【整合】牛津译林版高中英语必修5 Unit 3 Grammar and usage 课件 (共20张PPT)_图文

M5U3 Science and nature Grammar and usage Learning aims: 1. To grasp the usages of a verb-ed; 2. To understand the differences between a verb-ing and a verb-ed. Different meanings of verb-ed a cloned boy the retired scientist 学习小结 被动 Verb-ed可表示_________( 如例1)或 完成 如例2)。 _______( Verb-ed used as the attributive the risen sun The stolen car was found by the police last week. The speaker answered all the questions raised by the audience. 学习小结 形容词 Verb-ed作定语相当于____________ ,可改成相应的 定语从句 ________________ 。单个verb-ed作定语一般位于 所修饰名词前 ___________________ ,verb-ed短语作定语一般位于 所修饰名词后 ___________________ 。 Practice 他写的小说几天就卖完了。 written __________ by him This novel __________ __________ has been sold out in a few days. which was written = This novel __________ __________ __________ by _______ him has been sold out in a few days. _______ verb-ing与verb-ed作定语的区别 verb-ing作定语表示主动或正在进行; verb-ed作定语表示被动或完成。 Verb-ed used as the Object Complement (1) We saw the boy knocked down by a car. (2) He had his hair cut yesterday. (3) I found my wallet gone. 学习小结 被动 (如例1、2)或 Verb-ed用作宾语补足语,表示________ 完成 (如例3)。用Verb-ed形式作宾语补足语的常见动词 ________ 感觉和心理状态的动词 有表示__________________________( 例如see, hear, feel, smell, find, notice, observe, look at, listen to 等)和 指使意义的动词 表示_____________________( 例如have, set, keep, get, catch, leave等)。 Practice 我曾经听人用法语唱这首歌。 I ever ______________________________ in French. heard the song sung 他好不容易让别人明白了他的意思。 He managed to ___________________________________. make himself understood verb-ing与verb-ed作宾语补足语的区别 verb-ing作宾补表示主动或正在进行; verb-ed作宾补表示被动或完成。 Verb-ed used as the predicative The window is broken. I was delighted to hear I had passed the exam. 学习小结 形容词 ,一般表示主 Verb-ing作表语时相当于___________ 状态 语所处的___________ 。 Practice She felt _________ satisfied with her performance on the high-and-low bars.(satisfy) prepared The students are fully ____________.(prepare) verb-ing与verb-ed作表语的区别 verb-ing作表语,在语义上表示主动的关系; verb-ed作表语,在语义上表示被动的关系。 Verb-ed used as the adverbial (1) Asked why he didn’t do it, he began to cry. (2) Given more time, I could do it much better. (3) Born and brought up in the village, he knows a lot of people there. (4) Defeated many times, they continue to fight. (5) The teacher entered the classroom, followed by a group of students. 学习小结 Verb-ed 在句中可以充当_________________________________, 时间、条件、原因、让步、伴随等状语 常常可以转换为相应的________________。通常情况下, 状语从句 verb-ed形式的逻辑主语和句子的主语_________。 一致 Practice 经过医生彻底检查以后,他立刻回到了学校。 ________________________ by the do

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