【优化方案】高中英语 Unit3 SectionⅢ Learning about Language & Using Language课件 新人教版选修7_图文

Unit 3

Under the sea

Section Ⅲ

Learning about

Language & Using Language

自学导引语篇理解
新知感悟
一、重点单词 jog 1. _______________ target 2. _______________ 3. _______________ reflect vt./vi.慢跑;轻推;轻撞 n.目标;靶;受批评的对象 vt./vi.思考;映射;反射 adj.生动的;鲜明的;鲜艳的 adj.好吃的;可口的

vivid 4. _______________ tasty 5. _______________

boundary 6. _______________

n.界限;分界线

pension 7. _______________ n.养老金;退休金 意识到的;知道的 8.aware adj. ______________________
恐吓;受惊吓 9.scare vt./vi. _______________ 浅的;肤浅的;浅显的 10.shallow adj. _________________________

Ⅱ.重点短语

of 1.be/become aware _____________ 对……知道、明白; 意识到…… down 2.upside _______________ 上下翻转 to 3.(be) scared _______________ death 吓死了 to 4.get close _______________ 靠近
on 5.reflect _______________ 反省

语篇理解
Scan the text and then choose the best answer according to
the text. 1.When the author saw the extraordinary beauty under the B sea, _______________. A.he woke up from his dream at once B.he felt that all his senses are awakened C.he didn’t believe his eyes D.he was shocked and frozen

2.Which of the following CAN’T be used to describe the C shape of the corals seen by the author? _________

A.Fans.
C.Leaves.

B.Mushrooms.
D.Lace.

3.When the author noticed the grey reef sharks, he was B _______________. A.excited C.calm B.terrified D.disappointed

4.Which of the following is TRUE according to the C passage?_________ A.The author desired to get near to all the creatures under the sea. B.The water was quite deep and extended to the ocean floor.

C.The author thought he was very brave to swim over the
edge of the reef. D.The first thing the author sensed was all kinds of the fish.

5.What kind of creature did the author see was sucking tiny plants off the coral with the hard birdlike mouth?_______ B A.The orange and white fish. B.The yellow and green parrotfish. C.The yellowspotted red seaslug.

D.The large wiselooking turtle.

要点透析讲练互动
单词精研
1. reflect vt. 映射,反射思考 vi. 思考 (教材P24)I’m sitting in the warm night air with a cold drink in my hand and reflecting on the day—a day of pure magic! 我坐在温暖的夜空下,手里拿着一瓶冷饮,回忆着当天的事 情——这是神奇的一天! 归纳拓展 (1)reflect on/upon 反思/思考/反省

(2)reflection n. 反射;沉思;映像

①When the sun’s rays hit the earth,a lot of the heat is reflected back into space. 太阳光线照射到地球时,大量的热被反射回太空。

②Our newspaper aims to reflect the views of the local
community.我们的报纸旨在表达当地人们的心声。 reflected upon ③I have ____________________his suggestion.

我已经认真思考了他的建议。 After long reflection we decided to buy that house. ④ ____________________
经过长时间的慎重考虑,我们决定买下那所房子。

2. vivid

adj. 生动的;鲜明的;鲜艳的

(教材P24)The first thing I became aware of was all the vivid colours surrounding me—purples,reds,oranges, yellows,blues and greens. 我首先注意到的是我周围那些鲜艳的色彩——紫色、红色、 橘黄、明黄、蓝色和绿色等。 归纳拓展 (1)make a vivid description 进行生动的描述

(2)vividly adv.

生动地;鲜明地

①She made a vivid description of her tour.

她对她的旅行作了一场生动的描述。
②At the same time his vivid character weakness works his tragedy life.

同时,他鲜明的性格弱点,也造成了他的悲剧人生。 vivid rainbow ③If you are lucky, you can see a ____________________
across over two peaks.如果你幸运的话,你可以看到跨越

两座山峰的鲜艳的彩虹。

3. narrow

adj. 狭窄的;有限的;狭隘的

(教材P24)It seemed there was a surprise waiting for me
around every corner as I explored small caves, shelves and narrow passages with my underwater flashlight.

当我用水下探灯探索小石洞、岩石和狭窄通道的时候,似乎
每个角落都有使我感到惊奇的东西等着我。 归纳拓展

(1)a narrow escape

九死一生

narrow mindedness 心胸狭窄 (2)narrowly adv. 狭窄地;勉强地;严密地

①A narrow mountain path crooks through the forest.
一条狭窄的山路弯弯曲曲地穿过森林。 ②In fact, in conversation most English speakers have quite a narrow vocabulary. 实际上,在对话中,英语使用者能用的词汇也相当有限。 Narrow mindedness is an old weakness of mine. ③ ____________________ 气量狭窄是我的老毛病。 a narrow escape ④He had __________________, the bullet came within centimeters of his head. 他真是死里逃生,子弹从距他脸几厘米的位置穿过。 ⑤I narrowly missed being hurt by a car yesterday.

