2018-2019学年高一英语新人教版必修1《新课标导学》课件:Unit 1 friendship-2_图文

新课标导学 英 语 必修① ·人教版 Unit 1 Friendship Learning about Language 1 2 3 4 5 语 法 精 讲 自 主 预 习 合 作 探 究 巩 固 提 升 课 时 作 业 语 法 精 讲 ? 直接引语和间接引语(Ⅰ) ? ——陈述句和疑问句 自 主 预 习 ? She said, “I don't want to set down a series of facts in a diary as most people do, but I want this diary itself to be my friend, and I shall call my friend Kitty.” ? 请将以上直接引语转换为间接引语,注意黑体部分变化: that she didn't want ? She said __________________ to set down a series of facts in a diary did she wanted that her as most people __________,but _______________ diary itself to be she should her and __________ call __________ friend Kitty. __________ friend, 合 作 探 究 ? 一、定义 直接引语 是将别人的话一字不改地放在引号内 间接引语 是用自己的话对别人的话进行转述,不用加引号 ? The boy said, “I like playing basketball very much.”(引号内的为直接 引语)→ ? The boy said that he liked playing basketball very much.(that引导的 宾语从句为间接引语) ? The teacher asked the boy,“Do you like playing basketball?”(引 号内的为直接引语)→ ? The teacher asked the boy whether he liked playing basketball. ? (whether引导的宾语从句为间接引语) ? 用下划线标出下列句中的引语,并指出是直接引语还是间接引语 ? ①The mother What are the kids doing in the room nowasked, “____________________________________?” (__________) 直接引语 ? ②The asked 间接引语 what the kids mother were doing in the room then ____________________________________.(__________) ? 二、直接引语和间接引语之间的转换规则 ? 1.人称变化的三原则。 ? (1)“第一人称随主”原则:如果从句中的主语是第一人称或被第一 人称修饰,从句中的人称要按照主句中主语的人称变化。 ? Mary said,“I want to have a computer of my own.” ? 玛丽说:“我想有一台我自己的电脑。”(直接引语内为第一人称) ? →Mary said that she wanted to have a computer of her own. ? 玛丽说,她想拥有一台自己的电脑。(间接引语中随主语改为第三 人称) ? (2)“第二人称随宾”原则:如果从句中的主语及宾语是第二人称 或被第二人称修饰,从句中的人称要跟引号外的主句的宾语一 致。如果引号外的主句没有宾语,也可以用第一人称。 ? The customer asked the salesgirl,“Can you show another pair of shoes in a different colour?”(直接引语内主语为第二人称) ? 顾客问女售货员:“你能否给看一看不同颜色的另一双鞋?”→ ? The customer asked the salesgirl whether she could show another pair of shoes in a different colour.(间接引语随宾改为第三人称) ? 顾客问女售货员她能否给看一看不同颜色的另一双鞋。 ? (3)“第三人称不更新”原则:如果从句中的主语及宾语是第三人 称或被第三人称修饰,从句中的人称一般不需要变化。 ? The organizer said,“Jack would come here to help.”(直接引语内为 第三人称) ? 组织者说:“杰克会来这儿帮忙。”→ ? The organizer said that Jack would go there to help.(间接引语第三人 称不改变) ? 组织者说杰克会去那儿帮忙。 ? 直接引语变为间接引语,进行人称改变练习。 ? ①A tourist asked a worker, “Can you help me with this case?” ? →A tourist asked a worker whetherhe __________ could help him with that case. ? ②The farmer said,“I am he harvesting my corn now.” ? →The farmer said that __________ was harvesting his corn then. ? ③He said, “I am going he to go to the cinema tonight.” ? →He

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