教育最新K122019高考英语一轮核心考点探究与练习 教材复习篇 Unit 3 Under the sea(含解析)新人教版选修7

小学+初中+高中

Unit 3
【短文语法填空】

Under the sea
李仕才

Felicity Miller, a 32?year?old British woman, __1__ has a Chinese husband, still remembers the __2__ (excite) when she first learned to use the “red packet” function on WeChat in 2015.She sent and grabbed some red packets in her Chinese family’s group.The rule in her family was that the __3__ (high) amount sent the next. Attracted by the unique way of communicating, many foreigners __4__ (join) in sending and grabbing red packets so far.Usually, the money in each packet is random.Thus the amount of money one can grab __5__ (large) depends on his or her luck, from 0.01 yuan to less than 200 yuan.Many foreigners get more familiar __6__ Chinese culture through “red packets”.Two years ago, when Felicity Miller was sent 5.20 or 8.88 yuan red packets, she had no clue about the __7__ (hide) meanings.Now, she has not only known about them, but also has sent a few. However, the popularity of virtual red packets doesn’t stop people sending paper red packets __8__ (contain) real cash during the Spring Festival.It __9__ (call) lucky money.In Chinese tradition, people take giving children lucky money as __10__ blessing. 语篇解读: 许多外国人通过“微信红包”更加熟悉中国文化。 但是真正的纸质红包并未被替代, 在春节时人们给孩子压岁钱以表示对孩子的祝福。 1.who 分析本句结构可知,空处引导非限制性定语从句,在从句中作主语,先行词为 a 32?year?old British woman,故用 who 引导该定语从句。 2.excitement 根据空前的定冠词 the 可知,空处用名词形式。 3.highest 根据语境并结合常识可知,抢到红包金额最高的人要发下一个红包,故用最 高级。 4.have joined 根据该句中的“so far”可知,到目前为止,已经有许多外国人被“微 信红包”这一特殊的交流方式吸引, 并参与了抢红包和发红包。 据此可知, 本句用现在完成时。 5.largely 空处修饰动词短语“depends on”,故用副词形式。 6.with 许多外国人通过“微信红包”更加熟悉中国文化。get familiar with 为固定 搭配,意为“熟悉……”。 7.hidden Felicity Miller 不知道这两个数字背后隐藏的意义。根据空前的冠词 the 和空后的名词 meanings 可知,此处应用形容词作定语,故填 hidden。 8.containing paper red packets 和动词 contain 之间是主谓关系且 contain 与句子 谓语之间无连词,故用现在分词短语作名词 paper red packets 的后置定语。 小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中 9.is called 这种纸质的红包被称为“压岁钱”。根据句意可知,主语 It 和动词 call 之间为动宾关系,故用被动语态;本句陈述的是一般现象,故用一般现在时。 10.a 人们将给孩子压岁钱作为一种祝福。此处泛指“一种祝福”,故用不定冠词。

witness n.目击者;证人;证据 vt.当场见到;目击
? ?a witness/witnesses to...…… 的证人/证据 (1)? ?bear/give witness to...作为……的证据 ? ?witness for 作证,为……辩护 ? (2)? ?witness to (doing) sth.作证/证明(做某事) ?