昨天我差点被汽车撞了。

4. sharp

adj. 锐利的;锋利的;敏捷的

(教材P24)There were other creatures that I didn’t want to

get too close to—an eel with its strong sharp teeth, with only
its head showing from a hole, watching for a tasty fish. 还有一些其他动物,我不想太靠近它们——一条有利齿的 鳗鱼,只是把头从石洞里伸出来,望着可供美餐的鱼过来。 归纳拓展 (1)sharp call/corner/turn/end尖叫/尖角/急转弯/尖端 look sharp 看上去很精神;注意 (2)sharply adv. 急剧地;锐利地 (3)sharpen v. 削减;使锋利

①I cut my finger on a sharp stone.
我的手指被一块锋利的石头划破了。 sharp call ②His ___________made us awake.他大叫一声吵醒了我们。 look sharp ③Our boss told us to ____________when the president comes for a visit. 我们老板告诉我们要精神些,因为总裁要来。 ④The lead of this pencil broke on, so I have to sharpen it. 这枝铅笔的笔芯断了,所以我只好削尖它。

5. scare vt. 恐吓

vi. 受惊吓

(教材P24)I told myself they weren’t dangerous but that didn’t stop me from feeling scared to death for a moment. 我告诉自己它们不危险,但我一时还是吓得要死。 归纳拓展 (1)scare sb. into doing sth. 吓唬某人干某事 scare sb. out of doing sth. 吓得某人不敢做某事 (2)scared adj. 害怕的;受到惊吓的 be/feel scared to death 吓得要死 be scared to do sth. 不敢去做某事 be scared of doing sth. 害怕、唯恐做某事

be scared of sth. 害怕……

①She was scared into jumping at the sight of the snake. 看到那条蛇她吓得跳了起来。 was scared out of going ②The student ________________________ home. 那位学生被吓得不敢回家。 was scared to death ③I ____________________ by the ghost story he told. 我被他说的那个鬼故事吓得要死。 ④I was scared to tell my parents about it.

我不敢把这件事告诉我的父母。
⑤The child was scared of the fierce dog. 这孩子害怕那条凶恶的狗。

6. steep

adj. 陡峭的;急剧升降的 水很

(教材P24)The water was quite shallow but where the reef ended, there was a steep drop to the sandy ocean floor. 是沙子的海底。 归纳拓展

浅,但是到了珊瑚礁的尽头,就有一个陡坡,一直下降到满

(1)steep hill 陡坡;斜坡;陡峭的山坡
steep rise 急升 steep fall in price大幅度下跌

a steep price过高的价格
(2)steeply adv.陡峭地,险峻地

①The road passes over a steep mountain. 这条路翻越一座陡峭的高山。

②Who would have expected that he could climb up that steep
cliff?这么陡的峭壁,谁知他竟爬上去了。 a steep drop ③It is a beautiful white rock, but _________________into the ocean.那是一块美丽的白色岩石,但是非常陡峭,几乎垂直 坠入海里。

a steep price ④This is a wonderful production but with _____________.
这是一件非常漂亮的作品但是价格过高。

跟踪训练 Ⅰ.单词拼写 reflected 1.Sean’s strong love for his country is ____________ (反映)

in his recently published poems. sharp 2.My grandfather is aging rapidly, but he is ____________
(敏捷的)all the same. scared 3.I was _________ (害怕的) to death of her harsh tone. 4.Jack and Mary described their journey in vivid _______________ (生动的)detail.

5.We jammed together, shouldertoshoulder, in the narrow _______________ (狭窄的)confines.

Ⅱ.单项填空 1 . Most young girls were scared _______________ stay outside after 10∶00 p . m. because they were scared

_______________ being robbed in the city.
A.to;to C.of;to B.to;of D.of;of

解析:选 B 。 be scared to do sth.“不敢去做某事”; be
scared of doing sth.“害怕、唯恐做某事”,两者均为固定 搭配。

2.Usually a child’s behavior is a _______________of his

family environment.
A.recognition C.return B.reflection D.record

解析:选 B 。句意“通常一个孩子的行为是其家庭环境的
一个反映。” B项意为“反映,反照”;符合语境; A项 意为“认出,辨别出”; C项意为“归类,归还”;D项

意为“记录”。

3.I like drinking a coffee in the afternoon because my mind isn’t as _______________ in the afternoon as in the morning.

