2019 届高三上学期 10 月阶段性总结英语
第一部分：单选. 根据句意，选择适当答案. 每题只有一个答案.（每题 1 分，共 20 分） 1.Though he politely declined at first, he____________ took a seat in the first row. A. consistently B. accidentally C. eventually D. constantly
2.The situation was urgent and every second _____________,so the rescue team tried every possible means to save the girl trapped in the well. A. delayed B. lasted C. remained D. counted
3.I’m sorry to have __________you with so many questions on such an occasion. A. concerned B. buried C. bothered D. burdened
4.I have no idea how it ___________but I have got a hole in my clothes. A. came over B. came out C. came about D. came up
5.Finally I got a job which could ____________all my resources of energy and patience. A. call up B. call for C. call on D. call in
6.The sale of the company’s new product is good. It has ____________two million dollars to date. A. carried on B. kept up C. brought in D. consisted of
7.We all think that the plan you came up with ______________the work is very practical. A. completing B. completed C. to complete D. complete
8.Buried under the sea with the shipwreck was plenty of china _____________back to the Ming Dynasty. A. dated B. dating C. to date D. being dated
9.Just as the substitute teacher came in, everybody in the classroom _____________talking and stared at him. A. broke up B. broke off C. broke out D. broke through
10.The competent man said he would accept the job, so we have asked him to _____________his acceptance in writing. A. confirm B. congratulate C. convince D. consider
11.The police officers decided to conduct a thorough and _______________review of the case.
12.He worked out exactly what his income and bonus will have to be during the first six months to _______________his expenses. A. afford B. purchase C. carry D. cover
13.The patient’s deadly disease ________________the doctors and nurses countless sleepless nights. A. cost B. took C. spent D. paid
14.New research shows that making social _______________through activity-tracking apps gets people to move more. A. contributions B. connections C. compromises D. conventions
15.When the Blood Falls were first discovered, scientists had believed that the red colour came form a large amount of red algae(海藻)________________in the water. A. concentrated B. contracted C. included D. combined
16.Most computer users have never received any formal keyboard training. ______________, their keyboard skills are inefficient. A. Consequently B. Consciously C. Collectively D. Conditionally
17.Despite a great deal of money _____________to this project and failures many times, he didn’t show any signs of giving up. A. contributed B. applied C. cast D. committed
18.This did us no harm; _______________,all these fears helped us make changes that allowed us to revive our strength and make steady progress. A. on the contrary B. as a consequence C. to conclude D. by coincidence
19. Whether a watch____________ fashion sense, creative talent or a love of sports, consumers want their watches to stand out. A. creates B. contains C. consists D. conveys
20. The device runs off a kind of battery that can______________ by USB within 2 hours and lasts for a few days with normal use. A. be charged B. charge C. be connected D. connect
第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分）
第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 A There are campus museums all over China that offer various collections and make for eye-opening visits. Beijing Air and Space Museum at Beihang University Admission fee: free (book online at http://airandspacemuseum.buaa.edu.cn/) Opening hours: Tuesday and Saturday, 9 am – 12 pm Highlights: Included among the more than 300 historic aircraft and space artifacts are one of the two Northrop P-61 Black Widows in the world and China’s first light airliner, Beijing 1. Fudan University Museum Admission fee: free Opening hours: Tuesday to Friday, 9 am – 11:30 am and 1:30 pm – 4:30 pm Highlights: A unique collection of native artifacts from the Gaoshan aborigines in Taiwan. Some of them, such as pearl vests, are rarely even seen in Taiwan. China Ichthyic Culture Museum at Shanghai Ocean University Admission fee: 10 yuan Opening hours: Monday to Friday, 9 am – 11:30 am and 1:30 pm – 4 pm Highlights: In this collection of more than 40,000 specimens of about 3,000 ocean-dwelling species, the most eye-catching one is an 18.4-meter long sperm whale skeleton. Yifu Museum of China University of Geosciences Admission fee: 40 yuan; half price for students Opening hours: Monday to Friday, 8:30 am – 12 pm and 2:30 pm – 5 pm; weekends and holidays, 9 am – 4:30 pm Highlights: It houses a collection of more than 30,000 mineral and rock specimens, more than 2,000 of which are rare ones like the museum’s well-known dinosaur fossils. China Academy Museum at Hunan University Admission fee: 50 yuan
