第一单元 1.take place 发生 take away 拿走、带走；使离开、使消失 take back 送回，收回 take down 拿下，记下，取下 take off 脱下；起飞 take up 开始花时间做?，开始对?感兴趣 2.in memory of 纪念；追念 3.dress up 盛装，打扮；装饰 4.trick n 诡计；恶作剧 Vt.欺骗；诈骗 play a trick on 搞恶作剧 5.lead（?）to 领往；通往；导致 You see the path on your right？It leads to the village.看见右边的小路了吗？它通向村子。 6.in the shape of 呈现某种形状，以某种形式呈现出来 7.look forward to 盼望，后面接名词、代词或动词-ing 形式 I am looking forward to his being back.我盼望他回来。 8.as though 好像；仿佛?似的 与 as if 同义 He acts as though he didn’t know anything about it.他表现得好像对这件事一无所知. 9.have fun with 玩得开心 10.keep/lose one’s word 守信 /失信 11.turn up 到场；出现；（声音等）调大 turn on 开 turn off 关 turn down （声音等）调小 turn over 移交 turn to 开始对?感兴趣 12.hold one’s breath 屏住呼吸 13.set off 出发；点燃 set about 开始着手 set down 使坐下；放下；写下；抄下；制定（规划、原则等） set out 出发，启程，布置 ，安排，陈述，说明 set up 竖立；建造，装配；提出（建议等） 14.remind 提醒；使想起 remind sb of sth 让某人想起某事
第二单元 1.Wang Peng sat in his empty restaurant feeling very frustrated. 王鹏坐在他空空的餐馆里很沮丧 feeling very frustrated .现在分词在句中作伴随状语 eg.She sat on the chair reading a newspaper.(表伴随) Walking in the street, she met her old friend.(表时间) Seeing no body at home , she decided to eat outside.(表原因) The child fell, striking his head against the ground.(表结果) 2. By now his restaurant ought to be full of people.到了这个时 候他的餐馆本该宾客盈门的。 Ought to 1) to show a moral duty 表示一种道义上的责任，应该 Eg.She ought to look after her child better. You ought to study hard to get a high mark. 2)ought to have done 表示本应该?，而却没有?
Eg.You ought to have come yesterday. 3.He thought of his mutton kebabs, fatty pork cooked in the hottest, finest oil. 过去分词短语作后置定语，表被动。 = which were cooked in the hottest oil. Eg.The flowers picked by him are very beautiful. 4.Nothing could have been better.再也没有比这更好的了 比较级与否定词连用表示最高级。 Eg.I have never seen a better film. There is nothing I like so much as playing football. 5.Tired of all that fat?肥腻的东西吃厌了吗 1）Tired of 厌烦的 He is tired of doing the same thing all year round. 2）Tired out 筋疲力尽 I was tired out when I finally reach the top of the mountain. 3）Tired from 因?而疲倦 I was very tied from running fast. 6. He could not have Yong Hui getting away with telling people Lies！他不可能让永慧哄骗人们后跑掉。 get away with sth./doing sth. a)不因某事而受惩罚 I won’t have you getting away with cheating in the exam. b)偷携某物潜逃 The robbers robbed the bank and got away with a lot of money. c)收到较轻的惩罚 He was so lucky to get away with a fine for such a serious mistake. 7.Perhas he would be able to earn his living after all and not have to close his restaurant.也许他仍然能够谋生，而不至于关闭 自己的餐馆 earn one’s living by? =live by?=make a living by?靠?谋生 eg. He earned his living by begging from door to door. 8.He didn’t look forward to being in debt because his restaurant was no longer popular.他不希望由于餐馆不受欢迎而负 债。 be in debt 欠债 be out of debt 还清债务 be in sb.’s debt 欠某人人情。 Eg. Saving my life, I am forever in your debt. 9. She didn’t look happy but glared at him.她不高兴，就瞪着他。 glare at 怒视，带有敌意 Eg. “How could you do that？”he said, glaring at his mother. glance at 扫视 Eg.He glanced at his watch and left in a hurry. stare at 张大眼睛死死地盯着 Eg.She stared at him in surprise.
