广东梅县东山中学 2019 届高三第一学期中段考试英语试卷
出题人：第二小组 笔试部分满分 135 分。考试用时 120 分钟。 （听力 15 分另计） Ⅰ语言知识及应用 第一节：完形填空 （共 15 小题每小题 2 分, 满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文, 掌握其大意, 然后从 1~15 各题所给 A、B、C 和 D 的选项中, 选出最佳选项。 It is known that flowers of different plants open and close at different times of day. This is so 1 that there seems to be no need to ask the reason for it. Yet no one 2 understands why flowers open and close like this at particular times. The process is not as 3 as we might think, as recent experiments have shown. In one study, flowers were kept in constant 4 . We might expect that the flowers, without any information about the time of day, did not open as they 5 do. As a matter of fact, they 6 to open at their usual time. This suggests that they have some mysterious(神秘的) way of knowing the 7 . Their sense of time does not 8 information from the outside world; it is, so to speak, inside them, a kind of “inner clock”. This 9 may not seem to be very important. However, it was later found that not just plants but also 10 , including man, have this “inner clock” which 11 the working of their bodies and influences their activities. Men, then, are also influenced by this mysterious 12 . Whether we wish it or not, it affects such things in our life as our need for sleep, our need for food. In the past, this did not really 13 because people lived in natural condition. In the 14 world, things are different; now there are spacemen, airplane pilots and, in ordinary life, a lot of people who have to work at night. It would be very 15 , then, to know more about the “inner clock”. Such things as flowers might help us understand more about ourselves. 1. A. familiar B. strange C. similar D. special 2. A. partly B. personally C. really D. willingly 3. A. complex B. simple C. mature D. meaningful 4. A. quietness B. darkness C. loneliness D. sadness 5. A. finally B. completely C. physically D. normally 6. A. refused B. decided C. continued D. failed 7. A. time B. secret C. process D. study 8. A. deal with B. add to C. give away D. depend on 9. A. discovery B. activity C. invention D. method 10. A. beasts B. animals C. strangers D. humans 11. A. controls B. studies C. measures D. destroys 12. A. world B. flower C. power D. experiment 13. A. happen B. exist C. matter D. work 14. A. ancient B. modern C. wonderful D. peaceful 15. A. hard B. expensive C. convenient D. important 第二节：语法填空 （共 10 小题每小题 1.5 分, 满分 15 分） Dear Gill, Do you remember me telling you about a health farm I've seen advertised? Well, I've looked at the ad
again and I must say that ____16___ looks fantastic. Now I'm hoping to persuade you ___17___ (join) me there for a weekend! The rooms you stay in sound really luxurious and apparently they all have an access ___18___ the gardens. All the meals ____19___ (offer) at a reasonable price and you can also get room service ____20____ you want. The brochure says that what you do is _____21____ (entire) up to you. You can have programs specially ___22____ (design) to suit you, or you can just ask staff to make a few suggestions about activities to do. You can use any of the sports and leisure facilities ___23___ much as you like, and the brochure also mentions lots of other activities every day. But don't worry, as nobody will watch you do anything, you could just spend the whole time relaxing in the sauna if you want! There's a terrific offer on at the moment with weekends costing only half the normal price although that only ____24___ certain dates. Anyway, let me know ____25___ you think. Best wishes. Sue Ⅱ 阅读（共两节, 满分 50 分） 第一节 阅读理解(共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Philip was a nine-year-old boy in a Sunday school class of 8-year-old girls and boys. Sometimes the third graders didn’t welcome Philip into their group and usually tricked him. This was not because he was older, but because he was “different”. You see, Philip suffered from a condition called Downs’s Syndrome. This made him “different”, with his facial characteristics, slow responses and mental problems. One Sunday after Easter, the Sunday school teacher gathered some plastic eggs that pulled apart in the middle. The teacher gave one to each child. On that beautiful spring day, the children were to go out and discover for themselves some symbol of “new life” and place it inside the plastic eggs. After the children returned to the classroom, the teacher opened their eggs one by one, asking each child to explain that symbol of “new life”. The first opened egg contained a flower. Everyone cheered. In another was a butterfly…. When the teacher opened the last egg, it was empty. “That’s stupid,” said someone. The teacher felt a pull at his shirt. It was Philip. Looking up, Philip said, “It’s mine. I did it. It’s empty. I have new life, because the tomb is empty.” Not a sound was heard in class at all. From that day on, Philip became a real part of the group. They welcomed him, and whatever made him different was never mentioned again. Philip’s family knew he wouldn’t live a long life, for there were too many things wrong with him. 26. The underlined word “condition” in the first paragraph probably means ________. A. grade B. disease C. status D. health 27. It can be inferred from the first paragraph that ________. A. The 8-year-olds were friendly to Philip B. The 8-year-olds were sometimes cruel C. Philip was really different in school D. Philip was older and more sensitive 28. The teacher gave each child one plastic egg to let them ________.
