翰林学校 2017-2018 第一学年高一英语第一次月考试题
（共四大题，满分 100 分，考试时间 120 分钟）
一． 单项填空从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 （每题 1 分，共 15 分） ( )1. The sea was _______ at the beginning of our voyage. But after a while a storm was coming. A. quiet ( B. calm C. silent D. still
)2. Tom is able to lift the heavy box to the truck. He is full of _______. A. strength B. force C. energy D. power
)3. She soon _______ herself and stopped crying. A. got back B. renewed C. found D. recovered
)4. These countries have _______ too many wars. A. got through B. gone through C. looked through D. run through
)5. He asked us _______ we saw the lost cat or not. A. that B. what C. which D. whether
)6. They hurried into the room to see _______ with their baby. A. what the matter was C. what matter it was B. what was the matter D. what matter was it
)7. I’m sorry to have broken your glasses. I mean I didn’t do it _______. A. for pleasure B. on purpose C. in return D. indeed
)8. The soldiers saved a lot of people in that area. The people there are very _______ to them. A. thank B. happy C. grateful D. grate
)9. Tom is playing hide-and-seek. Do you know his _______ place? A. hidden B. hide C. hiding D. hid
)10. The students in my class _______ fifty-four. A. add up to B. add to C. add up D. add in
)11. The Titanic sank on its first _______, and a great many people lost their lives. A. travel B. voyage C. trip D. journey
)12. I’ll come _______ to the point — your work isn’t good enough. A. straightly B. right C. straight D. direct
)13. The students _______ busily when the teacher went to get a book she _______ in the office. A. had written; has left C. had written; had left B. were writing; has left D. were writing; had left
)14. — How long _______ in our city?
— For just a few days. I’ll be back home next week. A. have you stayed ( B. do you stay C. did you stay D. are you staying
)15. Of all my English teachers, _______ has been to Australia. A. none B. no one C. each D. neither
二．完形填空 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项。 （每题 1 分，共 15 分） Hello. This is as good a way as any to welcome you to this passage. The word “hello” is 16 used more often than any other one in the English language. 17 the word, again and again, every day of the
Everybody in the United States and elsewhere week. The first thing you hear when you 18
the phone is “hello”.
Where did the word come from? There are all sorts of beliefs. Some say it came from the French, “ho” and “la”—“Ho, there!” This “Ho, there” slowly became 20 19 may have arrived in England during the year 1066. that sounded like “hallow”, often heard in the 1300’s.
Two hundred years later, “hallow” had become “halloo”. And later, sounds like “halloa” and “hallo” were often used by sailors and huntsmen, “Halloo” is As time 22 21 used today by fox hunters.
, “halloo” and “halloa” changed into “hullo”. And during the 1800’s this was
how people greeted each other in America. The American inventor, Thomas Edison, is believed to be the in the late 1800’s, soon after the invention of the telephone. At first, people had greeted each other on the telephone not sure the new instrument could really Thomas Edison, however, was a man of 25 26 voices. words. He wasted no time. The first time he 27 someone was, and simply 24 “Are you there?” They were 23 person to use “hello”
picked up the phone he did not ask if anyone was there. He was said, “Hello”.
From that time on — only about 100 years ago, the “hullo” became “hello” as it is heard today. Of course, there are other 28 Americans greet one another. Not long ago, people often
said, “How are you?” when they first met someone. This later became “hiyah”. Then, someone thought that two syllables were too much and “hiyah” became “hi”. Laziness is a strong force in language. Answering a telephone call in America still presents problems; however, telephone companies think that Thomas Edison’s short “hello” is too long. Why waste time? The phone companies say. 29
Simply pick up the phone, ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ) 16. A. possibly ) 17. A. uses ) 18. A. take up ) 19. A. word ) 20. A. anything ) 21. A. also ) 22. A. passed ) 23. A. first )24. A. in ) 25. A. take ) 26. A. few ) 27. A. sure ) 28. A. means ) 29. A. changing ) 30. A. tell
30 B. maybe B. speaks
your name, and start talking. C. probably C. writes C. hold up C. letter C. something C. as well C. went C. clever C. through C. carry C. little C. glad C. methods C. fixing C. speak D. likely D. hears D. put up D. greeting D. nothing D. still D. past D. happy D. by D. fetch D. a little D. nervous D. ideas D. having D. give
B. pick up B. phrase B. everything B. too B. passed by B. last B. with B. bring B. a few B. anxious B. ways B. making B. say
三. 阅读理解 （共 20 小题； 每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项。 A When Christopher Columbus landed on the then unnamed Costa Rica in 1502, he saw many Indians wearing gold earrings. So he thought the land must be rich in gold. He named the place Costa Rica, which means “rich coast” in Spanish. Though little gold was found, Costa Rica today is indeed rich with coffee and bananas. Coffee is the most important product in Costa Rica and most of it is exported (出口) to other countries like America and West Germany. Bananas are the country’s second most important export. Costa Ricans also grow many other crops such as fruits, corn and beans for their own use. Costa Ricans love colors and their houses are painted in bright colors. Education is very important to the Costa Ricans. Almost every village has a school and education is a must for children between seven and fourteen years of age. Boys and girls go to separate (单独的) schools. Classes begin in March and end in November. The other three months of the year are harvest time and the children have to help their parents to pick coffee beans. ( )31. What’s the main idea of the first paragraph?