Opening hours: Monday to Sunday 8 am – 6:30 pm in summer and 8:30 am – 6 pm in winter Highlights: China’s only museum to feature the history of academies and cultural education in the country. 21. If you want to visit a museum for free, you should choose ______. A. Beijing Air and Space Museum at Beihang University B. China Ichthyic Culture Museum at Shanghai Ocean University C. Yifu Museum of China University of Geosciences D. China Academy Museum at Hunan University 22. All the museums are open on Saturday EXCEPT ______. A. Beijing Air and Space Museum at Beihang University B. Fudan University Museum C. Yifu Museum of China University of Geosciences D. China Academy Museum at Hunan University 23. Those who are interested in dinosaurs should visit ______. A. Fudan University Museum B. China Ichthyic Culture Museum at Shanghai Ocean University C. Yifu Museum of China University of Geosciences D. China Academy Museum at Hunan University B I looked at my beautiful Christmas tree and sighed. It was time. The New Year was a week old and my tree still stood in the corner of our room with its collection of memories proudly displayed in a shower of colorful lights. I’d procrastinated long enough. I got up, went to the garage and dragged all the boxes into the room. The garland (花环) was the first to come down. The tree looked naked (光秃秃的) already. I took the large ornaments off next. They made a large pile on our bed. An hour later, our bed was covered with Christmas memories. Each pile contained an ornament along with its matching brothers and sisters from sets purchased many years ago. I prepared the boxes and carefully placed ornaments in their protective packaging, pausing every few minutes to admire a favorite. “Hey, little Santa!” I held the Santa from my childhood. “Thanks for being my friend for almost 50 years.” He was a little ragged (衣着破烂的) but still gives me a flood of wonderful
memories. “Until next year, my dear friend.” There was a collection of handmade ones. My children made in their first years of school, more than 20 years ago. Made by tiny hands, they are far from perfect in design, but every year they go on my memory tree – memories of young giggles on Christmas morning and a smiling face when they handed them to me when I came home from work. “Look what we made, Daddy!” “Oh! It is beautiful. Let’s find a special spot on the tree for it.” Every year since, they are displayed. A few hours after I started, the filled boxes were back in the garage, the room was vacuumed (用吸尘 器清扫) and I sat staring at a barren (空荡荡的) corner. The room seemed so empty. It took me two days of work to assemble (收集) and decorate my tree, but only a few hours to take it apart. My tree is a good marriage or a great friendship. Like the tree, they take a long time to assemble and decorate with memories, but can be torn down quickly. Every year I have to put my tree away, but not my marriage or friendships. I take great care of those. They get to glow in the corner of my life for as long as I live. I get to analyze my tree and find memories for a few weeks every year. I can do the same with the loves in my life every day. Take great care of your friendships and your marriage. Once they come down, they aren’t as easy to put back together as a Christmas tree. Stand them in that special spot in the corner of your heart and admire their glow. 24. In the author’s eyes, the Christmas tree _____. A. is a collection of childhood memories B. is a symbol of long-lasting relations C. takes too much time to decorate D. is full of out-of-date ornaments 25. The underlined word “procrastinated” in Paragraph 1 probably means ______. A. reflected B. celebrated C. decorated D. delayed
26. To the author, a Christmas tree is similar to a good marriage in that ______. A. both take time to build but fall apart easily B. both remind him of bittersweet memories C. both need to be admired for some time D. both get less attractive over the years
27. What is the main theme of the article? A. We’d better put away Christmas decorations and recycle them each year. B. Friendships and marriages should be valued and managed carefully. C. Memories with friends and family should be cherished and relived. D. We should decorate Christmas trees with personal stuff and recycle. C It’s a land where winter darkness is long, and summers bring continuous sunlight. However, people are very happy in Finland, despite the country’s natural challenges. Last month, the nation was named the happiest on Earth, according to the 2018 World Happiness Report released by the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network. The Finns certainly have a high range of happiness, Eric Weiner wrote in his 2008 book The Geography of Bliss. There’s a stereotype (刻板印象) that Finns are introverted (内向的) and shy, because they often stay silent. But in fact, “for Finns, it is extremely rude to interrupt someone. This leads to us making pauses or taking our time to talk”, Krista Huhtala-jenks, a senior officer at Finland’s Ministry of Transport and Communications, explained to CNN. Perhaps Finland’s love for heavy metal music and tango reveals the country’s true personality, however. Indeed, young Finns love heavy metal, while tango remains a huge part of Finnish culture for the older generation. The passionate dance started in Argentina, but it’s Finland that became the tango capital of the world. Every July, the Finnish town of Seinajoki draws thousands of people from all over the world to a four-day tango festival. During the festival, a tango king and queen are chosen. Another trademark (特征) of Finnish culture is the sauna (桑拿). According to CNN, the nation has about 3.5 million saunas – roughly one for every 1.6 people. And 99 percent of Finns take at least one sauna a week, BBC News reported. In Finns’ eyes, saunas are closely related to well-being. For example, if a person gets sick, he or she will take a sauna. Many women also prefer to give birth in a sauna, because “the walls of traditional smoke saunas were lined with naturally bacteria-resistant soot (抑菌的煤烟灰), making them the cleanest room in the house”, BBC News noted.
