山西省太原市第五中学 2018 届高三英语下学期 3 月阶段性练习试 题1
注意事项： 1. 答卷前，考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。 2. 回答选择题时，选出每小题答案后，用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答 案涂黑。如需改动，用橡皮擦干净后，再选其他答案标号。回答非选择题时，将答案写 在答题卡上，写在本试卷上无效。 第一部分 听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 做题时，先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的 答案转涂到答题卡上。 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出 最佳选项。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。 每段对话仅读一遍。 例：How much is the shirt? A. ?19.15. B. ?9.18. 答案是 C。 1. What are the speakers talking about? A. A sofa. B. A bed. cushion. 2. Where will the man stop probably? A. At a café. B. At a supermarket. station. 3. What will the woman probably do? A. Take the garbage out. B. Walk the dog. washing. 4. What is the man doing now? A. Driving a car. B. Writing an essay. the room. 5. How does the man feel?
第二节(共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三 个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒 钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. Why does the man refuse to go to the museum? A. He has been there. B. He is going to meet Jackie. C. He will go to the tennis club. 7. What day is it today probably? A. Monday. B. Tuesday. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. What did the woman do last night? A. She argued. B. She watched TV. the movies. 9. How long did the woman sleep last night? A. About two hours. B. About three hours. hours. 10. Where does the conversation take place probably? A. At home. B. At a company.
C. She went to
C. At a cafeteria.
请听第 8 段材料,回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. What is the woman going to do? A. Book a hotel. B. See a friend. C. Take a trip. 12. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Friends. B. Couple. C. Colleagues. 13. What does the woman want the man to do? A. Take care of the plants. B. Pick her up at the airport. C. Ring her as soon as possible. 请听第 9 段材料,回答第 14 至 16 题。 14. Why is it the last time that the woman’s family can stay with her
grandparents? A. Her grandparents’ new home will be too small. B. Her children are going to study abroad. C. Her family will move away. 15. How will the woman’s family go to Belgium? A. By plane. B. By train. 16. What A. He B. He C. He did the man do last summer holiday? stayed at home. visited his grandparents. traveled through the Channel Tunnel.
C. By car.
请听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. When is the simple test? A. On 18th February. B. On 22nd February. C. On 22nd May. 18. Which course does the speaker think will be popular? A. Modern Dance. B. Play an Instrument. C. What Makes a Good Photograph. 19. How many courses are available? A. Four. B. Five. C. Six. 20. What do the students have to pay extra for? A. The certificate. B. The course books. C. The use of the library. 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 60 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 45 分） 阅读下面短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项。 A Washington, D. C. has dozens of wonderful museums to appeal to a wide rang of interests. Here are a few of the best. Newseum The seven-level, high-tech and interactive attraction traces( 追溯 ) the history of news reporting from the 16th century to the present day. You could easily spend most of the day here watching the film of decades of historic events and your children can also find great pleasure here. Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
It appeals to all ages and there are so many artifacts (手工艺品) that you can’t possibly see them all in one visit. The dinosaur exhibits are fascinating and great for kids. Then there’s the art of making films and scenery in the IMAX films that’s very impressive. Mount Vernon Estate and Gardens This is the most scenic tourist attraction in the Washington, D. C. area. The museum and education center features 25 most advanced galleries and theaters that tell the story of Washingtons life. This also has plenty of interactive activities for the whole family. US Holocaust Memorial Museum The museum is a memorial to the millions of Jews who died during World War II. The exhibits tell the horrible story of genocide (种族灭绝) and teach the dangers of hatred and prejudice. The permanent exhibits are not recommended for children under 11. But there’s a separate exhibit for children aged 8 and up that tells the story of the Holocaust(大屠杀) through the eyes of a young boy. 21. Which museum appeals to journalists most? A. Newseum. B. Mount Veron Estate and Gardens. C. US Holocaust Memorial Museum. D. Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. 22. What can people do in Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History? A. Purchase dinosaur souvenirs. B. Appreciate various artworks. C. Learn to shoot films skillfully. D. Enjoy beautiful natural scenery. 23. What can visiting US Holocaust Memorial Museum help people do? A. Develop positive values. B. Achieve social equality. C. Value children’s education. D. Remove racial discrimination. 24. What do the four museums have in common? A. They all have a long history. B. They all house high-tech exhibits. C. They are all fit for the whole family to visit. D. They are all set in memory of historic events. B For most people, graduation means the end of years of hard work. But my graduation day was not. I still remember that weekend two years ago. Many families flew in from across the country to watch our class walk across that stage. But we had seen the economy turn from bad to worse in my senior year.