A. How Columbus found Costa Rica.
B. How Costa Rica got its name. C. What the Costa Ricans wore. D. What language the Costa Ricans spoke. ( )32. The Costa Ricans may NOT paint their houses ______. B. grey and black D. yellow and orange
A. pink and red C. blue and green (
)33. In Costa Rica, boys and girls between seven and fourteen ______. B. study in the same school D. can choose to stop schooling at any time
A. must go to school
C. do not have to go to school at all (
)34. From December to February, school children in Costa Rica ______. B. have their examinations D. help their parents decorate their houses
A. have lessons every day C. help their parents pick coffee beans (
)35. This passage is mainly about ______. B. Costa Rica D. the education of Costa Rica
A. Christopher Columbus
C. some products from Costa Rica
B Christian Eijkman, a Dutch doctor, left the Netherlands for the island of Java. Many people on the island had a disease called beri-beri. He was going there to try and find a cure. At first, Eijkman thought some kind of germ (细菌) caused beri-beri. He raised some chickens. He didn’t eat them, but made experiments on them. The local people were quite surprised at that. One day he noticed that his chickens became sick when they were fed the food most Javanese ate — refined white rice (精炼米). When he fed them with unrefined rice, also known as brown rice, they recovered. Eijkman realized that he had made an important discovery — that some things in food could prevent disease. These things were named vitamins (维生素). The Javanese were not getting enough vitamins because they had actually removed the part that contains vitamins. Later, other diseases were also found to be caused by the lack of vitamins in a person’s food. Today many people know the importance of vitamins and they make sure they have enough vitamins from the food they eat. If they don’t, they can also take vitamin pills. ( )36. The underlined word “cure” in Paragragh 1 probably means ______. B. a kind of vitamin D. a kind of rice
A. a medical treatment C. a kind of germ (
)37. Christian Eijkman went to the island of Java to ______.
A. spend his holiday
B. find ways to grow better crops D. help the Javanese with their illness
C. do some research about the island (
)38. Why did Christian Eijkman raise some chickens? B. To carry out his experiments. D. To make money by selling them.
A. To eat them.
C. To give the Javanese a surprise. (
)39. If a person doesn’t get enough vitamins in his diet, he’d better ______. B. eat more meat D. eat vitamin pills
A. eat more rice C. eat some chicken (
)40. We can learn from the passage that ______.
A. beri-beri was caused by chickens B. the Javanese didn’t like vitamins C. Christian Eijkman’s experiment was successful D. the Javanese’s disease was caused by a kind of germ C America is a mobile society. Friendships between Americans can be close and real, yet disappear soon if situations change. Neither side feels hurt by this. Both may exchange Christmas greetings for a year or two, perhaps a few letters for a while — then no more. If the same two people meet again by chance, even years later, they pick up the friendship. This can be quite difficult for us Chinese to understand, because friendships between us flower more slowly but then may become lifelong feelings, extending (延伸) sometimes deeply into both families. Americans are ready to receive us foreigners at their homes, share their holidays, and their home life. They will enjoy welcoming us and be pleased if we accept their hospitality (好客) easily. Another difficult point for us Chinese to understand Americans is that although they include us warmly in their personal everyday lives, they don’t show their politeness to us if it requires a great deal of time. This is usually the opposite of the practice in our country where we may be generous with our time. Sometimes, we, as hosts, will appear at airports even in the middle of the night to meet a friend. We may take days off to act as guides to our foreign friends. The Americans, however, express their welcome usually at homes, but truly can not manage the time to do a great deal with a visitor outside their daily routine. They will probably expect us to get ourselves from the airport to our own hotel by bus. And they expect that we will phone them from there. Once we arrive at their homes, the welcome will be full, warm and real. We will find ourselves treated hospitably. For the Americans, it is often considered more friendly to invite a friend to their homes than to go to restaurants, except for purely business matters. So accept their hospitality at home!