Medical benefits aside, the sauna is also seen as a place to collect your thoughts. “Sauna is for your mind. It really helps you to calm down in a modern society where it is never quiet,” Jarmo Lehtola from the Finnish Sauna Society, told BBC News. “If somebody wants to understand what it is to be a Finn, they have to understand what a sauna is. If you do not experience sauna, you do not experience Finland.” 28. According to Huhtala-jenks, why do Finns often remain silent? A. They are too introverted to talk. B. They prefer to take time to think. C. They have plenty of time for conversation. D. They believe it’s impolite to interrupt others. 29. How does the author show the sauna’s popularity in Finland? A. By giving examples. B. By raising questions. C. By presenting data. D. By making a comparison. 30. How do Finns believe saunas benefit people? A. They help people to recover from cancer. B. They can reduce the pain of giving birth. C. They help people keep a peaceful mind. D. They’re a good place to look for inspiration. 31. What’s the author’s main purpose in writing the article? A. To explore the interesting history of Finland. B. To introduce some aspects of Finnish culture. C. To study Finns’ true personality. D. To show Finland’s love for saunas. D While the dangers of climate change attract more attention than other environmental issues, the problems of waste and toxics (有毒物质) also continue – and are worthy of attention and action. One of the fastest growing environmental problems of the past decade has been the rapid increase in electronic waste.
As society has moved from the iPhone 2 to the iPhone 6, all of those old iPhones have had to go somewhere. Tablets, PCs, old TVs, DVD players and countless other devices are nearly always abandoned before their useful life is over. Many of these devices contain small amounts of toxic materials. When they are thrown away, these toxics can enter our garbage system. That system is not designed to handle dangerous waste. Here in New York City, efforts to manage electronic waste began during Mayor Bloomberg’s PlaNYC program and continue under Mayor de Blasio’s OneNYC. This past January, New York City and New York State started a ban on disposing (处理) of electronic waste with regular garbage. New Yorkers who throw their iPhone into the garbage could be subject to a $100 fine. While the city will not pick up electronics for you, 90 locations throughout the city, including Best Buy and Staples stores and the Salvation Army, will accept electronics that are not needed any more. In partnership with Electronic Recyclers International, the city began a collection program in November 2013 at apartment buildings. Buildings provide rooms or large containers for local people who need to throw their old devices away. Buildings can also decide on specific days for collection. However, consumers alone cannot address the issue of electronic waste. The companies that build and sell these devices must play a key role. Now it isn’t the time to get into the short lives of iPhones or whether or not this is planned, but if these products are going to be replaced so often then Apple and its competitors must design the phones to be easily taken apart for raw materials or parts to be used in other devices. This effort to recycle should become part of the design for engineers working on the next generation of electronic toys. In addition, companies should be offering rewards for consumers who trade in their old model to receive a new one. The production chain from producer to market should become a closed loop, with the product going back to an organization that can make some use of it. 32. What is the fastest-growing environmental problem of the past decade according to the article? A. Global warming. B. Electronic waste. C. Air pollution. D. Population growth.