Knowing the small university town couldn’t offer me any opportunities, I drove to Southern California to find work. But after I sent off a bunch of job applications, I found myself in the exact same spot as I was before. Now the day came for me to pay off my student loans. Every morning I woke up, I felt anxious. How I hoped what happened to me was just a bad dream! Days felt like weeks, weeks like months. I felt painful and helpless in those months. And the most discouraging part was no matter how much I tried, I just couldn’t seem to make any progress. So what did I do to maintain my sanity(精神健全)? I wrote. Something about putting words on a page made everything seem a little clearer—a little brighter. Something about writing gave me hope. Beyond the River was the story of an unlikely hero featuring a little fish who simply refused to give up on his dream. And then one day, without any sort of writing degree—just a lot of hard work and perseverance(毅力)—I was offered a publishing contract for my first book! After that, things slowly began to improve. I was offered a second book deal. Then, a few months later, I got an interview with The Walt Disney Company and was hired shortly after. 25. How did the situation of employment appear when the author graduated? A. Ambiguous. B. Hopeful. C. Steady. D. Tough. 26. What is the third paragraph mainly about? A. The confusion the author felt in looking for work. B. The pain the author experienced while writing. C. The upset the author suffered when unemployed. D. The struggle the author had in choosing the career. 27. Which words can best describe the author? A. Determined and hard-working. B. Energetic and generous. A. Better late than never. B. Rome wasn’t built in a day. opens. C Wearing headphones is very common among young people. Their affection for B. Ambiguous and easy-going. D. Considerate and brave. B. You reap what you sow. D. When one door closes, another
headphones reflects a desire to avoid boredom, inconveniences, and undesirable social interactions. The saying “headphones in , world out” has gained popularity among young people recently. Unfortunately for the headphone lovers , “world out” is not a great policy for a thoughtful society. The widespread use of headphones in public is detrimental to users because it limits intellectual growth and makes potentially meaningful interactions with strangers impossible. Frequent headphone users are missing out on valuable experiences, thus, limiting intellectual growth. Young people wear headphones, thinking they will face fewer social challenges, arguments, or even casual rudeness. Though that sounds like a good idea, we do not grow by avoiding discomfort. In fact, to develop healthily, a teenager has to be faced with challenges or even embarrassments. Just as a saying goes, storms make trees take deeper roots. Wearing headphones when faced with social awkwardness teaches us to be passive, and prevents us from becoming mature intellectually. Headphones can also cause us to miss out on positive interactions with strangers. Writer Jacob Bernstein describes a sweet interaction between a young woman and an older woman on a train that would not have occurred had the young woman remembered her headphones as usual that day. A similar case is discussed in “Throw Away Your Headphones, Boredom Is Good” by Roscrans Baldwin. After giving up headphones, he becomes more attuned (适应) to others during his daily routine. He laughs at ridiculous overheard discussions and even enjoys his morning jog without a soundtrack (声道). Becoming familiar with people outside your chosen group can open your eyes to other walks of life and their unique experiences. Young people think they’re good communicators. However, communication is not measured in Facebook friends. Real communication is the basis of humanity. We need real human interactions in our daily lives. This summer, don’t forget to take off your headphones and plug yourself into life. 29. What does the author think of discomfort? A. It is annoying. B. It is beneficial. C. It is unbearable. D. It is unnecessary. 30. How did the sweet interaction between a young woman and an older woman on a train occur? A. By accident. B. On purpose. C. In time. D. In secret. 31. How is the third paragraph mainly developed?
