【优化方案】高中英语 Unit1 SectionⅢ Learning about Language & Using Language课件 新人教版选修7_图文

Unit 1

Living well

Section Ⅲ

Learning about

Language & Using Language

自学导引语篇理解
新知感悟
一、重点单词 politics 1. _______________ abolish 2. _______________
resign 3. _______________ literature 4. _______________ congratulate 5. _______________ n.政治(学) vt. 废除;废止 vi./vt. 辞职;辞去(工作、职位等) n. 文学(作品);著作;文献 vt. 祝贺;庆贺 n. 赞成;认可 n. 社区;团体;社会

approval 6. _______________ community 7. _______________

dignity 8. _______________ outwards 9. _______________

n. 尊严;高贵的品质 adv. 向外

handy 10. _______________ adj. 方便的;有用的 出口;离开;退场 11.exit n. ___________________

收益;利润;盈利 12. profit n. _____________________ (接近的)方法;通路;可接近性 13.access n. _____________________________________ 足够的;充分的 14.adequate adj. ___________________
毕业;毕业典礼 15.graduation n. __________________

二、重点短语

mind 1.never _______________ with 2.meet _______________

不必担心 遇到;经历;会晤

to 3.have an access _______________ 有机会进入/利用…… best 4.all the _______________ (口语)(祝你)一切顺利 on 5.congratulate sb. _______________ sth. 祝贺某人某物

语篇理解
Ⅰ.Scan the text and answer the following questions. 1.What will NOT offer the disabled convenience according t D o the passage in the cinema? _______ A.Having lifts to all parts of the cinema. B.The doors to the cinema are wide enough.

C.The buttons being easy to reach.
D.Having lifts fixed at the back of the cinema.

C 2.The writer suggests _______________ for the hearingimp aired customers. A.fitting earphones to some seats

B.having the deaf customers sit in the special area
C.fixing earphones to all seats D.placing the seats higher at the back of the cinema

3.Which of the following will be convenient for the disabled D as with the toilets? ________

A.The toilets are far from the exit to the cinemas.
B.The doors to the toilets can not be opened outwards. C.The only toilet for the disabled is placed in the basement. D.The toilets for the disabled are fixed near to the entrance. B 4.What is the purpose of the last paragraph? ________ A.To offer more suggestions to the architect. B.To persuade the architect to take the writer’s advice. C.To make the owners of the cinema happier. D.To recommend the cinema to the readers.

Ⅱ.List the suggestions put forward by the writer. 1 .Having enough access for wheelchairs. ____________________________________________________
2 .Fitting earphones for those who have trouble hearing to al ____________________________________________________ l the seats. ____________________________________________________ 3.Raising the seats at the back higher than those at the front. ____________________________________________________ 4.Placing the toilets near the entrance to the cinema. ____________________________________________________ 5 .Setting the car parking spaces close to the cinema. ____________________________________________________

要点透析讲练互动
单词精研
1. abolish vt.废除;废止
(教材P5)Finally the slave trade was abolished in 1807. 最后奴隶制度在1807年被废除了。

归纳拓展
(1)abolish the law/homework 废除法律/取消作业

(2)abolished adj. 废除的
(3)abolition n. 废除,终止

①The new law will abolish the old system. 新法令将废止旧的系统。 abolished in America after the Civil ②Slavery was _____________

War in the 19th century.
美国的奴隶制是在19世纪的南北战争以后被废止的。 ③Many schoolboys would like to abolish homework.

许多学生想要取消作业。

2. resign vi./vt.辞职;辞去(工作、职位等);使听从 (教材P5)Wilberforce then resigned from government in 1825

and died in 1833,just after the law was passed which was
eventually to abolish slavery in England. 1825年威尔伯福斯辞去政府工作,1833年在最终废除英国奴 隶制度的法律刚刚被通过后去世。 归纳拓展 (1)resign one’s job/position辞去工作/辞职 resign from 从……辞去 resign as...辞去作为……的职务 (2)resign oneself to听任(某种影响);只好(做某事)

①Mr.Robe resigned his position last month.
罗布先生上个月辞职了。 resign from the committee. ②They are intending to _____________ 他们正打算辞去委员会的任职。 ③He will resign as chairman.他将辞去议长之职。 resigned himself to watching ④He had _______________________________the European Championships on television. 他只好将就着在电视上看欧洲锦标赛。