A. play around on that beautiful spring day B. go out and discover themselves C. try to pull it apart in the middle D. put some symbol of “new life” into it 29. After Philip explained his new life, ________. A. The class fell silent. B. The class thought he was clever. C. He began to study in the class. D. He felt dying. 30. We learn from the passage that ________. A. The teacher used to have classes outdoors B. Philip was healthy as a whole C. Philip was accepted by his classmates in the end D. The Philip’s new life wish was empty B When I was growing up, I had an old neighbor named Doctor Gibbs. He didn't look like any doctor I'd ever known. He never yelled at us for playing in his yard, but was always very kind. When Doctor Gibbs wasn't saving lives, he was planting trees. He had some interesting theories about planting trees. He believed in the principle: "No pain, no gain". He hardly watered his new trees, an attitude which flew in the face of conventional wisdom. Once I asked why and he told me that watering plants spoiled them because it made them grow weaker. He said you had to make things tough for the trees so that only the strongest could survive. He talked about how watering trees made them develop shallow roots and how, if they were not watered, trees would grow deep roots in search of water. So, instead of watering his trees every morning, he'd beat them with a rolled-up newspaper. I asked him why he did that, and he said it was to get the tree's attention. Doctor Gibbs died a couple of years after I left home. Every now and then, I walked by his house and looked at the trees that I'd watched him plant some 25 years ago. They were tall and strong. I planted a couple of trees myself a few years ago. Two years of attending these trees meant they grew up weak. Whenever a cold wind blew, their branches trembled. Adversity seemed to benefit Doctor Gibb's trees in ways comfort and ease never could. Every night before I go to bed, I check on my two sons. I often pray that their lives will be easy. But lately I've been thinking that it's time to change my prayer. I know my children are going to encounter hardship. There's always a cold wind blowing somewhere. What we need to do is to pray for deep roots, so when the rains fall and the winds blow, we won't be torn apart. 31. With the trees planted, Doctor Gibbs often______. A. kept watering them every morning B. talked to them to get their attention C. paid little attention to them D. beat them to make them grow deep roots 32. What does the author think of the way Doctor Gibbs planted trees? A. Interesting and funny. B. Strange and harmful. C. Original and reasonable. D. Cruel and unacceptable. 33. What does the underlined word "Adversity" mean in the sixth paragraph?