10. Yong Hui agreed to stay and soon they were both enjoying the dumplings, fatty pork and cola.永慧同意留下，很快他们就享 受到水饺、猪肉和可乐。 agree to (do) sth. 表示“同意某事或某建议”，后只能跟表“提议 ，计划，方案，打算，安排” Eg. He agreed to their proposal. He agreed to get someone to help us. agree with sb 同意某人 Eg. I agree with every word you said. agree on sth. 表示在某事上取得一致的意见 Eg.They agreed on a date for the next meeting. 11.But don’t you think it would be better if you were a bit thinner?但是你不认为受一点会更好吗？ 虚拟语气，表示与现在事实相反的假设时，条件状语从句的谓语动词用 过去式（be 用 were），而主句的谓语动词用 would(should, could , might)+动词原形。 Eg. If I were you, I should study English better. If he had time, he would attend the meeting.
12. spy (v/n) 监视，侦查，看见，间谍 1) 暗中监视；侦查。 It is impolite to spy into other people’s windows. 2) 看见，发现。 He suddenly spied an old friend in the supermarket. 13.before long 和 long before 1)before long（介词短语）在句子中作状语，表示“不久以后，很快”。多与将来时或者过 去时连用。 Eg. I shall visit you again before long. 2)long before（副词短语）表示“很久以前”，多与完成时连用。 Eg. He had taken a doctor’s degree long before. 3)Before 不仅可以用作副词，还可以用作介词或者连词，这时 long before 表示"早在?之前 ". Eg. He had come to America long before the war. 14.put on weight.增加体重 lose weight 减肥 15.cut down 削减，删节 cut off 切断，剪断 cut in 插话，打断别人的说话 第三单元
1.bring up: 1）培养，抚养，教育 She brought up her children to be considerate of others. 她教育孩子要关心别人。 He was brought up by his aunt. 他被姑姑抚养大。 2）提出
We decided to bring up the problem at the next meeting. 我们决定在下次会议上提出这个问题。 3) 吐出，呕吐 He fell ill and brought up his breakfast. 她生病了，把吃的早饭都吐了出来。 2. scene n. 1) 一场，一镜头 He added a new scene at the beginning. 在开头他又加了一场戏。 We missed the first few scenes of the film. 我们错过了这场电影开始的几个镜头。 2) 景色，风景，场面 The night scene in Shanghai is quite beautiful. 上海的夜景非常美。 3) (发生事件的)现场，地点 They rushed to the scene of the traffic accident. 他们火速赶到车祸的现场。 比较：scene , scenery 和 view （1）scene 指都市景观或室内陈设，还可以指舞台场面或部分布景，可数名词。 （2）scenery 指山河湖海等自然景观，也可以指舞台全部，是不可数名词。 （3）view 指从远处或高处看到的风景。 The view from the top of the hill is wonderful. 从山顶上眺望，风景很美。 3. bet n. 1) make a bet 打赌 2) （金钱等）赌注 win/lose a bet 打赌赢/输了 I can make a bet with you that you must pass the exam. 我可以跟你打赌你一定能通过考 试。 Let’s make a bet on the next election. 咱们赌一赌下次的选举把。 I make a bet that we would win the football match. 我打赌我们会赢那场足球赛 v. 打赌，赌博 Mrs. Black spent all her money betting on horses. 布莱克夫人把她所有的钱都花在了赌马 上。 4. Permit me to lead the way, sir. permit 1）vt. 许可，允许，容许 ~ doing sth/ sth. 准许做某事 ~ sb. to do sth 准许 sb.做某事 We don’t permit making noise here. 我们不允许在这里吵闹。 The teacher didn’t permit us to swim in this river. 老师不允许我们在这条河里游泳。 2）vi （事物）允许，成为可能 I will go to meet you if time permits. 如果时间允许的话，我们会去见你。 We’ll start tomorrow, weather permitting. 天气允许的话，我们明天出发。 3）n. 许可证，通行证 Please show your drive permit. 清出示你的驾照。 Ex: The teacher doesn’t permit in class. A. smoke B. to smoke C. smoking D. to have a smoke 5. go ahead vi 词组 1) 前进; (工作等)推进 Thing are going ahead quite well. 事情进展地很顺利。