A.pure
C.silent

B.sharp
D.intelligent

解析:选B。句意“我喜欢在下午喝一杯咖啡,因为下午

我的脑子不如上午反应灵敏。”sharp“敏捷的”,符合
语 境 ; pure“ 纯 的 , 纯 粹 的 ” ; silent“ 沉 默 的 ” ; intelligent“聪明的”。

4.The audience was completely carried away by the movie

star’s _______________ performance.
A.vivid C.neat B.positive D.possible

解析:选A。句意“影星的生动表演使观众神魂颠倒。”
vivid“生动的”,符合语境; positive“积极的”; neat“ 整齐的”;possible“可能的”。

5.I must share with other people for one office, so our space
is very _______________. A.vacant C.narrow B.adequate D.limited

解析:选C。句意“我必须和别人共用一间办公室,所以我 们 的 空 间 很 狭 窄 。 ”narrow“ 狭 窄 的 ” , 符 合 语 境 ; 而 vacant“空的,空白的”;adequate“足够的,充足的”; limited“有限的”。

短语精释
1. be/become aware of 意识到…… (教材P24)The first thing I became aware of was all the vivid colours surrounding me—purples,reds,oranges,yellows, blues and greens. 对……知道、明白;

我首先注意到的是我周围那些鲜艳的色彩——紫色、红色、
橘黄、明黄、蓝色和绿色等。

归纳拓展 (1)be/become aware that... 意识到……

as far as sb. be aware 就某人所知
(2)be/become unaware of... 对……不知道; 没有意识到……

①Most people are aware of the dangers of driving after drinking.大多数人知道酒后开车的危险。 are really aware of ②I don’t think people ____________________ just how much it costs.我认为人们并不真正明白这要花多少钱。 ③We are not aware (of) what he is longing for.

我们不知道他在渴望什么。
As far as I’m aware ,nobody has done anything about ④ ____________________ it.据我所知,尚无人对此采取任何措施。

注意

多用副词well修饰aware,即be well aware of表示“充

分认识到”。

2. upside down

上下翻转;颠倒

(教材P24)...the yellow and green parrotfish was hanging upside down, and sucking tiny plants off the coral with its hard birdlike mouth; ……黄绿相间的鹦嘴鱼倒挂着,用它那像鸟嘴一样的硬嘴

从珊瑚上吸吮小的植物;
归纳拓展 inside out 里面翻到外面

①The naughty child is always turning everything in the room upside down. 这淘气的孩子老是把房间的东西搞得乱七八糟。 upside down 你不能颠倒事实。 ②You can’t turn the facts _____________. inside out 你毛衣穿反了。 ③You’re wearing your sweater ___________. ④You should turn your jeans inside out when you wash them. 你在洗牛仔裤时应该把它们里外翻过来洗。

跟踪训练 Ⅰ.选词填空 upside down/be aware of /sort out/look sharp/be scared

to/inside out
inside out 1.My husband put his socks on ________________this morning. was scared to 2.He ______________________go home when he did wrong.

look sharp 3.The guide told us to ______________________because there are rattlesnakes around. upside down 4.Everything in the house was turned _______________for the cleaning. were aware of 5.Finally we ______________________the mistake that

couldn’t be corrected.

Ⅱ.单项填空 1.Most parents are not _______________ of the danger of their babies’eating jelly , which causes most unfortunate incidents to happen. A.curious B.concerned

C.aware

D.unconscious

解析:选 C。句意“大多数父母没有意识到婴儿吃果冻的危 险,这已经造成了非常多的不幸事情的发生。”be aware

of“ 意 识 到 ……” , 符 合 语 境 ; curious“ 好 奇 的 ” ;
concerned“关心的,有关的”;unconscious“无意识的”。

2.Set yourself a _______________ that you can reasonably hope to achieve which should be not too high nor too low. A.purpose C.reason B.cause D.target

解析:选D。句意“给自己制定一个合理的有望实现的目标, 既不能过高,又不能过低。”target“目标”,符合语境。 purpose“目的”;cause“起因;事业”;reason“原因”。

3.Just as the clothes a person wears, the food he eats and the friends with whom he spends his time, his house

_______________ his personality.
A.resembles C.reflects B.strengthens D.shapes

解析:选C。句意“就好像一个人穿什么,吃什么,以及和什
么样的人交往能反映人的个性一样,一个人的住房也是如 此。” reflect“反映”,符合语境;。resemble=look like,“

类似于”;strengthen“加强,巩固”;shape“塑形”。

4.He turned his wallet __________and six bills floated down onto the table. A.inside out C.to and from B.upside down D.all through