3. congratulate vt.祝贺;庆贺 (教材P7)Listen to the latter part of Barry’s story where Joan congratulates Barry and wishes him future success... 听巴里所讲述的故事的后半部分,在该部分中,琼向巴里祝 贺并祝福他取得未来的成功…… 归纳拓展 (1)congratulate sb.on sth.祝贺某人某物

(2)congratulation n. 祝贺,贺词
offer/send congratulations to sb.on sth. 向某人表示对……的祝贺

①He clapped his old friend on the back and congratulated

him.
他拍拍老朋友的背向他祝贺。 congratulated him on ②We ______________________ his being elected chairman.

我们祝贺他当选为主席。
③I wish to take this opportunity to extend warm congratulations on your remarkable achievements! __________________ 我谨对你们取得的卓越成就表示热烈祝贺!

[易混辨析] 比较

congratulate/celebrate 用法 句式 congratulate sb.on sth. 祝贺某人某事

congratul 表示“祝贺,庆 ate 贺”。

celebrate

表示“庆祝”。

celebrate sth.庆祝某事

④My father congratulated me on passing the entrance exam.
我父亲祝贺我通过入学考试。 ⑤We had a tea party to celebrate our headmaster’s silver we dding. 我们为庆祝校长的银婚举行了一次茶会。

4. adequate

adj.足够的,充分的

(教材P8)Adequate access for wheelchairs.

为轮椅使用者准备充足的通道。
归纳拓展 (1)adequate for/to sth. 胜任……的;对……是足够的 adequate to do sth. 胜任干某事 adequate consideration 充分考虑 adequate preparation 充分准备 (2)adequately adv. 充足地,适当地,胜任地

①I’m sure her knowledge of English is adequate for the job.

我确信她的英语知识对这项工作来说是足够的。
②She is prepared to offer me an amount adequate to purchas e another house.

她准备好了给我一笔足以购买另一所房子的钱。 adequate preparation ③He made __________________________and won the champ
ionship hands down in the contest.

他准备得很充分,在本次比赛中轻而易举地获得了冠军。

5. access

n.(接近的)方法;可接近性;通路

(教材P8)Adequate access for wheelchairs. 为轮椅使用者准备充足的通道。 归纳拓展

(1)have access to...有利用/进入……的权利/机会
(2)accessible adj.可以接近的;可以进入的;可以使用的 be accessible to...可以到达……;可以接近……;可以使

用……

①The police got access through a broken window.
警察从一扇破窗户里钻了进去。 had access to the best resources and the best professors ②I _____________ in my field. 我有机会使用学界最好的资源,接触到最好的教授。 ③The only access to the town is across the bridge. 到镇上唯一的通路是经过那座桥。 is accessible to the students. ④Our headmaster _______________ 我们的校长容易和学生们接近。

6. approval

n.赞成;认可

(教材P8)I hope my suggestions will meet with your approval. 我希望我的建议能够得到你的认可。 归纳拓展

(1)approval of ...

同意……;赞成……

for approval 提交批准 (2)approve v. 赞成;批准

approve of 同意……

①They voiced their approval of the plan. 他们对这项计划表示赞成。

approval of ②The young couple was betrothed with the _____________
both families. 这对年轻的情侣在双方家庭的同意下订了婚。 ③The decision will be submitted to Parliament for approval. 这个决定将提交议会批准。

④The congress approved the budget.
国会批准了国家预算。 approved of their ⑤Their family and friends finally _____________

marriage.他们的家人和朋友最终同意了他们的婚事。

跟踪训练
Ⅰ.单词拼写 approval 1.You only can leave after get the manager’s _____________ (批准). accessible 2.This book is easily _______________ young readers. adequate 3.Mr.Li will surely prove _______________ 的) to the job in your company. congratulated 4.Tom and Mary _______________ of our daughter. resign 5.He’s of an age when he ought to _______________ (辞职) (适当的;胜任 (可接近的) to the

(祝贺) us on the birth

from office.

