信息系统信息技术毕业论文中英文资料外文翻译文献

信息系统信息技术 中英文资料外文翻译文献 外文文献翻译 Information Systems Outsourcing Life Cycle And Risks Analysis 1. Introduction Information systems outsourcing has obtained tremendous attentions in the information technology industry.Although there are a number of reasons for companies to pursuing information systems (IS)outsourcing , the most prominent motivation for IS outsourcing that revealed in the literatures was “cost saving”. Costfactor has been a major decision factors for IS outsourcing. Other than cost factor, there are other reasons for outsourcing decision.The Outsourcing Institute surveyed outsourcing end-users from their membership in 1998 and found that top 10 reasons companies outsource were: Reduce and control operating costs,improve company focus,gain access to world-class capabilities,free internal resources for other purposes, resources are not available internally, accelerate reengineering benefits, function difficult to manage/out of control,make capital funds available, share risks, and cash infusion. Within these top ten outsourcing reasons, there are three items that related to financial concerns, they are operating costs, capital funds available, and cash infusion. Since the phenomenon of wage difference exists in the outsourced countries, it is obvious that outsourcing companies would save remarkable amount of labor cost.According to Gartner, Inc.'s report, world business outsourcing services would grow from $110 billion in 2002 to $173 billion in 2007,a proximately 9.5% annual growth rate. In addition to cost saving concern, there are other factors that influence outsourcing decision, including the awareness of success and risk factors, the outsourcing risks identification and management,and the project quality management. Outsourcing activities are substantially complicated and outsourcing project usually carries a huge array of risks. Unmanaged outsourcing risks will increase total project cost, devaluate software quality, delay project completion time, and finally lower the success rate of the outsourcing project.Outsourcing risks have been discovered in areas such as unexpected transition and management costs, switching costs, costly contractual amendments, disputes and litigation, service debasement, cost escalation, loss of organizational competence, hidden service costs,and so on. Most published outsourcing studies focused on organizational and managerial issues. We believe that IS outsourcing projects embrace various risks and uncertainty

相关文档

信息系统毕业论文中英文资料对照外文翻译文献
Web信息系统毕业论文中英文资料外文翻译文献
计算机网络技术毕业论文中英文资料外文翻译文献
光信息科学与技术专业毕业论文中英文资料对照外文翻译文献综述
客户信息管理系统毕业论文中英文资料对照外文翻译文献综述
信息系统毕业论文中英文资料对照外文翻译
汽车安全系统技术毕业论文中英文资料对照外文翻译文献综述
GPS测绘技术毕业论文中英文资料外文翻译文献
GPS测量技术毕业论文毕业论文中英文资料外文翻译文献
Web信息系统毕业论文中英文资料外文翻译文献
电脑版