解析:选 B。句意“他把他的皮夹倒过来,六张钞票掉到桌

子上。”upside down“上下翻转,倒过来”,符合语境;而
inside out“里外倒过来”;to and from“来来回回地”;all through“彻底地,全部地”。

5.Mike used to be so shy. He was _______________ to talk to anybody. A.scared C.annoyed B.upset D.threatened

解析:选A。句意“迈克曾经很害羞,害怕与任何人讲话。” scared“害怕的”,符合语境;upset“心烦的”;annoyed“ 生气的”;threatened“受到威胁的”。

句型精析
(教材P24)I’m sitting in the warm night air with a cold drink in my hand and reflecting on the day—a day of pure magic! 我坐在温暖的夜空下,手里拿着一瓶冷饮,回忆着当天的事 情——这是神奇的一天! [句法分析] 句中含有 with复合结构;“with复合结构”表示动作或伴随 情况,在句中一般作定语或状语。它的构成形式为 with + n. +介词短语/adj./to do sth./doing sth./done/adv.。

(1)with+n.+介词短语
①Hearing the news, away he went, with a satisfied smile on his face. 听到这个消息,他离开了,脸上挂着满意的微笑。 ②The teacher entered the classroom with a thick dictionary under his arm ___________________________________. 老师进了教室,胳膊底下夹着一本厚字典。 (2)with+n.+adj. ③She lay in the bed,with her eyes wide open. 她躺在床上,眼睛大大地睁着。

(3)with+n.+to do sth. ④With too much problems to solve, the new manager is on pins and needles. 有太多的问题需要解决,这个新上任的经理如坐针毡。 (4)with+n.+doing sth. ⑤With the boy leading the way,they had no difficulty in finding the house. 有那个男孩领路,他们很容易就找到了那栋房子。 (5)with+n.+done With all the necessities bought she went home hurriedly. ⑥ ___________________________, 买完所有的必需品后,她匆匆忙忙地回家了。 (6)with+n.+adv. With the lights on he slipped on his coat and went out. ⑦ ___________________, 他匆忙穿上上衣就出去了,没有关灯。

跟踪训练

Ⅰ.完成句子
1.你应该留出时间反思你的成功和失败。 You should set aside some time to reflect on your successes and failures _____________________________________. 2.子弹未击中兔子,仅差一英寸,兔子侥幸逃脱。 The bullet missed about an inch, therefore, the rabbit had a narrow escape __________________.

3.由于问题得到解决,我们进展得很顺利。 With the problem settled __________________________ ,we went on smoothly. 4.看起来不错,但是价格太高了。

too steep It looks great, but the price is _______________. 5.大家都意识到他们处境危险。 was aware that Everyone ______________________they were in danger.

Ⅱ.单项填空
1 . You have no idea how she finished the relay race _______________ her foot wounded so much. A.for C.with B.when D.while

解析:选 C。句意“你根本无法体会,在脚伤得那么厉害的 情况下她是怎样完成接力比赛的。”这里是一个“with + n./pron.+done/adj.”的复合结构。要注意her foot wounded so much不是一个完整句子,所以不能用连词when,while, for引导。

2.Now that we’ve discussed our problem, are people happy with the decisions _______________? A.taking B.take

C.taken

D.to take

解析:选 C 。考查 with+宾语+宾语补足语的用法。 take 与 the decisions 之间存在动宾关系,故用过去分词作 with的宾

语补足语。

3.“One World,One Dream”fully _______________ the universal values of the Olympic spirit—Unity,Friendship, Progress,Harmony,Participation and Dream. A.raises C.understands B.reflects D.announces

解析:选B。此处表示“同一个世界,同一个梦想”所展示
的奥运精神,reflect“映射;反映”,符合语境;raise“举 起”;understand“理解”;announce“公布;宣布”。

4.The _______________, winding and narrow mountain road in Ya’an added to rescue difficulty in the earthquake. A.smooth C.steep B.rough D.crowded

解析:选C。句意“四川雅安陡峭狭窄的盘山路增加了地震 中救援的困难。”steep“陡峭的”,符合语境;而 smooth“ 平滑的”;rough“粗糙的”;crowded“拥挤的”。

5.A translator must be armed with the excellent ability of
expressiveness and _______________ imagination. A.obvious C.similar B.vivid D.peculiar

解析:选B。句意“一个好的译者必须具备出色的表达力和 生动的想象力。”vivid“生动的”, 符合语境;而 obvious“ 明显的”;similar“类似的”;peculiar“奇异的,特殊的”。


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