A. Difficult living conditions. B. Lack of moisture. C. Enough care or attention. D. Bad weather. 34. Which prayer does the author wish for his sons? A. Have an easy life, without too much to worry about. B. Be able to stand the rain and wind in their lives. C. Have good luck, encountering less hardship in their life. D. Meet people like Dr Gibbs in the future. 35. Which of the following is the best title for the article? A. Trees need no water B. Prayers for my sons C. Doctor Gibbs and his trees D. Deep roots count C Do you know what Fear and Faith have in common? Fear believes in a negative future. Faith believes in a positive future. Both believe in something that has not yet happened. So I ask you, if neither the positive nor negative future has happened yet then why not choose to believe in the positive future? I believe during these challenging times we have a choice between two roads: the positive road and the negative road. And our bus can’t be on two roads at the same time. So we have to make a choice and this choice determines our belief about the future and the attitude and actions we bring to the present. I’m not saying we shouldn’t have any fear. There are times when fear is a gift. A healthy dose(剂量) of fear causes us to examine our situation and plan for the future. It moves us to smell the cheese and expect change. When used wisely it allows us to manage risk and make better decisions. Some fear is good. However, what I have observed lately is a supersized, huge dose of fear that is spreading the hearts and minds of far too many people. This oversized fear is causing leaders and their organizations to either act unreasonably or to not act at all. They are either hurrying in a million different directions because of fear. In both cases, fear is leading them to take the negative road to failure. The answer is the positive road paved with faith and a belief that your best days are not behind you but ahead of you. With this belief you make the right choices and actions today that will create your positive future tomorrow. You stay calm, focused and committed to your purpose. You look for ways to save money and cut costs without making unreasonable fear-based decisions that sacrifice your future success. You identify opportunities in the midst of the challenges and you focus on solutions instead of problems. Your faith and belief in a positive future leads to powerful actions today. The future has not happened yet and you have a say in what it looks like by the way you think and act. Fear or Faith. The choice is yours. 36. According to the passage, we can know that ________. A. both Fear and Faith trust something in the future B. Fear and Faith have nothing in common C. neither negative nor positive future will happen D. people usually choose to believe in the positive future 37. What does the writer mean by saying “our bus can’t be on two roads”? A. We usually choose the negative road. B. We should choose the positive road. C. Our belief about the future depends on our choice.
D. We must choose either a positive or negative road. 38. Which of the following about “Fear” is true? A. We should have fear because it is a gift. B. Fear can bring cheese and risk to people. C. Reasonable fear helps to plan for future. D. Leaders usually have oversized fear. 39. If we have faith in future, we will ________. A. take powerful actions today B. be committed to saving money C. stay away from any challenges D. have the best days ahead of us 40. What does the writer intend to tell us in the passage? A. Fear is closely related to faith. B. We should have faith in a positive future. C. Life is full of fear and faith. D. Wrong decisions sacrifice our future success. D Once again, rumors are spreading. Judgment Day, this time, is set to happen on December 21st, 2019. The date originated from the Mayan calendar, but actually gained popularity through the hit movie, "2019". How will the world end? And how do we know the exact date? There are many theories: A meteoroid from outer space; a solar storm; a shift in the earth's poles; bla bla bla. They all supposedly pointed to the date of December 21st, 2019. Unfortunately, none of it is true. Zhu Jin, director of Beijing Planetarium, said, "For earth itself, the end will be billions of years away from now．And for us humans, there is a very small chance that we may be affected by some astronomical factors．However, we don't have the ability to foresee such events so far．So when someone tells you the world is going to end on an exact date, it must be fake." But the truth hasn't stopped people from believing. In the sci-fi movie "2019", the director imagined the end of the world based on the Mayan calendar. The film earned nearly 770 million US dollars worldwide. Ning Hong, Hebei Province, said. "The movie 2019 did get one thing right. There are arks being made in China, But they're not being built secretly inside the mountains．