After they settled the problem, they were going ahead fast. 那个问题解决后，他们推进的速度加快了。 2）（催促对方）先请！请！ You go ahead and I’ll follow. I’m not quite ready. 你先走，我随后到。我还未完全准备好。 3）该词组亦可作表示意见的肯定答语，译为“干吧！请吧，说吧，走，行等” “Would you mind if I opened the window?” “No. Go ahead.” “我打开窗子你介意吗？” “不介意，去开吧。 ” “May I use your phone?” “Yes, go ahead.” “我能用一下你的电话吗？” “行啊。” Ex：— I wonder if I could use your car for tonight? — . I’m not using it anyhow. A. Sure, go ahead B. I don’t know C. Yes, indeed D. I don’t care 6. by accident = by chance 偶然地，意外地 Last time, I ran across her by accident /by chance. 上次我偶然碰到她。 on purpose 故意的 I think she lost the key on purpose. 我认为她是故意遗失钥匙。 7. Well, towards nightfall I found myself carried out to sea by a strong wind. 到黄昏时，我发现 自己被一阵大风卷到了大海里。 found myself carried out to sea 反身代词 myself 作 found 的宾语； 过去分词 carried 作宾语补 足语。属于 find + sb. / sth..+ done 的结构。 find + 复合宾语结构 1）find + 宾语 + adj. + to do The boy found the novel difficult to read. 这个男孩发现这本小说很难读懂。 2）find + it + adj.+ to do 在此句型中 it 代替其后的不定式作形式宾语。 I found it hard to get along with his brother. 我发现很难同他的兄弟相处。 3）find + 宾语+adj./adv./过去分词/ 现在分词/介词短语 I found the job boring. 我发现这项工作令人厌烦。 I found him in his own room. 我发现他在自己的房间里。 He hurried to the store, only to find the door closed. 他匆忙赶到商店，发现门关着。 4）find oneself doing sth./ at / in 意识到自己非本意地干某事或处于某种境地 Peter，who was usually shy, found himself talking to the girls. 彼得一向腼腆，突然意识到自己在跟女孩们说话。 After wandering around, we found ourselves back at the hotel. 四处闲逛之后，我们不自觉地回到旅馆。 8. fault 1) n. 过错，缺点，故障，毛病 Her greatest fault is that she talks too much. 她最大的的缺点是话太多。 2) find fault with 挑剔 He is always finding fault with me. 他总是对我百般挑剔。 3) vt. 对…挑毛病 It was impossible to fault her performance. 她的演出无懈可击。 faultless adj. 无错的，完美的 faulty adj. 有缺点的，不完整的
9. The next morning I’d just about given myself up for lost when I was spotted by a ship. 第二天 早上我正感到绝望的时候一艘船发现了我。 1) just about 为副词，同 almost。 这里 just about=almost The apples are just about ripe now. 苹果差不多都熟了。 2) give oneself up 放弃，绝望 give oneself up for… 因…绝望 3) lost 前省去了 being 4) when 此句中的 when 为并列连词，译为“正在这时（突然）”，常用于以下句型： be just to do …when… be on the point of doing sth…when… be doing…when… be about to do …. when I was watching TV when a boy rushed into the door. 我正在看电视的时候（突然）有个孩子冲进来。 I was just about to leave when it began to rain. 我正要离开的时候，这时（突然）下起雨来。 She was on the point of leaving when I arrived. 她正要离开，这时我来了。 本句句型为：…had done…when…已经…这时/突然… I had gone to bed when somebody knocked at my door. 我已经上睡觉，这时有人敲门。 5）spot n.（1）斑点；污点 How did you get spot on your face? 你脸上的斑点是怎么弄上去的？ He is a man without a spot on his character. 他是个没有任何污点的人。 （2）地点，场所 The spot where he was murdered has been found. 他被谋杀的地点已被找到。 This is the very spot where the accident happened. 这就是事故发生的地点。 （3）滴 Did you feel a few spots of rain? 下了几滴雨，你感觉到了吗？ vt. 认出，发现 The thief was spotted by the police as he was entering the bank. 那个小偷进入银行时便被警察发现。 I easily spotted him in the crowd because he was very tall. 因为他个子非常高，我在人群中很容易就认出了他。 10. The fact is that I earned my passage by working as an unpaid hand, which accounts for my appearance. 事实是，由于我的表现，我已经通过不计报酬的工作获得了我的机会。 account n．1）账户，账单 keep the account 记账 send in an account 报账 2）账户，户头 There are only 50 dollars in his account. 在他的账户上仅有 50 美元。 open an account 开户 3）记录，报告，叙述（report, description） Here is a brief account of the meeting. 这是对会议的简短记录。 Keep an account of your daily activities. 把你每天的活动都记录下来。
