mind, because everyone’s ideas deserve consideration and each group member can make his or her own contribution. Secondly, it makes a job easier to divide the group task among all group members. Choose a role on the team that is best suited to your particular strengths. Thirdly, always work together, take turns, and encourage each other by listening, clarifying, and trusting one another. Mutual support and trust often makes a great difference. Activities like investigations are most effective when done by small groups. Here are some more suggestions for effective team performance during these activities: Make sure each group member understands and agrees to the task given to him or her, and everyone knows exactly when , why and what to do; take turns doing various tasks during similar and repeated activities; be aware of where other group members are and what they are doing so as to ensure safety; be responsible for your own learning, though it is by no means unwise to compare your observations with those of other group members. When there is research to be done, divide the topic into several areas, and this can explore the issue in a very detailed way. You are encouraged to keep records of the sources used by each person, which helps you trace back to the origin of the problems that may happen unexpectedly. A format for exchanging information (e.g.,
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photocopies of notes , oral discussion, etc.) is also important, for a well-chosen method not only strengthens what you present but also makes yourself easily understood. When the time comes to make a decision and take a position on an issue, allow for the contributions of each member of the group. Most important of all, it is always wise to make decisions by compromise and agreement. After you’ve completed a task with your team, make an evaluation of the team’s effectiveness — the strengths and weaknesses, opportunities and challenges. Title Theme General rules Working Together Effective performance needs highly cooperated (1) __________. ● Keep an open mind to everyone’s (2)_________. ● Divide the group task among group members. ● (3) __________ and trust each other. ● Understand and agree to the (5) __________ task of one’s own. (4) _______ ● Take turns doing various tasks. ● Show concern for others to ensure safety. ● Take (6) __________ for one’s own learning. ● Compare your own observations with those of others. ● Break the (7) ________ into several areas. Explore an issue ● Keep records of the sources just in (8) _________. ● (9) __________ your information with others via proper format. ● Make all decisions by compromise and agreement. (10)________ effectiveness ● Analyze the strengths and weaknesses. ● Find out the opportunities and challenges

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四 请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后图表中的空格里填入最恰当的单词。 注意:每空不超过 1 个单词。

Maybe you are an average student. You probably think you will never be a top student. This is not necessary so, however. Anyone can become a better student if he or she wants to. Here’s how: 1. Plan your time carefully. When you plan your week, you should make a list of things that you have to do. After making this list, you should make a schedule of your time. First your time for eating, sleeping, dressing, etc. then decide a good, regular time for studying. Don’t forget to set aside enough time for entertainment. A weekly schedule may not solve all your problems, but it will force you to realize what is happening to your time. 2. Find a good place to study. Look around the house for a good study area. Keep this space, which may be a desk or simply a corner of your room, free of everything but study materials. No games, radios, or television! When you sit down to study, concentrate on the subject. 3. Make good use of your time in class. Take advantage of class time to listen to everything the teachers say. Really listening in class means less work later. Taking notes will help you remember what the teacher says. 4. Study regularly. When you get home from school, go over your notes. Review the important points that your teacher mentioned in class. If you know what your teacher is going to discuss the next day, read that material will become more meaningful, and you will remember it longer. 5. Develop a good attitude about tests. The purpose of a test is to show what
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you have learned about a subject. They help you remember your new knowledge. The world won’t end if you don’t pass a test, so don’t be overly worried. There are other methods that might help you with your studying. You will probably discover many others after you have tried these. How to become a better student General method Plan carefully your time How to Make a list Make a (81) ______ Free of everything but study (82) ______ Advantage Force realize(86) you ____ to is

happening to your time Find a good place to study You can (87)

______on the subject

Make good use of your time in class

Listen to everything the teachers say

Really

listening

in

class means (88) ______ work later

Taking (83) ______ Study regularly Go over your notes (84) material ______ new Help you (89)

_____it better , remember it longer

Develop

a

good

Don’t be (85) ______ worried

Remember your new (90) ______

attitude about tests

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五 请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后图表中的空格里填入最恰当的单词。 注意:每空不超过 1 个单词。

