2018-2019学年高一英语新人教版必修1课件:Unit 1 Friendship Grammar (系列5)_图文

人教版 必修一 Unit 1 Friendship Period 3 Grammar Unit1 Grammar Direct and Indirect Speech 直接引语和间接引语 Grammar: Direct and Indirect Speech (1) 1. 转述他人的陈述→陈述句 2. 转述他人的疑问→一般疑问句 3. 转述他人的问题→特殊疑问句 1) He said , “I’m going to Beijing.” → He said that he was going to Beijing. 2) He asked, “Are you a teacher?” → He asked me if /whether I was a doctor. 3) She said , “What are you doing?” → She asked me what I was doing. 解题步骤: 1.陈述句: “I don’t like computers,” Sarah said to her friends. Sarah said to her friends that I don’t like computers. Sarah said she didn’t Sarah said to her friends that she didn’t like computers. 一般疑问句 ?间接引语用连词whether或if引导,原主句中 谓语动词said要改为asked(me/him/us等), 语序是陈述句的语序 ? He said, “Do you have any difficulty with pronunciation?” ? He asked (me) whether/if I had any difficulty with my pronunciation. ? He said, “You are interested in English, aren't you?” ? He asked whether I was interested in English. 2.一般疑问句: Is it easy to improve the condition of the soil? ( They asked him ) It is easy to improve the condition of the soil. They asked him if it is easy to improve the condition of the soil. is was asked They asked him if it was easy to improve the condition of the soil. 特殊疑问句 ?原来的疑问词作为间接引语的连词,主 句的谓语动词用ask(sb. )来表达,语序 改为陈述句语序 ? He said to me,“What's your name?” ? He asked me what my name was. ? He asked us, “How many car factories have been built in your country?” ? He asked us how many car factories had been built in our country. 3.特殊疑问句: When do you harvest the wheat ? ( They asked him ) you harvest the wheat They asked him When you harvest the wheat. he harvested They asked him when he harvested the wheat. 选择疑问句 ?用whether…or…表达,而不用if…or…,也 不用either…or… ? He asked, “Do you speak English or French?” ? He asked me whether I spoke English or French. ? I asked, “Will you take bus or take train?” ? I asked him whether he would take bus or take train. 在直接引语变为间接引语时需要注意的变化 1. 注意时态的变化 2. 注意人称变化。 3. 注意指示代词的变化 4. 注意时间的变化 5. 注意地点的变化 6. 注意个别趋向动词的变化 When you change a sentence from direct speech to indirect speech, you sometimes need to change the verb tense. You may also need to change pronouns , time in order to keep the same meaning. ? ? ? ? ? Direct Present Past Present perfect Past perfect indirect past past and past perfect past perfect past perfect 谓语动词时态变化需要注意几点: 1.直接引语表述的是客观真理,变为间接引语时, 时态不变 The geography teacher said, “The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.” The geography teacher told us that the sun rises in the east

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