phrase：of great / small / no / account 很重要/不大重要/不重要 He is a man of no account. 他是个无足轻重的人。 She was a scientist of great account. 她是个非常重要的科学家。 on account of = because of 由于，因为 He retired on account of poor health. 由于身体不好他退休了。 on no account 不论什么理由都不…（放在句首，句子倒装） eg.On no account will I do it. 无论什么理由我都不做。 v．account for 1）对…做出解释，说明原因 How do you account for all the accidents in series? 你如何解释这接二连三发生的事故 呢？ He could not account for his absence from school. 他不能对自己的上课缺席做出解释。 2）导致 Bad weather accounted for the long delay. 长期的延缓是由坏天气导致的。 Ex：She has been working hard day and night, which, of course, her pale face. A. accounts for B. stands for C. goes for D. answer for 11. I went to the American embassy to seek help, but... 我去美国大使馆求助，但是… seek （sought, sought）vt.& vi. 1）寻找，追求 They sought shelter from the rain. 他们找地方躲雨。 He found it worthless to seek fame. 他发现追求名声是不值钱得的。 2) 请求，征求，求教 You should seek advice from your lawyer on this matter. 在这件事上你应征求你律师的意 见。 3）企图，试图 They sought to punish him for his crime but he escaped. 他们试图惩罚他的罪行，但他却逃跑了。 phrase：seek one’s / a fortune 追求财富，碰运气 seek for /after 寻找，追求 She sought for a solution to the problem. seek one’s advice 征求某人的意见 Ex：In the early 1920s, thousands of people went to Australia to their fortune. A. seek B. take C. develop D. undertake 12. Patience, Mr. Adams. 耐心点，亚当斯先生。 patience n. 忍耐，以利，耐心 lose one’s / be out of patience with… 对…失去耐心 adj. patient 耐心的，能容忍的 be patient with sb./sth. 对…有耐心 You should be more patient with others. 你应该多容忍他人一些。 13. on the contrary contrary adj. 相反的，相对的，逆向的，对抗的 They walked in contrary directions. 他们各往相反的方向走去。 on the contrary 正相反，反之 You didn’t bother me. On the contrary, I like your company.
你没有打扰我，相反的是，我喜欢由你做伴。 be contrary to… 与…相反 My opinion is contrary to yours. 我的看法与你相反。 14. amount 总额，总计，数量 What is the amount of the bill? 账单上的金额总计多少？ Phrase：a large / small amount of…大量的/ 少量的 A large amount of money was spent on the bridge. 那座桥耗费了大量资金。 区别：a large amount of & a large number of a large amount of 与不可数名词连用，修饰用量计算的东西。 It will take us a large amount of money and time to finish the work. a large number of 修饰可数名词，修饰用数计算的东西。 I have a large number of things to do, so I can’t go to see a film with you. 15. take a chance /take chances 碰运气;投机；冒险一次 You should never take a chance when driving a car. 开车时决不应冒险。 We will take a chance to go across the river. 我们要冒险度过这条河。 by chance 偶然 by any chance 万一，也许 by some chance 由于偶然的机会 chances are that… 很可能…，大概是… Chances are that he has already arrived. 他很可能已经到了。 16. manner n. 1）方式，方法 I like ducks cooked in a Chinese manner. 我喜欢中式烤鸭。 I don’t like the manner in which she speaks. 我不喜欢她说话的方式。 2）态度，举止 He has a rude manner, so I don’t like to talk to him. 我不喜欢和他交谈，他态度很不礼貌。 He spoke in such a manner that they got angry. 他以这样的态度讲话，把他们惹生气了。 3）礼貌（常用复数形式） People don’t like a person with bad manners. 人们不喜欢没有礼貌的人。 It’s bad manners to stare at people. 盯着别人看是不礼貌的。 17. indeed adv. 1) (表示赞同对方) 的确；实在 — Are you pleased at your son’s success? — Yes, indeed. 2) (用以加强 very 等词的语气)确实，存在 I was indeed very glad to hear the news. 我听到这条消息的确非常高兴。 Thank you very much indeed. 实在太感谢你了。 第四单元 1. solar adj.太阳的，日光的 solar system 太阳系 solar power 太阳能; 太阳能动力 Some women now can use solar power instead of gas stoves to boil water and cook food. 现 在一些妇女使用太阳能代替煤气炉烧水做饭。 solar atmosphere and solar activities 太阳大气和太阳活动 lunar 月的，阴历的 lunar calendar 阴历 2. violent 激烈的 ; 猛烈的; 强烈的；暴力的 A shark is a kind of violent fish 鲨鱼是一种有攻击性的鱼类. why do French has violent revolutions to bring about change？为什么法国靠暴力革命去寻求
