2018-2019学年高一英语新人教版必修1课件:Unit 1 Friendship Grammar (系列2)_图文

人教版 必修一 Unit 1 Friendship Period 3 Grammar Michael Phelps “I have a long body and long arms, a gift and love for swimming.” Phelps said he had a long body and long arms, and a gift and love for swimming. “I started swimming at an young age in order to treat my ADHD disease.” Phelps said he had started swimming at an young age in order to treat his ADHD disease. “I receive a 5-hour training every day.” Phelps said he received a 5-hour training every day. “I always desire to be the winner, to win gold medals and to break world records.” Phelps said he always desired to be the winner, to win gold medals and to break world records. “One of my favorite things is to compete with the best swimmers in the world.” Phelps said one of his favorite things was to compete with the best swimmers in the world. “I have many goals, and all of them are high.” Phelps said he had many goals, and all of them were high. “I will always try my best to be Phelps No.1.” Phelps said he would always try his best to be Phelps No.1. Secrets of Phelps’ success? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? gift interest determination courage hard work ambition …… 引述别人的话语一般采用两种方 式:一是原封不动地引用原话, 把它放 在括号内, 这叫直接引语(Direct speech); 一是用自己的话加以转述, 这 叫间接引语(Indirect speech). 直接引语 (变化前) 陈述句 间接引语(变化后) Jane said, “I’m that引导的宾语从句 Jane said that she was very fond of very fond of traveling. traveling.” 直接引语 (变化前) 一般疑问句 “Is this your umbrella, Mary?” asked 间接引语(变化后) whether/if 引导的宾 语从句 John asked Mary if that was her umbrella. John. 直接引语 (变化前) 间接引语(变化后) wh-词引导的宾语从 句 John asked Mary 特殊疑问句 “Mary, when will you return me the book?” asked when she would return him the book. John. 由直接引语转变为间接引语,有时会引起 时态的变化, 注意以下几个方面: 直接引语(变化前) 主句动词为一般现在 时或现在完成时 She often says, “All men and women are equal under the law.” 间接引语(变化后) 从句动词时态不变 She often says that all men and women are equal under the law. 直接引语(变化前) 动词 为一 般过 去时 间接引语(变化后) 一般过去时 He said that 主句 引导动词为: 从句 从句动词变为: 一般现在时 动词 时态 “I know it,” he said. 相应 变化 he knew it. 直接引语(变化前) 主句 动词 为一 般过 去时 引导动词为: 间接引语(变化后) 从句动词变为: 从句 现在进行时 动词 “ I’ m 时态 making coffee 相应 for you all,” 变化 she said. 过去进行时 She said she was making coffee for us all. 直接引语(变化前) 间接引语(变化后) 主句 引导动词为: 从句 从句动词变为: 动词 为一 现在完成时动词 时态 “I have seen 过去完成时 He said he had 般过 去时 相应 her before,” 变化 said he. seen her before. 直接引语(变化前) 引导动词为: 主句 动词 为一 般过 去时 现在完成进 行时 He said, “I have been doing it for hours.” 间接引语(变化后) 从句动词变为: 从句 动词 过去完成进行时 时态 He said he had 相应 been doing it for 变化 hours. 直接引语

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