28. What message does the author want to convey from the experience?
A. By asking questions. C. By making comparisons.
B. By offering analyses. D. By providing examples.
D Compared to other crows ( 乌 鸦 ), those from the Pacific island of New Caledonia, located east of Australia, are master tool makers and users, second only to humans and on level with chimps when it comes to finding novel uses for everyday objects. In their natural forest environment, the midnight-black birds shape twigs (细枝), leaves and even their own feathers into tools for rooting out insects in dead wood. The crows create tools to specific needs. They examine a problem and then pick or design a decent tool. For example, faced with a snack lodged in a small tree hole, a crow will cut and adjust a leafy oak branch to just the right width to dig the hole. Scientists have found that crows living on different parts of the island show variations in tool shapes. A discovery suggests that young crows learn to make tools in a particular way from relatives and other crows living nearby. If so, it would mean the birds possess a culture of tool technology like that of humans. To test this idea, researchers at the University of Oxford in the U. K. hand-raised four New Caledonian crows—two received lessons in tool use from their human foster parents, while the other two did not. Despite their different upbringings, all four young birds used sticks to get food from crevices ( 裂 缝), proving that crows have a native ability for tool use. However, Uek and Nalik, the two birds schooled in toolmaking, carried and inserted twigs into crevices faster and more often than Oiseau and Corbeau, the two innocent crows. The researchers suggest that recognition gained from studying crows could be applied to humans to help understand how tool use evolved in our own species. 32. What skill of crows is specially stressed in the passage? A. Seeking food sources. B. Copying human activities. C. Making full use of tools. D. Changing the surrounding environment. 33. What does the underlined word “decent” in Paragraph 2 mean? A. Sharp. B. Precious. C. Delicate. D. Appropriate. 34. What can we infer from the research by the University of Oxford? A. Crows can be easily raised and taught by human.
B. Tool use among crows is gained by learning. C. Human parenting should be tested on other animals. D. crows’ ability to use tools can be improved by learning. 35. Where can we read the passage most likely? A. In a science report. B. In a geography book. C. In a medical newspaper. D. In a government document. 第二节 （共 5 小题，每小题 3 分，满分 15 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为 多余选项。 Find it hard to do things that I know are good for me, harder than anything else in my day-to-day life. It’s not that the activities themselves are hard; it’s the motivation, the internal(内心的) debate that starts up every day that I struggle with. Over time, I’ve always learned more about self-acceptance. Perhaps I will always find it difficult to sit down and do some things, whether it makes sense or not. 36 Therefore, I’m afraid to really talk about them with anyone else. Last week, I was talking to a friend of mine about the challenges he was having with a course. 37 He didn’t know why. It seemed like everyone else found sitting down and doing the work a walk in the park. 38 That sounded quite familiar to me. I decided not to hide the resistance. I let myself talk about it openly. 39 When we’ve been doing something for a certain amount of time, we can build up expectations around our “performance”. We expect ourselves to be self-acceptance ninjas (忍者), spreading peace and quiet to all we come into contact with. We expect those “negative” emotions to disappear. 40 We get anxious and feel resistance. That’s part of what it means to be us, and what it means to be human. An important part of our journey is learning to accept that those things might never change, and to have respect for our resistance. Our resistance can be frustrating, but it’s developed for very good reasons. A. B. C. D. E. F. But, of course, it’s not like that. He was saying he felt resistance. Yet, I still feel alone with my struggles. Out of all those reasons came the realization. I have to, sometimes, fight myself to do them. I gradually understood what was behind that resistance.
G. They could just do it, while for him it was a daily battle. 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 55 分） 第一节 （共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 的四个选项中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项。 While many teenagers may focus on their schoolwork or hanging out with friends. Sarah Jones is focused on stray(流浪的) cats. “ 41 other girls were playing with dolls, Sarah was playing with toy animals, Sarah's mom’ s Beth, told Best Friends Animal Society. Beth 42 Sarah by driving her and the stray cats that Sarah humanely(人道地) traps to Best Friends spay and neuter(绝有) clinic in South Ogden, Utah. Once the cats have been spayed or neutered, Sarah collects the cats and 43 them to exactly where she found them, a(n) 44 called trap-neuter-return(TNR). “We see Sarah as a(n) 45 ,” Tiffany Deaton, service manager at the clinic, said. “She's the perfect example of how just one person can make a huge 46 on the lives of animals.” Sarah's 47 to help cats started when she noticed a group of hungry cats near her home. She 48 them on her own and took them to the Davis County shelter, where she met 49 of the Best Friends community cat team. They 50 to Sarah that the cats had already been spayed or neutered and were living their lives as strays. But since the cats were hungry, it 51 as if no one nearby was caring for them. The cat team guided Sarah on how to 52 the cats. After that, Sarah became, as she 53 herself on her Facebook page, “a voice for the voiceless”. Sarah 54 a number of animal shelter Facebook pages and put herself forward as a TNR volunteer. That’s not all Sarah does for 55 cats, however. Since her first meeting with community cats. Sarah has become 56 in multiple rescue efforts, aiding sick or injured cats or 57 in raising funds so cats can get the care that they need. She’s also taken up the care of a second cat community. Even with all that, this is all probably just a 58 for Sarah: she is learning how to set up her own non-profit organization to care for cats “Anyone can help at a(n) 59 organization,” she told Best Friends. You’re never too 60 to make a difference. 41. A. Although B. Whenever C. Before D. While 42 A. forces B. helps C. refuses D. controls 43 A. returns B. sells C. hides. D. leads
44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60.