①(教材原句)I thought,at the time,that this was just a story but then I witnessed it with my own eyes many times. 当时我认为这只是个故事,但之后我亲眼目睹了好多次。 ②He witnessed to __having seen__ (see) the man enter the room. 他作证说他看到那个人进入房间。 ③The witness who __witnessed__ (witness) the incident gave witness __to__ the police and promised to be __a__ witness. 这个目击了这场事故的目击者向警察提交了证据并且答应作证人。 ④单句语法填空(2017·浙江卷)Italy, which has a much weaker tradition of immigration,__has witnessed__ (witness) a sharp increase in immigration in recent years. abandon vt.遗弃;抛弃;放弃;中止;(与 oneself 连用)使放纵,n.放任;放纵 abandon one’s hope/plan/idea 放弃希望/计划/主意 ? ? (1)?abandon oneself to...沉湎于……;纵情于…… ? ?abandon doing sth.放弃做某事 (2)abandoned adj.无约束的;无度的;放荡的 (3)with abandon 放纵地;放任地 ①(教材原句)From James’s face,I could see he was terrified of being abandoned by us. 从詹姆斯的脸上我能看出,他害怕被我们抛弃。 ②Walking alone in the forest,he felt __abandoned__ (abandon) by the world. 独自走在森林里,他感到被这个世界遗弃了。 小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中 ③The child __was abandoned__ (abandon) by his parents.Eventually the __abandoned__ (abandon) boy was found wandering in the street, __abandoning__ (abandon) himself to despair. 那个孩子被他的父母遗弃了。 后来有人发现那个被抛弃的男孩在大街上游荡, 他已陷入了 绝望。 ④单句语法填空(2017·全国卷Ⅲ)However, these plans __were abandoned__ (abandon) because of financial problems. reflect vt.映射;反射;思考 vi.思考

? ?(指镜子等)映出某人/物的影像 (1)?reflect sth.from sth. 从某事(表面)反射(光、热、声等) ? ?reflect on/upon sth.思考某事
reflect sb./sth.in sth.
?reflection n.反射;反照;反映;映像 ? (2)? ?be lost in reflection 陷入深思中 ?

①(教材原句)I’m sitting in the warm night air with a cold drink in my hand and reflecting on the day—a day of pure magic! 我坐在温暖的夜空下,手里拿着一瓶冷饮,回忆着当天的事情——这是神奇的一天! ②The mountains __were reflected__ (reflect) in the still water of the lake. 群山倒映在平静的湖水中。 ③To read without __reflecting__ (reflect) is like eating without digesting. 读书不思考,好比吃饭不消化。

scare v.恐吓,害怕;受惊吓 n.惊吓,恐慌,恐惧 (1)scare sb.away/off 把某人吓跑 scare sb.into/out of doing sth.吓得某人做/不敢做某事 (2)scaring adj.令人害怕的;吓人的 scared adj.受惊吓的;感到害怕的 小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中 (3)be scared to do sth.害怕干某事 be scared of 害怕…… be scared to death 吓死 ①(教材原句)I told myself they weren’t dangerous but that didn’t stop me from feeling scared to death for a moment! 我自言自语地说他们并不危险,但是这一点也不能抑制我那怕得要死的心理! ②Janice lay on the floor trembling,too scared __to move__ (move). 贾妮丝躺在地板上直发抖,吓得动都不敢动。 ③They lighted a fire __to scare__ (scare) away/off the wolves. 他们点起了火将狼吓跑。