They are constructed here in the courtyard of a factory." In April, Liu Qiyuan quit his furniture business and devoted himself to developing these huge round balls. He doesn't believe the end is near, but he wants to be prepared just in case. Liu Qiyuan, the "Ark" builder, said, "The concept originated twenty years ago. The Tangshan earthquake had flattened our house, so I wanted to build a shelter that wouldn't fall. Then in 2004, I saw the tsunami in Indonesia that killed so many people． Then I realized it should be something that could withstand the earthquake and float on water." Liu is hoping to use his invention as a life boat on the sea．He's planning to test his product on the water next year. It turns out that rumor, though false, is good for business. Doomsday discounts and products are hot on many online stores. While it's surely attracted attention, many complain that it misleads consumers. Their purpose is to promote products. If they believe the world is going to end, who would buy things? Money would be useless, too. 41. The purpose of the movie "2019" was . A．to make a profit from the viewers B．to popularize scientific knowledge for the viewers
C．to tell the viewers an interesting factual story D．to warn the viewers of a disastrous event 42. The word "fake" in Paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to . A．a joke B．untrue C． a lie D．terrifying 43. Liu Qiyuan quit his job and built his "ark" because _________． A．he wanted to make preparations for destructive natural disasters B．he was tired of making money from his furniture business C．he was almost killed in Indonesia in 2004 D．he believed that the world was going to end on Dec. 21, 2019 44. Which statement is NOT true according to the passage? A．The movie "2019" was very popular and a great many people watched it． B．Rumors were created by businessmen to promote their products． C．One theory said that the earth was to shift its two poles on Dec. 21, 2019. D．Liu Qiyuan's ark was intended to survive earthquakes and terrible floods． 45. We can infer from the passage that _________． A．Time and time again people spread rumors about the world's end for one reason or another． B．The Maya's prediction about the world's end has failed． C．Liu Qiyuan was born before 1976 and is at least 36 years old． D．In the movie 2019 big arks were built secretly inside the mountains 第二节 信息匹配（共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 阅读下列应用文及相关信息，并按照要求匹配信息，请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选项字母 涂黑。 在中学生夏令营中，以下同学以其观点组织各自的讨论和交流组。 A．Cao A'min, 18 Xuanhua No 1 High School, Hebei Keeping pace with teachers is a good way to study. Teachers are experienced and their plans are systematic. But remember to work in a way that suits you．It's also important to learn from past mistakes. Keep a notebook to make a record of the mistakes you make - it'll help you avoid making the same ones later. B．Zhang Zilu, 17 Xinyu No 1 High School, Jiangxi This time of life may be hard, but you're not alone. You may be busy studying, but you can show your care by calling yow friends or sending a short message. Don't let your friendships die. Some boys and girls in my class were in love, but I'd advise against a relationship at this stage. C. Zhan Yu, 17 Huanggang High School, Hubei It’s as important to live well as it is to study well, I think. I went to bed no later than 11:30 pm. It put me in the right mood for the next day. I didn’t follow a special diet (饮食), but I did make sure I ate a nutritious breakfast each day. D. Wu Dandan, 18 Liaocheng No. 1 High School, Shandong
Besides learning from the textbooks, students can also learn a lot from traveling from place to place. In different places you will see different things, meet different people and have different experiences. If you are curious enough, you can explore deeper into the area and obtain more useful information, which serves as your new knowledge. E. Zhang Qingzhou, 17 Dongtai High School, Jiangsu Besides taking the big exam, you have other choices for college. I took the independent enrollment (自 主招生) exam held by Peking University and some other students even prepared to study abroad. Pay attention to any relevant information you can find, whether it’s from school, the news media or another source. F. Ju Shuntian, 18 Yantai Economic and Technological Development Zone Senior High School, Shandong The person who plays well, studies well. Having a lot of schoolwork doesn’t mean having to give up on every other activity. I played basketball or took a walk to relax when I felt tired. Time out is not a waste of time but helps you study more efficiently. 下面同学各自感兴趣的内容或需要解决的问题，请配对他们最适合参加的讨论组。 46. Zhang Xu is an active and energetic boy who enjoys many sports like swimming, football, badminton, cycling and jogging. He has a lot of friends at school and they often spend a lot of time on rivers, fields and mountains. Is it good to spend so little time in the library? How to allocate time between academic lectures and outing? That's his problem. 47. Xiao Lili has much difficulty in catching up with her classmates in chemistry and physics. But her superiority lies in music and English, so she is dreaming of becoming a professional singer. She hopes that her strong points can help pave her way to future success. "Can I go to a musical college without taking NMET?" she wonders. 