33. What measures have been taken in New York City to manage electronic waste? A. New Yorkers who throw away used iPhones now receive a $100 fine. B. The city picks up electronic waste on certain days each month. C. All apartment buildings in the city now provide rooms to collect electronic waste. D. New Yorkers can now throw away unneeded electronics in specific locations throughout the city.
34. Who should play a key role in dealing with electronic waste according to the article? A. Consumers. C. Production companies. B. Local governments. D. International organizations.
35. What is the best way to reduce electronic waste according to the author? A. Consumers should use electronics up to the end of their useful life. B. Companies should try their best to produce electronics with longer lives. C. Companies should use less dangerous materials when producing electronics. D. Companies should produce electronics that can be easily recycled.
第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 As a student, you’ll need to read a great many articles, books and texts on the Internet, so make sure you can do it effectively. Before you start reading, decide what your purpose is. _____36_____ For instance, if you need to find something specific, such as information about a particular person or topic, scan the text until you find the person’s name or a mention of the topic, then read just the relevant section. ____37_____ If you need to find out the main theme and ideas of the text, you’ll need to read more of it. First spend two or three minutes looking at the title, subheadings, introduction and summary, if there is one. ____38_____ For example, Why did such-and- such happen? Or what was the result of such-and-such an event? Then read the first sentence of each paragraph: if it’s relevant, read the rest of the paragraph. ____39_____ Also use the writer ’s linking phrases as a guide, words like the first point, however, to sump up, and so on. ____40_____ Work out how it relates to what you already know. Make sure you can follow the writer ’s thought processes. Make notes about the topic, using your own words rather than copying what you have read. Reading effectively means using your brain --- simply moving your eyes across the words is a waste of time! A. Always read a text in full. B. Otherwise go on to the text. C. Copy the most important parts of reading.
D. Scanning is the most rapid form of reading. E. Above all, interact with what you’re reading. F. Write down the questions that you want answers to. G. Then you should choose the most suitable reading method. 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A, B, C和D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选 项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A few years ago, I was working in a small organization. Everyone was busy working on projects all day, 41 a lot from stress. One particular week, I decided to make people smile. So one evening, I wrote up a 42 me over the years. The next morning, I went to work a bit early and quickly 44 as much
few quotes that have 43
them up by the mirrors in the office restroom. Maybe someone else would enjoy the 45 their day, I thought.
as I had, and perhaps they might just
For the next few months, some of the quotes got taken down, but I noticed that a couple perhaps others Eventually, I 47 48 them, too.
my contract (合同) with that organization and conditions brought me to other 49 boss and teammates
settings. A couple years passed, during which I'd get an email update from my every so often. A few months ago, I was 50 to a reunion with my colleagues to hear 52
on how the project
I had worked on was going. Although I working with my team, and was 54 53
worked in this office building, I had really enjoyed
to see them all again. Towards the end of the event, I went to the 55 earlier was still up in the same spot by
, and found the quote that I had written two and a half 56 : 57
the mirror! It
"The real voyage of Marcel Proust It was a(n) 58
consists not in seeking new lands, but in seeing with new eyes." —
moment to find it still stood out as a shining reminder each time someone went to 59 60 how long a seed planted will take to bloom and give fruit—but simply from the heart ... C. suffering D. escaping
the restroom. We never keep sowing seeds of 41. A. expecting
42. A. inspired 43. A. rang 44. A. mirrors 45. A. waste 46. A. remained 47. A. wrote 48. A. exchanged 49. A. former 50. A. persuaded 51. A. instructions 52. A. once 53. A. happy 54. A. office 55. A. days 56. A. wrote 57. A. history 58. A. sweet 59. A. care 60. A. knowledge
B. frustrated B. cleaned B. quotes B. spoil B. fell B. liked B. signed B. present B. attracted B. updates B. seldom B. awkward B. bathroom B. months B. expressed B. discovery B. shocking B. consider B. curiosity
C. confused C. picked C. days C. freshen C. disappeared C. hated C. renewed C. potential C. invited C. suggestions C. frequently C. shy C. cinema C. years C. read C. aggression C. tough C. predict C. kindness
D. surprised D. posted D. projects D. celebrate D. separated D. ignored D. finished D. real D. sent D. arguments D. no longer D. astonished D. exit D. decades D. reminded D. business D. lucky D. know D. tolerance
第 II 卷(非选择题共 50 分) 第二节(共 10 小题; 每小题 1. 5 分，满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文，在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 Massive Open Online Courses, called MOOCs, are changing 61 people learn in many places.