【七选五】 Top Ways to Spend the Holiday Season with Pets Taking a nap is a great way to refresh during the holidays,and a nap with your dog or cat(or both)is an excellent bonding opportunity. Holiday time is here.The decorating,the shopping,the cooking,the cleaning, the wrapping...__1__ In the season's craziness our furry family members tend to get ignored or over?stimulated(过度刺激的).__2__ But they don't have to:be sure to pay attention and give them a break from the activity when they need it and add them to the fun when they don't. ●Rest time. If your pet seems stressed,have a safe place for him away from activity.Cats should have a quiet,cozy spot to sleep with food,water,and their litter box.__3__ Be sure to have a soft area for sleep,a toy or two,water,and some food.But you might need a nap,too,to refresh for holiday festivities.So use this time to take one together. ●__4__ Many Christmas tree farms welcome pets on a leash(皮带).Your pet will just love being with you outdoors while you share one of the season's most honored traditions—picking out the perfect tree.Just be sure to call the farm first to 小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中 confirm that pets are welcome...and you have a new annual tradition. ●Go have a catch. Give your pup a good run and wear him out ahead of when company visits.__5__ This way,he'll be happy and relaxed when greeting guests.Dog parks are ideal as pups can run,chase tennis balls,and socialize with others.Always remember to walk to and from the park with your pup on a leash and poop bags in hand. A.Keep pets on a leash. B.Dogs love playing catch. C.Dogs might also need one. D.But where do our pets fit in? E.Pick out the family Christmas tree. F.As a result,pets can experience restlessness and anxiety. G.Many pets would love to be included in some of the activities. 【解题导语】 本文是一篇说明文。 如何在假期和宠物一起度过一段美好时光?作者给我 们提出了几条建议。 难句分析:Your pet will just love being with you outdoors while you share one of the season's most honored traditions—picking out the perfect tree.(倒数第二 段第二句) 译文: 当你与你的宠物分享这个节日中最神圣的传统活动——挑选圣诞树时, 它是非常 乐意与你外出的。 1.D 根据空格前面“The decorating,the shopping, the cooking, the cleaning, the wrapping...”可知,我们通常在假期会把时间花在装饰、购物、烹饪、打扫等事情上, D 项表示“但我们把宠物置于何地?”与上文衔接紧凑,符合语境。故选 D 项。 2.F 根据上句“In the season's craziness, our furry family members tend to get ignored or over?stimulated(过度刺激的).”可知,此处应选 F 项,指“这样的话,宠物 可能休息不好或焦虑”,与上句构成因果关系,符合语境。故选 F 项。 3.C 根据上句“Cats should have a quiet, cozy spot to sleep with food,water, and their little box.”及下句“Be sure to have a soft area for sleep,a toy or two, water,and some food.”可知,此处指宠物和人都需要有舒适的地方来休息。故 C 项“狗 也需要一个这样的地方”能够承接上文,符合语境。故选 C 项。 4. E 文章倒数第二段主要介绍了作者建议我们带着宠物去挑选圣诞树。 故 E 项“挑选 家庭圣诞树”符合题意,适合做本段标题。故选 E 项。 5. B 根据本段标题中的关键词“catch”和空格处后的“This way, he'll be happy and relaxed when greeting guests.”可知,B 项“狗喜欢玩接球”符合语境。故选 B 项。 小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中

help(...)out 帮助(某人)摆脱困境或危难;协助;使(某人)脱离困境 help(sb.)(to)do sth.帮(某人)做某事 ? ? (1)?help sb.with sth.帮助某人做某事 ? ?can’ t help(to) do sth.不能帮着做某事 (2)can not help doing sth.禁不住做某事 (3)help oneself(to sth.)自取,自用 (4)can’t help but do sth.不得不做某事 (5)with the help of sb.=with one’s help 在某人的帮助下 ①(教材原句)What evidence was there that Old Tom was helping the whalers out? 有什么证据能说明老汤姆帮助捕鲸者摆脱险境? ②(2015·重庆卷)Walking around the cabin (客舱) can be __of__ help. 在客舱周围走走会有帮助。 ③I promised my mother to help her __with__ the housework.But after she went out, I couldn’t help __playing__ (play) computer games.When I looked at the clock,I found my mother would be back in ten minutes,so I couldn’t help but ask my brother __for__ help.At last,with the help of him,I __was helped__ (help) out. 我答应我妈妈要帮她做家务。 等她出门后, 我却情不自禁地玩起了电脑。 当我看钟的时候, 发现我妈妈再过 10 分钟就回来了。我只能求我弟弟帮忙。在他的帮助下,我终于摆脱了困境。 be/become aware of 对……知道、明白;意识到…… (1)be aware that-clause 知道;体会到…… as far as I’m aware 据我所知 (2)make sb.aware that...提醒某人注意…… make sb.aware of...使某人意识到…… (3)awareness n.知道,意识;认识;兴趣 develop an awareness of...逐渐懂得…… lack of awareness 缺乏认识 raise/heighten/increase public awareness of... 加强/提高/增强公众对……的意识 (4)unaware adj.不知道的;没意识到的 ①(教材原句)The first thing I became aware of was all the vivid colours surrounding me—purples,reds,oranges,yellows,blues and greens.

