强调句,时间状语从句,条件状语从句,让步状语从句

(一) 强调句: It be 被强调部分 that 句子其余部分 答题思路: (1)It be …that… (2) 被强调部分 + 句子其余部分 == 一个完整的句子 e.g. I saw him walking in the street. It is him that I saw walking in the street. It is in the street that I saw him walking. It is I that saw him walking in the street. It was in the school __ I meet her. A. Where B. in which. C. that D. what. It was the hotel ____ he stayed. A. that B. which C. where D when ***特殊的句型: It be not until…that… 直到……才…… It was not until 1920___ regular radio broadcasts began. A.while B. which C. that D. since ****特殊的似是而非的题型 ---Where did you get to know her? ---It was on the farm ____ we worked. A. that B. which C. where D when (二)时间状语从句: (1)when/while/as “当…时候” e.g. It was snowing _____we got to the airport. It was snowing _____we were at the airport. She sang ____ she worked. You will grow wiser ___ you grow older. ***只能用 when 的几种特殊句式 : 1, be about to do/on the point of… when… “正要做…这时…发生了” 2, when it comes to… “当谈到…的时候” 3, There is a time when… “有时候….” 4, Hardly… when… “一…就…” (2)Hardly ……… when… … No sooner ……… than… …

“一…就…”

(半倒装) (had done 过去完成时) e.g No sooner had I reached home than it began to rain Hardly had I opened the door when he told me (3)before + 句子 (三种常见的翻译) 1,如果这个句子有 “can/could”

译成 “还没来时得及….就…”

e.g. He hung up before I could answer the telephone. Before I could say a word, she rushed out of the room 2, (强调时间短) “(不到)没过多久 就 常用的固定句型: ... ” It was not long before…

e.g. It was not long before he returned to Beijing. It is less than two years before we graduate
3, (强调时间长) “过了多久 才 ... ” e.g. It will be years before he succeeds. /// It was long before he married Wei Fang
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两个特殊的短语:

before long 不久;不久以后 long before 早在┄ 之前,很久以前

(4) since + 句子 (三种常见的翻译) e.g. since I am a student /// since I was a student /// since I got sick. (三)条件状语从句 (1)unless(除非) = if + 否定 e.g. We shall go unless it rains. . We shall go if it doesn’t rain Don’t come unless I phone you. I’ll stay at home unless I am invited You’ll miss the train _____you hurry up. A. unless B. as C. if not

D. until

(2)常见的条件连词: once “一旦…”; as/so long as …“只要”; on condition that…”前提是” in case”以防万一” 热门考点: e.g. You should do it before it is too late. == (before ) You mother will be cooking in the kitchen, when you get home. == (when _____ ) We shall go unless it rains. == (unless ) Once you get into a bad habit.You will find it hard to get rid of it. == (Once ) 注意点: 1. before/when/unless/once/if 等, 必须用做连词,描述将来的事,否则没有这种用法 e.g. I am not sure of it if he comes this afternoon. I am not sure if he will come tomorrow. You will know everything about it when you ____ older. (grow) You will know when everything _____ (ready) 2. before/when/unless/once/if 等引导的从句, 还可以用 have done (题)--- When shall we restart our business? --- Not until we ______ our plan. A. will finishe B. are finishing C. finished D. have finished (四)让步状语从句: “尽管…” ;”不论…”;”不管… ”

as/however/while/though/even if/even though…

(1)Whatever & however e.g. _____ the difficulty the problem brings us , we will not give in. _____ difficult the prolbem is ,we will not give in. You should not give a child_____ he wants We will certainly do ____ it takes to save the animal.
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(2) 让步内容 as 其它成分 e.g. He is young. He knows much about life. He tried. He failed. He is a child. He can speak three languages.

Young as he is, he knows much.

(3) whether… or… “不管…” e.g. Whether you like it or not, you have to finish your homework. 练习题: It was on the National Day___ she met with her sister. A. that B. where C. when D. which n Who was it _____ put so many large stones on the road? A.this B. that C. he D. she ---When did this accident happen? ---It was in the morning ___ he rode the bike along the street . A. that B. which C. where D when All people, ___ they are old or young, rich or poor, have been trying their best to help those in need since the disaster A. even if B.whether C. no matter D. however It was _____ he said _____ disappointed me. A. what, that B. that, that C. what, what D. that, what It was only with the help of the local guide ___________. A. was the mountain climber rescued B. that the mountain climber was rescued C. when the mountain climber was rescued D. then the mountain climber was rescued It was the boy _____ had been in prison _____ stole the money. A. who, where B. that, how C. who, that D. that, which It may have been at Christmas _____ John gave Mary a handbag. A. before B. who C. that D. when --- Is Mr. Smith in the office? --- Yes,________ he is in charge of the office,he must be there. A. since B. however C. whether D. for ____others say, the expert is sure that his theory is correct A. No matter B. It doesn’t matter C. Whatever D. What Many places are flooded by heavy rainfalls, so they can’t walk _______ they like these days. A. when B. whenever C. where D. wherever I had worked here ______ you came here. But I shall leave for England ______. A. before long, before long B. before long; long before C. long before, before long D. long before; long before Scientists say it may be five or ten years _____ it is possible to test this medicine on human patients. A. since B. before C. after D. when No matter________ hard it may be,I will carry it out. A. what B. whatever C. how D. however
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________ you may do,you must do it well. A. Which B. Whenever C. Whatever D. When English and French are taught here. You can choose ________ you like. A. no matter which B. whichever C. which D. whatever I’ll be back before you ________. A. will leave B. will have left C. leave D. would leave The problem won’t be settled until we ________ a chance to discuss it thoroughly. A. have had B. will have C. will have had D. would have If you ________ this experiment,you will understand the theory better. A. will be doing B. have done C. will have done D. would do We should finish the important job,________. A. long it takes however B. it takes however long C. long however it takes D. however long it takes ________ comes to the party will receive a gift. A. No matter who B. Who C. Which one D. Whoever It was not until midnight ___ the noise of the street stopped. A. that B. this C. since D. at which Was it in 1969 _____ he succeeded _____ landing on the moon? A. when, on B. that, on C. when, in D. that, in It was not ____ he took off his dark glasses _____I realized he was a famous singer. A. when,that B. until,that C. until,when D. when,the She is willing to help you, ________ busy she is. A. what B. how C. however D. whatever ________he is, he will be thinking of you. A. Wherever B. Where C. Now that D. As soon as You should make it a rule to leave things ________ you can find them again. A. when B. where C. then D. there He got excited at the news,________ I was calm. A. when B. while C. because D. after Hardly had he arrived in Hongkong ________ she rang me up. A. when B. than C. that D. and ________,he never seems able to do the work beautifully. A. Try as he may B. as he tries C. Try as does he D. As he does try By the time you ________ back,the supper ________ ready. A. will get;will be B. get;was C. get;will be D. will get;is ________ I live,I will never give in to the enemy. A. As far as B. As long as C. As well as D. As soon as I was about to leave my house ________ the phone rang. A. while B. when C. as D. after I had cut the meat into pieces ________ Mother started cooking. A. when B. as soon as C. after D. while

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