For years, people could receive study materials from colleges or universities and take part in online classes. But such classes were not MOOCs are. 62 (special) designed for many thousands of students at one time, as
(provide) by MOOCs can serve both those studying far away from 64 (connect) 65
school and those attending classes in person. Anyone with a computer and an online
can sign up for a MOOC. Students do not have to pass entrance exams. They also do not need to
(study) the subject before. One professor praised MOOCs because they can get people who could not attend a traditional college 66 (continue) their education. He asked, "Who knows where the next Albert
Einstein will come from?" The spread of Internet learning for huge numbers of people 67 (be) leading some colleges to
join the movement. Major universities like Stanford in California and Harvard in Massachusetts have invested millions of dollars to help launch MOOCs. Those schools and others may have heard an attention-getting prediction. The man 68 created the MOOC service Udacity says that in fifty years, 69 70 result, universities that fail to join the (compete) with others.
only ten traditional universities will remain in the world. As movement for MOOCs may worry about their losing chances of 第三节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处 语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下画一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Santa Claus is actually a real man called Saint Nicholas, that sounds very similar to Santa Claus. He was born about 2,000 years before, during the Roman Empire. He was a very kind priest ( 神父) who will travel the country to help people, giving gifts to people later at night. He did like to be seen giving gifts, so children were encouraged to go to sleep quickly. Nothing have changed today, with Santa Claus not visiting until all the childs are asleep. The US version of Santa Claus began when Dutch settlers arrived in there about 400 years ago. His name was original Sinter Klaas, but he was slowly changed to Santa Claus over the years.
第四节：书面表达（满分 25 分） 下面是一则鹿城影院本周上演影片的海报,假设你是李化,想约你校的美籍教师 Paul 在本周六一起去 看这部由 Tom Cruise 主演的电影。 请你根据海报内容给他发个 email， 并约他晚上 6:45 在影院门口碰 面,同时按图示告诉他两种从学校到鹿城影院的方式：乘 105 路公交车,也可花 15 元直接坐出租车. 注意: 1.◆为 105 路公交车车站. 2.信的格式已写好,结尾已给出,不计入总词数. 3.词数: 100 左右.
Dear Paul, ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ Please write me back as soon as possible. Yours， Li Hua 第五部分：词型转换：(每题 1 分，共 10 分) 1.curious----n ____________________ 3.complain----n. ____________________ 5. compete ----n____________________ 7.clarify----n____________________ 9.choose---pt;pp ____________________ 2.crowd----a. ____________________ 4.conclude----n. ____________________ 6.compare----n ____________________ 8.challenge----a. ____________________ 10.burst---pt;pp____________________
高三 10 月月考答案
6-10CCBBA 11-15 BDABA 16-20ADADA
答案：21-23ABC 24-27 BDAB 28-31 DCCB 32-35 BDCD 41-45 CADBC 46-50 ABDAC 51-55 BDABC
36-40GDFBE 56-60 CBADC
第三部分 第二节 语法填空： （满分 15 分） 61. how continue 62.specially 67. is 63. provided 68. who/that 69. a 64. connection 65. have studied 70. competing 66. to
Dear Paul, There is a wonderful American movie at Lucheng Cinema this Saturday evening, called War Of The Worlds. It is directed by Steven Spielberg and Tom Cruise plays the leading role. The movie lasts two hours,from 7:00 to 9:00 p.m. Would you like to see it together with me? There are two ways to get there. You can take a No.105 bus in front of our school and get off at Yang'er bus stop on Huancheng Road. Crossing the street, you'll find the cinema right there. To save time, you can also take a taxi, which costs about 15 yuan. I'll wait for you at the entrance of the cinema at 6:45 p.m. Please write me back as soon as possible. Yours Li Hua 改错答案： 1. that→which 2. before→ago 3. will→would 4. later→late
5. did 后∧not 6. have→has 7. childs→children 8.去掉 in 9. original→originally 10. he→that/it
chose chosen burst