小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中 我首先注意到的是我周围那些鲜艳的色彩——紫色、红色、橘黄、明黄、蓝色和绿色。 ②It is important that students develop an __awareness__ ( aware) of how the Internet can be used. 重要的是学生们要逐渐懂得珍惜父母的爱。 ③单句语法填空(2017·全国卷Ⅰ)UNESCO recently set April 30 as a day to raise __awareness__ (aware)of jazz music,... hold up 延误;耽搁;阻挡;拦截,抢劫 hold back 阻止;抑制;隐瞒(消息等);扣住 hold off (使)疏远或避开;拖延;推迟 hold on 继续;抓住……不放;坚持;(打电话)不挂断 hold out 伸出,提出,提供;坚持,不退让;忍受 hold on to 坚持;不放弃 ①(教材原句)...and when we approached him,I saw James being firmly held up in the water by Old Tom. ……当我们靠近他的时候,我看到老汤姆正在水中稳稳托着詹姆斯。 ②The police were unable to hold __back__ the crowd. 警察阻挡不住人群。 ③They were ready to hold __out__ a friendly hand. 他们准备伸出友谊之手。 【短文改错】 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 (2018·烟台诊断) Li Ming is a friend of mine.I'm glad he changed greatly in the past two years.I clearly remember he was quite fat two years before.He got tired so easy that he couldn't take exercise,that made him very upset.Later,he realized unless he went on like that, he would end up achieve nothing.So he made up his minds to make a change.He went running every morning and played the basketball every afternoon.Besides,he followed a diet of more vegetables or less meat.Gradually he began to lose weight.He is now an energetic 小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中 boy in good health.So when faced with problems,we should overcome it with great determination and strong willpower. 【答案】 Li Ming is a friend of mine.I'm glad he ∧ changed greatly in the past two years.I
has

clearly remember he was quite fat two years before.He got tired so easy that he
ago easily

couldn't take exercise,

that
which或that前加and

made him very upset.Later,he realized unless he
if

went on like that,he would end up achieve nothing.So he made up his minds to make
achieving mind

a change.He went running every morning and played

the

basketball every
and

afternoon.Besides,he followed a diet of more vegetables or less meat.Gradually he began to lose weight.He is now an energetic boy in good health.So when faced with problems,we should overcome it with great determination and strong willpower.
them

第一处:考查动词的时态。根据本句的时间状语“in the past two years”可知,此处 应用现在完成时。故加 has。 第二处:考查副词。根据句子所使用的一般过去时可知,此处是指两年前。ago 立足现在, 表示从现在起的 2 年前;before 立足过去,表示从过去某一时刻起的 2 年前。此处应用 ago。 第三处:考查副词。easy 是形容词, 意为“容易的”; easily 是副词,意为“容易地”。 此处应用副词修饰动词词组“got tired”,意为“很容易劳累”。故用 easily。 第四处:考查定语从句。根据句型结构分析可知,此处引导非限制性定语从句,不能用 that 引导,所以用 which 指代前面的整句话;或者在 that 前加 and,构成 and 连接的两个并 列句。故用 which/and that。 第五处:考查连词。unless 意为“除非”,相当于 if...not;if 意为“如果”。根据句 意可知,后来他意识到如果他继续那样,他将什么也不会获得。故用 if。 第六处:考查非谓语动词。end up doing sth.意为“以做某事而告终”,此处应用动名 词。故用 achieving。 第七处:考查固定搭配。make up one's mind to do sth.是固定短语,意为“下定决心 做某事”,mind 的单复数由 one's 决定,因为这里是 his,所以用单数。故用 mind。 第八处: 考查冠词。 球类名词前不加冠词。 play basketball 意为“打篮球”。 故去掉 the。 第九处: 考查连词。 or 意为“或者”, 表示选择; and 意为“和”, 表示并列。 此处“more vegetables”和“less meat”是并列的。故用 and。 第十处:考查代词。根据语境可知,此处指代上文中的“problems”,所以用 them。