改变？ The boat which was full of petrol sank in a ___ storm at sea. A. violate B. violence C. violent D. violated 选 C violent ：激烈的;猛烈的;强烈的意思 The boat which was full of petrol sank in a violent storm at sea. 柴油充足的船在海上强烈的风暴中沉没了。 3. in time 有"及时;迟早"的意思,意指正赶上时候或恰在需要的时候, on time 是"准时;按时"之意。 We were just in time for(或 to catch) the bus.(我们及时赶上了公共汽车) The train pulled in on time.(火车准时到站了) 4. harmful adj. 有害的 be harmful for sth/doing sth be harmful to sb/sth 在某些情况可以通用 be good for “对……有好处” be bad for 对……不好 be harmful to “对……有害处” 对某人有好处：do good to sb/be good for sb 对某人有坏处：do harm to sb/be bad for sb be harmful to 相当于 do harm to =do sb (great/much) harm=be bad for 5.lay eggs 下蛋 lay 与 lie： lay : lay - laid - laid 产卵，下蛋；放，搁 lie : 1）lie - lied - lied 撒谎 2）lie - lay - lain 躺着；平放 lay the table 摆桌子 lay up 储存；搁置 lay over 推迟 lay the blame on 责怪 lay the foundation 奠定基础 lay to 归咎于 lay open 摊开；揭露 lay out 摆开；展示 lay aside 放在一边；积蓄 lay down 放下；放弃 lay for 等候 6.exist：vi 存在；生存 Man cannot exist without air. 没有空气人就不能生存 That department has ceased to exist. 那部门已不复存在 7. give birth to…生产；产生 She gave birth to a healthy baby last night. 昨晚她生了一个健康的婴儿 That century gave birth to many great men. 那个世纪产生了许多伟人。 8. Finally about 2.6 million years ago some small clever animals, now with hands and feet, appeared and spread all over the world. 最后大约在两百六十万年前，一些有手有脚的 小型聪明动物出现了，并且扩散到世界各地 spread v. （1）传播；传开（vi.） Bad news spreads quickly. 坏消息传的很快 Word spread that there was a variant virus of H1N1. 消息称 H1N1 病毒已经产生变异 （2）铺开；展开(vt.) The bird spread its wings and was about to fly. 鸟伸开翅膀准备要飞 She spread a new sheet over the bed. 她给床上铺了一个新床单
3）涂；抹(vt.) Please spread the paint evenly. 把油漆抹均匀。 （4）伸展；延伸（vi.） The forest spreads from here to the foot of Qinling mountains. 森林从这儿延伸到秦岭山脚 下。 Phrases：spread out 伸开；散开；铺开 spread over 覆盖一片；持续 spread with 在…上 涂抹 9.Thus, in their turn, become the most important animals on the planet.这样，轮到它们成为这 个星球最重要的动物 in one’s turn 轮到某人 by turns 轮流 out of turn 不合时宜的 take turns 轮流 take a turn 转弯 10. They are putting too much carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, which prevents heat from escaping from the earth into space 它们向大气层排放大量的二氧化碳，这阻止热量向外 层空间释放 prevent…from doing 防止 /阻止…发生 We must prevent the news from spreading. 我们应该阻止这个消息的传播 这个句型中 prevent 还可以被 stop 或 keep 替代。 主动句中，prevent 和 stop 后面的 from 可以省略，keep 后的 from 不能省略；被动句中三个词后的 from 都不能省略。 prevent vt. 防止；预防；阻止 后跟名词、代词、动名词 11.So whether life will continue on the earth for millions of years to come will depend on whether this problem can be solved. 所以，在未来几百万年时间里生命能否在地球上延 续取决与这个问题能否得到解决 depend vi depend on/upon sb/sth/doing sth It / That (all) depends. 视情况而定 （1）依靠 The town depends entirely upon tourism. 这个小镇主要依靠旅游 （2）依赖；指望 I mainly depended on his helping, but he didn’t turn up. 