高一英语新人教版必修4同步教学课件:Unit 3 A taste of English humour4_图文

Section Ⅳ Grammar & Writing 动词ing 形式作表语、 定语和宾语补足语 一、动词ing 形式作表语 1.表示主语的内容时,可以转换到句首作主语。 Her job is keeping the lecture hall as clean as possible. (=Keeping the lecture hall as clean as possible is her job.) 她的工作是尽量使报告厅保持干净。 Her duty is taking care of the babies. (=Taking care of the babies is her duty.) 照看婴儿是她的职责。 2.表示主语的某种性质和特征时,通常可以看作形容词。 The problem is quite puzzling. 这个问题很令人困惑。 The film we saw last night was very moving. 我们昨晚看的那部电影非常感人。 [点津] 常 用 来 作 表 语 的 现 在 分 词 有 astonishing, amusing, confusing, disappointing, boring, encouraging, inspiring, moving, tiring, interesting, surprising 等。 二、动词ing 形式作定语 1.表示名词的属性、作用或用途。 We are not allowed to speak aloud in the reading room. 在阅览室里我们不准大声说话。 There is a swimming pool in our school. 我们学校有一个游泳池。 2.表示所修饰的名词的动作或状态,相当于一个定语从句。 The boy studying (= who is studying) in the classroom is our monitor. 在教室学习的那个男孩是我们的班长。 We'll have an exam in the coming week. 下周我们将进行一次考试。 3.当分词单独作定语时,放在所修饰的名词前;如果是分词短语作 定语,则放在该名词后。 They lived in a house facing south (= which faces south). 他们住在一所朝南的房子里。 Do you know the boy playing basketball ( = who is playing basketball)? 你认识在打篮球的那个男孩吗? 4.用于 with 复合结构中。 I couldn't do my homework with the noise going on. 由于噪声不断,我没法做家庭作业。 With so many people looking at her, she felt nervous. 这么多人看着她,她感到很紧张。 [考题印证]1 ①(北京高考改编) Last night, there were millions of people watching _________(watch)the opening ceremony live on TV. ②(山东高考改编)There is a note pinned to the door saying (say) when the shop will open again. 三、动词ing 形式作宾语补足语 动词ing 形式作宾语补足语时,与宾语之间是主谓关系,即宾 语是其逻辑上的主语。它主要用于以下两类动词后作宾语补足语。 1. 表示感觉和心理状态的动词(词组), 如 see, hear, feel, smell, watch, find, listen to, look at, notice, observe 等。 When we returned, we found a stranger standing in front of the house. 我们回来的时候,发现一个陌生人站在房子前。 Suddenly we heard someone knocking gently on the window. 忽然我们听见有人在轻轻地敲窗户。 [点津] 在 see, hear, feel, watch 等感官动词后, 既可用动词ing 形式作宾语补足语,也可用省略 to 的不定式作宾语补足语。用动词 ing 形式时,表示动作正在进行;用省略 to 的不定式时,表示动作 经过从开始到结束的全过程。 I saw a boy getting on the bus.(表示动作正在进行) 我看见一个男孩在上公共汽车。 I saw a boy get on the bus.(表示动作完成了) 我看见一个男孩上了公共汽车。 2.表示指使意义的使役动词,常见的有:have, let, keep, get, leave 等。 We kept the fire burning all night long. 我们让火整夜燃烧着。 I won't have you running about in the room. 我不允许你在房间里跑来跑去。 [考题印证]2 ①(四川高考改编)The manager was satisfied to see many new products developed (develop) after great effort. ②(全国卷Ⅱ改编)They use computers to keep the traffic running (run) smoothly. _________ Ⅰ.用所给词的适当形式填空 1. Cleaning hour. 2.When he woke up, he found hims

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