2018-2019学年高一英语新人教版必修1课件:Unit 1 Friendship Grammar (系列1)_图文

人教版 必修一 Unit 1 Friendship Period 3 Grammar Warming Up Direct speech S: My name is Anne Frank and my family is Jewish. T: She said ___________ that her name was ___ Anne Frank and ___ her family was ___ Jewish. Indirect speech Warming Up Direct speech S: My family and I are hiding in Amsterdam. T: She said _______ that __________ she and her family _____ were hiding in Amsterdam. Indirect speech Warming Up Direct speech S: My only true friend is Kitty — my diary. T: She said ___________ that her only true friend was Kitty — her ___ ___ diary. Indirect speech Warming Up Direct speech S: After hiding here for a long time, I’ve become crazy about nature. T: She said _______ that after hiding there _____for a long time, she had become crazy ______ about nature. Indirect speech 2.Grammar: Direct and Indirect Speech (1) 1. 转述他人的陈述→陈述句 2. 转述他人的疑问→一般疑问句 3. 转述他人的问题→特殊疑问句 1) He said , “I’m going to Beijing.” → He said that he was going to Beijing. 2) He asked, “Are you a teacher?” → He asked me if /whether I was a teacher. 3) She said , “What are you doing?” → She asked me what I was doing. 直接引语变成间接引语,句子结构的变化 ?陈述句 ?用连词that引导,that在口语中常省略。主句 的谓语动词可直接用引语中的said, 也可用told 来代替,注意,可以说said that, said to sb. that, told sb. that,不可直接说told that He said, “I have been to the Great Wall. ” He said to us that he had been to the Great Wall. He said, “I'll give you an examination next Monday. ” He told us that he would give us an examination the next Monday. 解题步骤: 1.陈述句: “I don’t like computers,” Sarah said to her friends. Sarah said to her friends that I don’t like computers. she didn’t Sarah said to her friends that she didn’t like computers. 一般疑问句 ?间接引语用连词whether或if引导,原主句中 谓语动词said要改为asked(me/him/us等),语 序是陈述句的语序 ? He said, “Do you have any difficulty with pronunciation?” ? He asked (me) whether/if I had any difficulty with my pronunciation. ? He said, “You are interested in English, aren't you?” ? He asked whether I was interested in English. 2.一般疑问句: Is it easy to improve the condition of the soil? ( They asked him ) It is easy to improve the condition of the soil. They asked him if it is easy to improve the condition of the soil. is was They asked him if it was easy to improve the condition of the soil. 特殊疑问句 ?原来的疑问词作为间接引语的连词,主 句的谓语动词用ask(sb. )来表达,语序改 为陈述句语序 ? He said to me,“What's your name?” ? He asked me what my name was. ? He asked us, “How many car factories have been built in your country?” ? He asked us how many car factories had been built in o

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