New Year traditions all around the world “Happy New Year!” Everyone will greet each other with these words as they meet each other over the next couple of weeks. But it wasn’t always January 1 that marked the New Year. At least 4,000 years ago, the ancient Egyptians and Babylonians marked the changing of the year. In Egypt, the year started when the Nile River flooded, enriching farmers’ fields. This happened at the end of September. The Babylonians held a festival in the spring, on March 23, to kick off the next farming cycle. The Babylonian celebration lasted for 11 days. The date January 1 was picked by the Roman Emperor Julius Caesar as the change of the year when he established his own calendar in 46 BC. The month of January originates from the Roman god, Janus. He is pictured with two heads. One head looks forward and the other back. They represent a break between the old and new. The new calendar was in time with the sun and it has been used until the present day. In Vietnam, the New Year holiday happens in February. They buy fresh flowers and a peach blossom to put in their house, following the Vietnamese custom. Thailand has its specific New Year’s date; it’s different from the normal calendar. The Thai New Year is celebrated on April 13. On this day, Thai people play with water, throwing it on each other. It is intended to bring good luck during the New
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Year ahead. In China, the more favorable New Year is usually celebrated in February according to lunar calendar (阴历). On New Year’s Eve, all family members sit together at table, enjoying lots of auspicious foods such as dumplings, chicken to bring good luck. Title: New Year traditions all around the world Origins (起源) (73) Countries (71) _________ or (72) ______ Egypt the end of September March 23 the flood holding _______ Roman god, Janus a Nile River make fields(74)______ (75) kick off the next farming cycle (76) break (77)______ water bring good luck Thailand April 13 onto each other’s body buying Vietnam February flowers fresh (78)______the and a custom of a ______ or

reasons

Babylon

Rome

January 1

peach blossom (79)_______ China February auspicious foods bring good luck

and (80)____ to everyone
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六 请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后图表中的空格里填入最恰当的单词。 注意:每空不超过 1 个单词。

A 10-year-old boy decided to learn judo despite the fact that he had lost his left arm in a car accident. The boy began lessons with an old Japanese judo teacher. The boy was doing well, so he couldn’t understand why, after three months of training, the master had taught him only one move. “ Master,” the boy finally said, “shouldn’t I be learning more moves?” “ This is the only move you know, but this is the only move you ’ll ever need to know,” the teacher replied. Not quite understanding, but believing in his teacher, the boy kept training. Several months later, the teacher took the boy to his first tournament. Surprising himself, the boy easily won his first two matches. The third match proved to be more difficult, but after some time, his opponent became impatient and charged; the boy skillfully used his one move to win the match. Still amazed by his success, the boy was now in the final. This time, his opponent was bigger, stronger, and more experienced. For a while, the boy appeared to be overmatched. Concerned that the boy might get hurt, the judge called a time-out. He was about to stop the match when the teacher appeared. “ No,” the teacher insisted, “Let him continue.” Soon after the match continued, his opponent made a mistake: he dropped his guard. Instantly, the boy used his move to pin him. The boy won the match and the tournament. He was the champion. On the way home, the boy and the teacher reviewed every move in each and every match. Then the boy got up the courage to ask what was really on his mind. “ Teacher, how did I win the tournament with only one move?”
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The teacher answered. “ First, you’ve almost mastered one of the most difficult throws in all of judo. Second, the only known defense for that move is for your opponent to grab your left arm.” Title: One’s weakness can become his (71) A boy decided to learn judo (72) he had lost left arm.

After three months of training, the master taught him only one move. His first (73) First matches three He won.

Final

His opponent was more (74) built and had more (75) . At the (76) , the boy seemed to be overmatched. The judge (77) that the boy might get hurt and called a time-out. His opponent made a mistake. The boy used his move and pinned him. He (78) won the match. 1.He had almost mastered one of the most difficult throws in all of judo. 2.The only (80) for the opponent to win the match was to grab his left arm.

(79)

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高一英语任务型阅读专项训练答案
一、71. if 72. forget 73. dogs 74. respect 75. Walk 76. past(by, on) 77. evening 78. helped(aided, assisted) 79. Unable 80. blindness (disability) 二、 71. sides/faces 72. hosted / held 73. brought 74. advantages 75. improved / better 76. touch/ contact 77. proud 78. impacts/consequences /pollution/problems/issues 79. empty/deserted / useless 80. possible/ hidden/potential 三、1. teamwork 2. ideas/ opinions/ views/ thoughts 3. Support / Encourage / Back 4. Suggestions 5. given / assigned 6. responsibility 7. topic/ subject/ issue 8. case 9. Exchange /Share 10. Evaluate 四、81.schedule 82.materials 83.notes 84.read 85.overly 86.what 87. concentrate / focus 88.less 89.understand 90. knowledge 五、71.Dates72.activities73.Meanings/Effects74.rich75.festival/celebration 76.symbol 77. pouring/throwing 78. following 79. enjoying 80. happiness 六、71.strength 72.although/though 73.tournament 74.strongly 75.experience 76.beginning 77.feared/worried 78.finally/eventually 79.Reasons/Explanation 80.chance/opportunity

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