48. Guo Jie is a hardworking boy but, unfortunately, he gets low marks in every test. He is always busy with his own study plan. When he didn’t finish his work the earlier day, he will bury his mind in his work to fulfill his plan, ignoring the teacher’s lectures. “How can I raise my marks?” he is puzzled. 49. Song Siwei is a slim and pretty girl, who works hard at all her lessons. But she was so absorbed in her studeies that she is even unwilling to tear herself off at meal times. She is always the last to leave the classroom and the first to arrive. She starts to feel dizzy and have headaches. “What might happen to me?” she wonders. 50. Zhang Lan is a charming girl who is active both in the classroom and on the sports field. She is kind to all her classmates. Some boys in her class tend to talk to her at every possible opportunity and even invite her to meals. That makes her pleased but costs her quite some time. She doesn’t know whether it is right to accept kindness from the boys. Ⅲ 写作（总分 45 分） 基础写作（共 1 小题，满分 15 分） 你是英语校报的一名小记者，最近进行了一次采访，以下是这次采访的情况：
【写作要求】 只能使用 5 个句子表达全部内容 【评分标准】 句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章结构连贯。 【参考词汇】 心理学 psychology 第二节:读写任务 (共 1 小题，满分 25 分) 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 A water carrier in India had two large pots. Each hung on each end of a pole (扁担) which he carried across his neck. One of the pots was perfectly made and never leaked. The other pot had a crack in it and by the time the water carrier reached his master’s house it had leaked much of its water and was only half full. For a full two years this went on daily. Of course, the poor cracked pot was ashamed of its own imperfection. It spoke to the water carrier one day. “I am ashamed of myself, and I want to apologize to you. I have been able, for the past two years, to deliver only my half load because this crack in my side causes water to leak out all the way back to your master’s house. Because of my flaws, you have to do all of this work, and you don’t full value from your efforts,” the pot said. The water carrier felt sorry for the old cracked pot, and in his compassion he said, “Did you notice the beautiful flowers along the path.”There were flowers only on your side of your path, but not on the other pot’s side? That’s because I have always known about your flaw, and I took advantage of it. I plant flower seeds on your side of the path and everyday while we walk back from the stream, you’ve watered them. For two years I have been able to pick these beautiful flowers to decorate my master’s table .Without you being just the way you are, he would not have this beauty to grace his house.” [写作内容] 1.用约 30 个词概括以上的主要内容。 2.然后以约 120 个词就“欣赏他人，发掘他人优点”的话题发表意见，内容包括： 1）你从挑水工的回答中得到什么启示？ 2）以你自身的经历来阐述“欣赏他人，发掘他人优点”给他人或自己带来的影响。 3）谈谈你的感受。 [写作要求] 可以使用实例或者其他方法说明你的观点，也可以参照阅读材料中的内容，但是不得直接引用 原文中的句子。
广东梅县东山中学 2019 届高三第一学期中段考试英语答卷
班级__________ 姓名 ___________ 座号________ 成绩
I.语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分）
16. ________ 17. _________ 18. _________ 19. ________ 20. ________ 21. ________ 22. _________ 23. _________ 24. ________ 25. ________
III.写作（共两节，满分40分） 第一节 基础写作（共1小题，满分15分）
广东梅县东山中学 2019 届高三第一学期中段考试英语试卷答案
1-5 ACBBD 16.it 21.entirely 6-10 CADAB 17. to join 22.designed 18.to 23.as 11-15 ACCBD 19.are offered 24.for 20.whenever/if 25.what 41-45 ABABD
26-30 B B D A C 46-50 DEACB
31-35 CCABD 36-40 ADCAB
第一节 基础写作(共 1 小题，满分 15 分) Last weekend, I am very lucky to interview Kelly lam, a professor of psychology, talking about the Chinese students' opinion on sharing feelings. In China, more than 30% of the students are unwilling to share their feelings no matter when they are delighted or worried. What's worse, our education doesn't let children know the importance of sharing. Professor Lam believes that we live in a time in which sharing feelings is so necessary. Therefore, students should learn how to share their feelings, which is beneficial to their growth in the future. 第二节:读写任务 (共 1 小题，满分 25 分) A water carrier had a cracked pot so water in it leaked out but he could see the good and make use of the crack to water flowers along the road to his master. What the water carrier said impresses me. No one in the world is perfect. We should learn to see the good in others, telling them they are extraordinary. The lovely cracked pot reminds me of my deskmate. She was not as smart as others in our class and I always helped her with maths. One day, she told me she was sorry for wasting so much of my time. I was shocked at her words. As a matter of fact, it was her diligence that pushed me to work together. It was her who let me know that whether we could achieve our goal didn’t depend on how clever we were but how much we desired and how long we could insist on. To be frank, what I taught her were only some maths problems but what she taught me was a meaningful lesson of life. So in my opinion, everyone must have many virtues. Take a moment to observe the good in others and tell them. It is a simple but very powerful way to light up the whole world.