)41. The writer of this passage must be ______. B. a Chinese C. a professor D. a student
A. an American (
)42. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?
A. Friendships between Americans usually extend deeply into their families. B. Friendships between Americans usually last for all their lives. C. Americans always show their warmth even if they are very busy. D. Americans will continue their friendships again even after a long break. ( )43. From the last two paragraphs we can learn that when we arrive in America to visit an
American friend, we will probably be ______. A. warmly welcomed at the airport C. treated hospitably at his home ( B. offered a ride to his home D. treated to dinner in a restaurant
)44. The underlined words “generous with our time” in Paragraph 3 probably mean ______. B. serious with time D. willing to spend time
A. strict with time C. careful with time (
)45. A suitable title for this passage would probably be “______”. B. Friendships between Americans D. Americans’ and Chinese’s views of friendships D The other day I heard a few local musicians talking: “I hate all the terrible pianos in this town. I hate that rubbish they play on the radio. They can’t
A. Friendships between Chinese C. Americans’ hospitality
even understand a bit of music.” “I’m never playing in that club again. Too many drunks and nobody listens to us.” But, one younger musician said, “There are a few clubs that book my band a few nights a month, and I’m trying to find other places to play. I’m also looking to book a few summer festivals this year.” I’ve heard that you are the average of the five people whom you spend the most time with, or to put it another way, you are who your friends are. Attitudes are important. Whether they’re positive or negative, they’re rubbing off on you. If you’re around people who complain about lack of work and about other musicians, or blame (责怪) others, and you play the role of victim (受害者), chances are you will start to as well. So it’s time to take a look at the people you call “friends”. This is an easy exercise: Make a list of the people who you hang out with, and simply stop spending time with the negative people on your list. Set a new standard (标准) for yourself and don’t become friends with people who fall below that standard.
Keep successful people around you and your own chances for success will be much better. Ask them how they do it. Ask if they will help you get the work you’re looking for, or maybe give you some advice to help you on your career path. ( )46. Which of the following would be the best title for this passage? B. How to make friendship last for ever D. Friends are the most important in one’s success
A. A friend in need is a friend indeed C. You are who your friends are (
)47. The underlined sentence “they’re rubbing off on you” in Paragraph 6 means ______. B. they’ll influence you D. they’ll help you achieve your goal
A. they’ll push you ahead C. they’ll cover your shortcomings (
)48. The musicians’ words at the beginning are written mainly to show ______. B. people have poor taste in music
A. the musicians’ living conditions are quite poor
C. people have different attitudes towards the same thing D. young people have greater chances of succeeding ( )49. By taking the exercise mentioned in Paragraph 7, you can ______. B. come to the right way of making friends D. arrange the time with your friends properly
A. improve a lot in making more friends C. develop a better relationship with your friends ( )50. The passage is mainly written for ______. B. managers
A. musicians C. negative people 四：写作
D. people wanting to succeed
第一节：短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧） ，并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Like most of my schoolmate, I have neither brothers nor sisters – in any other words, I am an only child. My parents love me dear of course and will do all they can to make sure that I get a good education. They did not want me to do any work at family. They want me to devote all my time to my studies so that I’ll get good marks in all my subject. We may be one family and live under a same roof, but we do not seem to get much time to talk about together. It looks as if my parents treat me as a visitor and a guest. Do they really understand their own daughter? What things are in other homes, I wonder. 第二节：作文 （共 20 分） 古语有云：“有朋自远方来， 不亦乐乎？” 在生活中， 人人都需要朋友。但如何与朋友和
谐相处才能使我们的友谊长存呢？请根据下面的提示， 写一篇英语短文。 内容要点： 1． 诚实：谎言会使朋友远离我们； 2． 倾听：理解朋友的心声； 3． 虚心：如果在朋友面前骄傲， 就会失去朋友的尊敬； 4． 无私：在朋友有困难时帮助朋友。 注意：1）词数 120 左右； 2）适当发挥想象， 增加细节以使行文连贯，但不要逐字翻译。
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