2018-2019学年高一英语新人教版必修1课件:Unit 1 Friendship Grammar (系列3)_图文

人教版 必修一 Unit 1 Friendship Period 3 Grammar 课程设计 运用阅读文章Anne的感受引出本单元的语法现象:直接引 语和间接引语,学生清晰感受到两种引语的联系和差异。接着 着重讲述直接引语是陈述句和疑问句变为间接引语时的规律和 一些注意事项,并做形象总结,紧接着配以练习,巩固知识。 此课件通过有条理的讲述,以及适当的习题,把单元语法 现象很好的呈现出来。 新课导入 After hiding here for a My name is Anne Frank My My only family true and friend I areis long I’ve and mytime, family is become Jewish. Kitty hiding —in my Amsterdam. diary. crazy about nature. She name was She said said that that her she after only and hiding her Anne Frank and herin family was family true there friend for were a was long hiding Kitty time, — she Amsterdam. herhad diary. Jewish. become crazy about nature. 引述别人的话语一般采用两种方式: 一是原封 不动地引用原话, 把它放在引号内, 这叫直接 引语(Direct speech); 一是用自己的话加以转 述, 这叫间接引语(Indirect speech)。 Anne said: “My name is Anne Frank and my family is Jewish.” (Direct speech) She said that she and her family were hiding in Amsterdam. (Indirect speech) 新课讲授 Look at the sentence and find the rules 1. She often says, “All men and women are equal under the law.” She often says (that) all men and women are equal under the law. 1. 直接引语转变为间接引语时, 从句由that引导, 可省略; 主句动词为一般将来时或现在时, 从句动 词时态不变。 2. “I like reading stories,” said John. John said that he liked reading stories. 3. “I don’t like cars,” Sarah said to him. Sarah told him that she didn’t like cars. 2. 直接引语转变为间接引语时,人称要进行相 应变化;且主句动词为一般过去时时,从句动 词时态应为过去时的相应时态。 1. 人称的变化 直接引语里的第一人称和第二人称,变间 接引语时,人称要做相应调整。 1. She said, “I am hungry.” She said she was hungry. 2. Mum said to me, “You can do it yourself.” Mum told me that I could do it myself. 3. Mr. Smith said, “He is a good worker.’’ Mr. Smith said that he was a good worker. 1. Jack said to me, “You look worried today.” I looked worried that day. Jack told me that __ 2. We said to her, “They’re cleaning the room.” they were cleaning the room. We told her that ____ 3. Mr. Black said, “I have walked a long way.” hehad walked a long way. Mr. Black said that __ 2.时态变化 直接引语变间接引语时,间接引语的时态 要与主句的时态一致。 1. 主句为一般现在时, 现在完成时或一般将来时的时候, 间接引语时态不变。 He says, “I treat you as my son.” He says that he treats me as his son. 2. 当主句为过去时, 从句要跟着相应的变化。 直接引语(变化前) 一般现在时 “I know it,” he said. 现在进行时 “I’m making coffee for you all,” she said. 间接引语(变化后) 一般过去时 He said he knew it. 过去进行时 She said she was making coffee for us all. 直接引语(变化前) 间接引语(变化后) 现在完成时 过去完成时 “I have seen her before,” He said he had seen her said he. before. 现在完成进行时 He said, “I have been doing it for hours.” 过去完成进行时 He said he had been doing it for hours. 直接引语(变化前) 一般过去时 “I saw

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