A. operation A. responsibility A. reaction A. record A. trapped A. drivers A. repeated A exited A. call on A. describes A. invited A. homeless A. interested A. cutting A. fight A. rescue A. old
B. service B. inspiration B. impact B. plan B. examined B. cleaners B. explained B. occurred B. clear away B. suggests B. accepted B. cute B. concerned B bringing B. trouble B. profit B. young
C. process C. symbol C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. effort thought threatened customers reported happened care for praises joined energetic disappointed ending beginning trade poor
D. situation D. character D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. attack effort ordered members appealed appeared hunt for encourages reserved unique involved assisting change health kind
第二节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 The day after Thanksgiving is the start of the holiday shopping season. Thanksgiving is always on a Thursday, so the day after is a Friday. This day has come to be known 61 “ Black Friday”. It has been the busiest shopping day of the year since 2005. Most 62 (store) offer great deals on Black Friday. They try to attract shoppers with big discounts. Some items like TVs are much 63 (cheap) than usual. Stores may even lose money on these items. Black Friday is a great time 64 (get) good deals. The problem is 65 there are not enough low-priced items to go around. Each store may only have a few. These items are 66 (usual) in high demand. People stand in long lines to get such great deals. They may line up hours before a store opens. They may be hoping to get a low price on a TV or laptop, 67 not everyone who wants one will get one. Some people leave 68 (disappoint). So where does the name “ Black Friday” come from? It was first used in Philadelphia in the 1950s. The police 69 (call) this day Black Friday because of the heavy traffic. Now people all over America take part in the event
known as Black Friday. It is even spreading to other parts of the world. Stores 70 (hold) Black Friday events in the UK, Australia and Brazil since 2012. 第四部分 写作 （共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文 中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或 修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（︿） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜钱（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2．只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Three days before, I found an old picture of my grandparents by chance. Then, my grandfather told me the following of story about it. In 1946, my grandfather works in a company in Athol, Massachusetts. Every day, young lady walked by to deliver orders for packing and shipping. He liked what he saw or decided to ask her to a dance at a dance hall. She turned me down because she said she didn’t know him and didn’t know how to dance. So he called another girl, whom accepted. But the day before the dance, she hurt her foot and suggested he asked a girlfriend of hers. This time she said yes, and they dated steady until they got married in 1948. Fifty-two year later he still felt very lucky. 第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 假如你是李华,你的美国笔友 Tom 听说中国很多地区正在遭受雾霾天气的困扰，他 给你写了一封电子邮件询问你所在的城市是否有雾霾天气，情况如何。请你按照以下要 点提示给他回一封 e-mail。 要点提示: 1.空气污染严重,雾霾天气越来越频繁； 2.雾霾天气带来的危害； 3.你可以为此做些什么。 参考词汇：雾霾 haze；雾霾天气 hazy weather。 要求: 1.词数 100 左右 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
答案： 1-5 ACCBA 6-10 CABBC 11-15 CBAAB 16-20 ACAAB 21-25 ABACD 26-30 CABBA 31-35 DCDDA 36-40 CBGFA 41—45DBACB 46—50 BDADB 51—55DCACA 56—60 DDCAB 语法填空： 61.as 62. stores 63. cheaper 64. to get 65. that 66. usually 67. but 68.disapointed 69. called 70 have held/have been holding 改错： 第一句: before—ago 第二句：去掉 of 第三句：works—worked 第四句：young 前加 a 第五句：or—and/so 第六句：me—him 第七句：whom—who 第八句：asked—ask 第九句：steady—steadily 第十句：year—years 写作范文： Dear Tom, I’m glad to receive your email, and thank you for your caring for the weather in my country and my health. Now I’d like to tell you something about the haze. Since the end of last year, the hazy weather has occurred a lot of times in my hometown, which has done great harm to our daily life. Many traffic accidents happened just because of the heavy smog. Besides, more and more citizens have to go to see the doctor due to the serious diseases caused by the haze. A great number of people have to stay at home for fear of the poisonous air. Now the government has realized the seriousness of the problem and taken some measures. I think we students should also do our part to protect the environment. As for me, I will go to school by bike or on foot, and I won’t throw rubbish everywhere. In addition, I will tell the people I meet to protect the environment. Would you like to tell me some good ideas? I’m looking forward to your reply Your s Li Hua