高一英语课件:下学期Unit1 grammer PPT课件_图文

谓语动词 与 ? 主谓一致是指句子的______ 主语 人称 和____ 数 上必须 _____ 在_____ 保持一致 1. 语法一致 2. 意义一致 3. 就近原则 ? I am a student. ? You are a student. ? He speaks Chinese. ? Two third of the students are girls. ? Two third of the water is used to irrigate ? Not only you but also he is a student. ? Attention ? 1. 主语是复数形式,而谓语用单数 ? 1) 国名,人命,书名,组织机构等专有 名词做主语 ? The United States is in North American. ? The New York Time has a wide circulation. ? 2) 表示时间、距离、钱额、重量 的复数名词,通常看作一个整体 的 ? Ten years is a moment in history. ? Three hundred miles is a long distance. ? 3) 以-s结尾的学科名词做主语 ? Mathematics is not an easy subject. ? Physics is taught by Mr. Wang. ? 4) one and a half + 复数名词, 谓语动词可用单数或复数形式,视 情况而定 ? One and a half days is all I can spare. ? One and a half apples are left only. ? 5)有些用来表示由两个部分连成 一个整体的名称,若与a pair of 连用做主语 ? A pair of gloves is a nice present for her. ? The fork and knife is very useful tools on the table. ? 2.主语是单数,谓语用复数形式 ? 1)集体名词people, cattle, police等, 形式是单数而意义是复数 ? Many people are present at the meeting today. ? The police have caught the thief. has ? A policeman _____caught the thief. ? 有些以-sh,-es,-ch结尾的表国家, 民族的形容词与the连用,表示复 数意义 ? The English like to be with their families at Chrismas. ? The French are romantic. ? 有些形容词与the连用,表示一类人, 其意义为复数,如:the old, the rich, the dead, the blind, the living, the poor, the young, the sick等 ? The sick are being taken good care of at the hospital. ? The young respect the old and the old respect the young, too. ? 3主语是单数形式,而谓语动词看情况而定 ? 有些集体名词,如audience, family, group, class, team, government, public等做主语 时,若作为一个整体看待,谓语用单数,如 着眼于该集体的一个个成员或个体时,谓语 用复数。 is a large one ? His family____ are early risers. ? His family ____ ? 4. 并列主语,谓语动词的确定 ? 1)两个单数主语用and连接表示两个 不同的人或物,谓语动词用复数;如 果表示同一人或同一物或同一概念, 则用单数。 ? The teacher and his friend are in the classroom. ? The poet and writer has come. ? 结构为every…and every…, each…and each…或no…and no… 做主语时,谓语用单数。 ? Every minute and every second is important. ? No voice and no sound has been heard. ? 3) 由or, either…or, neither…nor, not only…but also…等连接的并列主语,谓语要 与它最近的那个主语在人称和数 上一致。 ? He or his brathers were to blame. ? Not only the students but also the teacher goes to the park. ? 5. 一些特殊情况 ? 1)有with, along with, together with, as well as, besides, like, without, except/but, including, not/rather than 等词连接另一个 名词或代词做主语,谓语动词与它前面的那 个主语在人称和数的变化一致。 ? No one except me knows about it. ? you, not he, are to blame. ? 2)More than one+单数名词, many a+单数名词,尽管意义是复 数,但谓语动词用单数。 ? More than one question was asked

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