我主要指望他帮忙，但是他没 来 （3）由…决定；取决于 Whether we will hold the sports meeting depends on the weather. 我们是否举行运动会 取决于天气。 12. As a result of this event, a great dust cloud formed in the sky blocking out the sunlight. 这 个事件的结果就是，天空形成了一团团的灰尘，遮蔽了阳光 block out vt. 封闭；遮挡 Block out the unimportant part on the picture. 把照片上不重要的部分遮住。 13. If you are right, my mass will be less than on the earth because the moon is smaller and I will be able to move more freely 如果你正确，我的体重要比在地球上小，因为月球比 地球小，这样我就能更自如活动了 mass n. 一堆；一块；一团 In cold winter, the pond will become a solid mass of ice. 寒冷的冬天，池塘会变成一块坚 硬的冰。 1）a mass of = masses of 大量的；许多。既可修饰可数名词，也可修饰不可数名词。 I have masses of work to do today. 我今天又许多工作要做。 2）the masses 群众
The masses are the true makers of history. 人民群众是历史的真正缔造者. 3）in the mass 一般来说 The work is well done in the mass. 大体上说工作做得不错 14. get / have the hang of 学会使用；懂得 After a while I got the hang of it and we began to enjoy ourselves. 过了一会儿我就理解 了，我们就开始尽情的玩耍 I can’t get the hang of his speech. 我们有弄懂他讲演的意思 give a hang about 对…有兴趣 15. We watched, amazed as fire broke out on the outside of the spaceship as the earth’s gravity increased. 我们惊奇的看着，随着地球引力的增加，宇宙飞船的外层燃烧起火 break out 1）爆发 The economic crisis broke out first in the United States. 经济危机首先在美国爆发。 2）突然发生 Flu usually breaks out in winter. 流感一般发生在冬季 3）突然大声 People listening to the joke broke out laughing. 听笑话的人突然大笑起来 break…up 结束；拆开 break down 出故障；失败；身体垮了 break…down 打到；破坏；消除 break off 断开；折断；中断 break in 闯入；打断；插话 break into 强行进入；打断 break through 冲过；克服；战胜 break up 驱散；分开；放假 16. The spaceship warned Li Yanping and me to be ready as we were approaching the “black hole”. 当我们离黑洞越来越近的时候，宇宙飞船提醒我们让我们做好准备。 warn vt. 警告 1） warn sb. of / about sth. 警告 / 提醒某人某事 Black clouds warned us of the approaching storm. 乌云告知我们即将到来的暴风雪 2） warn sb. (not) to do sth. 警告某人（别）做某事 The teacher warned us to wear warm clothes tomorrow. 老师要我们明天穿暖和些 3） warn sb. against doing sth. 警告某人别做某事 She warned me against being over-confident. 她警告我别太自信 4）warn sb. that… 警告；告诉某人可能发生某情况 I warn you that if you do this again you will be punished 我警告你如果你再做这件事情 你将会受到惩罚 17.watch out 密切注视；当心；提防！ 第五单元 1、Rather than take the aeroplane all the way, they decided to fly to Vancouver and then take the train west to east across Canada 她们不想一路坐飞机，而决定先飞到温哥华，再 从西海岸乘火车横穿加拿大到达东海岸。 rather than 与其…宁愿 He ran rather than walked. 他宁愿跑不愿走 Rather than cause trouble, he left. 为了不引起麻烦，他离开了 联想扩展： 1）rather…than 是…而不是
This is rather for father to decide than for you. 这应该由爸爸决定而不是由你来决定 2）had / would rather 宁愿 I?d rather stay here a couple of days. 我想在这儿再呆几天 I had rather you told the truth. 我宁愿的说实话 注意：“had / would rather 宁愿”后跟从句时，从句谓语要用虚拟语气，即过去式 3）would / had rather…than 宁愿…而不愿 I?d much rather deal with a man than with a woman. 我愿意和男人打交道，不愿和女人 打交道 2、That afternoon aboard the train, the cousins settled down in their seats 那天下午表姐妹 俩才登上火车落了座 settle down： 1）安稳坐下来 Father settled down to read a book. 父亲坐下来看书 2）安定下来；安居下来 We will drop in on you after we settle down. 安定下来后我们会去拜访你们 3）安静下来；平静下来 You just go out for a while and I will settle him down. 你出去一会儿，我来让他平静下 来 4）开始过稳定生活 You should get married and settle down. 