Ⅱ.单项填空 1.He _______________ from office and devoted himself entir ely to writing at home. A.attended B.resigned

C.reduced

D.removed

解析:选B。句意“他辞去公职,待在家里,一心写作。” resign“辞去”,符合语境;attend“出席”,reduce“减少”;

remove“去除;除掉”。

2.Most of them hold the view that the bad customs and laws ought to be __________. A.consisted C.abolished B.obtained D.disagreed

解析:选 C。句意“大多数人认为那些不良的习俗和法规应

予以废除。”abolish“废除”,符合语境; consist“在于,
组成”;obtained“获得”;disagree为不及物动词,“不同 意”。

3. _______________diet and sleep is highly necessary for

one’s health.
A.Efficient C.Adequate B.Effective D.Advanced

解析:选C。句意“足够的食物和睡眠对一个人的健康是
极度必要的”。 adequate“足够的”, 符合语境; efficient “效率高的,有能力的”;effective“有效的”; advanced

“先进的,高级的”。

4.Fortunately,rescuers were able to gain _______________ to the disasterhit area soon enough. A.access C.means B.track D.passage

解析:选A。句意“幸运的是,救援者能很快进入灾区”。g

ain access to sth.表示“进入(某地),见到(某人或某物)”,符
合句意;track“轨道”;means“方式”;passage“通道, 走廊”。

5.—John and I will celebrate our fortieth wedding annive rsary next month. —Oh, __________! A.cheer up C.go ahead B.well done D.congratulations

解析:选D。上文提到要庆祝结婚四十周年,故此处选择 congratulations表示“恭喜!祝贺你!”之意。cheer up“ 振作起来,高兴起来”;well done表示赞赏,意思是“做 得不错”;go ahead“前进,干吧,说吧,开始干”。

短语精释
meet with 遇到;经历;会晤
(教材P8)I hope my suggestions will meet with your approval. 我希望我的建议能够得到你的认可。

归纳拓展
meet the needs of 满足……的需要 meet the requirements/demand满足条件/符合要求 meet the challenge 迎接挑战;满足要求 make ends meet 收支相抵;量入为出 meet up with 偶遇;碰面;符合标准 meet the deadline 赶上最后期限;按期完成

①I meet with the president oneonone once a week. 我每周有一次和总统单独会面。

②I hope the arrangements will meet with the approval by the
local authorities. 我希望这种安排能得到地方当局的批准。 ③If we grow less,we’ll not be able to meet the demand of the market.

我们如果少种一些,就不能满足市场的需要了。

④I have to take two parttime jobs at the same time to make ends meet _________________.

为了收支平衡, 我不得不错开时间做两份兼职。 meet up with ⑤I can _____________you later if you can’t get off work now.
如果你现在不能下班的话,我可以晚点再跟你碰面。

跟踪训练 Ⅰ.选词填空 meet with/be accessible to/congratulate sb.on/be adequate to/resign from/approve of congratulated them on 1.We __________________________ the new success they

had achieved.
is still adequate to 2.Though a bit too old,he __________________the work.

approved of 3.My boss _______________ children. met with 5.He _______________ n hour and a half.

my attending the conference. is accessible to 4.Medicine should not be kept where it _______________ the Prime Minister of Japan for a

Ⅱ.单项填空 1.Some groups still have difficulties ____________ access

_______________social services.
A.gain;in C.to gain;to B.gaining;to D.gaining;of

解析:选B。句意:一些群体仍然很难得到享受社会服务 的权利。have difficulty/trouble (in) doing sth.“干某事有 困难”和access to sth.“(使用或见到……的)机会;权利” 都是固定用法。

2.In modern times,people have to learn to ______________
all kinds of pressure although they are living a comfortable life. A.keep with C.meet with B.stay with D.live with

解析:选 D。句意:如今,人们虽然过着舒适的生活,但也 不得不学会承受各种各样的压力。live with和put up with类 似,有“承受”的意思; stay with “与……住在一起”;

meet with “偶然遇到”。

3.(2012· 高考江苏卷)—Honey,the cat’s stuck in the tree.
Can you turn off the TV and get a ladder...? —Oh,it jumped off. __________. A.Never mind C.No problem B.All right D.Take care

解析:选 A。本题考查情景交际。 never mind没关系,不要 紧;all right行,可以;no problem没问题;take care当心。 句意:“宝贝,猫卡在了树上。你能不能关掉电视、找把梯 子……?”“哦,它跳下来了。没事。”由it jumped off可 知,问题解决了,接下来应是叫对方不要担心。故选A。