小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中

As we drew closer,I could __see a whale being attacked__ by a pack of about six other killers. 随着我们的逼近,我能看见一条鲸鱼正被其他 6 条虎鲸袭击。 “see a whale being attacked”看到一条鲸鱼正在被袭击,句中“being attacked”作 宾语补足语,表示动作正在被进行。 ①(2015·陕西卷)Back from his twoyear medical service in Africa,Dr.Lee was very happy to see his mother __taken__ (take) good care of at home.(作宾语补足语) 在非洲医疗援助两年回来后,Dr.Lee 很高兴看见妈妈被照顾得很好。 ②The tall house __being built__ (build) over there belongs to my uncle. 正在那儿建着的高房子是我叔叔的。(作定语) ③__Being bitten__ (bite) by a dog put him into hospital. 被狗咬了使他住了院。(作主语) ④She could not bear __being made__ (make) fun of like that. 她受不了人家那样跟她开玩笑。(作宾语) ⑤单句语法填空(2017·全国卷Ⅰ)Yet instead of __being discouraged__ (discourage) by my low progress,I was excited.

“being done”形式作宾语补足语状语和后置定语时表被动同时又表进行, 然而在作主语 和宾语时仅表被动。 【阅读理解】 In the tiny village of Angelica, New York, the post office is more than a place to get mail or send packages. There you’ll find the heart of this lovely community. It’s where villagers meet and greet friends. When Angelica’s post office was threatened with being closed in the 1980s,a villager,Pat, came up with a plan to save it. “At Christmas time I would hear on the news about towns named Snow or Bethlehem having celebrations,” says Pat, “Why couldn’t we do the same thing with Angelica?” Pat, who is an artist,created a postal cancellation (邮戳) design featuring an Angelica angel. She drew her angels in a traditional fashion and submitted her suggestion to the U.S.

小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中 Postal Service. Once approved, the drawing was carved into a cancellation stamp that could be used for one day only. The postmistress (女邮局局长) then had another idea to make the day even more special calling the post office Angel Station. The large increase in mail amount saved Angelica’s post office from being closed and keeps the doors open today. Now it’s tradition that on the first Friday in December,people come to Angelica to mail their Christmas cards. Each year the amount of mail going through the Angelica Post Office increases during late November and early December. Stamp collectors from around the world have accepted the Angel Station cancellation, some sending mail from as far away as France. Because the stamp is destroyed each season, Pat draws a new angel that conveys season’s greetings from Angel Station every year. Post offices may close in other parts of the country, but this tiny one continues. 1.What did Pat do to save the post office? A. She invented a new cancellation. B. She hosted Christmas celebrations. C. She gave the office a better name. D. She designed a special set of stamps. 2.Which of the following can best describe Pat? A. Curious and friendly. B. Humorous and intelligent. C. Creative and warm-hearted. 3.What can we learn about Angelica’s post office from the passage? A. It was completely closed in the 1980s. B. Its name has been changed many times. C. It is also the centre of local social life. D. Its stamp remains the same each season. 【文章大意】本文是一篇说明文。主要介绍了 Angelica 邮局及制作邮票的人 Pat。 1.A 【解析】细节理解题。 根据文中 Pat, who is an artist,created a postal cancellation (邮戳) design featuring an Angelica angel.的描述可知为她发明了一个新的邮戳,故 小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中 选 A。

3.B 【解析】推理判断题。根据文中 Because the stamp is destroyed each season, Pat draws a new angel that conveys season’s greetings from Angel Station every year.的 描述可知它的名字曾经被改过很多次,故选 B。

小学+初中+高中


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