2018-2019学年高一英语新人教版必修1课件:Unit 1 Friendship Grammar (系列4)_图文

人教版 必修一 Unit 1 Friendship Period 3 Grammar Let’s play a small game Diaoyu Island belongs to China. The teacher said “Diaoyu Island belongs to China.” The teacher said Diaoyu Island belongs to China. One and one is two. The teacher said “one and one is two.” The teacher said one and one is two. Grammar Direct speech & indirect speech 直接引语和间接引语 直接引语和间接引语 直接引用别人的原话叫做直接引语, 直接引语通常置于引号内。 例如:Mary said “What are you doing?” 用自己的话转述别人的意思,或引用 自己说过的话,叫做间接引语。间接引语 一般用宾语从句来表达。 例如:Mary asked what I was doing. Observing & Finding 1. “ I don’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary.” said Anne. Anne said (that) she didn’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary. 2. “ Does a friend always have to be a person?” the writer asks us. The writer asks us if / whether a friend always has to be a person. 3.Tom asked me , “Can you come or not now?” Tom asked me whether I could go or not then. 4.Mary said to me, “What do you like?” Mary asked me what I liked. 5.The teacher said to the boy,“Open the window .” The teacher told the boy to open the window. 直接引语变间接引语需注意: 1、引导词的选用 陈述句用that引导,that可省略; 一般疑问句用if/whether引导; 选择疑问句用whether…or not引导; 特殊疑问句用原特殊疑问词引导; 祈使句变成ask/tell sb to do sth 2、使用陈述句语序 3、某些成分的变化与不变 8 变 4 不 变 ①标点符号的变化:引号去掉,结尾标点 变句号。 Lily said to me , “ Do you like learning English?” Lily asked me whether / if I liked learning English. Mother said to me , “ Watch the steps !” Mother told me to watch the steps . ②人称的变化 口诀 一 随 主 说明 一随主,二随宾,三不变 直接引语 间接引语 引号内的第一人 称变间接引语后 与主句主语的人 称保持一致 She said,“ I likeShe said that she liked tennis. tennis.” He said to Lily, He told Lily that “ you must get she must get up early. up early” She said to me , She told me that “ They want to they wanted to help him” help him. 二 随 宾 三 不 变 引号内的第二人 称变间接引语后 与主句宾语的人 称保持一致 引号内的第三人 称在变间接引语 后人称不变 ③转述动词的变化 e.g. ⑴ Mother said to me , “ I don’t know.” Mother told me that she didn’t know. 即say / said(陈述句)变为 tell / told ⑵Father said to me , “ Do you come back today?” Father asked me whether I went back that day. 即say / said(疑问句) 变为 ask / asked ④时态的变化:引号内动词按递减规律变为相应的 过去时态。 e.g. Tom said , “ I like swimming.” Tom said that he liked swimming. Mark said to me , “ I will do it.” Mark told me that he would do it. ⑤时间状语的变化: now today tonight ago yesterday last night tomorrow next week the day after tomorrow then that day that night before/earlier(之前,早些时候) the day before the night before the next/following day(第二天) the next/following week in two days’ time the day before ye

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