4.The editor _______________ the last part of the news rep ort to make it less controversial. A.cut out C.cut off B.cut up D.cut back

解析:选A。cut out意为“省略,删减”;cut up意为“切
碎”;cut off意为“中断;切断”;cut back意为“削减”。 由句意“为了使这篇新闻报告不太具有争议性,编辑删掉

了最后一部分”。可知A项符合题意。

5.It is bad manners for you to make _______________ fun o f the disabled;you should know they are in ______________ _ great need of our understanding. A.a;a C.不填;a B.a;不填 D.不填; 不填

解析:选D。句意:你取笑残疾人是很不礼貌的,你应该知
道他们非常需要我们的理解。make fun of为固定短语,意为 “取笑”; in (great) need of也是固定短语,意为“(非常)需

要”。

句型精析
(教材P8)Disabled people should have the same opportunities

as ablebodied people to enjoy the cinema and to do so with
dignity.残疾人应该和健全人有同样的机会来欣赏电影,同时 能够保持自己的尊严。

[句法分析]
句中含有the same...as...的句式,表示“和……一样的……”; 先行词被 the same 修饰时,其后定语从句多用 as 引导;类似

的句式还有such...as..../as...as...。

①You are not the same person at work as you are with your
friends. 你工作时跟你与朋友聚会时是不一样的。 ②As many people as were present knew the news. 在场的许多人都知道这条信息。 as you mentioned ③Such problems ____________________ will be discussed at the meeting. 像你刚刚提到的那些问题将要在会议上被讨论。 ④I never heard such stories as he tells. 我从未听过他讲的这类故事。

注意:先行词受 the same 修饰时,定语从句也可用 that 引 导,但意思上有区别,as表示与此同类的人或物; that表示 同一个人或物。 that I gave you yester ⑤Have you brought the same book _______ day?

你有没有把我昨天给你的那本书带来啊?
as ⑥Have you bought the same book _______ I referred to yesterday?你有没有买我昨天说的那本书啊?

跟踪训练
Ⅰ.完成句子 1.他推荐的这些人是可信赖的。 as were recommended Such people ______________________by him were reliable. 2.由于许多原因,并不是所有人都有接受教育的机会。 has access to Not everybody ______________education for many reasons.

3.你的薪水足够养家吗? adequate to support Is your salary _____________________ your family?

4.他的老师庆贺他获得演讲比赛一等奖。 congratulated him on winning His teacher ____________________________the first prize in
the speech contest. 5.我同意他的实验方法,并且让他着手去做。 approved of I _____________________his approach to the experiment and told him to go ahead.

Ⅱ.单项填空

1.I went to the same university _______________did two of
my sisters. A.as B.where

C.that

D.Which

解析:选C。句意“我和两个妹妹上的是同一所大学。”tha t 引导定语从句修饰 university ,此处表示“同一个事物”,

故用that引导。

2.PE will be part of the high school graduation examination s. __________, you will have to be strong and healthy to gra

duate.
A.After all C.In other words B.As a matter of fact D.What’s more

解析:选 C。句意:体育课将成为高中毕业考试的一部分。 换言之,只有身体强壮、健康,你才能毕业。in other words “换言之”,符合句意;after all“毕竟,终究”;as a matt er of fact“事实上”;what’s more表示“而且”。

3.—Would you like to be my close friend? —Of course!Let’s share in our troubles _______________ in our joys. A.as if C.as soon as B.as well as D.as long as

解析:选 B。句意:“你愿意做我的密友吗?”“当然!让 我们同甘共苦吧。” as well as “也;和”,符合句意。as if “似乎;好像”; as soon as “一……就……”; as long as “只要;和……一样长”。

4.—Who do you think will be in charge of _______________ so important a conference? —Mr.White,mayor of the city. A.behaving C.displaying B.conducting D.Controlling

解析:选 B。前句句意“你认为会是谁来主持如此重要的大
会?”conduct“主持;管理;指挥”; behave “行为;举 止”; display “展示;陈列;显露”; control “控制”。

5.Surfing the Internet for current information about your re search,you will _______________ a lot from it. A.profit C.derive B.benefit D.Receive

解析:选B。句意:上网搜索你研究的相关最新信息,你会 从中获益良多。benefit from “从……受益”,为固定短语;p rofit“获利,盈利”;derive“源自”;receive“收到”。


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