精品高中英语必修1unit4Reading_图文

Pre-reading

There has been a great number of disasters these years,first let's watch a viedo and then try to say them in English?

seismic earthquake tsunami tornado, storm seaflood / typhoon wave thunderstorm drought sand hurricane fire volcanic eruption hurricane

? Why do you think earthquakes can lead to (导致) so much damage to human beings? ? Do people know that there might be an earthquake? ? Or do they have enough time to rescue themselves? Because earthquakes happen without warning and can cause damage just in a short while.

In the Tangshan earthquake , it was just in 15 seconds that the city lay in ruins.Now,listen to the viedo,let's get to know the whole disaster.

1) I think many of us are shocked and moved by the viedo.Do you think there is really no warning before the earthquake? If there were,what are the signs(迹象) before the earthquake? 2)Read para 1 and then try to describe them according to the pictures below.

Signs before the earthquake: 1) The water in the well ________ 2) The well walls have ______ with ___ gas; 3) Chicken and pigs are too ____to____. 4) ____run out looking for places______ ; 5) Fish____ their bowls and ponds. 6) ______ flash in the sky; 7)The ______could be heard. 8)In the city,_____cracked and burst. 9)People were ______as usual.

Strange things happened in the countryside:

The water in the wells______and____. rose fell The well walls had deep cracks __________ A _______gas smelly came out of the cracks.

In the farmyard:

Chicken and pigs are too nervous _______to______. eat

____ run out looking for places______ ; Mice to hide

5) Fish_______ out of jumped
their bowls and ponds.

People saw___________ flash in the sky, bright lights
planes and heard the sound of ________.

In the city:

water pipes In the city,___________cracked and burst.

People were ______as usual. asleep

Things water in the well

well walls
chickens and pigs

What happened rose and fell deep cracks, smelly gas too nervous to eat

Things mice

What happened ran out of, looking for places to hide jumped out bright lights

fish
sky

sound of planes heard even no planes sound water pipes cracked and burst

? As we know,when earthquake happened,it would cause a lot of damage and people would suffer a lot. ? Can you find a sentence in para 2 to describe people's feeling of the disaster? It seemed as if the world was at an end.

Para. 2-3

Data (数据)

1/3 ? _____ of the nation felt the earthquake. ? A huge crack that was __ kilometres long and 8 30 _____ metres wide cut across houses. These numbers show the destructive ?In ___ terrible seconds a large city lay in ruins. 15 ? ____ of the peopleof earthquake. 2/3 effects died or were injured during the earthquake. ? The number of people who were killed or injured reached more than ________. 400,000 ?All of the city’s hospitals,75% of its factories _____ and buildings and _____ of its homes were gone. 90%

? Read para 2 carefully and then describe these scenes. ? 1.a huge crack ? 2.hills of rock ? 3.a large city ? 4.the suffering of the people ? 5.2/3 people ? 6.families and children.

A huge crack that was.....

Hard hills of rock became..

A large city...

The suffering of the people...

2/3 of people.....

Families and children....

The town lay in ruins.

The buildings fell down.

Roads cracked.

Many people were killed or injured.

A great number of people lost their homes.

After the terrible 15 seconds,all the things changed. What did the city look like then? Can you find a sentence to conclude in p3? Everywhere people lookd nearly everything was destroyed.

? Now read para3 carefully and then describe these scenes after the earthquake. ? 1.buildings ? 2.ground ? 3.roads and bridges ? 4.animals ? 5.people ? 6.recurers救援人员 ? 7.supplies物资

All of hospitals 75%factories and buildings and ______,_____________________ 90%homes ____________were gone.

Bricks _______covered the ground like__________. red autumn leaves

dams Two______and most of _______fell,the bridges railway ________were now_________steel. tracks useless

Cows would give milk never___________again.Pigs and chicken were________. dead

water _______now filled the wells instead of ________. Sand

shocked People were_________.

? However,later that afternoon,what happened worse is that ? _______________________________ another big quake which was as strong as the first one shook Tangshan.

Some of the rescue workers and ruins doctors___________ under the_____. were trapped

More buildings___________ fell down

Water food _______,_____and________ were hard to get. electricity

? With so many sufferings, did people lose hope ? Why? Because the army helped them.

After the earthquake How the army helped the people in Tangshan?
☆ The army organized teams to dig out those who were trapped and to bury those who were trapped. ☆ Miners were rescued from the coal mines. ☆ Shelters were built for survivors whose homes had been destroyed. ☆ Fresh water was taken to the city.
Read these again and try to retell according to the pictures.

Structure of the text Part Before the earthquake (Paragraph _______) 1 Events _____________ Strange things were happening both in the countryside and in the city of Tangshan but no one noticed _____________ them. destroyed During the The earthquake __________ earthquake the city and _________ the shocked (Paragraph people. 2-3 _______)

Part After the earthquake (Paragraph _______) 4

Events Soldiers were sent to dig out those trapped and _______ to bury the dead; _______ were shelters built for the homeless and ___________ was taken to fresh water the city.

Retell the story
____________ happened in Tangshan. For Strange things rose and fell a few days, water in the wells ____________. smelly gas From the ______ of wells __________ come cracks out. Mice, chicken, pigs and even fish became ________. At 3:00 am, everything nervous

began to ______. It seemed that the world shake was _________. _________ of the nation at an end One-third felt ____ it. ____________ cut across the city. A huge crack The city lay _______. in ruins Two-thirds of the people _____ or died ___________. Then later that afternoon, were injured another big quake ______ Tangshan. shook

People began to wonder ___________________________. how long the disaster would last But all hope was not lost Soldiers came to help ___________. _______ thosesurvivors Slowly, the city began to ________. _____________. breathe again

What should we do to protect ourselves if an earthquake happened?


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