你应该结婚，开始安稳生活了 3、Earlier that day, when they crossed the Rocky Mountains, they managed to catch sight of some mountain goats and even a grizzly bear and an eagle 那天早一点的时候，当她们 穿越洛基山脉的时候，她们看到了一些山羊，甚至还看到了一只灰熊和一只鹰 manage vt 1）设法完成 They at last managed to escape from the burning building. 他们最终设法从着火的大楼 逃出来了 manage 表示“设法完成”时，后面跟不定式 succeed in doing sth 成功做某事 2）经营；管理 This shop doesn?t belong to me, I only manage it. 商店不是我的，我只是在经营 3）吃得下；拿得动 Can you manage a big bowl of noodles? 你能吃完一大碗面条吗 ---Shall I take the suitcase for you? 我来给你提箱子？ ---No, thanks, I can manage it myself. 谢谢，不用，我自己拿得动 4. catch sight of 看见；看到 I caught sight of a guy hurrying away, but I didn?t know he was a thief 我看到一个小伙急 急忙忙离开，但当时我不知道他是小偷 Phrases： at first sight 看第一眼；乍一看 catch / have sight of 看见 lose sight of 看不见 at the sight of 在看到…时 in the sight of 在...看来 keep sight of 使能看到 in / within sight 在视线内 out of sight 看不见 5、Many of them have a gift for riding wild horses and can win thousands of dollars in prizes 他们中的许多人都有骑野马的才能，如果获胜就能赢得几千美元的奖金
have a gift for sth. / doing sth. 有…的天赋 I have no gift for foreigh languages. 我没有学外语的天赋 in the gift of…由…决定给予谁 The scholarship is in the gift of the school. 奖学金是由学校决定的 6、There was frost on the ground, confirming that fall had arrived in Canada 地面上覆盖着 一层薄霜，预示着秋天已经来到了加拿大 confirm vt 1）证实；肯定 The result of the experiment confirmed his prediction. 食言的结果证实了他的预测 2）加强；坚定 China should confirm its measures to increase its economy. 中国应该坚强它增加经济 的措施 The news confirmed my resolution. 这消息加强了我的决心 3）批准；同意 The new law was confirmed by the people?s congress. 人代会批准了那个新法 7、Around noon they arrived in Toronto, the biggest and most wealthy city in Canada 快到 中午时，她们到了多伦多，加拿大最大、最富裕的城市 wealthy adj. 富有；有钱 He grew up in a wealthy family. 他在一个富有的家里长大 易混辨析: rich; wealthy; well-to-do; well-off 富有；有钱 rich 指“有较多钱财的。” wealthy 比 rich 强，指有大量钱财的 well-to-do 没有 rich 强，更不如 wealthy;指高于一般水平的 eg.: a well-to-do family 小 康之家 well-off 相当富有的；富裕的 8、In the distance, they could see the misty cloud that rose from the great Niagara Falls 远处，她们可以看到尼亚加拉瀑布上方腾着的雾霭 in the distance 在远处；远方的 The mountain looks smaller in the distance. 从远处看山变小了 I can see a sparrow flying in the distance. 我能看到远处有只麻雀在飞 Phrases: at a distance 在一定距离的地方 at a distance of 在…远的地方 from a distance 从一定远处 keep at a distance 保持一定距离 9、I?m a student at the university nearby. 我是附近一个大学的学生 nearby 附近 1）作副词，在句中作状语 I gave my seat to an old man standing nearby. 我把座位让给了站在旁边的一个老人 I often go to an English corner in the park nearby. 我常常去附近公园里的英语角 2）作形容词，在句中作定语 They often climb the bearby hill on Sunday. 他们星期天常去爬附近的小山 10.impress vt. 给...留下…印象;使印象深刻；使铭记 The book didn?t impress me at all. 那本书没有给我留下任何印象 The film impressed me very much. 那部电影给我留下的印象很深 impress…on 使…深深印在…
He impressed its improtance on them. 他使那件事的重要性深深地印在他们脑海里 He has the power to impress his beliefs on others. 他有能力使他的信仰深深地印在别人的 脑海里 11.Canada is a multicultural country.加拿大是一个多元文化国家 multi- 是一个前缀，意为“多的” multiparty 多 党 的 multipurpose 多 用 的 multinational 多 国 的 ， 多 民 族 的 multidirectional 多向的 12.it?s too bad you can?t go as far as Ottawa，Canada?s capital.很可惜你们不能一直走到 加拿大的首都渥太华 go as far as… 一直走到.. I accompanied him as far as the bus stop 我一直陪他走到汽车站